Research is a foundation of correctional nursing practice. Correctional nurses can apply general nursing research to the correctional patient population and environment to improve care outcomes. In addition, research specific to correctional nursing practice can provide a basis for nursing care delivery in the specialty setting. Evidence-based practice (EBP) expands upon research utilization to include clinical expertise and patient preference. EBP and best practice guidelines apply external sources of information to local clinical practice. By using research principles in practice, correctional nurses can have greater confidence when changing clinical practice to improve patient outcomes. Involvement in a clinical trial should be of benefit to the inmate and a possible treatment for a known condition. Common therapeutic clinical trial involvement includes treatments for cancer, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and Hepatitis C. Clinical issues specific to the specialty practice can be investigated to expand the knowledge base and improve patient outcomes.
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Faith community nurses (FCN) take on a variety of roles in their practice. Recent nursing research identifies different FCN roles, all of which are related to spiritual care. In 1986, the International Parish Nurse Resource Center (IPNRC) was founded to guide the parish nurse movement and to standardize the practice of parish nursing. In 1987, the IPNRC offered its first parish nursing education courses. The American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) recently announced some new expectations for the certification/recognition of any nursing specialty. These expectations involve a minimum association size and the financial resources necessary for ongoing involvement with the ANCC. Both the Health Ministries Association (HMA) and IPNRC are committed to working jointly to meet ANCC expectations. Health education is an appropriate activity for the faith community as people view their health through the lens of their faith tradition.
This book presents a framework for nursing to build and, ultimately, sustain partnerships. Exemplar case studies written by nurses working in global health follow each chapter to illustrate specific elements of a strong partnership. The guiding principle for the book is that partnerships are paramount in creating sustainable outcomes. Varying degrees of partnership integration can include coordination, cooperation, and close collaboration. No matter their degree of partnership, nurses are ethically and morally obliged to be concerned with the world’s suffering. The book begins with a chapter which discusses types of existing partnerships and how nurses make the selection of an appropriate program to begin a partnership. Chapter 2 addresses how cultural perspectives, personal attributes, expectations, and knowledge of host country influence a volunteer nurse’s experience. In the third chapter, nursing roles in host country are addressed, community assessment as essential knowledge is highlighted. The importance of nursing licensure, mutual respect, and partnership is also dealt with. Chapter 4 presents examples of nurses’ experience with volunteers or partners, differences in the scope of practice between nursing partners, and the role of the nurse and nursing profession in host countries. This is followed by chapter which emphasizes the importance of resources, whether human, material, or financial, which are essential in developing a partnership. Two other chapters discuss important aspects of collaborative nursing research in international settings and explore the elements of sustainability to address the leadership required to maintain the partnership.
This chapter reviews frameworks for interdisciplinary research, follow them with specific case studies outlining some of the challenges and opportunities of such work, and close with principles of interprofessional research in the global context, with lessons for nursing in particular. It concentrates on interprofessional research capacity-building issues and examples, rather than interprofessional education or clinical practice. Although those are related and integral elements are needed to achieve optimal health for individuals, communities, and populations, the chapter emphasizes research because of its role in creating the evidence that helps improve health. Interprofessional research frameworks have received less emphasis than interprofessional education frameworks that have been developed by different groups, including the World Health Organization (WHO). The WHO has outlined principles to consider when conducting global health research. The chapter demonstrates communication is a fundamental part of the entire research process, especially in the context of multidisciplinary work.
This chapter illustrates how capacity building can be used within the context of global health and nursling’s potential and vital role in addressing health problems, issues, and concerns across national boundaries. It reviews a current definition of capacity building and describes how capacity building relates to global health. The chapter proposes an updated definition of capacity building that better fits the new context of global health and explores capacity building for nursing research. It explores dimensions of the collaborative relationship: counterparts and facilitation. The chapter then presents a case study that provides a description of the collaborative journey from 2005 to 2013 and the process of helping Russian nurses learn about nursing research and aiding the Russian Nurses’ Association (RNA) in creating opportunities for these nurses to use research in understanding and improving their practice.
This chapter describes the distinct history of American Indians in California. It provides the diversity of American Indians who reside in California and the origins of California residency. The chapter explains the advantages and disadvantages of Indian self-determination in a large, diverse state. It presents the health indicators for California Indians and recognizes the meaning of relevant disparities and disparity groupings. The chapter outlines the measurement challenges associated with ethnic identity, tribal affiliation, and ethnic health indicators for American Indians generally and American Indians in California in particular. It discusses tribal lands and the ways health services are delivered for American Indians in California. The chapter also explains the relevance of demography, policy, and culture for nurses practicing with American Indians. It also describes opportunities, choices, and risks that can chart a new path for improved health for American Indians.
This chapter focuses on the sharing ideas and an approach to the method that reflects the complexity and creative power of caring inquiry as a way of compassion and an esthetic act. The metaphorical heart and soul are the symbols and synonyms for life, living, sensitivity, reason, and integrity. Phenomenology and phenomenological hermeneutics are human sciences that study persons who are experiencing the life-world. The general research question relates to the meaning of the experience of caring or compassion in nursing research. Compassion is a wounding of the heart by the other, where the “other” enters into us and makes us other. Transcendence in the felt-realness of the compassionate encounter is the unwritten theology. Esthetic knowing in caring research attends to creativity, sensitivity, and the quality of presences.
- Go to chapter: Understanding the Framework for Studying Nursing Situations From Selected Nursing Theoretical Perspectives
Understanding the Framework for Studying Nursing Situations From Selected Nursing Theoretical Perspectives
Nursing theoretical frameworks provide theory-based approaches to the study of nursing. This chapter recognizes the variety of nursing theoretical perspectives used in teaching/learning. Questions designed to guide learners to think about nursing from the perspective of a selected nursing theory combined with narratives from nursing practice create opportunities for deep conversations. The chapter presents guiding questions for selected nursing theoretical perspectives that are commonly utilized in schools of nursing, practice settings, and research. In nursing, the intent of grand theories is to describe the whole of the discipline across practice settings and serve as a practice blueprint describing what the nurse is thinking about and doing when practicing. Nursing responses are expressions of nursing in which the nurse is intentionally present with another who is recognized as living and growing in caring.
This book reviews the body of knowledge and practice standards that define the specialty of correctional nursing. The text also describes the health care needs of the youth, men, and women who are incarcerated in jails, prisons, and detention centers. The book supports correctional nurses by providing guidance and resources about the best practices to deliver nursing care that reduces suffering and improves the quality of life for incarcerated individuals, their families, and the community at large. The book is divided into four parts. Part I presents an overview of correctional nursing with chapters covering the ethical principles and legal considerations involved, and safety aspects of the nurse and the patient. The nurse-patient relationship is imposed on both the inmate and the nurse by the governmental entity that is responsible for providing the medical service. The second part talks about the health concerns and diseases of the inmates. These include discussions on alcohol and drug withdrawal, chronic diseases such as obesity, hypertension, arthritis, dental conditions, end-of-life care, women’s and juveniles’ health care, infectious diseases, mental health and pain management. Part III deals with the nursing care process with presentations on health screening, sick call and emergency care. The last part of the book discusses the professional roles and responsibilities on the nurses in correction centers. One of the chapters in this section discusses research participation and evidence-based practice.
The health challenges and disparities faced by developing nations of the world have increased attention to the need for global nursing research. Contemporary global health is guided by the ethical principles of respect for persons, beneficence, and social justice. These principles are vital to the conduct of nursing research for it to contribute to an evidence-based model needed to guide practice, research, and policy development. This chapter reviews contextual factors that influence global nursing research, models used to guide the development of sustainable partnerships, ethical issues of global nursing research, and research methods appropriate for global settings. It explores community-based participatory research (CBPR) as an approach to engage communities and addresses global health challenges. The chapter presents a case study of nursing research in Uganda to explore the development of academic exchange program with a U.S. university for the purpose of providing global health learning experiences for health profession students.