This book is intended to provide to the eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) clinician advanced tools to treat children with complex trauma, attachment wounds, and dissociative tendencies. It covers key elements to develop case conceptualization skills and treatment plans based on the adaptive information processing (AIP) model. A broader perspective is presented by integrating concepts from attachment theory, affect regulation theory, affective neuroscience, and interpersonal neurobiology. These concepts and theories not only support the AIP model, but they expand clinicians’ understanding and effectiveness when working with dissociative, insecurely attached, and dysregulated children. The book presents aspects of our current understanding of how our biological apparatus is orchestrated, how its appropriate development is thwarted when early, chronic, and pervasive trauma and adversity are present in our lives, and how healing can be promoted through the use of EMDR therapy. In addition, it provides a practical guide to the use of EMDR within a systemic framework. It illustrates how EMDR therapy can be used to help caregivers develop psychobiological attunement and synchrony as well as to enhance their mentalizing capacities. Another important goal of the book is to bring strategies from other therapeutic approaches, such as play therapy, sand tray therapy, Sensorimotor Psychotherapy, Theraplay, and Internal Family Systems (IFS) into a comprehensive EMDR treatment, while maintaining appropriate adherence to the AIP model and EMDR methodology. This is done with the goal of enriching the work that often times is necessary with complexly traumatized children and their families.
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The primary objective of this book is to describe how a relationship-building approach can be used in the delivery of child welfare services to kinship caregivers and the children who reside with them. To accomplish this objective, the book entails a review and evaluation of the three major child welfare goals: protection, permanency, and well-being. Specifically, it explores how these three goals can be better achieved when informed by a relationship-building approach. The book assists child welfare practitioners in framing how they view kinship caregivers and acquiring knowledge and skills about the use of relationship-building models (emanating from social work practice perspectives) and is designed to increase positive outcomes for maltreated children. The multifaceted issue of relative caregiving is in dire need of attention from virtually every social work service domain level. Specifically, micro-level practice interventions are needed, as well as mezzo-level programming for particular groups and macro-level policy redesigns that support services to relative caregivers are also warranted. The book integrates practice, policy, and research, and includes study tools and resources (a glossary, discussion questions, and activities for ongoing learning) and thus can be easily incorporated into such courses as child welfare, family practice, social work and the law, social work practice, cultural diversity, policy, child welfare integrative seminars, and special topic electives.
This book provides innovative ways to incorporate aging content into courses, trainings, and workshops for students or professionals. It presents activities which offer hands-on approaches to engage students of all backgrounds–from social workers to family caregivers, medical students to demographers, nurses to community planners, personal care attendants to students in introduction to gerontology courses. These faculty-tested, peer-reviewed educational activities cover topics ranging from physical aging, media, and demographic portrayals of older adults to disaster planning, public policy, and diversity among older adults. The book includes 32 unique and interesting activities. Each activity comes with detailed instructions, basic back-ground information, a materials list, and an explanation of how the specific content aligns with one or more of the Association for Gerontology in Higher Education (AGHE) competencies for undergraduate and graduate education in gerontology. The book is divide into eleven chapters. The first chapter explores teaching courses on aging, and the potential of experiential learning activities to engage students. The second chapter discusses ageism and aging in the media. The next four chapters talk about dementia, demography, health care, and housing for older adults. The seventh chapter describes physical aging. Chapter 8 analyzes public policy and aging. Chapter 9 describes positive interactions with older adults. Chapter 10 explains research projects and papers, and the final chapter discusses spirituality.
This book deals with a number of issues and strategies for counseling people with disabilities. It allows counselors and other related health professionals to learn from the writings of 16 people with disabilities across North America. The book provides information on how other professional disciplines perceive and are trained to view disability. It discusses the medical and psychosocial aspects of caregiving in the country and highlights some of the most difficult decisions individuals and families may have to make in this process. The book is organized into four parts containing sixteen chapters. Part I explores disability from a sociological perspective. The topics covered are: the history of how people with disabilities have been viewed and treated in society; attitude formation, societal attitudes, and myths about disabilities; culturally different issues and attitudes toward disability; and attitudes toward disability by specific special interest and occupational groups. Part II focuses on the psychology of disability surrounding the individual and his or her family. The topics address: theories of adjustment to disability by the individual; family adaptation across cultures toward a loved one who is disabled; sexuality and disability; and the psychosocial world of the injured worker. Part III addresses pertinent topics concerning psychosocial issues of disability. The topics include: disability and quality of life over the life span; implications of social support and caregiving of loved ones with a disability; and thriving versus succumbing to disability: psychosocial factors and positive psychology. Part IV addresses counseling strategies and insights for working with persons with disabilities. The topics discuss: which counseling theories and techniques work best with different disability populations and why; social justice, oppression, and disability; counseling families in the community; ethical responsibilities in working with persons with disabilities and our duty to educate; and basic dos and don’ts in counseling persons with disabilities.
The experience of life-threatening illness is one of the most difficult situations that individuals and their families ever have to face. This book is meant to be a guide for anyone counseling or offering professional care to persons with life-threatening illness. Living with life-threatening illness is the theme of this book as it describes the particular challenges that individuals, families, and caregivers face at varying points, namely prediagnostic phase, diagnostic phase, chronic phase, recovery phase and terminal phase, during serious illness. After a brief introduction on the terminology, Chapter 2 of the book reviews those caregivers who have impacted history, placing this work in its context as well as highlighting newer developments such as concurrent care. This is followed by two chapters addressing the particular ethical and systematic stresses that those persons who counsel or care for individuals with life-threatening illness may experience, causing moral distress. People respond to life-threatening illness in a variety of ways, and accordingly, Chapter 5 considers the range of responses to life-threatening illness, which individuals, their families, and their caregivers may experience. Developmental, psychological and social factors and generational differences affect the ways that an individual responds to life-threatening illness. Five other chapters describe particular issues that arise at different points during the experience of life-threatening illness. Chapter 12 considers the ways in which families might be affected by the illness and offers suggestions for counseling families that are coping with the illness of a family member.
This book covers the most advanced practices and techniques in early differential diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of cortical dementias, and is intended to advance clinical skills of professionals and trainees alike. It focuses on cortical dementias as opposed to also discussing subcortical dementias. The book discusses the foundations of neuropsychology in the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of cortical dementias. Individual dementing processes are discussed in detail, from traditional presentations such as Alzheimer’s disease and Lewy body dementia to less commonly discussed entities such as primary progressive aphasia (PPA) and chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Advances in neuroimaging and the utilization of biomarkers in early detection are discussed. Additional chapters are dedicated to related topics including the role of caregivers and determination of capacity. The book is divided into three sections. Section I describes the neuropsychological, neuroanatomical, and neurophysiological features of several of the more common cortical dementias, provides a brief guide to the main brain imaging techniques and a quick look at future directions in neuroimaging, and presents an overview of the differential diagnostics techniques such as Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Clinical Dementia Rating scale (CDR). Section II covers the types of cortical dementias such as vascular dementias, dysexecutive impairment associated with vascular dementias, neurophysiological disturbances and frontotemporal dementia. The third section talks about interventions, pharmacological interventions including galantamine and memantine, non-pharmacological cognitive, the role played by caregivers, comorbidities, and some legal and ethical considerations.
This book brings to life the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF; World Health Organization, 2001) for rehabilitation counselors. The book presents contemporary information that can be used to educate, guide practice, and provide the foundation for emerging research related to the psychosocial aspects of disability and chronic disease. It provides a powerful and informative resource for students, practitioners, and scholars in developing and reinforcing rehabilitation counseling principles that guide rehabilitation counseling education, practice, and research. The book is organized into five major parts containing 30 chapters. Part I presents the historical perspectives on illness and disability. Part II offers insights into the personal impact of illness and disability on individuals by looking closely at several unique psychosocial life experiences. It discusses various theories of adaptation to disability, the unique experiences faced by women with disabilities, gender differences regarding sexuality, multicultural and family perspectives of disability, and quality of life (QOL) issues for those with disabilities. Part III addresses issues such as involvement, support, and coping of family members (parents, children, spouses, and partners) which includes family caregiving and counseling, to promote optimal medical, physical, mental, emotional, and psychological functioning of the person with a disability. Part IV reflects the growing need for diagnostic, treatment, and preventive interventions, and the coordination of important resources to help persons with chronic illnesses and disabilities achieve optimal levels of independent functioning. It delves on substance use disorders, trauma-related mental health problems among combat veterans, and assistive technology. The final part addresses several contemporary issues faced by persons with chronic illness and disabilities (CIDs) that are relevant to counselors and practice. It discusses newer challenges that these individuals face, including obesity, poor nutrition, poverty, suicide, threat of terrorism, and depression, all of which are on the rise in the United States.
United States is in the midst of a 21st-century adjustment. It is facing dramatic changes in all spheres: social, cultural, political, economic, technological, and, in particular, demographic. However, two demographic changes epitomize what the United States must confront and respond to in this century: aging and diversity. This book attempts to address and elucidate these changes and provide a road map for responding to them in a rational way. It does so by providing a context and a framework—the politics of aging, the economics of aging, diversity, and immigration—by which one can understand the larger forces of these demographic changes. There are many issues one has in common as one wrestles with these unsettling forces, but the book selects a few to set the stage for a road map that can mitigate the tensions of aging, diversity, and immigration and enables one to reframe the public narrative about demographic changes. These issues address key questions that reveal the common fate in overcoming divisions. Who will take care of us (caregiving)? Who will pay the taxes (economic future)? Who will have the children to sustain entitlement programs (future workforce)? Will our children have a better future or face downward mobility (family)? To what extent can one learn from other regions of the world, particularly the Americas (global aging)? Finally, do we as a nation want to remain a superpower with all the sacrifices this position connotes, or will we settle into a second-tier status by mid-century (national security)? Ultimately, the book is about what is possible, given the unique democracy. It attempts to assuage the great discomforts over rapid social change as currently evidenced by the aging of the population, immigration politics, and relationships among generations.
This second edition of the book, like the first, provides an overview of major issues associated with societal and global aging, paralleling the structure of many introductory social gerontology textbooks. Unlike most existing textbooks in the field, however, the discussion of each topic in this work is explicitly comparative, focusing on similarities and variations in the aging experience across nations, religions, and levels of economic and social development. The comparative perspective is enhanced further by topical essays and country-specific descriptions of aging policies, programs, and experiences. The book also introduces in this edition several important innovations not found in the previous version. First, the authors have dropped two chapters (The Welfare State and Disability and Active Life Expectancy), incorporating their content elsewhere. In addition, they split three earlier chapters (Health and Health Care Systems; Work and Retirement; and Families, Caregiving, and Community Support Systems) into two new chapters each, so now the authors include six separate chapters: Health Beliefs and Behavior, Health Care, Older Workers, Retirement and Pensions, Family Life, and Caregiving. Finally, because the first edition neglected two topics crucial to the lives of older people—physical environments and religion—the authors have added an entirely new chapter devoted to each. As for the first edition, the intended audiences remain students in undergraduate and graduate courses in global aging and their faculty. In addition, many of the topics addressed will also be of interest to faculty and students in undergraduate and graduate courses in the demography of aging and sociology of aging, as well as courses in gerontology taught with a comparative, international focus. The authors hope that it will serve to focus the attention of all gerontologists on the growth and value of the research and teaching going on in countries outside the United States and Europe.
This book offers chapters with case vignettes in which creative career interventions are applied. Each of these chapters provides a thorough exploration of the career-related challenges and needs of each unique group. The book provides an overview of the unique needs of several populations including high school and community college students; dual-career couples; stay-at-home mothers; working parents; midlife and older adults; caregivers; unwed and teen mothers; formerly incarcerated individuals; lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals; veterans; culturally diverse men and women such as African American, Asian American and Latino persons; and other populations. Each population chapter opens with a case vignette in which a client’s story is presented for readers to consider. These cases highlight the diverse array of career and lifestyle-related concerns that clients may bring to counseling. The vignettes are revisited at the close of the chapter to illustrate potential ways of helping clients resolve their concerns. The book contains more than 50 innovative career interventions that are located at the end of the book. These interventions can help one to have greater insight into how creativity can be used when working with clients facing career changes and challenges.