Grief counseling refers to the interventions counselors make with people recent to a death loss to help facilitate them with the various tasks of mourning. These are people with no apparent bereavement complications. Grief therapy, on the other hand, refers to those techniques and interventions that a professional makes with persons experiencing one of the complications to the mourning process that keeps grief from progressing to an adequate adaptation for the mourner. New information is presented throughout the book and previous information is updated when possible. The world has changed since 1982; there are more traumatic events, drills for school shootings, and faraway events that may cause a child’s current trauma. There is also the emergence of social media and online resources, all easily accessible by smart phones at any time. Bereavement research and services have tried to keep up with these changes. The book presents current information for mental health professionals to be most effective in their interventions with bereaved children, adults, and families. The book is divided into ten chapters. Chapter one discusses attachment, loss, and the experience of grief. The next two chapters delve on mourning process and mediators of mourning. Chapter four describes grief counseling. Chapter five explores abnormal grief reactions. Chapter six discusses grief therapy. Chapter seven deals with grieving for special types of losses including suicide, violent deaths, sudden infant death syndrome, miscarriages, stillbirths and abortion. Chapter eight discusses how family dynamics can hinder adequate grieving. Chapter nine explores the counselor’s own grief. The concluding chapter presents training for grief counseling.
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This book provides the foundations and training that social workers need to master cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). CBT is based on several principles namely cognitions affect behavior and emotion; certain experiences can evoke cognitions, explanation, and attributions about that situation; cognitions may be made aware, monitored, and altered; desired emotional and behavioral change can be achieved through cognitive change. CBT employs a number of distinct and unique therapeutic strategies in its practice. As the human services increasingly develop robust evidence regarding the effectiveness of various psychosocial treatments for various clinical disorders and life problems, it becomes increasingly incumbent upon individual practitioners to become proficient in, and to provide, as first choice treatments, these various forms of evidence-based practice. It is also increasingly evident that CBT and practice represents a strongly supported approach to social work education and practice. The book covers the most common disorders encountered when working with adults, children, families, and couples including: anxiety disorders, depression, personality disorder, sexual and physical abuse, substance misuse, grief and bereavement, and eating disorders. Clinical social workers have an opportunity to position themselves at the forefront of historic, philosophical change in 21st-century medicine. While studies using the most advanced medical technology show the impact of emotional suffering on physical disease, other studies using the same technology are demonstrating CBT’s effectiveness in relieving not just emotional suffering but physical suffering among medically ill patients.
This book is based on a treatment approach that the author has been developing for many years while treating those with military sexual trauma (MST). It gives participants the skills to manage trauma symptoms, the tools to address unresolved issues such as injustice and self-blame, the guidance toward radical acceptance of the past, and the inspiration to move forward in one’s life in a meaningful way. The first chapter explores MST and the many physical, mental, emotional, and social repercussions it may have on the lives of those who have experienced it. Chapter 2 focuses on feelings which will be redefined from something that may be unwanted or dreaded to something that is useful. The next chapter helps readers to learn how to cope with nightmares and ways to develop good sleep habits to promote sound sleep. “Triggers” or sudden feelings of anxiety or panic that are associated with MST, and the skills to help readers tolerate and release intense feelings are discussed in the fourth chapter. In the next two chapters, readers learn ways to deal with important feelings such as anger, resentment, guilt, self-blame, and shame. Two other chapters focus on memories of trauma, holograms, and defining relationship patterns. Important skills for recognizing and dealing with feelings of loss and grief are described in Chapter 9. Other issues such as romantic relationships, healthy sexuality, ideal relationship, and improving communication skills are also addressed in the book.
This book provides a comprehensive model for effectively blending the two main postmodern brief therapy approaches: solution focused and narrative therapies. It harnesses the power of both models the strengths-based, problem-solving approach of solution focused therapy (SFT) and the value-honoring and re-descriptive approach of narrative therapy to offer brief, effective help to clients that builds on their strengths and abilities to envision and craft preferred outcomes. The book provides an overview of the history of both models and outlines their differences, similarities, limitations, and strengths. It then demonstrates how to blend these two approaches in working with such issues as trauma, addictions, grief, relationship issues, family therapy, and mood issues. Each concern is illustrated using a case study from practice that focuses on individual adults, adolescents, children, or families. Sample client dialogues and forms are included to help the clinician guide clients in practice. SFT has provided therapists with new tools for working with clients who are dealing with substance abuse. The book provides a summary of research findings that have shown the effectiveness of the solution focused approach over the problem-focused approach. The narrative model invites clients to construct a new presentation in a problematic story (narrative) and develop a script for a preferred future (solution focused), with a newly crafted character, instigating new strategies for actions (solution focused), based on exceptions.
This book is a practical guide for professionals to better understand how grief impacts the lives of bereaved children and how they can provide a safe place for grieving children and their families to find support. The information provided comes from the authors’ personal experiences working with children and their families over the past three decades. It provides a theoretical model for understanding childhood grief due to death as a natural, transitional experience that is an integral part of a child’s development into healthy adulthood. The first chapter, Understanding Childhood Grief and the Bereavement Professional’s Role, presents five universal realities of grief. The second chapter, Impact of Grief on Children, describes common grief reactions in children and factors that influence childhood grief. The third chapter talks about suicide, homicide, sudden death, and illness. The fourth and fifth chapters: Death of a Parent, and Death of Other Family Members, describes the strengths of parent/child relationship, sibling relationship, and grandparent/grandchild relationships. These first five chapters provide a framework for understanding how grief impacts the lives of children and how their surrounding circumstances further influence their reactions to grief. The sixth and seventh chapters explore the factors that promote health in grieving children and modes of helping. The eighth chapter describes the grief support settings for bereaved children. The ninth chapter presents activities that engage children, and the tenth chapter discusses professional accountability and ethical considerations. The last five chapters offer a structure for professionals to provide support to bereaved children and their families. This book also presents “How to Help” sections that offer practical ways professionals can be supportive to bereaved children and their families.
Death and Dying courses in social work; nursing; counseling psychology; and medicine traditionally focused on topics such as the experience of dying; the delivery of health care during the end of life; and the experience of mourning after a death. The book includes neurobiological aspects of development and grieving for the students to understand these aspects of biology if they are to claim a bio-psycho-social-spiritual perspective in the 21st century. It talks about the spiritual development in each life phase and also on the special considerations in risk and resilience to describe aspects of marginalization that may affect development. The book explains the factors that promote resilience; maintaining our strengths-based approach to all of this material. It continues with the identification of maturational losses; incorporating these non-death losses into a section renamed living losses found in each life phase chapter. The book defines the chapters by developmental tasks that are tackled at more or less predictable ages to which the chapters are loosely bound. It reviews research on specific responses to loss situations and discuss intervention strategies supported by practice wisdom and empirical research. The book has ancillary materials available to qualified instructors that include outlines; PowerPoint; and activities for each chapter as well as the readings from the earlier editions. This edition of the book will help each reader feel prepared to help grievers of all ages and types.
This book serves as the pillar for clinical care teams to improve health equity among homeless older adults. Interdisciplinary care teams are essential in complex homeless older population clinical practice, as all disciplines must work together to address medical, surgical, behavioral, nutritional, and social determinants of health. All clinicians who treat older adults, from the independent to the frail, should approach problem solving via an inclusive approach that includes social work, pharmacy, nursing, rehabilitation, administrative, and medicine inputs. The social determinants of health that contribute to the complexities of clinical care outcomes cannot be addressed within silos. The book reflects a holistic care model to assist clinicians in the complicated homeless population that is continuing to change in the instability of the homeless environment. The book is divided into 14 chapters. The chapters in are organized by problems most commonly faced by clinicians in servicing homeless populations: mental, social, medical, and surgical challenges. Chapter one presents definition and background of geriatric homelessness. Chapter two discusses chronic mental health issues (psychosis) in the geriatric homeless. Chapters three and four describe neurocognitive disorders, depression, and grief in the geriatric homeless population. The next two chapters explore ethical, legal, housing and social issues in the geriatric homeless. Chapters seven and eight discuss infectious diseases in homeless geriatrics population. Chapter nine is on cardiovascular disease in homeless older adults. Chapter 10 describes care of geriatric diabetic homeless patients. Chapter 11 discusses geriatric nutrition and homelessness. Chapter 12 presents barriers and applications of medication therapy management in the homeless population. Chapter 13 describes dermatologic conditions in the homeless population. Finally, the book addresses end-of-life considerations in homelessness and aging.
This book grew out of the authors’ need to have a text for the university-based courses taught by each of them to students interested in furthering their knowledge and skills in grief counseling and support. They found that there were many good texts exploring research and theory in counseling psychology and many other books expounding on grief and bereavement theory and research. They were unable, however, to find a book that combined both the practical aspects of counseling with the current research and the theory related to grief and bereavement. After years of piecing together articles, course reading packets, and chapters selected from different texts, they decided to design a book that would explore both the practical knowledge and skills available in counseling psychology with some of the current research and theory in the area of loss, grief, and bereavement. This third edition book provides updated research and content on attachment and grieving styles. It describes the expansion of social issues impacting grief including political changes, environmental concerns, cultural differences, and exposure to terrorism. The book provides new theory, research, and practice for grief in non-death losses. New information on diversity and grief, the role of grounding and contemplative practices, and grief and developmental perspectives across the lifespan are explained. The book details the use of technology in both professional and informal grief support. Practice examples provide real-life application for concepts discussed, and sample case studies are provided.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing EMDR Therapy Scripted Protocols and Summary Sheets:Treating Trauma- and Stressor-Related Conditions
This book is designed to apply what we are learning through research and to support the increasing knowledge and capabilities of clinicians in the method of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (
EMDR) Therapy. The book is divided into three parts. The first part covers trauma and stressor-related conditions. Chapters here show how EMDR Therapy is used for a range of disorders, such as reactive attachment disorders, address the issue of child attachment trauma for adults, and discuss EMDR for traumatized patients suffering from psychosis. Other chapters in this section deal with EMDR for adolescents and adults living with ongoing traumatized stress and the treatment of 911 trauma in emergency telecommunicators. The second part of the book focuses on grief and mourning. In the third part, the need for taking self-care for clinicians and prevention of compassion fatigue are explained. The book also contains an appendix, which includes the scripts for the 3-Pronged Protocol that includes past memories, present triggers, and future templates. This section helps clinicians remember the important components of the Standard EMDR Protocol to ensure fidelity to the model.
Trauma Counseling, 2nd Edition:Theories and Interventions for Managing Trauma, Stress, Crisis, and Disaster
This book is a much-needed update that offers an in-depth and comprehensive exploration of the variety of relevant issues concerning clients’ traumatic, crisis-related, and disaster events that commonly are encountered by professional counselors and other mental health professionals. The textbook is framed, theoretically, within a systemic paradigm, including important recent physiological and neurobiological understandings of the impact of trauma on individuals. The book is organized into six sections. Section I offers a foundation for understanding the various trauma-associated issues. In fact, it tries, with a great deal of intentionality, in the first three chapters, to construct a trauma scaffold of foundational knowledge, upon which students can build increasingly more complex conceptualizations of more nuanced clinical issues associated with trauma. Section II explicates relevant constructs, such as loss and grief; these constructs continue to build upon and expand the trauma scaffolding of the first section. It also offers information about the traumatic events that may be experienced by specific age groups, people who are vulnerable, and other particular populations. Section III begins with his explication of the moral psychology of evil. Section IV presents a broader systemic context for understanding the effects of trauma on groups of people. Section V analyzes assessment methods and interventions associated with psychological trauma. It identifies and discusses the larger scope of integrative approaches to trauma, crisis, and disaster intervention, thus emphasizing the importance of more systemic models. Section VI begins by presenting ethical perspectives on trauma work. It explicates vicarious traumatization, highlighting the need for counselor selfawareness. It also focuses on the importance of mindfulness-based self-care for counselors, encouraging clinicians to be healing counselors rather than wounded healers.