Creativity must represent something different, new, or innovative. It has to be different and also be appropriate to the task at hand. The first chapter of the book deals with the Four-Criterion Construct of Creativity, which attempts to integrate both Western and Eastern conceptions of creativity. This is followed by a chapter which addresses how creativity operates on individual and social/environmental levels, and the effects and outcomes of the creative mind. Chapter 3 discusses the structure of creativity. A key work on creative domains is that of Carson, Peterson, and Higgins, who devised the creativity achievement questionnaire (CAQ) to assess 10 domains. The fourth chapter discusses measures of creativity and divergent thinking tests, Torrance Tests, Evaluation of Potential Creativity (EPOC) and Finke Creative Invention Task. Some popular personality measures use different theories, such as Eysenck’s Personality Questionnaire, which looks at extraversion, neuroticism and psychoticism. Chapter 6 focuses on a key issue, intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation and their relationship to creativity. While the seventh chapter deals with the relationship between creativity and intelligence, the eighth chapter describes three ’classic’ studies of creativity and mental illness which focus on the connection between bipolar disorder and creativity, usage of structured interviews and utilization of historiometric technique. One school admissions area that already uses creativity is gifted admissions—which students are chosen to enter gifted classes, programs, or after-school activities. The book also talks about creative perceptions and dwells upon the question whether creativity is good or bad.
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This book provides a multidisciplinary compendium of research pertaining to aging among diverse racial and ethnic populations in the United States. It focuses on paramount public health, social, behavioral, and biological concerns as they relate to the needs of older minorities. The book is divided into four parts covering psychology, public health/biology, social work, and sociology of minority gang. The book focuses on the needs of four major race and ethnic groups: Asian/Pacific Islander, Hispanic/Latino, black/African American, and Native American. It also includes both inter- and intra-race and ethnic group research for insights regarding minority aging. The chapters focus on an array of subject areas that are recognized as being critical to understanding the well-being of minority elders. These include psychology (cognition, stress, mental health, personality, sexuality, religion, neuroscience, discrimination); medicine/nursing/public health (mortality and morbidity, disability, health disparities, long-term care, genetics, nutritional status, health interventions, physical functioning); social work (aging, caregiving, housing, social services, end-of-life care); and sociology (Medicare, socioeconomic status (SES), work and retirement, social networks, context/neighborhood, ethnography, gender, demographics).
This book enables the reader to learn information about psychosis and related illnesses, and develop an understanding of the benefits of early intervention in psychosis and skills for a successful interaction with a person with psychosis. It also helps the reader to learn strategies to support a young adult with psychosis in accessing treatment. The first chapter talks about schizophrenia spectrum disorders and its treatment options. Group therapy has shown to be highly effective in addressing symptoms and stressors associated with psychotic disorders. Chapter 2 introduces the different symptoms characteristic of a psychotic episode: positive symptoms, negative symptoms, disorganized symptoms, affective symptoms, and cognitive symptoms. Two associated symptom categories associated are abnormal motor behavior and level of insight. The third chapter provides knowledge that will be helpful in identifying if psychiatric symptoms are present and assisting when there may be concern about psychiatric stability. Chapter 4 builds on the knowledge and the skills that one has acquired and speaks specifically about assessment of safety and intervention strategies. There are a number of potential outcomes that can occur from helping a young adult with psychosis. The individual may require hospitalization in order to ensure safety and allow for the opportunity to reduce symptoms. The final chapter of the book provides a list of resources offering information on variety of mental health conditions and psychology.
This book provides useful empirical information about male juvenile delinquents and serves as a model training manual for new programs and people working in existing rehabilitation programs. It also provides guidelines for developing policy on the rehabilitation of juvenile delinquents. The book can be used as a resource for academicians and others who teach courses on juvenile delinquency and assigned as a supplementary textbook for students learning about juvenile delinquency, juvenile justice, and mental health. The authors of the book take a multidisciplinary approach that will appeal to everyone who thinks about juvenile delinquency: politicians, judges, police, teachers, clinicians, social workers, educators, and students of criminology, criminal justice, juvenile delinquency, family violence, sociology, psychology, and counseling. This approach appeals to undergraduate students in liberal arts programs that require them to take courses in multiple disciplines, and to graduate students in the mental health fields whose undergraduate training varies. The book also consists of six case histories of boys who resided at Ocean Tides. The information was culled from their files, the clinical consultant’s interviews with the boys when they were in residence, and aftercare information. These cases were selected to provide a sampling of the Ocean Tides boys; their backgrounds, personal, and psychological hurdles; and the outcome of their experience at Ocean Tides.
Despite the attention paid to diversity and inclusiveness, counselor education programs often overlook the gifted population, resulting in a training gap that complicates school counselors' awareness of—and ability to appropriately respond to—the unique needs of gifted individuals. This book is a complete handbook for understanding and meeting the needs of gifted students and is most useful to counselor educators, school counselors, and parents. It is mostly to inform school counselors and counselor educators about gifted kids as a special population and to offer guidance for responding with appropriate counseling services. The book is organized into thirteen chapters. The first chapter provides an overview on counseling gifted and talented students. The second chapter talks about aligning service to gifted students with the American School Counselor Association (ASCA) national model. The next two chapters discuss the characteristics and concerns of gifted students, and intersectionality of cultures in diverse gifted students. Chapter five presents theories that support programs and services in schools. Chapter six describes the common practices and best practices in identifying gifted and talented learners in schools. Chapter seven examines working with classrooms and small groups. Chapter eight focuses on academic advising and career planning for gifted and talented students. Chapter nine addresses personal/social counseling and mental health concerns. Chapters ten and eleven talks about creating a supportive school climate for gifted students through collaboration, consultation, and systemic change, and empowering parents of gifted students. Chapter twelve presents school counselors as leaders and advocates for gifted students. The final chapter provides brief summaries of the above chapters described in the book.
A concise, reader-friendly introduction to an important but often underappreciated topic in modern psychology, this book explains the role of comedy, jokes, and wit in the sciences and discusses why they are so important to understand. The author draws from his personal experiences in stand-up comedy to focus on how humor can regulate emotion, reduce anxiety and defuse tense situations, expose pretensions, build personal relationships, and much more. He irreverently debunks the pseudoscience on the topic of humor and leaves readers not only funnier, but better informed. Chapter 1 provides some ways to classify jokes into categories, discusses some theories about what makes something funny, and gets into the caveats about why this work can be so difficult. Comedy alters mood, thought, stress, and pain. Jokes and laughter may play an important role in health, mental illness, marital bliss, education, and psychotherapy. The second chapter discusses the social psychology of humor, and looks at how the presence of other people can make things seem funnier. Folks in both education and business often turn to humor in an attempt to captivate, inform, and persuade. A close look at the research on immune function, allergies, erectile dysfunction, and longevity reveals some promise for laughter’s health benefits. Research offers more support for humor’s impact on psychological well-being than on physical health. Humor can have direct effects on physical health and psychological well-being; it can buffer folks against the slings and arrows of daily hassles.
This book is intended for public health practitioners, researchers, students, and other professionals who work in rural settings or who are interested in learning more about the unique aspects of public health in rural areas. It first presents some of the best-established challenges in rural public health, including medical care barriers, workforce issues, and ethics, followed by some of the specific rural-focused solutions that have been developed through faith-based initiatives and integrated care efforts. By recognizing the socioeconomic and cultural factors unique to rural areas as not only contributing to health disparities (e.g., higher smoking rates) but also as providing avenues for addressing them (e.g., faith-based initiatives), rural public health practitioners can begin to make long-needed progress in protecting the health of one fifth of the U.S. population. The book then discusses both the scope and state of prevention for specific health issues in rural settings, including mental health, substance abuse, heart disease, obesity, diabetes, HIV, environmental health, minority health, migrant farmworker health, and elderly health. The book then concludes with a summary of the future directions in rural public health to serve as a road map for moving forward.
Self-Neglect in Older Adults:A Global, Evidence-Based Resource for Nurses and Other Health Care Providers
Self-neglect is a global phenomenon and a serious public health issue. It is a poorly defined concept, which leads to challenges in identifying self-neglecting individuals as well as practical challenges in implementing interventions among health professionals, family members, and friends. This book is the first global, evidence-based resource that targets self-neglect and the important evidence-based interventions available to help older people in need. It is a road map for all clinicians and health care providers who come upon the complex and often heartbreaking phenomenon of self-neglect. The book is divided into twenty five chapters across six sections. Section I, Practical and Theoretical Perspectives, begins with a daughter profiling the progression of her mother’s condition over time to self-neglect from personal, social, and environmental perspectives, and describes self-neglect as the person’s inability or unwillingness to provide goods and services necessary to care for life’s needs. Section II, Issues Concerning the Self-Neglecting Individual, presents singular or multiple issues that either lead to or are a consequence of self-neglect such as mental health issues, delirium, hoarding, animal hoarding, farm animals and farmers, environmental neglect, and decision making. Section III, The Service Responds, details the response by health and social care professionals and agencies. Section IV, Research Evidence, profiles research evidence and delineate many lessons for health care professionals. Section V, Assessment and Measurement of Self-Neglect, presents methods of collecting and managing data on neglect and associated factors. The final section, Ethical and Education Issues, outlines the pedagogical demands placed on professional educators by the complex nature of self-neglect, and application of an ethical decision-making tool to a self-neglecting case.
This book shows the continuity and advancements in our understanding of human life-span development. It helps understand the many reasons people are aging more successfully. The book provides the vocabulary to understand the aging process and how it affects our physiological systems. It also describes effects on quality of life, memory, mental health, and personality. Successful aging depends not only on medical care, but is also influenced by successful coping with stress, social support, and adherence to a healthy lifestyle. The book helps to interpret contemporary research and offers a solid foundation for exploring the art and science of successful aging. The book also presents an instructor’s manual. This supplement includes basic constructs and definitions, problems for additional classroom discussion, PowerPoints for use by the instructor, and examination questions. The book’s purpose is to provide an interdisciplinary understanding of the factors that affect aging. It proposes that many theories and studies of aging can be understood under the rubric of aging accelerators and decelerators-factors that increase and those that decrease the rate at which we age. The book is organized into four sections. Section I provides a general overview of demographic, theoretical, and methodological issues such as demography and theories of aging, and understanding change in aging research. Section II examines the aging of the skin and musculoskeletal system, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, renal/urinary system, sensory system, nervous system, endocrine system, and immune system. Section III, centers on the psychosocial factors that affect physical health such as mental health, stress, coping, social support, morbidity, mortality, and caregiving. The final Section examines the sociostructural contexts that influence aging, and reviews theories of optimal aging. The book serves as a bridge between the biological and psychosocial gerontology communities and promotes a more holistic understanding of the aging process.
This book presents stories of older adults which illustrate what it means to be a victim of or at risk for elder abuse and talks about the nurses who care for such older adults. The book is divided into five parts. The chapters in Part I provide background information on elder abuse as it applies to nurses in health care settings, introducing the topic by describing the forms of abuse including self-neglect and emotional abuse, risks, and consequences of elder abuse in various settings such as domestic settings and long-term care facilities. Details about cultural considerations related to elder abuse in specific groups in the United States are also described. The second part describes roles of nurses in detecting and reporting elder abuse by discussing legal responsibilities of nurses, and focusing on ethical issues related to elder abuse, with emphasis on dilemmas faced by nurses in clinical settings. Part III serves as a “how-to” guide for nurses with the chapters illustrating the application of usual nursing assessment and intervention skills to unusual situations. Nurses can develop nursing interventions that address the following facets of elder abuse situations: overall approach, behavioral and mental health issues, risks to safety of the older adult and others, resources within the health care settings, needs of caregivers, family dynamics, and legal issues. The chapters in Part IV use unfolding case examples to describe nurses in action addressing elder abuse across settings, and Part V provides an overview of financial abuse and sexual abuse.