This book delivers everything nurses and other health researchers need to know about designing, testing, selecting, and evaluating instruments and methods for measurement in nursing. It features the most current content, strategies, and procedures available with direct applicability to nurses and health researchers engaging in interprofessional research, collaboration, education, and evidence-based practice. Chapters focus on challenges in using big data, evaluation, and measurement in interpersonal practice and education; metrics and benchmarking in health education and practice; and measurement issues in translational science. The book gives particular attention to measurement issues resulting from changes in nursing, health research, and the increased emphasis on and undertaking of interprofessional research and evaluation. Presenting the material in step-by-step format, the book is designed for readers with little or no experience in measurement, statistics, or interprofessional issues. It focuses on increasing the reader’s ability to use measures that are operationalized within the context of theories and conceptual frameworks, derived from sound measurement principles and practices and adequately tested for reliability and validity. Additionally, the text provides a pragmatic account of the processes involved in several aspects of measurement such as content analysis, interviews, and questionnaires. In nursing and health research, the Delphi technique is used for obtaining judgments from an expert panel about an issue of concern that is designed to structure group opinion and discussion. Visual analog scale (VAS) can be used even in high-stress, high-volume clinical settings, such as emergency departments.
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Teaching Cultural Competence in Nursing and Health Care, 3rd Edition:Inquiry, Action, and Innovation
Preparing nurses and other health professionals to provide quality health care in the increasingly multicultural and global society of the 21st century requires a comprehensive approach that emphasizes cultural competence education throughout professional education and professional life. The ideas and suggestions presented in this book are offered to stimulate new ideas and invite health professionals to explore new paths on the journey to developing cultural competence in themselves and in others. The book is divided into five parts. Part I is composed of three chapters filled with resources to help educators begin teaching cultural competence. Essential background information about the multidimensional process of teaching cultural competence offers a valuable guide for educators at all levels who are planning, implementing, and evaluating cultural competence education. Educators and researchers are continually challenged to measure outcomes following educational interventions. Part II addresses this challenge by introducing several quantitative questionnaires and assessment tools and discussing implementation and data interpretation strategies in a detailed, user-friendly approach that can be easily adapted by novice and advanced researchers. The tools include Transcultural Self-Efficacy Tool (TSET) and Clinical Setting Assessment Tool-Diversity and Disparity (CSAT-DD). Parts III, IV, and V offer a wide selection of educational activities that can easily be applied by educators everywhere. Three chapters provide a general overview and a menu of activities for use in three areas: the academic setting, the health care institution, and professional associations. Five chapters creatively link strategies via detailed case exemplars that spotlight various populations and settings. The book’s final chapter presents important implications for educators everywhere.
This book is a must-buy book, particularly for creating and integrating clinical simulations in nursing program. It presents step-by-step guidelines for nursing faculty to design, develop, and implement clinical simulation scenarios in diverse settings, with diverse patients, and for different levels of students, from the novice in a fundamentals course to the student in a senior-level critical care or capstone course, to a nurse practitioner in a graduate program. The book is organized into four parts: (a) setting the foundation, (b) innovative nursing scenarios in diverse settings for diverse students, (c) interdisciplinary and inter-professional scenarios, and (d) simulation journey containing fifty-six chapters. Part I provides an introduction to simulation-focused pedagogy with an explanation and updates on the Framework for Simulation Learning in Nursing Education©. Part II presents a collection of 27 exemplars divided into five key areas of specialty undergraduate nursing: (a) medical-surgical; (b) obstetric and pediatric; (c) older adult; (d) thematic scenarios on cultural humility, Quality and Safety Education in Nursing, and mental health; and (e) advanced practice nurses. Part III focuses on 16 scenarios that capture many of the key themes in nursing, including ethics, spirituality, palliative care, communication, and cultural humility. Part IV explores the continuing simulation journey in nursing education. The role of certification in simulation for nursing education has been updated to incorporate the changing landscape. It also presents a model for “writing across the curriculum” that focuses on how to write like a nurse in clinical simulation environments, support for publishing simulation work, and evolution of simulation and its integration in nursing curriculum and practice. The book provides concrete information about the use of simulation in a variety of programs, courses, and schools with flexible simulator uses, including static and live actors, and low-, medium-, and high-fidelity human patient simulators.
This book presents firsthand accounts from nurses at all professional levels, who share their life-changing experiences and insights with nurses interested in the global health arena. Their stories emphasize the practical, challenging, and rewarding aspects of global health nursing. The nurses describe their motivation for working in global health, along with the rewards and challenges. They discuss the importance of approaching global nursing with humility, respect, and appreciation for what they will learn from their colleagues. They describe how global health work has enhanced their ability to provide quality care to diverse populations, which include recent immigrants living in the United States. In addition to these vivid accounts, the book discusses the parameters of global health nursing, how to prepare for this nursing experience, key resources, global nursing research, and nurses as global health consultants. Woven throughout the book are descriptions of how these nurses have encouraged―through teaching and mentoring―the next generation of global health nurses. The book also provides coverage of domestic global health initiatives, and assists faculty to prepare themselves and their students for global health endeavors. The book is written for nurses at all stages of professional life.
Palliative care is considered a subspecialty of medicine and nursing, with certifications offered to insure the highest quality of care that can be offered to those with acute, chronic, progressive, life-altering, or life-threatening diseases. Palliative and hospice care are on the same continuum. Hospice care is offered in the last 6 months of life, whereas palliative care is offered earlier, at the time of diagnosis, with any diagnosis that can eventually lead to death. This book gives palliative care and hospice nurses the advanced knowledge they need, beyond their undergraduate and graduate nursing education, to incorporate advanced empirical, aesthetic, ethical, and personal knowledge into their nursing practice. The book is organized into four sections comprising 27 chapters. Section I articulates the purpose and value of palliative care and hospice nursing and the revolution across America and the world, which demands the relief of suffering and every effort to promote quality of life until its end. Section II emphasizes on the care for the whole person and family. The chapters on culture and spirituality, and sexuality will help to recognize that a person is more than a physical body. The art of communication, the promotion of health, and holistic therapies are also taught. Section III focuses on advancing one’s knowledge of life-threatening diseases such as cancer, end-stage heart disease, end-stage heart disease, end-stage renal disease, end-stage liver disease, chronic lung disease, neurological disorders, HIV/AIDS. Section IV deals with effective management of symptoms such as dyspnea, anxiety, depression, delirium, posttraumatic stress disorders, gastrointestinal symptoms, fatigue, and skin alterations by pharmacologic, nonpharmacologic, and complementary therapies. In the peri-death chapter, nurses will learn how their presence at the deathbed can imprint a memory that replaces fear with calm, suffering with relief, and sorrow with abundant appreciation and love.
This book delivers analyses of 30 core concepts that define nursing theory, research, education, and professional practice. Grounded in the concept analysis framework developed by Walker and Avant, the book clearly demonstrates how concepts are used to build theory, support research, and improve education and professional practice. Expert authors from clinical and research disciplines focus on the core of nursing-- the nurse-patient relationship--grouping concepts into the categories of patient/client-focused concepts, career-focused concepts, and organizational/systems-focused concepts. The concept analyses follow a specific method, with defining attributes, antecedents, and consequences given. It talks about the personal characteristics of patients/clients experiencing health/illness. These concepts include hardiness, hope, motivation and self-motivation. The book then explains the caregiver-focused concepts such as anxiety, caregiver burden, clinical autonomy, compassion fatigue, cultural competence, decision making, emotional intelligence, empathy and so on. It also presents analysis of concepts pertinent to nurse workaround, commitment, teamwork, transformational leadership, work engagement, and nurse manager accountability. Nurse workarounds are described as nurses devising an alternative work procedure to address a block in the workforce, even though these alternatives are deviations from policies, procedures, and work processes. The book also includes diagrams of characteristics across concepts for comparison. It helps nurse scholars to develop a sophisticated analytic ability and provide graduate nursing students with a foundation for developing a DNP capstone or PhD research project.
This book is devoted to a discussion of the native American Indian health system and nursing. It is divided into three parts. Part I first provides a national and historical look at the peoples of what is now the United States. This is followed by a view of pre- and postcontact indigenous America and the effects on health resulting from policies by the new dominant culture. Next to be introduced is the idea that “nursing” has been occurring in indigenous America long before icons, such as Florence Nightingale, put a face to the profession. An introduction to nursing and the Indian Health Service (IHS) is then followed by health modalities outside of the IHS that is, indigenous knowledge and traditional healing. Part II shows how these experiences are/were played out in the various cultural regions of the United States: Northeastern Woodlands; Southeastern Woodlands; Southwest tribal regions; Great Basin; Indians-habitated California; Pacific Northwest; Alaska; and Northern Great Plains. Urban has been added to the regional groups found in the 48 contiguous states and Alaska. In Part III, the reader explores funding as a major component of increasing care options and access in Indian country. Two chapters discuss the issues of Indian health funding and American Indian nursing education.
This book is the first resource to compare the experiences of nursing academic leaders among public, private, and for-profit institutions for nurse educators of all experience levels and ambitions. The introduction analyzes why it is important to know how public, private, and for-profit educational organizations operate and why nurse educators and academic leaders should take the time to learn this information. The book comprises 11 chapters. The first chapter explains the structures and processes of these organizations. The second chapter offers concrete suggestions and tips for successfully applying for a nursing faculty position in each of these organizations. The third chapter does the same for seeking an academic leadership position. Chapter four explains and discusses the nuances of fund-raising and advancement. Chapter five discusses recruiting and managing qualified and diverse faculty and staff as it is challenging and processes vary depending on the type of institution. Marketing and public relations are increasingly important in both faculty and leadership positions. Chapter 6 explores these topics. Chapter seven offers tried-and-true suggestions for developing and sustaining clinical partnerships and faculty practice in nursing education. Chapter eight discusses budgeting and allocation of resources. Academic leaders especially must be knowledgeable in these areas. Chapter nine discusses maintaining nursing education standards via accreditation processes and board of nursing approval. Each author has extensive experience with this and is eager to share lessons learned. Chapter ten explores how to encourage faculty and staff to think innovatively and describes similarities and differences pertaining to international study among the three types of institutions. Finally, the conclusion chapter shares the authors’ visions for the future in public, private, and for-profit schools of nursing.
This book merges the full spectrum of Caring Science evolution and identifies a clear path for future growth and development. It provides an opportunity to experience the delicate space of praxis, as the examples of a living philosophy are made accessible to the reader. The book through personal narrative, exemplars, and discourses on Caring Science, helps the reader to understand the history, accomplishments, and vision of human caring as a serious ethical, ontological, epistemological, practical endeavor. Its intent is to create a compendium of cutting-edge literature related to Caring Science to inform and transform nursing practice. The book comprises 50 chapters and is structured with 10 sections, each focused on a particular theme. Section I assumes that nursing knowledge is evolving towards a unitary-transformative worldview, and the ontology of Caring Science is embracing the tenets of this unitary worldview. Section II describes explicit connections between established programs or initiatives and Caring Science. Section III discuses Caritas science literacy. Section IV is on caritas literacy as a foundation for nursing education. Section V focuses on how scholarly inquiry advances the epistemology of Caring Science in the areas of leadership, research, and education. Section VI explores epistemology of research, aesthetic knowing (healing environments), and Caritas Praxis. Section VII integrates Caring Science grounded in Watson’s Theory of Human Caring and the 10 Caritas Processes into large complex healthcare systems. Section VIII reflects the process of Caring Science and cross-cultural (transcultural) ethical significance that is being developed in many parts of the world. Section IX focuses on advancing disciplinary-specific knowledge grounded in a relational unitary worldview within the context of Unitary Caring Science. The final section focuses on how Caring Science can become a journey of personal and professional transformation engaging in aesthetic ways of knowing.
This book differs from most others related to teaching online because it takes a how-to approach with the twin goals of answering the call to transform nursing education and benefiting from research in cognitive psychology. Each chapter includes relevant concepts, theories, and models to guide course design and teaching online, as well as templates that can be downloaded to save precious time. The focus in the book is on the RN-BSN, master’s, DNP, and PhD programs, as they comprise most of the online programs in nursing, but the contents are applicable to teaching any level of nursing online. Teaching and assessment are one when teaching online; they are not individual activities and cannot really be separated. This is an important concept to grasp, especially if people are a seasoned classroom instructor accustomed to creating separate assignments that add to one’s workload. The book explores how this interconnected approach works. Grading is an important function that drives learning and deserves some attention, as the author thinks people have lost their way to some degree when assessing what constitutes academic achievement. Rubrics have replaced other grading strategies, but not all meet the expectation of greater objectivity in grading, which is their initial intent. A hot topic in online education that relates to workload is the expectation of faculty presence in an online course from both faculty’s and the student’s perspective. This topic is explored in the book. Converting a classroom-based course to the online environment can be a time-consuming task without some guidance as to where to start. Online education is more than uploading one’s classroom lectures into the Learning management systems. The book provides a step-wise approach with some additional tips on converting a classroom course to the online environment.