The empirical justification for the use of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy as part of the repertoire of interventions used in response to humanitarian endeavors continues at a pace. A devastating earthquake, measuring 7.6 magnitude on the Richter scale, occurred in Northern Pakistan in October 2005. In response, the first EMDR Humanitarian Assistance Program to be facilitated by an academic institution was established. This article highlights how 3 research projects assisted in the continued development of EMDR therapy in Pakistan to the point where presently more than 125 Pakistani mental health professionals have now been trained; it now has its own EMDR National Association and is an active participant within EMDR Asia.
Your search for all content returned 27 results
The rationale is synthesized for the urgency of empirical studies demonstrating the efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy for children and adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), symptoms of PTSD, or other trauma-related symptoms. This literature review examined 15 studies (including nine randomized clinical trials) that tested the efficacy of EMDR therapy for the treatment of children and adolescents with these symptoms. All studies found that EMDR therapy produced significant reductions in PTSD symptoms at posttreatment and also in other trauma-related symptoms, when measured. A methodological analysis identified limitations in most studies, reducing the value of these findings. Despite these shortcomings, the methodological strength of the identified studies has increased over time. The review also summarized three meta-analyses. The need for additional rigorous research is apparent, and in order to profit from experiences of the past, the article provides some guidelines for clinicians seeking to conduct future research in their agencies.
Therapists trained to provide eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy have a global responsibility. This article summarizes the multiple impacts of high stress events, and their long-term effects on individuals, families, communities, and nations. While it is well documented that EMDR treatment will remediate the individual symptoms of posttraumatic stress, research is still needed to determine how far-reaching such outcomes are. Future studies should determine whether treatment reverses the neurobiological changes, cognitive deficits, and affective dysregulation, which are associated with exposure to traumatic events. Research should also investigate whether successful treatment decreases high-risk and/or perpetrator behavior, and whether these effects are translated into behavioral and attitudinal changes sufficient to bring an end to intergenerational trauma and ethnopolitical conflicts. It seems self-evident that the ideal way to address pressing societal needs, on both local and global levels, is by the integration of science and practice. The article also discusses the development of nonprofit EMDR humanitarian assistance programs, and their essential work in the alleviation of suffering around the world. In addition to recommending the examination of EMDR's efficacy in treating traumatization from direct, natural, structural, and cultural causes, this article advocates that research resources be dedicated for testing interventions in the areas of the world with the greatest needs. The alleviation of suffering is the duty of our profession.
This Point/Counterpoint concludes the interchange in Greenwald, R. and Shapiro, F. (2010) What is EMDR?: Commentary by Greenwald and Invited Response by Shapiro Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 4, 170–179. Greenwald Rejoinder: In this rejoinder, I highlight areas of agreement between Shapiro and me that were obscured by Shapiro’s (2010) response to my (Greenwald, 2010) commentary. I also address some of the erroneous statements made by Shapiro (2010) in her arguments against my positions. Finally, I summarize our disagreements, and again assert that until we have an empirical basis for preferring a particular theoretical model of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), it is premature for professional organizations to endorse Shapiro’s model. Shapiro Response: In response to Greenwald, I again confine myself to addressing some of the errors and misconceptions in his arguments in relation to important aspects of EMDR therapy, theory, and research. Further, contrary to his assertion, there is already a sufficient empirical basis to support the preferential use of the adaptive information processing (AIP) model from which the EMDR procedures were formulated. His argument against this position is antithetical to the traditional process by which foundational models are challenged, refined, or replaced. Implications are salient to both training and practice.
- Go to article: Methods for Assessing and Addressing Participant Protection Concerns in Intimate Partner Violence Research
Methods for Assessing and Addressing Participant Protection Concerns in Intimate Partner Violence Research
Research on intimate partner violence (IPV) is highly sensitive and may put some participants at increased psychological, emotional, and physical risk. Still, we know little about the risks posed by most social science methods and have minimal guidance regarding appropriate practices for carrying out various forms of research. This study collected data from 59 IPV researchers regarding the most commonly used participant protection methods, the efficacy of those methods, number and nature of adverse events (AE) experienced, and experiences with institutional review boards (IRBs). Participants were invited via e-mail to complete an anonymous online survey. Findings indicate an overall low incidence of AEs as well as a minimal relationship between AEs and IPV inquiry. These findings may provide researchers with preliminary data on the effectiveness of various participant protection methods. Results may also facilitate more innovative and effective participant protections measures, help researchers prevent and cope with AE, and create more mutually beneficial relationships with IRBs.Source:
- Go to article: The Power of Wholeness, Consciousness, and Caring: A Dialogue on Nursing Science, Art, and Healing
Nurse caring is well-established as the foundation of nursing practice. However, methods for documenting nurse caring have not been well-identified. Many charting systems currently in use, paper or electronic, provide no standardized format for documentation of nurse caring behaviors. This pilot study indicated that nurses prefer a fill-in-theblank documentation format for nurse caring behaviors rather than a narrative format. This study also demonstrated the impact of the act of documenting caring behaviors on increasing awareness of caring and the nurse’s pride in caring.
- Go to article: State of the Science of Nursing Presence Revisited: Knowledge for Preserving Nursing Presence Capability
State of the Science of Nursing Presence Revisited: Knowledge for Preserving Nursing Presence Capability
Nursing presence has been a central focus for theorists, researchers, educators, and practicing professional nurses for over a half a century. Knowledge development and measurement of this experience is crucial at a time when human communication is becoming more impersonal, and nursing presence capability is potentially declining. A literature search was conducted using Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and other discipline-specific databases. Extensive manual review of all relevant journals, reference lists, and additional publications were explored and synthesized. This article provides an updated state of the science report on nursing presence in regard to cross-discipline conceptual comparison, nursing theoretic model development, and instrument development.
- Go to article: Holism, Hermeticism, and the Elements of Environmental Care of Mid-19th Century Nurses
- Go to article: Caring as a Standard of Nursing When Deployed Military Nurses Provide Services to Enemy Insurgents
Deployed U.S. military nurses in combat situations describe a variety of experiences and responses. These examples suggest caring characteristics and adherence to nursing standards. However, variables, such as care for enemy insurgents, might interfere with forming nurse-patient relationships and nurses’ self-care. Opportunities for research into insurgent care, an understudied and little understood phenomena, exist. Research into insurgent care needs to be expeditious because military nurses continue to be deployed to areas of conflict. Findings might be generalized to civilian nurses faced with caring for societal enemies, such as prisoners, drug addicts, drunk drivers, gang members, and others.