Therapists trained to provide eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy have a global responsibility. This article summarizes the multiple impacts of high stress events, and their long-term effects on individuals, families, communities, and nations. While it is well documented that EMDR treatment will remediate the individual symptoms of posttraumatic stress, research is still needed to determine how far-reaching such outcomes are. Future studies should determine whether treatment reverses the neurobiological changes, cognitive deficits, and affective dysregulation, which are associated with exposure to traumatic events. Research should also investigate whether successful treatment decreases high-risk and/or perpetrator behavior, and whether these effects are translated into behavioral and attitudinal changes sufficient to bring an end to intergenerational trauma and ethnopolitical conflicts. It seems self-evident that the ideal way to address pressing societal needs, on both local and global levels, is by the integration of science and practice. The article also discusses the development of nonprofit EMDR humanitarian assistance programs, and their essential work in the alleviation of suffering around the world. In addition to recommending the examination of EMDR's efficacy in treating traumatization from direct, natural, structural, and cultural causes, this article advocates that research resources be dedicated for testing interventions in the areas of the world with the greatest needs. The alleviation of suffering is the duty of our profession.
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This article addresses the role of interpretation in research in caring sciences. Drawing on methodological suggestions from Hans-George Gadamer and Per-Johan Ödman, it shows a way of interpretation on an existential level. The methodology is focused, while a caring science paradigm serves both as a background and as a theoretical framework— as paradigmatic thinking using an abductive process. The authors interpret an excerpt from a narration of an interview with a relative of a person suffering from dementia. The results give substance to the drama of suffering and health, and will be presented in a later article.
- Go to article: The Prescriptive Power of Caring for Self: Women in Recovery from Substance Use Disorders
Although nurses have considerable knowledge about the health promotion practices of caring for self, little is known about women with substance use disorders and their patterns of self care. Leininger’s (1991) ethnonursing method is used to understand the culture care value and beliefs of women during addiction and recovery. Both etic and emic views contribute to a reflective analysis of the field experience and guide interpretation of life ways expressed by women in the study. Themes concerning the women’s pain and suffering, and their culture care beliefs of caring for self are discussed: relieving the pain, relieving the stress of addiction and recovery, and relieving the guilt of harming others.
- Go to article: Caring for the First-Year RN: An Extension of Caring for Our Profession and Caring for Ourselves
- Go to article: Facilitating Life Transitions Through Application of the Caritas Process: A Phenomenological Study
The purpose of this article is to present findings from a major research project focusing on gaining a deeper understanding of health and suffering due to serious cancer disease from the perspective of patients. This study used a hermeneutic design and 14 qualitative research interviews of 6 Norwegian patients with advanced, progressive cancer are the basis for the interpretation. As a result of the hermeneutical process, patients’ life struggle appeared as a threefold battle against time and annihilation, toward being accommodated and confirmed, and to be restored and reconciled.
- Go to article: A Psychoneuroimmunological View of the Healing Potential of Professional Caring in the Face of Human Suffering
A Psychoneuroimmunological View of the Healing Potential of Professional Caring in the Face of Human Suffering
What is healing? How can nurses promote it in the face of human suffering? These questions have been asked ever since Nightingale pondered these basic questions for nursing. Answering them is, in my view, answering one of the foundational questions of what is nursing. My own conclusion, from numerous studies, is that nursing is professional caring, involving the nurse’s competence, professional wisdom, caring, and ability in connecting with the patient, as well as the progressive self-development of the nurse. In this paper I reflect on the healing potential of professional caring from the patient’s perspective, in the light of research findings from psychoneuroimmunology.
The purpose of this study was to develop knowledge about what responsible leadership is as well as develop a theoretical model for responsible leadership in the perspective of caring science. Instrumental and economic discourses can result in a technological and artificial understanding of being. Therefore, present is a basic research study exploring core ontological questions pertaining to what leadership is. The study shows that leadership is part of the human existence and entails giving the human substance movement and direction. Leadership becomes responsible leadership by assuming responsibility for the other and by understanding responsibility for caring as the subject matter. Responsible leadership is to give one’s own and others’ responsibility impetus and direction toward others’ vulnerability and suffering. This is to serve in humility and proxy.