This book is useful to a wide range of readers and can readily serve as a core textbook or resource to explain the history, development, and current practice of rehabilitation counselors (RCs) within the context of the contemporary practice of counseling. Although most clearly useful to counselors-in-training in an introductory course, people think that those RCs at the doctoral level or already in practice interested in the field and its broader positioning and potential will find this book appealing. The book consists of 22 chapters that are divided into parts that emphasize different themes important to understanding both the people and types of situations with which RCs work and the specific roles and skill sets that describe professional practice. It consists of basic information about the structure and professional practice of rehabilitation counseling, and serves the important role of introducing the readers to the RC’s most important partner in the counseling process, the person with a disability. The book also focuses on the professional practice of rehabilitation counseling and introduces the new work in the field that sharpens the emphasis on evidence-based practices and research utilization in the field. It describes in detail, the specific functions that constitute the work of rehabilitation counseling: assessment, counseling, forensic and indirect services, clinical case management and case coordination, psychiatric rehabilitation, advocacy, and career development, vocational behavior, and work adjustment of individuals with disabilities. Further, the book introduces the competencies that provide the types of skills, knowledge, and attitudes that must infuse the practice of rehabilitation counseling because of their pervasive and overarching importance in all aspects of practice.
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This chapter provides a foundation for deeper understanding of the nature of rehabilitation counseling practice. Job analysis, role and function, professional competency, critical incident, and knowledge validation research are all terms that describe a process whereby the professional practice of rehabilitation counseling has been systematically studied. Rehabilitation counseling has been described as a process in which the counselor works collaboratively with the client to understand existing problems, barriers and potentials in order to facilitate the effective use of personal and environmental resources for career, personal, social, and community adjustment following disability. A majority of rehabilitation counselors (RCs) still practice in the public, private, and not-for-profit rehabilitation sectors. However, more recently RCs have begun to practice in independent living centers, employee assistance programs, hospitals, clinics, mental health organizations, public school transition programs, and employer-based disability prevention and management programs.
Career Development, Employment, and Disability in Rehabilitation, 2nd Edition:From Theory to Practice
This book attempts to provide a comprehensive review of the career development and employment issues, theories, and techniques that impact rehabilitation professionals in their work with people with disabilities. It starts out by introducing the reader to the centrality of work. The psychology-of-work framework provides the reader with a foundation for understanding how and why work is central to individuals’ lives. The centrality of work also provides significant meaning and value to the work that rehabilitation professionals undertake to enhance the career development and employment of individuals with disabilities. In addition to the centrality of work, the book introduces the Illinois Work and Well-Being Model (
IW2 M) as a framework to guide career and vocational development. Specifically, the IW2 Mprovides a structure that researchers and practitioners can use to examine the core factors that impact all phases of the career development process. The book continues to underscore the impact of poverty on the career development and employment prospects of individuals with disabilities. Although the awareness of poverty as a factor impacting career development has increased over the last 10 years, poverty is still undervalued as a career driver in the rehabilitation counseling literature. The issue of poverty will be extremely relevant in the post- COVID-19world. Finally, the book provides a comprehensive review of the major theories related to career development and employment, including job satisfaction, work analysis, labor market research, and transferable skills analysis. Given the uncertainty of our time, the book helps the reader to either find reinforcement or develop a new-found appreciation regarding the career development and employment of people with disabilities and chronic health conditions. The book serves to be an important resource that can help facilitate their own career development and the career development of people with disabilities with whom they work.
The field of counseling is an exciting and challenging career choice. It is a profession that has a prolific history of enabling person-centered counseling approaches for individuals, couples, partners, and families, and facilitates therapeutic services for children, adolescents, adults, and older adults. This book offers an excellent resource for graduate-level coursework that relates to an orientation to the counseling profession, professional issues, and special topic seminars, as well as other counseling-related coursework. It provides both contemporary insight and practical strategies for working with the complexity of real-life issues related to assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of diverse clients and their families. The book provides professionals with chapters organized into the 10 CACREP and CORE content areas that address the awareness, knowledge, and skills required to work with children, adolescents, individuals, groups, couples, families, and persons from diverse cultural backgrounds. The content areas are: professional counseling identity, ethical and practice management issues, case management and consultation issues, multicultural counseling awareness, counseling theories and techniques, career counseling and human growth, assessment and diagnosis, counseling couples, families, and groups, counseling specific populations, and contemporary issues in counseling.
The history of counseling is a fascinating evolutionary process, particularly how the profession developed, and how quickly it has evolved through the professionalization process during the past half century. This chapter reviews and highlights the major events that led to the development of professional counseling, including the numerous professional specialty groups that make up the family of professional disciplines in counseling that provide services to clients in diverse practice settings. One of the critical issues that continues to challenge the counseling profession and related specialty areas are professional identity and professional unification. The unique divisions within the American Counseling Association (ACA) represent areas of specialized practice and special-interest areas that relate to a broad constituency of counselors regardless of their specialty areas of practice. Examination and certification standards for the certified rehabilitation counselor (CRC) credential have been established through empirical research throughout the Commission on Rehabilitation Counselor Certification’s (CRCC) history.
- Go to article: Using a Research Apprenticeship Model within a Doctoral Rehabilitation Counselor Education Program
We describe our experiences using a research apprenticeship model, specifically the tripartite model, as an example of how we teach and work with doctoral students. The apprenticeship complements students’ formal course work and introduces them to research and scholarship processes useful for their future roles as rehabilitation counselor educators and researchers. Although various rehabilitation doctoral institutions use some form of apprenticeship experience, the description of these capstone experiences is absent in our literature. Here we provide information about apprenticeship models, introduce a partnership called Project Excellence as an example, and discuss how we use that project as a formal platform for research apprenticeship training in our doctoral program.Source:
- Go to article: Using the International Classification of Functioning to Conceptualize Quality of Life Among Rehabilitation Services Recipients
Using the International Classification of Functioning to Conceptualize Quality of Life Among Rehabilitation Services Recipients
Researchers and policy makers have proposed that quality of life (QOL) is an important and useful way to measure the impact of services, although practical application of QOL in rehabilitation has been limited. In this study, a comprehensive framework (the International Classification of Functioning [ICF]) is used to compare the relationship between QOL and function in key life areas in a sample of adults with disabilities receiving vocational services (n = 224). Results of a multiple regression analysis indicated that level of education, duration of disability, difficulty with social relationships and inclusion, the impact of the disability or health condition on the person or his or her family, and relational support and attitudes of family, friends, and acquaintances showed significant relationships with QOL. This study highlights the role of the social impact of disability on QOL and provides support for the use of the ICF for conceptualizing disability and its impact in a way that is inclusive of personal and environmental factors.
- Go to article: Reported Preparedness of Certified Counselors in Rehabilitation Counseling Knowledge Areas
The purposes of this study were (a) to investigate perceived preparedness, and (b) to assess differences in perceived preparedness across respondent characteristics. A sample of 1,535 rehabilitation counselors who renewed their certification between March 1991 and October 1992 reported that they were at least moderately prepared in the following areas that constituted the majority of rehabilitation counseling knowledge: vocational services; foundations of rehabilitation; case management and services; group andfamily counseling; medical and psychosocial aspects; workers' compensation, employer services, and technology; individual counseling and development; social, cultural, and environmental issues; research; and assessment. Significant (p < .001) differences in perceived preparedness on at least one subscale were found for preservice education level. gender, job setting, job title, and years of experience. Respondents with master's degrees from accredited programs reported significantly higher perceived preparedness in six subscales than did respondents with unrelated degrees. Results generally seemed to support the efficacy of both accreditation and certification as well as the importance of pre service education requirements for employment in rehabilitation counseling.
Knowledge of the ethical beliefs of rehabilitation counselors and their level of confidence in these beliefs is important to understanding the professional culture of rehabilitation counseling. The purpose of this study was to determine the specific beliefs of a national sample of CRCs about whether particular behaviors are ethical, the degree to which there is a consensus about the ethical nature of these behaviors, and which behaviors involve a high degree of controversy. Results indicated that of the 104 behaviors, 13% (n=14) appear to be clearly identified as ethical, 22% (n-23) clearly unethical, and 16% (n=17) as controversial. In addition, the level of confidence of rehabilitation counselors demonstrated in their judgments and difficult judgment items also is discussed along with the participants' ratings of the effectiveness of various resources regarding ethics.