This book integrates theory and practice, and addresses the key principles of sport, exercise, and performance psychology. It reflects the broadening of sport psychology studies to encompass more widespread human performance research. Chapters address such essential concepts as the key principles of sport, exercise, and performance psychology, individual differences, identity development, individual differences associated with personality, motivation, self-efficacy, stress and coping, injury, decision making, job opportunities, and burnout in the context of human performance. Motivation is likely one of the most critical variables in determining one’s behaviors and ultimate success because it impels them to act or sit still. Self-efficacy is said to influence whether people are optimistic or pessimistic, the goals they select, and their willingness to persist in the face of failure. Stressors fall into one of three possible categories-bioecological, psychointrapersonal, and/or social. Bringing these topics to life are companion “Applying the Concepts” chapters demonstrating how these principles are directly applied in real-life situations. The text focuses on the core theories underpinning sport psychology. Interviews with researchers, coaches, athletes, and other individuals from performance-intensive professions vividly reinforce the book’s content. Additionally, the book contains insights on theories and research findings that students can apply to their own experience.
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Written by the originators of the Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment (MAC) model, this book provides both the necessary theory, empirical background, and a structured step-by-step, easy-to-use protocol for the understanding, assessment, conceptualization, and enhancement of human performance. The MAC approach to performance enhancement is based on an integration of mindfulness and acceptance-based approaches and is specifically tailored for high-performing clientele. The predominant psychological approaches have emphasized the development of self-control of internal states such as thoughts, emotions, and physical sensations and have been commonly referred to as psychological skills training (PST) procedures. The book describes a systematic approach to intervention planning in performance psychology. It presents case formulation method presented for a comprehensive understanding of the client, and an appropriate multilevel classification system for sport psychology (MCS-SP) classification that subsequently either guides the proper delivery of the MAC program or leads to the determination that the performer’s needs are beyond the scope of the MAC program. The MCS-SP categorizes the issues and barriers facing the performer into four classifications: performance development (PD), performance dysfunction (Pdy), performance impairment (PI), and performance termination (PT). Numerous case examples, forms, handouts, in- and out-of-session assignments and activities, and verbatim client instructions are included in the book.
Neuroscience for Psychologists and Other Mental Health Professionals:Promoting Well-Being and Treating Mental Illness
This book presents information about brain function and its chemical underpinnings in a way that contributes to a conceptual understanding of distress and subjective well-being. Chapter 1 of the book provides a history of thought in psychiatry and explains how we arrived at our current system for categorizing distress. The second chapter offers information on physiology, including brain circuits undergirding anxiety and depression, circuits for emotional or impulse regulation, and circuits for robust motivated behaviors. Information on pharmacology, including the major classes of drugs used to influence behaviour, and the issues over the regulation of pharmaceuticals are presented in the third chapter. This is followed by five chapters that consider categories of distress that afflict adults, namely, depression, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, bipolar disorders and addictions. Chapter 9 focuses on categories of distress in children such as pediatric bipolar disorder and depression. The last chapter of the book considers whether current diagnostic practices have served us well, looks at an alternative focus for delivering mental health services, and deals with those behaviors that promote flourishing and well-being.
This book is for students who want to know more about the law, students who want to know more about a psychology subspecialty, and anyone who just wants to know more. The book is divided into three parts comprising nine chapters. Chapter one is a history lesson of sorts in that the roots of psychology and the law are explored individually and in their coming together. Chapter two examines the origins of the legal system, the U.S. Constitution, and the ways that its provisions have been utilized by the three branches of government, particularly by the courts. Chapter three brings the first two chapters together by describing how two major constructs, context and perception, are integral to understanding both disciplines. Part II specifically addresses the role of forensic psychology in the courts by beginning with the topcis that seem to be of the utmost interest to readers and students: criminal matters and ethical issues. Chapter four includes various types of crimes, pleas, and punishment relevant to forensic psychology issues and practice. Chapter five presents a discussion of civil matters, including the roles of witness testimony (both expert and eye) and jury selection. Chapter six explores the role of forensic psychologists’ in family court and addresses topics such as “psychological autopsies”, suicide prevention, and the forensic psychologist’s role in the complex matters presented by our changing society and family systems. Chapter seven discusses the forensic psychologist’s role in the juvenile justice system. The final part clarifies and expands on the roles of the forensic psychologist and attorney in court proceedings. Chapter eight provides an outline of the similarities and differences between the professions, and also distinguishes the role of the clinical or therapist psychologist. The final chapter addresses the growing future of forensic psychology.
This book examines new research regarding battered women and cross-cultural and cross-national issues, and addressed issues ranging from murder--suicide in domestic violence cases to proposed legislation and congressional resolutions. It reflects new research on traumatic responses, and addresses trauma-informed and trauma-specific psychotherapy, interventions with youth in juvenile detention centers, information from government task forces regarding children exposed to violence and juvenile justice, and new findings regarding the application of psychology to the legal system. Some of the battered women who already have been identified with a mental disorder that is exacerbated by the abuse or those who develop battered woman syndrome and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) from the abuse itself may need some psychotherapy to help them heal and move on with their lives. The link between sex trafficking and domestic violence has also become much better known within the last 10 years. The concept of learned helplessness has been quite useful in expert witness testimony to help jurors understand how difficult it is for women to leave the relationship and why some women become so desperate that they must arm themselves against batterers. To eradicate domestic violence and violence in the community, people must stop modeling both sexist and violent behavior and change the divorce laws to empower children and abused women so they are no longer victimized by the abusers.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (
EMDR) is a powerful therapeutic approach. However, without the proper training and consultation, an untrained clinician (and this includes very experienced clinicians) could put their clients at risk. This Primer’s goal is to target those clinicians who have completed the EMDRtherapy two-part basic training, 10 hours of supervised consultation, and have read Dr. Shapiro’s basic text (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing: Basic Principles, Protocols, and Procedures, 3rd ed.) and Getting Past Your Past, but still want additional information on using it skillfully. The Primer will encourage and raise the confidence levels of those trained but wanting to increase their ability to use EMDRtherapy with consistent success. The primary intention of the Primer is to supplement Dr. Shapiro’s explanation of EMDRtherapy. It is not meant to be a substitute for her training or previous writings. The reader is urged to read and study them all. The book adds case histories and extensive examples of successful EMDRreprocessing sessions. The cases represent composite or conglomerate portraits of the many clients with whom the author has utilized EMDRtherapy over the past 20 years. The text is a Primer and presents the writing, examples, and illustrations in a less formal and more personal manner. The Primer has been written from a practical, learning-focused approach so that the clinicians who read it can become more familiar with the principles, protocols, and procedures of EMDRtherapy. An attempt is made to take the clinician through complete and incomplete EMDRtherapy sessions, explaining treatment rationale at given points. The book offers a Primer that can facilitate the process of mental health professionals becoming more confident and experienced clinicians in EMDRtherapy. The process has been simplified as much as possible with diagrams, tables, and other illustrations.
This book for undergraduate and graduate survey courses encompasses a wide range of key issues in occupational health psychology (OHP) from a North American perspective. It draws from the domains of psychology, public health, preventive medicine, nursing, industrial engineering, law, and epidemiology to focus on the theory and practice of protecting and promoting the health, well-being, and safety of individuals in the workplace and improving the quality of work life. The book addresses key psychosocial work issues that are often related to mental and physical health problems, including psychological distress, burnout, depression, accidental injury, obesity, and cardiovascular disease. It examines leadership styles as they impact organizational culture and provides specific recommendations for reducing employee-related stress through improved leader practices. Also addressed is the relationship between adverse psychosocial working conditions and harmful health behaviors, along with interventions aimed at improving the work environment and maximizing effectiveness. Additionally, the book discusses how scientists and practitioners in OHP conduct research and other important concerns such as workplace violence, work/life balance, and safety.
This book presents an introduction to mindfulness-based and yoga approaches within the context of the dysregulating, culture-wide battle involving consumption and the struggle for identity. It provides the structure and practical applications for clinicians to help their clients find an internal sense of satiety and peace of mind. The book is structured in four parts. Part I provides the conceptual, empirical, and theoretical foundations of embodied self-regulation. The chapters in this section address the various aspects of embodied self-regulation, introduce the dysregulated self, briefly define the disorders associated with poor self-regulation and present the mindful and yogic self. The second, third and fourth parts of the book hold the most utility for the practicing mental health professional. In Part II, the conceptual and philosophical aspects of mindfulness are explained in order to serve as a cognitive framework for a healthier, regulated self. Two chapters follow explicating the formal (i.e., on-the-cushion) and informal (i.e., off-the-cushion) mindful practices. As a tradition, yoga is a practice taught teacher to student. In Part III, the conceptual and philosophical aspects of yoga are explained. As in the coverage of mindfulness, three chapters follow explicating formal yoga practices (i.e., on the mat), guidelines for developing a personal yoga practice, and informal yoga practices (i.e., off the mat). Part IV reviews evolving mindful and yogic applications as they are utilized within various empirically supported mindfulness and yoga-based protocols and in self-care.
Obesity research has recently shifted from focusing purely on individual causes to viewing individuals within their “obesogenic” or living environments. This book combines current research from multiple perspectives to provide an introductory-level, reader-friendly overview of the history, causes, prevalence, consequences, treatments, and future trends in the prevention of obesity. It integrates research from a vast range of disciplines in the biological and social sciences, as well as education and economics. It explores the gamut of current treatments for obesity, in addition to prevention programs in schools, the workplace, the community, and the arena of public policy, and offers an assessment of their efficacy. Since obesity is a burgeoning problem in the developing world, as well as having already reached epidemic proportions in many developed nations, the book also discusses international trends. By far, the most common definition of obesity uses the body mass index (BMI) to determine who is overweight or obese. The genetic causes of obesity are often separated into to two types: monogenic and polygenic. After discussing the psychosocial and medical correlates and consequences of obesity, the book looks at the current treatments for obesity such as self-initiated diets, lifestyle modification and medical treatment including surgery. Positive effects on physical activity are encouraging because developing good habits early may help prevent obesity later in life.
This book is an interdisciplinary resource on clinical hypnosis research and applications in psychology and medicine. It encompasses state-of-the-art scholarship and techniques for hypnotic treatments along with hypnosis transcripts and case examples for all major psychological disorders and medical conditions. This book addresses hypnotic theories such as socio-cognitive and neo-dissociation theories, neurophysiology of hypnosis, hypnotherapy screening, measurement of hypnotizability, professional issues, and ethics. Chapters present hypnotic inductions to treat 70 disorders including asthma, anxiety, depression, pain, sleep problems, phobias, fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), menopausal hot flashes, Parkinson’s disease, palliative care, tinnitus, addictions, and a multitude other common complaints. The book examines the history and foundations of hypnosis, myths and misconceptions, patient screening, dealing with resistance, and precautions to the use of hypnosis. It also examines a variety of hypnotherapy systems ranging from hypnotic relaxation therapy to hypnoanalysis. For each application, the text includes relevant research, specific induction techniques, and an illustrative case example. Additionally, this book covers professional issues, certification, hypnosis in the hospital, and placebo effects.