The purposes of this study were (a) to investigate perceived preparedness, and (b) to assess differences in perceived preparedness across respondent characteristics. A sample of 1,535 rehabilitation counselors who renewed their certification between March 1991 and October 1992 reported that they were at least moderately prepared in the following areas that constituted the majority of rehabilitation counseling knowledge: vocational services; foundations of rehabilitation; case management and services; group andfamily counseling; medical and psychosocial aspects; workers' compensation, employer services, and technology; individual counseling and development; social, cultural, and environmental issues; research; and assessment. Significant (p < .001) differences in perceived preparedness on at least one subscale were found for preservice education level. gender, job setting, job title, and years of experience. Respondents with master's degrees from accredited programs reported significantly higher perceived preparedness in six subscales than did respondents with unrelated degrees. Results generally seemed to support the efficacy of both accreditation and certification as well as the importance of pre service education requirements for employment in rehabilitation counseling.
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- Go to article: Reported Preparedness of Certified Counselors in Rehabilitation Counseling Knowledge Areas
Persons with repaired congenital cleft lips and palates retain the distinguishing visible feature of a facial scar and may exhibit a speech difference of hypernasality. Rehabilitation of these individuals is long and costly between birth and eighteen years of age. However, the literature does not reflect programs which prepare these clients to succeed in employment interviews and in job acquisition. Neither is there evidence of efforts to inform employers of the potentials of persons who exhibit this handicap in facial appearance and in speech.
This research was designed to investigate employer bias in judging an employee with a cleft lip and palate with and without a speech disorder. Twenty-six business and professional men rated observable characteristics of a videotaped adult male speaker in the two conditions. Results indicate that employers respond negatively to both the cleft lip and to the disorder. When the two elements were combined, the judgments were more negative. Judges suggested nonpublic occupations for which the speaker could be successfully employed.
Thirty-five counselors participated in one of three workshops using the Re-Employment for the Sexual Addict/Offender Program. The workshops were designed to increase counselors' understanding of re-employment strategies for the sexual addict/offender. Although a majority of the participants reported little or no experience with this population, their self-report scores showed a consistent positive change from pre- to post-assessments.
- Go to article: Acceptance of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 By Persons Preparing to Enter the Business Field
Acceptance of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 By Persons Preparing to Enter the Business Field
Attitudes toward persons with disabilities, gender, race, contact with persons who have disabilities, size of anticipated occupational setting, anticipated type of business occupation, and subject disability were investigated as possible predictors of personnel management students' acceptance of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA). The students were found to be relatively accepting of the ADA, however, only one of the predictor variables, attitudes, was shown to account for acceptance of this legislation. Implications of these findings are discussed and recommendations are provided for rehabilitation professionals.
Public Assistance has been described as a free lunch for the service recipient. However, nothing can be further from the fact. Transfer dollars operateas a strong vocational disincentive, not by destroying the will or desire to work, but more by adding to the environmental barriers of seeking gainful employment. This current study investigates the impact of transfer income upon the work behavior of handicapped women. Correlational analysis, contingency (chi-square) analysis and Analysis of Variance were used to test the strength and direction of the relationships between work behavior and disability, family size, educational attainment, and transfer income from various sources.
A pilot investigation was conducted among 100 randomly selected RCE graduates from four programs offered in three universities. The purpose of the study was to identify the percentage of those RCE graduates receiving their masters’ degrees between 1978 through 1982 who were performing administrative or supervisory duties, how soon after graduation those activities became part of their job, and how much time during a 40-hour work week they performed those functions. Based on a 72.5% return rate of an 11-item questionnaire, results indicated: (a) currently 74.2% are performing administrative/supervisory duties, whereas at the time of graduation only 36.4% were engaged in such activities; (b) the average length of time post-graduation before RCE graduates begin fulfilling managerial roles was 14.25 months; and (c) 54.6% of those performing such activities did so for 20 or more hours per week. Results of this study revealed a need for CORE to investigate further the need to include a Rehabilitation Administration and Supervision curriculum content area within RCE program accreditation standards.
- Go to article: The Relationship of Self-Esteem to Attitudes of Personal Attendants Toward Persons With Disabilities
The Relationship of Self-Esteem to Attitudes of Personal Attendants Toward Persons With Disabilities
The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes of personal attendants (PAs) toward persons with severe disabilities, their own self-esteem, and the relationship between these two variables. As a group, the PAs demonstrated moderately positive attitudes toward persons with disabilities and positive self-esteem as measured by the Issues in Disabilities Scale and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. It was found that self-esteem was positively related to attitudes toward persons with disabilities.
- Go to article: Supported Employment Services for Persons with Developmental Disabilities: Unmet Promises and Future Challenges for Rehabilitation Counselors
Supported Employment Services for Persons with Developmental Disabilities: Unmet Promises and Future Challenges for Rehabilitation Counselors
This article reviews the performance of supported employment as a service option for persons with developmental disabilities. In many ways, supported employment has not met its promises as a preferred vocational rehabilitation option, in such areas as choice, empowerment, and addressing the vocational needs of persons with severe disabilities. This article reviews ways in which rehabilitation counselors need to address supported employment’s shortcomings, both in service delivery and social action.
- Go to article: Supervision in Rehabilitation Counseling: Applications of Theory to Understand Supervision Style and the Supervisory Working Alliance
Supervision in Rehabilitation Counseling: Applications of Theory to Understand Supervision Style and the Supervisory Working Alliance
Recent years have evidenced an increased interest in developing theoretical models of supervision and empirically analyzing the supervisory process. The major theme underlying these efforts concerns the supervisory contexts - including style and relationships - which are most effective for trainees with varying needs and at different levels of experience. With the availability of models and instrumentation unique to supervision, it is now possible to more critically look at the perceptions of students and their respective supervisors regarding how supervision occurs. This study examines the current theoretical models of supervision, considers the linkages between the theoretical models and assessment instrumentation which has been developed, applies the models and rating scales toa sample of matched pairs of rehabilitation counseling students and their respective supervisors, and proposes applications for analyzing and improving supervision in rehabilitation counselor education.
- Go to article: The Evaluation of Successful Rehabilitation Outcomes by Rehabilitation Workers of Different Backgrounds
The Evaluation of Successful Rehabilitation Outcomes by Rehabilitation Workers of Different Backgrounds
Rehabilitation workers coming from different training backgrounds (social work, administration, vocational instruction, and placement work) were interviewed on the subject of evaluation criteria for rehabilitation treatment outcomes. Results showed that all subjects viewed the psychological-emotional aspect of rehabilitation as most important in evaluating successful outcomes, while the social aspect was seen as least important. The conclusions of the present study are that it is necessary to introduce awareness among policy-makers of the need to develop skills for coping with clients' psychological adjustment, to attach greater emphasis to the social aspects of rehabilitation in training programs, and to provide expanded in-depth training to workers involved in the final stages of rehabilitation.