This chapter discusses the techniques for mobilizing community participation, the impact of social institutions on society, and the impact of the political environment on policy-making. It describes the concepts of social policy development and analysis, techniques to inform and influence organizational and social policy, and theories and methods of advocacy for policies, services, and resources to meet clients'/client systems' needs. Advocacy is one of a social worker's most important tasks. The goal of social work advocacy is to assist clients to strengthen their own skills in this area. Fundamental to social work is advocating to change the factors that create and contribute to problems. Social workers may assist by locating sources of power that can be shared with clients to make changes. There are three major types of prevention strategies—primary, secondary, and tertiary. Optimally, all three types are needed to create comprehensive strategies of prevention and protection.
Your search for all content returned 6 results
Competency in social welfare policy analysis and competency in social work advocacy skills tend to be two areas where social work students, especially those wishing to pursue a clinical career, feel uncomfortable. Policy practice is a social work practice method, and successful acquisition of competence in policy practice involves a variety of skills and activities, not only in the classroom setting but in the social work practicum. A major integrative task of the student in social work practicum is to gain the ability to understand the impact of social welfare policy on clients and client systems, and the practicum supervision session is one setting in which students can discuss the application of their classroom learning in social policy to the work they are doing in the field. Teaching social work practice skills related to public policy is an important aspect of field education.
This chapter discusses the methods to establish program objectives and outcomes, to assess the availability of community resources, and to create, implement, and evaluate policies and procedures that minimize risk for individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities. It describes the methods of service delivery, theories and methods of advocacy for policies, services, and resources to meet clients'/client systems' needs, concepts of social policy development and analysis, and techniques to inform and influence organizational and social policy. The chapter then explains the principles and processes for developing formal documents, methods to establish service networks or community resources, community organizing and social planning methods, and techniques for mobilizing community participation. It explores theories of organizational development and structure, the effects of policies, procedures, regulations, and legislation on social work practice and service delivery, and the impact of political environment on policy-making. The chapter ends with discussion of methods to evaluate agency programs.
- Go to chapter: Social, Political, Economic, and Demographic Factors and Historical Landmarks Impacting Aging and Disability Public Policy
Social, Political, Economic, and Demographic Factors and Historical Landmarks Impacting Aging and Disability Public Policy
This chapter helps the reader to be familiar with the demographic and social factors that influence and shape aging and disability policy over time and to be aware of policy changes over the past century within disability and aging public policy. It explains the contrast between advances in science and technology and public policy related to people growing older and people with disabilities. Landmarks serve as essential tools to help us recall specific historical events in time. Historical landmarks, science, and technology have played significant roles in the evolution of social policies; however, aging and disability policies may not have made as many strides as other areas throughout history. The chapter briefly discusses: the role of historical landmarks in shaping social trends and public policies; the relationship between historical landmarks and aging and disability-related policies; and trends in policy, social, and political influences and landmarks in the United States.
Aging policy is shaped by a variety of demographic, social, and economic factors. However, these factors are not the only influences on the development of public policy or aging/disability policies. Philosophical paradigms and theoretical frameworks also influence the actual development of policy and play a strong implicit role in how public policy is drafted. Values and philosophies guide the development of specific philosophical paradigms and shape how aging and disability policy is developed and implemented. This chapter explores how these realities play a role in the development and implementation of public policy and aging/disability policy. It showcases some of the realities that may prevent the implementation of the policy or program as envisioned. As a safeguard against a subjectively devised policy and program base, objective evidence and empirically driven initiatives can be developed by aging and disability policy advocates.
Policy and Program Planning for Older Adults and People With Disabilities, 2nd Edition:Practice Realities and Visions
This book attempts to build students’ understanding of policy development through a critical analysis and review of policy frameworks, and the policy implementation process. The book is organized into four parts comprising twenty-one chapters. Part one of this book lays out a background as to the current and future demographic trends of older adults and makes the case for the reader that there are a variety of philosophical, political, economic, and social factors that affect public policy development. The chapters help the reader to explore a range of perspectives that define, shape, and impact the development and implementation of public policy. It intends to prepare the reader to critically analyze public policies related to aging. Part two provides an overview to major federal policies and programs that impact older adults and people with disabilities. It examines some historical developments leading up to the actual development and implementation of the policies. Policies include social security, medicare, the Older Americans Act, and the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Community Mental Health Centers Act, and Freedom Initiative. The last part of the book outlines specific programmatic areas that flow from aging policies, and specific components that flow from federally mandated policies. Each chapter contains same basic outline: an overview of the programs, specific features and strengths of the programs, gaps and areas for development, and challenges for the future.