The goal of the study was to determine factors associated with domestic violence in menopausal women. This was a cross-sectional study that 350 menopausal women participated. Data gathering used a World Health Organization’s violence against women instrument. Emotional violence was recognized as one of the most experienced types of domestic violence (48%). According to the multivariate logistic regression model, the status of exposure to sexual violence (before marriage) and the partner’s substance abuse was the most robust risk factors for domestic violence, while factors such as employment of women and satisfaction of income were protective against domestic violence. This study has highlighted the factors associated with domestic violence that health program managers need to address.
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Hispanic/Latinx individuals disproportionately experience intimate partner violence (IPV) compared to their non-Hispanic/Latinx counterparts, and little is known about IPV among college-aged Hispanic/Latinx students. This study examines the rates of IPV victimization and perpetration and their correlates among Hispanic/Latinx and non-Hispanic White college students by analyzing cross-sectional survey data of 3,397 Hispanic/Latinx and White college students enrolled in seven universities. Compared to their White counterparts, Hispanic/Latinx students reported higher rates of IPV victimization and perpetration. Age, gender, drug use, and adverse childhood experience were associated with both IPV victimization and perpetration, while ethnicity was only associated with IPV perpetration. This study’s findings highlight the urgent need for more culturally sensitive IPV prevention services and responses to support Hispanic/Latinx college students.
- Go to article: Deadly Initiations: Characteristics of Hazing Deaths in the United States (1994–2019)
On American college campuses, numerous students have died as a result of hazing activities perpetrated in fraternities, sororities, and other student groups. Still, little is known about the common characteristics among these hazing deaths. This study aims to investigate the circumstances surrounding these fatal incidents by examining hazing deaths that occurred at institutions of higher education in the United States from 1994 to 2019. This analysis revealed common characteristics related to the victims, organizations, institutions, incidents, and outcomes of these deaths. The findings support past hazing research, as victims were predominantly males pledging social fraternities. Although hazing deaths were widespread, there was variation among institutional characteristics, region, and size. The perpetrators of these incidents faced legal ramifications, including criminal convictions and civil lawsuits. The recognition of these trends can improve our understanding of the conditions present when dangerous hazing activities occur and the best practices for prevention and response.
- Go to article: Long-Term Relationships Between Negative Life Events and Suicidal Ideation Specifying Agnew’s General Theory of Crime and Delinquency: A 7-Year Longitudinal Mediation Analysis
Long-Term Relationships Between Negative Life Events and Suicidal Ideation Specifying Agnew’s General Theory of Crime and Delinquency: A 7-Year Longitudinal Mediation Analysis
The purpose of this study was to examine the longitudinal mediationa(l pathways on the link between various straining experiences and suicidal ideation and to test whether its relationship was mediated by the role of negative emotions, constraints, and motivations. Data for this study were collected as part of the Korean Welfare Panel Study, which was a longitudinal study conducted among 7,027 Korean households, surveyed annually from 2006 to 2012. The results indicated that bullying victimization had important effects on negative emotions, although bullying victimization was not significant for later suicidal ideation. Peer delinquency was significantly correlated with negative emotions and positively predicted later suicidal ideation. Also, the significant impact of bullying victimization was transmitted to suicidal ideation through negative emotions. It implies that individuals’ negative life events predicted strain or stressors generating negative emotions that, in turn, led to a high risk of suicidal ideation as a possible coping skill.
- Go to article: Intentions to Call a Helpline Among Targets of Intimate Partner Violence: The Role of the Theory of Planned Behavior and Gender Role Conflict
Intentions to Call a Helpline Among Targets of Intimate Partner Violence: The Role of the Theory of Planned Behavior and Gender Role Conflict
This research first aimed to test the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) as a model to understand the intentions to call a helpline of victimized males and females. A sample of 99 participants (53 males; 46 females) who were suffering violence at the time of participation were considered for analysis. Our results indicate that males and females’ attitudes and subjective norms significantly predicted intentions. Second, this study aimed to measure Gender Role Conflict (GRC) in victimized men and test its association with TPB constructs. GRC occurs when rigid, sexist, or restrictive gender roles result in the restriction, devaluation, or violation of others or the self. Our results indicate that GRC was only negatively associated with perceived behavioral control. Additionally, in our sample of men who filled the GRC measure (n = 245), victimized men reported significantly higher GRC than non-victimized men. Overall, our findings indicate gender specificities in the intentions to call a helpline and suggest that GRC plays an important role in seeking help for men.
- Go to article: ADHD as a Predictor of Quicker Time to Violent Recidivism and a Moderator of the Exposure to Violence–Violent Recidivism Relationship
ADHD as a Predictor of Quicker Time to Violent Recidivism and a Moderator of the Exposure to Violence–Violent Recidivism Relationship
Research on the role that attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) plays as a moderator of the relationship between exposure to violence and violent recidivism is limited. The Pathways to Desistance data were analyzed to examine these relationships. Survival analysis was used to examine ADHD as a risk factor predicting time to violent recidivism. Cox-proportional hazard modeling was used to assess the impact of ADHD on violent recidivism risk and examine ADHD as a moderator of the relationship between exposure to violence and violent recidivism. Results indicated that ADHD predicted quicker time to recidivism. The effect of witnessed violence was significantly weaker for participants with ADHD at baseline than those without ADHD at baseline. The direct effect of ADHD diagnosis at baseline on violent recidivism risk was only significant when the hypothesized interaction terms were included in the model. These findings suggest that individuals with ADHD may be less vulnerable to the impact of witnessing violence on their own risk for perpetrating violence. Effective targeting of treatment should be understood within this context.
- Go to article: Nonintimate Polyvictimization and the Severity of Intimate Partner Violence Experienced by Men
There is a dearth of research on the relation of men’s cumulative experiences of nonintimate victimization (polyvictimization) to their victimization in intimate relationships. This study examines the association between nonintimate polyvictimization (including being abused as a child, cyberbullied, stalked, physically assaulted, and experiencing property crime) and the severity of intimate partner violence victimization in men. The sample of 8,784 men in current married/common-law relationships was drawn from a random sample of the 2014 Canadian General Social Survey. About 3% of the men (an estimate of about 265,000 men in Canada) experienced the most severe forms of partner abuse, including the combination of emotional abuse and controlling behaviors, physical violence, and the resulted injuries. Among these severely abused men, about one-third were polyvictims. As expected, a nonintimate polyvictimization predicted the increased severity of male partner abuse victimization, controlling for sociodemographic variables. These findings highlight the importance of preventing nonintimate polyvictimization of men that can help reduce their partner violence victimization.
This chapter examines the psychological and mental health consequences of migration on immigrants and refugees. The chapter details how the events which forced the migration, the flight itself, and the marginalization in the host country result in triple trauma. The chapter then provides strategies to support immigrant communities in their journey toward resiliency. Some key approaches in treatment and practice include considering individuals’ culture and values, in determining the most effective methods of therapy and intervention for trauma-impacted individuals.
This chapter covers the connections between the criminal justice system and immigration—crimimmigration. The chapter examines the challenges that noncitizens—immigrants, refugees and the undocumented—face when navigating the criminal justice system, specifically the immigration consequences of a criminal conviction. The chapter also explores as the role that race and ethnicity play in how noncitizens interact with and are treated within the system. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the role of social workers in crimmigration, through an exploration of various methods in which they may advocate for immigrants within the criminal justice system, including education, support, and resistance.
This chapter covers the intersection of immigration and employment. It includes the various dynamics that come into play when immigrants join the workforce, including the barriers they may face in employer hiring practices such as discrimination or a lack of documentation. It then discusses the numerous challenges and violations of labor rights that immigrants may encounter once they are in the workforce. It concludes with a critical examination of several methods of remedying labor violations, and how different strategies may help to enforce workplace rights for individual immigrants and immigrant communities.