This book serves as a practice resource for social workers by making accessible the vast territory covered by the social, cognitive, and affective neurosciences over the past 20 years, helping the reader actively apply scientific findings to practice settings, populations, and cases. It features contributions from social work experts in four key areas of practice: generalist social work practice; social work in the schools and the child welfare system; in health and mental health; and in the criminal justice system. Each of the chapters is organized around practice, policy, and research implications, and includes case studies to enhance practice application. The impact the environment has on neural mechanisms and human life course trajectories is of particular focus. It is divided into four sections. Section A includes chapters devoted to social-cognitive neuroscience conceptualization of empathy, mirror neurons, complex childhood trauma, the impact of trauma and its treatment through discussion of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Section B covers child maltreatment and brain development, transition of youth from foster care, social work practices in schools for children with disabilities, and managing violence and aggression in school settings. Section C deals with several issues such as substance abuse, toxic stress and brain development in young homeless children and traumatic brain injuries. Neuroscientific implications for the juvenile justice and adult criminal justice systems are explained in Section D.
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This book provides a standard that reflects the basic elements of the 11-Step Standard Procedure; and the Standard 3-Pronged EMDR Protocol as they are applied to different populations. The diverse population includes children and adolescents; couples; clients suffering with complex post-traumatic stress disorder and dissociative disorders; clients with anxiety; clients who demonstrate addictive behaviors; clients who deal with pain; clinicians themselves. The book serves as a basis to encourage research into these various applications for EMDR. It is divided into seven parts. Part I is devoted to the scripted EMDR protocols such as olfactory stimulation, which are used to develop resources for children and adolescents who may have suffered traumatic events in their life. The protocols take into account the particular difficulties of this developmental group and help minimize common difficulties and major hurdles. Part II describes scripted EMDR protocols designed by couples therapists and sex therapists to further the progress of their patients precisely targeting templates of relational interaction, anxiety, or sexual dysfunction. Part III concerns the scripted protocols for dissociative disorders and complex post-traumatic stress disorder. The protocols represent the structured scripted efforts of many trauma therapists over a considerable number of years. Parts IV and V of the book address the concretization of much needed scripts for the EMDR treatment of addictions and pain—two interconnected public health worries. Part VI looks at the world of people’s adaptation to fears and tackles the usage of scripted protocols to detoxify the impact of specific phobias. Part VII demonstrates the usage of scripted EMDR protocols in clinician care and in the management of secondary post-traumatic stress disorder and vicarious traumatization.
This book is a comprehensive guide to the basics of mindful hypnotherapy (MH), incorporating everything you need to understand the approach, apply it to clients in your clinical practice, and use it for your own personal edification and growth. MH is a treatment that combines the qualities from two highly effective and well-established treatment approaches: mindfulness and hypnotherapy. These approaches have separately been shown to be effective in the treatment of a wide array of disorders ranging from elevated stress or adjustment problems to more debilitating conditions such as major depressive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance use disorders, chronic pain, anxiety disorders, and more. This book is intended to be an additional tool in a therapist’s toolbox—a new approach that delivers a mindfulness-based intervention within a hypnotic context. The book is divided into three sections. The first section (Foundations) provides the conceptual basis for MH, research, discussion of hypnotic abilities, and basics for formulating hypnotic inductions and suggestions. The second section (Mindful Hypnotherapy by Session) provides a treatment manual for MH over eight sessions. It includes transcripts, hypnotic inductions, and guidance for individualization and tracking progress using the Mindful Self-Hypnosis Daily Practice Log. The third section (Conclusion) provides an overview of training and personal growth toward becoming a mindful hypnotherapist. This MH approach is long overdue, and over the course of the past 40 years, the fields of hypnotherapy and mindfulness have been compared and contrasted phenomenologically, physiologically, and neurologically. MH is an intervention that intentionally uses hypnosis (hypnotic induction and suggestion) to integrate mindfulness for personal or therapeutic benefit.
A Guide to the Standard EMDR Therapy Protocols for Clinicians, Supervisors, and Consultants, 2nd Edition
The book describes updated information on mechanisms of action of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (
EMDR) therapy. It delivers clear, concise treatment guidelines for students, practicing clinicians, supervisors, clinic directors, and hospital administrators involved in the treatment of those with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Specific Phobias, and Panic Disorder. In EMDR therapy, various strategies can be employed to support the goals of stabilization and symptom reduction. Some stabilization strategies commonly used in EMDR therapy were developed in other traditions such as progressive relaxation, self-hypnosis, biofeedback, and meditation. The book provides an overview of the standard eight-phase model of EMDR therapy and the general three-pronged protocol that provides the framework for the specific treatment protocols for diagnostic groups. It briefly touches on clinical situations where the general principle of treatment planning based on the three-pronged protocol must give way to an initially inverted protocol for treatment planning that starts with reprocessing targets in the future, then on the present, and addresses past targets only after significant treatment gains have been achieved. The book explores the theoretical and practical aspects of the EMDR therapy approach to case formulation, treatment planning, and selecting and preparing patients with PTSD and other post-traumatic syndromes for EMDR reprocessing. Screening for a possible dissociative disorder is essential before offering EMDR reprocessing on either traumatic targets or resource installation. Case studies with transcripts illustrate the different protocols and further guide practitioners of EMDR therapy in informed decision-making.
This book provides us with what we need to sleep well. It provides the tools and techniques to reverse insomnia and improve sleep long-term. Insomnia, persistent trouble getting to sleep or staying asleep, affects our daytime functioning and wellbeing. The book breaks down the principles of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (
CBT-I), the sleep program considered first-line treatment in the clinic, into a step-by-step and reader friendly program that can be easily followed at home. Written by a clinical psychologist and researcher who has worked in the sleep field for 40 years, the book uses data from a real patient to illustrate each step of the process. The book is complete with detailed sleep diaries, worksheets, and more, all of which are also available online to download and use on your own journey to sleeping better now and into the future. Guiding readers through this self-directed sleep therapy program, the book features updated information and new scientific findings on key topics for patients and health care providers including: tried-and-true CBT-Imethods of sleep management; successful cognitive therapy methods to deal with racing thoughts at bedtime; different sleep needs for women and men through life and health conditions; influence of nutrition, exercise, and sex on sleep in a brand-new chapter; depression, anxiety, and traumatic stress and how they intersect with sleep; and prescribed and non-prescribed medications, herbal remedies, and cannabis for sleep.
This book examines new research regarding battered women and cross-cultural and cross-national issues, and addressed issues ranging from murder--suicide in domestic violence cases to proposed legislation and congressional resolutions. It reflects new research on traumatic responses, and addresses trauma-informed and trauma-specific psychotherapy, interventions with youth in juvenile detention centers, information from government task forces regarding children exposed to violence and juvenile justice, and new findings regarding the application of psychology to the legal system. Some of the battered women who already have been identified with a mental disorder that is exacerbated by the abuse or those who develop battered woman syndrome and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) from the abuse itself may need some psychotherapy to help them heal and move on with their lives. The link between sex trafficking and domestic violence has also become much better known within the last 10 years. The concept of learned helplessness has been quite useful in expert witness testimony to help jurors understand how difficult it is for women to leave the relationship and why some women become so desperate that they must arm themselves against batterers. To eradicate domestic violence and violence in the community, people must stop modeling both sexist and violent behavior and change the divorce laws to empower children and abused women so they are no longer victimized by the abusers.
The inner subjective world of the mind was historically relegated to the margins of social science, confined instead within the traditional domains of psychology and psychoanalysis. In the seven years since the first edition of this book was written, many developments in the fields of neuroscience and psychotherapy that were just beginning to appear on the horizon have received a massive increase in interest and study. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (
EMDR) is so profoundly guided by the adaptive information processing ( AIP) model, it is crucial to examine how it measures up to researched neurobiological models of consciousness and information processing. The book is written with language that is not only technical but also suitable as an introduction to the neural underpinnings of consciousness and EMDR. It examines pertinent neuroscience research related to the understanding of consciousness, information processing, and traumatic disorders of consciousness. The book first presents with basic research in the neurosciences relevant to online/wakeful information processing, which includes sensation, perception, somatosensory integration, cognition, memory, emotion, language, and motricity. The second section examines the neuroscience research relevant to disorders of consciousness, which include anesthesia, coma, and other neurological disorders. Major focus is given to the disorders of type I posttraumatic stress disorder ( PTSD), complex PTSD/dissociative disorders, and personality disorders. The third section presents the reader with an examination of neuroscience research relevant to chronic trauma and autoimmune function. A number of medical illnesses, collectively known as “medically unexplained symptoms”, are examined. These include fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, reflex sympathetic dystrophy, systemic lupus erythematosus, type 1 diabetes, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, Graves’ disease, multiple sclerosis, Sjögren’s syndrome, and rheumatoid arthritis. The final section examines the foregoing material with respect to the AIPmodel. It explores treatment implications vis-à-vis the various types of PTSDand the presentations of medically unexplained symptoms.
This book has two main goals: to provide descriptions of specific eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapeutic “tools” and, by incorporating these tools, to develop an overview of an Adaptive Information Processing (AIP) model of the treatment of complex PTSD. The development of EMDR-related tools has been ongoing since the introduction of EMDR three decades ago. What will EMDR be in 2030? Unfortunately, the field—the field of psychotherapy for trauma-related disorders—has at times had a kind of dissociative disorder. Some therapists identify with one theoretical approach, and others are strong adherents of another identity. Often, these two “identities” do not communicate sufficiently, and sometimes they mistakenly think they have to fight with each other. Clearly, the author’s primary identification as a therapist is with EMDR-related methods based on an AIP approach, but the author attempting in the following chapters to also integrate the concepts and methods of cognitive approaches—approaches that are not only useful, but at times essential in the treatment of dissociative clients. The chapters of this book are divided into four parts. The first, comprising Chapters 1 and 2, is an overview of the application of the AIP model to complex PTSD and other dissociative conditions. The second part, Chapters 3 to 6, presents ways of treating (i.e., resolving) psychological defenses that are often linked intrinsically to disturbing memories but can be conceptually defined as separate entities because defenses typically contain dysfunctional positive affect, as opposed to the disturbing affect within memories of traumatic events. The third part, Chapters 7 to 14, focuses on several issues important in the EMDR treatment of dissociative conditions. And Chapters 15 to 17 are detailed case reports illustrating how these AIP “tools” can be employed in actual treatment sessions.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing EMDR Therapy Scripted Protocols and Summary Sheets:Treating Eating Disorders, Chronic Pain, and Maladaptive Self-Care Behaviors
This book focuses on applying eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) scripted protocols to medical related conditions. It delivers a wide range of step-by-step protocols that enable beginning clinicians as well as seasoned EMDR clinicians, trainers, and consultants alike to enhance their expertise more quickly when working with clients who present with medical-related issues. The scripts are conveniently outlined in an easy-to-use, manual style template, facilitating a reliable, consistent format for use with EMDR clients. The scripts distill the essence of the standard EMDR protocols. They reinforce the specific parts, sequence, and language used to create an effective outcome, and illustrate how clinicians are using this framework to work with a variety of medical related issues while maintaining the integrity of the Adaptive Information Processing model. Following a brief outline of the basic elements of EMDR procedures and protocols, the book focuses on applying EMDR scripted protocols to key medical issues. The book is organized into four parts comprising ten chapters. Chapter one presents protocol for EMDR therapy in the treatment of eating disorders. Chapter two describes EMDR therapy protocol for the management of dysfunctional eating behaviors in anorexia nervosa. Chapter three discusses EMDR therapy protocol for eating disorders. Chapter four presents the EMDR therapy protocol for body image distortion. Chapter five discusses EMDR therapy and physical violence injury: “best moments” protocol. Chapter six describes EMDR therapy for chronic pain conditions. Chapter seven presents EMDR therapy treatment for migraine. Chapter eight discusses EMDR therapy for fibromyalgia. Chapter nine describes the impact of complex posttraumatic stress disorder and attachment issues on personal health. The final chapter presents the EMDR therapy self-care protocol.
This book on child and adolescent dissociation provides the reader with a window into the fractured minds of traumatized children and adolescents and offers an effective pathway toward healing. It delves into the inner workings of vulnerable children’s use of dissociation. An in-depth discussion of the Star Theoretical Model (STM), an inclusive theoretical model that examines five intersecting theories attachment, neurobiology, developmental theory, family systems, and dissociation provides a solid foundation for understanding how and why children dissociate and also a road map to guide traumatized children toward successful recovery. One of the chapters deals with 16 warning signs such as auditory hallucinations which are suggestive of dissociation in children and adolescents. Familiarity with the warning signs can enhance proper evaluation for dissociation so that children can receive appropriate treatment and care. The Adolescent Dissociative Experiences Scale (A-DES) is a commonly used checklist to assess for dissociative symptoms. A phase-oriented treatment model specifically designed for dissociative children will help them develop integrative functions. Another chapter focuses on helping children to further develop their skills in self-reflection, mindfulness, and somatic awareness, along with managing traumatic triggers and learning to calm down the overactive stress-response system. The book also deals with creative art therapy interventions for adolescents with dissociation and integrating dissociative treatment and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy (EMDR) therapy with children with trauma and dissociation.