This book provides the foundations and training that social workers need to master cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). CBT is based on several principles namely cognitions affect behavior and emotion; certain experiences can evoke cognitions, explanation, and attributions about that situation; cognitions may be made aware, monitored, and altered; desired emotional and behavioral change can be achieved through cognitive change. CBT employs a number of distinct and unique therapeutic strategies in its practice. As the human services increasingly develop robust evidence regarding the effectiveness of various psychosocial treatments for various clinical disorders and life problems, it becomes increasingly incumbent upon individual practitioners to become proficient in, and to provide, as first choice treatments, these various forms of evidence-based practice. It is also increasingly evident that CBT and practice represents a strongly supported approach to social work education and practice. The book covers the most common disorders encountered when working with adults, children, families, and couples including: anxiety disorders, depression, personality disorder, sexual and physical abuse, substance misuse, grief and bereavement, and eating disorders. Clinical social workers have an opportunity to position themselves at the forefront of historic, philosophical change in 21st-century medicine. While studies using the most advanced medical technology show the impact of emotional suffering on physical disease, other studies using the same technology are demonstrating CBT’s effectiveness in relieving not just emotional suffering but physical suffering among medically ill patients.
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This book draws on in-depth research of couples in different situations and cultures to identify educational and therapeutic interventions that will help couples become conscious of and move beyond gendered power in their relationships so they can expand their options and well-being. Sharing family and outside work more equitably is a part of the gender-equality story. The book is divided into five parts. Part I of the book lays out the theoretical and methodological issues of gender equality that frame the book’s research projects and practice concerns. Chapters in this section frame the concept of gender equality and its role in promoting mutually supportive relationships. The second part examines the relational processes involved in equality between intimate partners. Traditional couples need help in defining the meaning of relational equality for themselves within external definitions of male and female roles. A chapter in this section is about same-sex couples and explores what happens when gender does not organize relationships. In Part III, two chapters look at how gender legacies and power influence mothering and fathering among parents of young children with a third showing how idealized notions of motherhood heighten and maintain postpartum depression after childbirth. The fourth part shows both similarities and cultural variation in power issues in different cultural settings. While one chapter considers how racial experience increases the complexities of gender and power in couple life, another discovers the considerable diversity in Iran by showing how couples work within a male-dominant legal and social structure that also includes a long cultural tradition of respect for and equality of women. Part V draws on the previous chapters to offer a guide for mental health professionals.
This book serves as a practice resource for social workers by making accessible the vast territory covered by the social, cognitive, and affective neurosciences over the past 20 years, helping the reader actively apply scientific findings to practice settings, populations, and cases. It features contributions from social work experts in four key areas of practice: generalist social work practice; social work in the schools and the child welfare system; in health and mental health; and in the criminal justice system. Each of the chapters is organized around practice, policy, and research implications, and includes case studies to enhance practice application. The impact the environment has on neural mechanisms and human life course trajectories is of particular focus. It is divided into four sections. Section A includes chapters devoted to social-cognitive neuroscience conceptualization of empathy, mirror neurons, complex childhood trauma, the impact of trauma and its treatment through discussion of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Section B covers child maltreatment and brain development, transition of youth from foster care, social work practices in schools for children with disabilities, and managing violence and aggression in school settings. Section C deals with several issues such as substance abuse, toxic stress and brain development in young homeless children and traumatic brain injuries. Neuroscientific implications for the juvenile justice and adult criminal justice systems are explained in Section D.
This book is a guide to understanding core restorative justice values and practices and what we have learned from research on the impact of this emerging social movement in the global community. The first three chapters provide an overview of the restorative justice movement and its connection with core social work values and spirituality (not religion). Restorative justice dialogue and its most widespread applications are then presented in Chapters four through eight. Each chapter on a specific application of restorative justice dialogue includes a thorough description of the process, including case examples, followed by a review of empirical research that is available. These chapters describe the most widely used applications, namely victim-offender mediation (VOM), family group conferencing (FGC), peacemaking circles, and victim-offender dialogue (VOD) in crimes of severe violence. The concluding three chapters, nine through eleven, focus on broader issues related to restorative justice dialogue. The crucial role of the facilitator in restorative justice dialogue is highlighted, followed by identifying the dimensions of culture in the restorative justice movement and the very real possibility of unintended negative consequences if we are not mindful of these dimensions. Finally, emerging areas of practice that go beyond the juvenile and criminal justice system are addressed.
The author of this book has effectively filled many roles in her career: psychiatric nurse, educator, dean, policy maker, president, chair, author, leader, mentor and, as the author would proudly note, gadfly. There are two roles in which the author has particularly distinguished herself and serve as the foundation for the second edition of her book, The Growth and Development of Nurse Leaders. The first is leader and the second is mentor. In this book, the author blends the roles of leader and mentor. To this end, the author predictably offers practical insights into effective leadership strategies—some to be expected in books on leadership, such as strategic planning, relationship building, mentoring, giving feedback, building a community of learning, using and portraying data, and securing resources. Other topics are more surprising and thought-provoking, such as recognizing and managing the shadow side of our personalities, neediness and failure as a leader, pretending as a leadership strategy, managing anger, and “the vision thing”. As to mentoring, when the author was president-elect of
STTIin the mid-1980s, she introduced the concept of “orchestrating a career,” and has presented often—and popularly—on this topic. In the ensuing years, the author has written about the various career stages, encouraging nurses (and women) to be optimistic and exert leadership to enrich their own experiences and those of others, taking the long view. The author speaks about nurse as careerist and, in the book, outlines her model on career stages and mentoring needs with its five stages (from preparation through being a gadfly, or wise woman). The book offers a cumulative reflection on the career-long journey of a leader and mentor who has achieved international impact. It offers each of us, regardless of our career stage, profound insights into and options for our own journeys to effective leadership.
Palliative care is considered a subspecialty of medicine and nursing, with certifications offered to insure the highest quality of care that can be offered to those with acute, chronic, progressive, life-altering, or life-threatening diseases. Palliative and hospice care are on the same continuum. Hospice care is offered in the last 6 months of life, whereas palliative care is offered earlier, at the time of diagnosis, with any diagnosis that can eventually lead to death. This book gives palliative care and hospice nurses the advanced knowledge they need, beyond their undergraduate and graduate nursing education, to incorporate advanced empirical, aesthetic, ethical, and personal knowledge into their nursing practice. The book is organized into four sections comprising 27 chapters. Section I articulates the purpose and value of palliative care and hospice nursing and the revolution across America and the world, which demands the relief of suffering and every effort to promote quality of life until its end. Section II emphasizes on the care for the whole person and family. The chapters on culture and spirituality, and sexuality will help to recognize that a person is more than a physical body. The art of communication, the promotion of health, and holistic therapies are also taught. Section III focuses on advancing one’s knowledge of life-threatening diseases such as cancer, end-stage heart disease, end-stage heart disease, end-stage renal disease, end-stage liver disease, chronic lung disease, neurological disorders, HIV/AIDS. Section IV deals with effective management of symptoms such as dyspnea, anxiety, depression, delirium, posttraumatic stress disorders, gastrointestinal symptoms, fatigue, and skin alterations by pharmacologic, nonpharmacologic, and complementary therapies. In the peri-death chapter, nurses will learn how their presence at the deathbed can imprint a memory that replaces fear with calm, suffering with relief, and sorrow with abundant appreciation and love.
Field education has been identified as the “signature pedagogy” social work education. The practice of having students working alongside community practitioners is almost as old as the social work profession itself. Field education, which involves students working with practicing social workers to learn the knowledge, skills, and values of the social work profession, brings the intellectual content of the classroom into focus with everyday tasks and responsibilities. Therefore, the work of community-based practitioners who supervise social work interns is essential to our profession. This book includes content on how to recruit a practicum student, as well as useful information about effective supervision, learning assessment planning and development, integration of theory and practice, helpful evaluation techniques, and teaching social work ethics. It provides an introduction to the practice of field education, along with useful recommendations about how to maximize the learning experience of practicum students. College and university social work programs provide regular orientations to their field education programs. Students should adhere to agency expectations regarding dress, language, and boundaries. Once students are aware of the agency culture, they should be held accountable for meeting those expectations. Effective communication between the academic institution and the field instructor/agency setting is indispensable to the social work practicum process. Several models exist to help students determine an ethical course of action or to resolve an ethical dilemma. Practicing as an ethical social worker requires not only knowledge of the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) Code of Ethics, but also the ability to apply sound decision-making strategies to everyday situations encountered in social work practice.
This book presents readers with the essential aspects of the subspecialty infectious diseases. The second edition of the book includes new developments that are consistent with the published peer-reviewed medical literature and published relevant clinical practice guidelines. The book’s intended audiences are students and medical providers in training. It provides information evolved from prior formal didactic lectures or bedside clinical teaching on clinical infectious diseases, microbiology, and antimicrobial pharmacology that was delivered to help students, residents, fellows, and primary care physicians. Current basic science and clinical concepts regarding each relevant infectious disease topic are still written as a synoptic account to make these topics clear and practical for the readers. The book is organized into 18 parts containing 52 chapters. It adheres wherever possible to a standard pattern of description that aims to define the topic and provide an introduction that would include classification, pathophysiology, and epidemiologic information. The book also lists relevant causative microorganisms; describe the clinical aspects and approach to the topic with the physical examination and relevant laboratory methods, diagnostic imaging, and appropriate antimicrobial therapy. The first part provides introduction to clinical reasoning, antimicrobial stewardship, antimicrobial agents, and medical microbiology. The remaining parts describes the approach to various topics such as: fever of unknown origin, leukocytosis, bloodstream and cardiovascular infections, pulmonary infections, gastrointestinal infections, hepatobiliary infections, hepatic infections, renal–urinary infections, neurological infections, orthopedic-related infections, skin and soft-tissue infections, sexually transmitted infections, infections related to obstetrics and gynecology, eye infections, sepsis, transplant-related infections, ectoparasite-related infections, and infection control and epidemiology. The book’s goal is to help guide the reader through the diagnostic evaluation as well as the process of caring for the patient with an infection.
The primary objective of this book is to describe how a relationship-building approach can be used in the delivery of child welfare services to kinship caregivers and the children who reside with them. To accomplish this objective, the book entails a review and evaluation of the three major child welfare goals: protection, permanency, and well-being. Specifically, it explores how these three goals can be better achieved when informed by a relationship-building approach. The book assists child welfare practitioners in framing how they view kinship caregivers and acquiring knowledge and skills about the use of relationship-building models (emanating from social work practice perspectives) and is designed to increase positive outcomes for maltreated children. The multifaceted issue of relative caregiving is in dire need of attention from virtually every social work service domain level. Specifically, micro-level practice interventions are needed, as well as mezzo-level programming for particular groups and macro-level policy redesigns that support services to relative caregivers are also warranted. The book integrates practice, policy, and research, and includes study tools and resources (a glossary, discussion questions, and activities for ongoing learning) and thus can be easily incorporated into such courses as child welfare, family practice, social work and the law, social work practice, cultural diversity, policy, child welfare integrative seminars, and special topic electives.
This book provides useful empirical information about male juvenile delinquents and serves as a model training manual for new programs and people working in existing rehabilitation programs. It also provides guidelines for developing policy on the rehabilitation of juvenile delinquents. The book can be used as a resource for academicians and others who teach courses on juvenile delinquency and assigned as a supplementary textbook for students learning about juvenile delinquency, juvenile justice, and mental health. The authors of the book take a multidisciplinary approach that will appeal to everyone who thinks about juvenile delinquency: politicians, judges, police, teachers, clinicians, social workers, educators, and students of criminology, criminal justice, juvenile delinquency, family violence, sociology, psychology, and counseling. This approach appeals to undergraduate students in liberal arts programs that require them to take courses in multiple disciplines, and to graduate students in the mental health fields whose undergraduate training varies. The book also consists of six case histories of boys who resided at Ocean Tides. The information was culled from their files, the clinical consultant’s interviews with the boys when they were in residence, and aftercare information. These cases were selected to provide a sampling of the Ocean Tides boys; their backgrounds, personal, and psychological hurdles; and the outcome of their experience at Ocean Tides.
This book can be used by social work professionals both as a textbook and as a clinical resource. Considering that most social workers receive limited training in medication during their social work program, it provides an excellent practice resource for clinicians in the field. The book provides general information that will prepare social workers to address the needs of clients taking medication. The use of medication is viewed as part of social work practice, and strategies for understanding its use are highlighted. Each chapter focuses on the basic information a social worker should know, from understanding the human brain, to tips for helping the client to terminate use, to how to support the medical team with tips for taking a medication history. The book explains the difference between generic and brand names, presented along with medical terminology used in prescribing medications. It provides the basic rules for monitoring medication and compliance, along with tips for treatment planning and documentation. The book also outlines prescription and nonprescription medications, including herbal preparations, and includes a section on special populations. It addresses specific mental health conditions such as schizophrenia, mood disorders, depression, bipolar disorders, and specific anxiety disorders.
Practitioners in the helping professions (e.g., nursing, social work, psychology) often serve perpetrators and survivors of interpersonal violence, and many are asked to make predictions about the likelihood of future violence. Knowledge about risk and risk factors is increasingly expected in courts, clinics, conference rooms, shelters, hospital emergency rooms, child protective service offices, schools, research settings, batterer intervention programs, parenting programs, domestic violence advocacy programs, and child abuse and intimate partner violence (IPV) prevention programs. This book reviews what is generally known about the prediction of violent behavior and then discusses implications for the prediction of interpersonal violence. It addresses the specific variables involved in the prediction of child abuse and neglect, child fatalities (including those that occur within the context of IPV), IPV, and femicide. This book represents the most current research, trends, and professional viewpoints regarding the prediction of interpersonal violence. It discusses in greater depth challenges with assessment measures and factors used to predict future violence. It is clear, however, that assessments of risk for future violence are improved when appropriately administered, psychometrically sound risk assessment scales are used. Furthermore, practitioners need to couple these objective measures with information collected on the characteristics of the perpetrator, the perpetrator’s relationship to the victim, the victim’s assessment of risk, the practitioner’s experience and judgment, and context-specific factors (e.g., poverty, unemployment, discrimination, social support).
Social work has a long-standing commitment to healthcare and the recognition of the inextricable link to quality of life and well-being across the lifespan. This book emphasizes the critical importance of health for all members of society and the significant role of social work in the field. It presents essential information about health and social work critical to understanding today’s complex health care systems and policies. The book is intended as a core text for masters of social work (MSW) and advanced bachelor of social work (BSW) courses on health and social work, social work and health care, health and wellness, social work practice in health care, and integrative behavioral health taught in social work, public health, and gerontology. The book is organized into three parts containing 18 chapters. The first chapter describes the role of social work in healthcare. The second chapter discusses ethics and values in healthcare social work. The next three chapters present social determinants of health, intersectionality, and social work assessment. Chapter six discusses health promotion and public health. Chapter seven presents integrated behavioral healthcare. Chapter eight describes substance misuse, abuse, and substance-related disorders. Chapters nine and ten discuss palliative care, end-of-life care, correctional healthcare, and psychosocial care. Chapter 11 describes children and family health. Chapter 12 explores healthcare and work with older adults and their caregivers. Chapters 13 to 15 delve on immigrants and refugee health, health and HIV/AIDS, and LGBTQ health. Chapters 16 and 17 describe healthcare and disability, and healthcare and serving veterans. The final chapter discusses future direction of healthcare and social work.
Child and Adolescent Counseling Case Studies:Developmental, Relational, Multicultural, and Systemic Perspectives
This book aids counselor educators, supervisors, and counselors-in-training in assisting children, adolescents, and their families to foster coping methods and strategies while navigating contemporary issues. It promotes the essence of counselor growth, and deals with conceptualization of the client’s presenting problems along with personal and client goals, step-by-step accounts of the happenings in counseling sessions, and counseling outcome. Case studies were written in contexts that reflect the fact that children and adolescents are part of larger systems family, school, peer, and community. Systemic context, developmental and relational considerations, multicultural perspectives, and creative interventions were infused in the cases. Time-efficient methods, such as brief counseling, were used in some of the cases. The case studies selected highlight contemporary issues and relevant themes that are prevalent in the lives of youths (i.e., abuse, anxiety, giftedness, disability, social media and pop culture, social deficits and relationships, trauma, bullying, changing families, body image, substance abuse, incarcerated family members, race and ethnicity, and sexual identity and orientation). These themes capture both the child and adolescent perspectives and are designed to provide breadth and depth during classroom discussions and debriefing.
This book is a practical guide for professionals to better understand how grief impacts the lives of bereaved children and how they can provide a safe place for grieving children and their families to find support. The information provided comes from the authors’ personal experiences working with children and their families over the past three decades. It provides a theoretical model for understanding childhood grief due to death as a natural, transitional experience that is an integral part of a child’s development into healthy adulthood. The first chapter, Understanding Childhood Grief and the Bereavement Professional’s Role, presents five universal realities of grief. The second chapter, Impact of Grief on Children, describes common grief reactions in children and factors that influence childhood grief. The third chapter talks about suicide, homicide, sudden death, and illness. The fourth and fifth chapters: Death of a Parent, and Death of Other Family Members, describes the strengths of parent/child relationship, sibling relationship, and grandparent/grandchild relationships. These first five chapters provide a framework for understanding how grief impacts the lives of children and how their surrounding circumstances further influence their reactions to grief. The sixth and seventh chapters explore the factors that promote health in grieving children and modes of helping. The eighth chapter describes the grief support settings for bereaved children. The ninth chapter presents activities that engage children, and the tenth chapter discusses professional accountability and ethical considerations. The last five chapters offer a structure for professionals to provide support to bereaved children and their families. This book also presents “How to Help” sections that offer practical ways professionals can be supportive to bereaved children and their families.
The assessment of genetic/genomic risk is an important tool toward health promotion, prevention, and reduction of disease risk. This book provides a quick and easy format to study the basic elements and steps required for risk assessment. It is geared toward advanced practice registered nurses’ (APRNs), particularly nurse practitioners and midwives who provide assessment, diagnosis, and management of care in clinical settings. The book is divided into 12 chapters, with a wide range of topics to assist APRNs in the risk assessment process. The first chapter provides an introduction to risk assessment including genetics/genomics core competencies for APRNs. The second chapter presents a brief overview of genetics/genomics including basic concepts. The next chapter describes patterns of inheritance. The fourth chapter gives an introduction to risk assessment–review of data including personal, behavioral, environmental, and family history and the assessment of the physical examination. Chapter five describes family history–using a three-generation pedigree and common pedigree nomenclature and symbols. Chapters six, seven, and eight discuss risk identification, risk probability, and risk communication and management including consultation/referral. The next three chapters describe risk assessment process for special populations with considerations in preconception, maternal care, newborn and pediatric care, and cancer care, specifically assessing risks for breast and colon cancer. The final chapter summarizes the future of genetics and genomics. Each chapter includes a brief introduction to the topic, objectives, specific content related to the topic, online resources, and “Info Boxes” that are all integral to the chapter’s focus. Challenges and limitations in the genomic risk assessment are addressed, particularly as they relate to history data and pedigree interpretation. This book serves as a quick reference to use in clinical practice as well as a means to expand APRN’s knowledge, skills, and attitudes regarding genetics/genomics, genomic risk assessment, genetic conditions/disorders/diseases, and referral agencies.
This book provides us with what we need to sleep well. It provides the tools and techniques to reverse insomnia and improve sleep long-term. Insomnia, persistent trouble getting to sleep or staying asleep, affects our daytime functioning and wellbeing. The book breaks down the principles of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (
CBT-I), the sleep program considered first-line treatment in the clinic, into a step-by-step and reader friendly program that can be easily followed at home. Written by a clinical psychologist and researcher who has worked in the sleep field for 40 years, the book uses data from a real patient to illustrate each step of the process. The book is complete with detailed sleep diaries, worksheets, and more, all of which are also available online to download and use on your own journey to sleeping better now and into the future. Guiding readers through this self-directed sleep therapy program, the book features updated information and new scientific findings on key topics for patients and health care providers including: tried-and-true CBT-Imethods of sleep management; successful cognitive therapy methods to deal with racing thoughts at bedtime; different sleep needs for women and men through life and health conditions; influence of nutrition, exercise, and sex on sleep in a brand-new chapter; depression, anxiety, and traumatic stress and how they intersect with sleep; and prescribed and non-prescribed medications, herbal remedies, and cannabis for sleep.
The ability to reduce the burden of illness among older adults is necessary as individuals are living longer and experiencing lower rates of disability. Advanced practice nurses are skilled to relieve the burden of illness among older adults through specialized training and providing treatment in a variety of clinical settings. While geriatric-focused content exists, advanced practice nurses can benefit from clinical pearls specific for the advanced practice nurse providing holistic mental health care. This handbook offers advanced practice nurses, nurse educators, and graduate nursing students a reference that is intended to be supplemental to uniquely providing care for older adults which includes an overview of the aging process as well as assessing and developing treatment plans for older adults with mental health disorders. As older adults often work collaboratively with family, friends, caregivers, and health care providers, approaches to such relationships are explored and intended to serve as a resource for providing mental health care that can contribute to the overall success of treatment. The text provides an interprofessional box that encourages and assists the advanced practice nurse navigating through interdisciplinary collaborative practice. Such interprofessional partnerships can enhance care—particularly in cases of complexity. Advanced practice nurses can utilize the provided case studies to identify and modify service delivery that promotes evidence based practice.
This book, as well as its previous editions, presents the fundamental principles for effectively securing funds for health and human service projects and research. It describes an approach with which to think about and engage in grant writing and takes the reader step-by-step through the process of grantsmanship, from its basic components to an understanding of what is required to implement a successful grant project. It is organized into seven parts, moving the reader from identifying a competitive idea (Part I, Getting Started) to writing the narrative (Part II, Writing a Competitive Grant Application), developing an appropriate budget (Part III, Preparing a Budget), identifying an effective project structure (Part IV, Models for Proposal Development), submitting the proposal (Part V, Submitting the Proposal), understanding the review process and grant critiques (Part VI, Life After a Grant Submission), and finally managing the associated grant activity and building from one grant to the next (Part VII, Strategies for Managing a Grant Award). The book emphasizes principles and approaches versus procedural details associated with any single grant submission. This edition includes expanded coverage of key areas such as how to write an effective aims page, considerations for specific types of study designs, and how to write a compelling literature review. It also includes details on mentorship within the grantwriting process and the implementation of a funded project. This book also helps readers gain an appreciation of how grant writing fits into a career path and how to develop ideas in a systematic way so that one funded project builds logically onto the next.
This book serves as a clinical reference for all those encountering young and adult children of substance-abusing parents regardless of the setting. The book is divided into four parts. Part I provides an overview of the existing state of knowledge regarding children of substance-abusing parents and examines the developmental effects of alcohol and other drugs on children and implications for practice. Mentalization-based treatment holds the promise of providing a way to prevent and ameliorate emotional disturbance in children and adolescents. The chapters in Part II explore treatment issues across the life span of children of parents addicted to alcohol, tobacco, or other drugs, beginning with the prenatal impact through the stages of childhood, adolescence and adulthood. The emphasis is on those individuals who need treatment in a clinical setting. One of the chapters in Part III describes a variety of school-based and residential treatment programs aimed at adolescent children of substance-abusing parents, youngsters who are often at great risk to become the next generation of substance-abusing parents. Another discusses the treatment programs for the large, often overlooked, population of college students with substance-abusing parents. The last chapter in this section focuses on the programs for the growing number of children with substance-abusing incarcerated parents. The final section of this book includes four real-life personal accounts of individuals who grew up in substance-abusing families. Their descriptions of their early traumatic lives spent in an environment of domestic violence, shame and chaos reflect both the pain experienced by children of all ages as well as the resilience that is found in many such children.
Social workers are the number one providers of mental health services in the United States. This book describes the realities of the contemporary American mental health system and the impacts on clients and social workers. It takes a critical perspective on the lack of quality care for those among society’s most vulnerable individuals, the mentally ill. Unlike other texts that address mental health and illness, the book focuses on the issues and policies that create challenges for social workers in the mental health system and obstacles to a continuum of excellent mental healthcare. The book also focuses on ways that social workers can help improve the overall functioning of the mental health system. One theme of the book is that mental health diagnosis, treatment, and access to care are lacking due to an insufficient knowledge base. That is, some mental disorders are not yet well understood, and therefore, responses can be inappropriate or inadequate. The critical perspective ensures that an examination of mental health treatments, especially pharmacologic therapy, does not focus exclusively upon the benefits to clients taking prescribed medications. The book digs deeper to ask who benefits when clients take psychotropic drugs. With a focus on social work innovation in mental healthcare, the book provides descriptions of promising policies and practices to improve mental healthcare in the United States. This includes new drug and brain stimulation or neuromodulation techniques and expanded social work prevention efforts. The book is recommended as a primary text for mental health courses in
MSWprograms. It can also be used in upper level undergraduate college courses in social work, typically BSWprograms. The book finally ensures that social work students will not only understand the issues of their clients (micro level) but understand mental health issues in a broader societal context (macro level).
The integration of technology with nursing curricula is a dynamic and increasingly necessary step in the evolution of nursing education. Schools of medicine have been using some form of virtual patient for over 40 years. The National League for Nursing has endorsed simulation as a teaching methodology to prepare nurses for practice across the healthcare continuum. This book offers nursing educators and administrators thoughtful and well-planned simulation integration strategies, and illustrates how students may use technologies to maximize learning and support practice. The book presents, explores, reflects, and expands on a new model for technology integration with nursing curricula. The Faculty Administrators Students Technology Simulation Integration Model© (FAST SIM) provides a framework for guiding and evaluating the technology integration. The book is organized into four section comprising 19 chapters. Section one describes the evolving virtual learning landscape. It assess the virtual learning landscape, and describes the application of FAST SIM as the basis for integrating virtual educational technologies. Section two presents faculty perspective on pedagogical applications and specific integration strategies. It discusses the opportunities, challenges, advantages, and disadvantages of virtual technology integration. The section also explores the role of faculty in integrating virtual simulations and describes the design and creation of virtual gaming simulations in nursing education. It presents nursing student simulation scenarios within a virtual learning environment and discusses enhancing the rigor of virtual simulation. Section three describes a student’s journey encountering a virtual learning environment. It discusses mentor role in virtual simulation–mediated learning, and creating interprofessional simulation scenarios in virtual learning environments. The section also explores advancing nursing informatics knowledge and skills using a virtual learning environment. The final section presents an administrative perspective in navigating the chasm when a profound difference exists among stakeholders, viewpoints, and feelings regarding virtual simulation.
This book recognizes that learning to write for professional practice means learning how to write in different contexts, for different circumstances, and with different purposes and audiences in mind. It begins with the premise that effective writing requires critical thinking, engagement in cultural competence, and a commitment to learning. The book invites the reader to pay attention to how others have been writing in the field of social work for many years, and invites him/her to read and learn by practicing, and by becoming aware of the content and form of the writing conversation going on all around the individual in the social work world. The book helps the reader to understand both the “what” and the “how” of professional writing for social work practice. Effective writers feel a profound stake in their work. This means that they believe what they have to say matters; they write with a clear purpose in mind, and how they present their work matters just as much. The opportunity for social workers to use their research skills occurs frequently in human service situations. Types of research reports include needs assessments, client satisfaction surveys, evaluation of interventions, assessment of program results, and measurement of outcomes for accreditation reviews. The book has a chapter devoted on smaller grants, which may be the type most frequently encountered in social work practice, since larger grants usually come with their own instructions and forms. It also presents examples of letters written by social workers on behalf of their agencies.
The third edition of this book is for primary care providers and any providers who encounter electrocardiograms (
EKG) in their practices. It takes a clinical focus for the interpretation of EKGs, enhancing the understanding of complex conditions while providing a logical, practical application. It discusses and explains the pathophysiology of the conditions, which facilitates understanding rather than memorization. Throughout the book is useful clinical information that can be immediately applied to practice, as well as case studies with 12-lead EKGstrips, which help to refine the reader’s EKGinterpretation skills. This third edition is exceptional, with the inclusion of helpful tables that summarize complex information and useful illustrations to aid in visualization. Each end-of-chapter quiz features review questions designed to reinforce and enhance the learning objectives. The culmination of each chapter quizzes the reader’s mind and intuition with review questions to reinforce the learning objectives. The book delivers a compilation of narrative, diagrams, tables, actual patient EKGs, and case studies, which provides a complete yet succinct learning experience for the student and clinician. Providers are instrumental in identifying abnormalities on EKGsfor further evaluation and treatment leading to life-saving measures. As the population ages, the incidence of abnormalities expressed on an EKGgrows significantly, which poses a challenge to providers. Whether one is a nurse practitioner, physician assistant, or physician, the book is concise, to the point, and an absolute asset to one’s practice. It is an indispensable resource regardless of the experience level and whether one is learning for the first time or extending their knowledge and experience in the interpretation of an EKG.
This book is designed to help the Bachelor of Social Work and Master of Social Work students, enrolled in foundation field placements and field seminars, structure their field placement learning around the nine Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) profession social work competencies defined in the 2015 Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards. Its goal is to ensure that foundation field placement students integrate course learning related to the social work competencies with their field placement learning experiences in a purposeful, reflective, and integrated manner. The book helps structure students’ field learning on the social work competencies. It also educates social work field instructors on the social work competencies mandated by CSWE. The book is divided into 14 chapters. Chapter one provides an introduction to social work field placement and the expectations for social work interns. Chapter two focuses on assessing ones mastery of the professional competencies in ones field placement. Chapters three and four explore the importance of social work supervision, and using reflection and self-regulation to promote well-being through self-care. Chapter five focuses on the importance of engaging with individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities; and interprofessional collaboration. Chapter six examines what professional social work behavior in communication looks like. Chapters seven and eight focus on engaging in diversity and difference in practice; and advance human rights and social, economic, and environmental justice within ones field placement and beyond. Chapter nine discusses practice-informed research and research-informed practice. Chapter ten focuses on engaging in policy practice in ones field placement. Chapters eleven and twelve covers assessment of the three micro-level client systems: individuals, families, and groups; and reviews assessment of the two mezzo-level client systems: organizations and communities. The last two chapters focus on micro interventions with individuals, families, groups, and organizations and communities.
Human services professionals face tremendous challenges today. Clients, government agencies, and other funders increasingly expect professionals to produce measurable and verifiable outcomes. The main goal with this textbook is to help students better understand the utility of research to human services. That is to say, the book presents research as a tool for practice, something that can be used to help professionals in their work with clients, designing programs and services, and advocating for policy changes. In addition to presenting research as a tool for practice, the book also emphasizes connections between human service research and practice, stressing that each plays important and complementary roles in addressing social and personal problems. This textbook is primarily an introduction to social research as it relates to the human services. There are two new main features to this edition. Each chapter opens with a Vignette describing a situation in which a human services professional is faced with a task or dilemma that can be addressed through research or by employing a research technique in practice. The second new major feature is the Practitioner Profile, included in most chapters. These Practitioner Profiles present actual human services professionals who are not professional researchers but nonetheless incorporate research methods into their practice. Similar to the Practitioner Profiles, several chapters also include one or more Research in Practice features designed to help students better understand applications of research methods and concepts and the overall research process. At the end of each chapter, there is a list and brief description of the Main Points of the chapter, which serves as a review of the major concepts covered. Following the Main Points is a list of Important Terms for Review. Following the Important Terms for Review are three sets of questions, critical thinking, evaluating competency, and self-assessment.
Now in its 12th edition, this authoritative resource continues to represent the gold standard for nursing management of common gynecological conditions for women throughout the lifespan. It includes contributions from prominent specialists focusing on specific areas of gynecological health, in addition to the vanguard contributions of three new lead authors with decades of experience in varied healthcare settings. The 12th edition is substantially updated with pivotal topics, current evidence-based practice guidelines, real-life case studies, and improved patient teaching materials that foster translation of information to practice. Clinical guidelines, appendices, and bibliographies are extensively revised to reflect the most current evidence-based information, research, and consensus from national health organizations. New PowerPoint slides and a transition guide for the 12th edition are included for ease of use in educational programs.
This book is an essential tool for online instructors and serves as a companion for instructors regardless of their experience with online teaching. It is designed to help develop a roadmap for the next online class. The book presents information on the research on online teaching for those who are more interested in the basis of online instruction. Chapters 1 and 2 familiarize new online instructors with the fundamental technology and practical applications of delivering content online within the helping fields. This includes a review of basic education platforms and a glossary of key terms and definitions. Chapter 3 addresses the typical fears and anxieties associated with teaching online in the helping vocations. Chapter 4 focuses on the student experience and perspectives of online courses based on a brief guided questionnaire of open-ended questions. Chapter 5 surveys the research into online education and addresses the quality concerns associated with online classes and programs. Chapter 6 presents a roadmap of practical steps to course design and building, tech-tool use, communication techniques, and many more considerations for a successful semester. Chapter 7 provides practical tips to learners, and useful samples for instructors to use in preparing them to become online learners. Chapters 8 and 9 share tips, best practices and stories from experts and instructors in the helping professions. Chapter 10 presents recommendations on what not to do based on authors experiences and those of other online instructors in the helping professions. Chapter 11 focuses on the ethical considerations in online teaching. Chapter 12 looks at the evolving technological environment around online learning. Chapter 13 discusses pedagogy and technology in the helping professions. The final chapter provides encouragement to readers who are beginning the process of course design and delivery and includes a To Do list for preparing online course and semester.
Psychotherapy is regarded as an essential competency for the advanced practice psychiatric nurse. This book is a long-awaited companion to the foremost nursing psychotherapy book, Psychotherapy for the Advanced Practice Psychiatric Nurse. With many educational programs today providing only survey courses and in-class role-play experiences, graduates often report feeling intimidated at the thought of conducting formal psychotherapy. This book fills an important gap as it provides a practical, yet invaluably rich guide to a more thorough understanding of the major psychotherapies. The unique chapter format delivers a straightforward description of the psychotherapy school, followed by a synopsis of the leaders and developers of the school/approach to therapy and a summary of the philosophy and key concepts. The reader then steps into and experiences excerpts from real psychotherapy sessions presented in a longitudinal manner that progress from the initial session to termination. The sessions are drawn from the files of the chapter authors replete with the development of goals, interventions, and techniques, what worked, and what didn't work. The case studies in this book have a range of diverse theoretical approaches and varied client problems and psychiatric diagnoses. The book is organized into 15 chapters, with each chapter presenting a case study using a different theoretical approach. Each chapter follows a similar format, allowing for comparison among the psychotherapy approaches. The format begins with the author's personal experience, providing the reader with the understanding of how various theoretical orientations were chosen by the authors. This is followed by a background on the founders and leaders and the philosophy and key concepts of the approach. Next illuminated is how the approach describes mental health and psychopathology, therapeutic goals, assessment perspectives, and therapeutic interventions.
This book provides a tool kit for helping professions responding to vulnerable populations and preparing populations prior to a disaster. Some populations are more vulnerable to the effects of a disaster than others, making it more difficult for them to prepare, evacuate, shelter, respond, and recover in the event of a disaster or emergency. Considering the needs of these groups requires special knowledge essential to preparedness, response, and recovery planning. In circumstances where there is mass evacuation, such as during Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy, there is always frequent media coverage of large-scale evacuations, including evacuation of medical facilities and nursing homes. Those with chronic medical conditions and older adults are two of the many categories worthy of consideration. Vulnerable populations also include pregnant women, prisoners, the homeless, those with functional mental health issues or addiction issues, those with transportation issues, persons in poverty, minorities, persons who are obese, and those who have special supervision needs. Socioeconomic status (SES) has recently been recognized as a significant vulnerability factor. Evacuation can also be an issue for those of a lower SES due to limited financial resources. Dealing with persons with substance abuse and dependency is one of the most neglected areas in the literature involving empirical evidence and guidelines for appropriate response in a disaster. Developing appropriate guidelines and interventions presents a thorny set of problems for both addicted individuals and emergency responders. A final consideration is the role of pets in disaster recovery. Those who engage in disaster preparedness and response with vulnerable populations should be aware of the characteristics that make those populations vulnerable and make special considerations during planning, response, and recovery. The book highlights some of those characteristics, providing responders with necessary guidelines to assess and intervene with those who are especially vulnerable.
This book is a comprehensive assessment of the school-to-prison pipeline and is intended for stakeholders, advocates, researchers, policy makers, educators, and students. It explains the serious problems that strict school discipline and tough-on-crime juvenile court policies have wrought on many students, disproportionately impacting some of our most vulnerable children and adolescents. The criminalization of education and school settings, along with fewer rehabilitative alternatives within the juvenile courts, has created the pipeline and also made the problems significantly worse. The book is unique in both its breadth of coverage and incorporation of empirical knowledge from the fields of education, juvenile justice/criminology, sociology/social work, and psychology to synthesize the impact and possible solutions to the entrenched school-to-prison pipeline. It explains that although there was a crossover impact between these two child- and adolescent caring systems, the punitive movements were both independent and interdependent. The increased use of zero-tolerance policies and police in the schools has exponentially increased arrests and referrals to the juvenile courts. Similarly, in the juvenile justice system, a movement toward harsher penalties and a tough-on-crime approach more than doubled the number of adolescents adjudicated delinquent and brought under court supervision. The book presents the common risk factors that make it more likely for students to be involved in punitive school and juvenile court systems. It explores who is disproportionately involved and why this may be occurring for the following child and adolescent groups: impoverished families; those of color; trauma and maltreatment victims; those with special education disabilities; and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT).
This book presents an introduction to mindfulness-based and yoga approaches within the context of the dysregulating, culture-wide battle involving consumption and the struggle for identity. It provides the structure and practical applications for clinicians to help their clients find an internal sense of satiety and peace of mind. The book is structured in four parts. Part I provides the conceptual, empirical, and theoretical foundations of embodied self-regulation. The chapters in this section address the various aspects of embodied self-regulation, introduce the dysregulated self, briefly define the disorders associated with poor self-regulation and present the mindful and yogic self. The second, third and fourth parts of the book hold the most utility for the practicing mental health professional. In Part II, the conceptual and philosophical aspects of mindfulness are explained in order to serve as a cognitive framework for a healthier, regulated self. Two chapters follow explicating the formal (i.e., on-the-cushion) and informal (i.e., off-the-cushion) mindful practices. As a tradition, yoga is a practice taught teacher to student. In Part III, the conceptual and philosophical aspects of yoga are explained. As in the coverage of mindfulness, three chapters follow explicating formal yoga practices (i.e., on the mat), guidelines for developing a personal yoga practice, and informal yoga practices (i.e., off the mat). Part IV reviews evolving mindful and yogic applications as they are utilized within various empirically supported mindfulness and yoga-based protocols and in self-care.
This book discusses the roles of counselors in family court and provides step-by-step guidelines on how to expand one’s counseling practice to include family forensic services. It describes how to enter the field, build a successful practice, and how to work effectively with attorneys and judges as well as parents and children. The book provides specific guidelines and examples of how to communicate effectively with attorneys, conduct interviews with parents and children, make recommendations for custody and visitation, write reports, and successfully testify in court. Content builds on the background and expertise already possessed by the professional counselor, and describes the advantages that counselors have and challenges they must often overcome in successfully practicing in the family law system. Included is a wealth of relevant information about the court system, definitions of legal terms, standards of practice required by the Association of Family and Conciliation Courts (AFCC), training and licensing requirements for evaluators and mediators, scope of practice, and ethical concerns. The book also includes forms for taking interview notes, templates for writing reports, examples of actual reports, sample visitation schedules, and case studies.
This book provides an excellent source of information about sex offender laws and policies. It is divided into three parts. The first part provides an overview of sexual assault, most notably its prevalence, incidence, patterns, and empirical findings of the last 20 years of research. It outlines several common factors influencing the passage of sex offender laws. These include an overreliance on less common high-profile “perfect storm” stranger-initiated sexual assaults and murders, quick legislative action, and exaggerated claims from law enforcement about the preventive aspects of future legislation. The second part presents the evidence, the controversial legal and policy issues associated with specific sex offender laws. The updated discussion of Internet sex stings now includes an analysis of “grooming” or the intentional behavior some sex offenders use to manipulate children and adolescents online into trusting them. The book explains the research examining what, if any, correlations exist between online sexual behavior and contact offending. Having documented the generally poor efficacy of sex offender laws, the final section of the book examines policy alternatives. Specifically, it examines state leaders in sexual offending management, the role of civil courts in holding offenders (and their enablers) accountable, and the importance of the physical environment in sexual assault commission and prevention. One of the dangers of the primary focus on offenders is that rape and molestation victims’ needs are often belittled and ignored. Finally, the book focuses on sexual violence victims.
The use of high frequency ultrasound as an imaging modality for the musculoskeletal system has expanded dramatically in the past decade. Despite its growth, standardized training for use of this modality is not yet available in the majority of residency training programs. This book illustrates and teaches the basic components of many of the skills and knowledge needed to begin incorporating the use of ultrasound in a musculoskeletal practice. The goal is provide a simplified approach for those getting started in musculoskeletal ultrasound. This includes developing understanding in use of the controls and function of the ultrasound machine, commonly used terminology, obtaining and optimizing the image, and proper scanning technique and the ergonomics involved. The book is also designed to instruct in the recognition of the appearance of various musculoskeletal tissue, commonly seen artifacts, foreign bodies and masses, and understanding basics of interventional ultrasound. It also provides an understanding of the basic physics used in ultrasound. Principles of further advancement of skills and initiating a practice are discussed. Doppler imaging helps to identify certain vascular structures, gives an indication of vascular flow, and can also be used to assess for increased vascularity in pathologic conditions. Separate chapters cover imaging of tendons, muscles, and nerves. Ultrasound allows visualization of both the needle and soft tissue target in real time. This improves accuracy of needle placement for both injection and aspiration procedures.
This book provides a clear, accessible review of the use of statistics in pathology studies. It discusses exploratory data analyses, descriptive statistics, the use of comparative statistics, concordance analysis, categorical and continuous data regression analyses, count data, survival analyses and decision point and clustering analysis. Statistical analyses aid interpretation of research data in two ways: by providing descriptive measures and by making statistical inferences about population parameters and associations based on observations from a sample, a representative of the target population to maintain validity. Parametric tests are applicable to those data for which distribution assumptions can be made on the dependent variable of interest, the most common of which is an assumption of normal distribution. Hypothesis testing is the conceptual foundation of comparative statistics and statistical modeling. Pathology and laboratory medicine can run the gamut of sample size with some entities in anatomic pathology. Imputation is a powerful tool in many statistical approaches that allows us to put in values for missing variables based on the data. Sample size and power calculations are crucial components for both planning a study and reporting an actionable result. Sample size calculations are becoming an extremely common part of grant applications, which requires familiarity with them. More importantly, performing sample size calculations before collecting data and during the design of a study can insure that the results will be publishable regardless of effect size.
Service Learning Through Community Engagement:What Community Partners and Members Gain, Lose, and Learn From Campus Collaborations
This book addresses the impact of a variety of service-learning arrangements on local communities and focuses on the experiences, both positive and negative, of the community organization. Integrating theoretical, historical, ethical, and practical frameworks, the book examines in depth such emerging models as global service learning, social entrepreneurship, and experiential philanthropy (EP). Understanding the historical rationale for campus-community partnership is critical for determining the future of community engagement. The engaged campus plays an important role in both maintaining and promoting civil society and fostering civic engagement among emerging adults. A growing body of research demonstrates that community-engaged learning opportunities involving authentic grant making can deepen students’ understanding of philanthropy’s role in our society and extend its benefits to the community. Colleges and universities have been offering EP courses since the late 1990s. The Students4Giving program provides a framework for philanthropic education emphasizing community-based knowledge with both grant making and fundraising dimensions. A growing body of research on the impact of EP courses has identified a variety of positive student learning outcomes. Community engagement is a dynamic multifacilitated, multistakeholder endeavor that makes impact measurements allusive. The book discusses the role of critical service learning as a backdrop for ethical engagement and aims to graft existing professional frameworks and theory as tools for guiding and reflecting practice in community engagement with the aim of minimizing ethics violations in the community. Community engagement presents a difficult duality; many students will participate in it to develop professional skills particularly within education, social work, and health professions.
This is a valuable textbook and resource for those serving the healthcare needs in rural and frontier areas. It focuses on the health of rural dwellers, the provision of healthcare in rural settings, and the skills and knowledge required for effective nursing practice, education, and research within this context. The sixth edition contains ten new chapters, content on the effect of the coronavirus (
COVID-19) on rural populations, seminal chapters on Rural Nursing Theory and rural nursing, and updated chapters retained from previous editions. The text is divided into five sections. Section 1 focuses on theory and research and presents an overview of the theory development process and the seminal work on Rural Nursing Theory. It includes rural nursing concepts, and chapters on conducting research in rural and frontier settings. Section 2 describes the nature and scope of rural nursing practice and expands one’s understanding of the experiences of rural nurses and nurse practitioners. Section 3 focuses on healthcare delivery in rural settings and includes chapters on health behavior, suicide, nurses as primary care providers, emergency services, telehealth, palliative care, and complementary and alternative therapy use by rural dwellers. Section 4 addresses education and provides insight into learning opportunities in rural clinical settings; interprofessional, collaborative, and transcultural service-learning education; and the skills and competencies nurses and nurse practitioners need to care for rural populations. Section 5 focuses on the care of select vulnerable populations including migrant and seasonal workers, neonates experiencing opiate withdrawal, palliative and end-of-life care for American Indians, and the conduct of research with vulnerable populations. The book highlights the realities of rural nursing from bedside to advanced practice. It not only identifies the challenges, but also highlights opportunities in rural healthcare and innovative practice.
This book talks about writing for the justice system. Justice professionals are employed in a wide range of settings, requiring all kinds of writing: case notes, progress notes, assessments, incident reports, case summaries, op-ed essays, press releases, research reports, meeting minutes, internal memos, grant applications, and letters to various agencies, clients, courts, and newspapers. The book begins with a review of some of the challenges that arise every day in justice-related work in terms of thought and perception. It presents a series of exercises designed to help readers develop a simple but effective writing process. Without an effective writing process, writing becomes a stressful, often rushed chore that produces a product that is often inferior, unaccepted by a supervisor, or even inadmissible in court. But practice makes perfect. The book guides readers through a full range of practice settings drawn from actual professionals currently working in the field of criminal justice. It concludes with a chapter on fundamentals of effective writing and robust writing glossary that will help readers to edit and correct their work in the final stage. As a teaching and learning tool, the book organizes material by separate criminal justice subsystems, so students can review writing that corresponds to content they are studying at any given time. In this way, writing can be practiced throughout the curriculum, rather than exclusively in one writing-intensive course.
Nursing informatics (NI), a specialty recognized by the American Nurses Association in 1992, is extremely important in today’s complex healthcare system. Nursing informatics specialists (NISs) are key in bridging the gap between clinical nurses and the technology that is available to enhance patient care. This book draws together the core elements of the nursing information specialty. The authors are experts, many of whom have been at the forefront of integration of informatics into clinical practice and education. They offer their insights based on both their knowledge and experiences, so that future generations of practitioners and nursing information specialists will build on the successes of the past. There are two outstanding components of the book that merit special attention. First, the 16 core competencies of NI included in the American Nurses Association Scope and Standards of Practice for NI are delineated and discussed in detail. The authors provide a crosswalk between the NI competencies and project management competencies and components. The second major strength of the book is the detailed explication of project management components including project planning, initiation, execution, monitoring and controlling, and closing. The book provides detailed comprehensive knowledge and practical applications that will be useful to both the novice and expert NIS. It also will be helpful for clinical nurses who strive to understand the wide range of technology and information science enhancements to their daily clinical care. The book provides an important roadmap to assist nursing professionals, indeed all healthcare professionals, to achieving maximum benefits in patient care delivery through the application of technology and information science to clinical care. Healthcare professionals providing care throughout the systems would be advised to hone their skills based on the considerable work of the authors and editor of this book.
Diagnostic and interventional sonography has become an important clinical tool for physicians treating musculoskeletal conditions. Sonography is a very useful tool for those that desire to fill out and test the differential diagnosis that is created with history and physical examination. Learners often lack understanding of spatial relationships within an anatomic region. They need to develop visual acuity to cross-sectional anatomy. This book presents cross-sectional sonographic images to promote a better understanding of clinical anatomy. Each image is accompanied by an illustration that serves as a road map to the image and highlights important structures. Both image and illustration make apparent the dynamic nature of these anatomic relationships. One of the first things taught in training sonographers is the echogenic appearance of various tissues. This pattern recognition is critical to deciphering a sonographic image. The book expands that pattern recognition to include all of the tissues in a cross sectional image and each accompanying illustration provides a visual translation of the sonograph. The cross-sectional images highlight important aspects of an anatomical region. There are also selected extended field of view images along the long axis of a structure to add another dimension to the area of study. The book identifies cross sections of each segment of the upper extremity and lower extremity that are important to understand as visual touchstones for anyone performing diagnostic sonography. Each is placed alongside an illustration that documents the structures in the sonograph. There is also legend for every image/illustration couplet that allows the user to identify individual structures in each. There is a body icon with the cursor in the location of each image/illustration couplet to help the reader localize the position of each sonograph. The book also provides a few images of pathology that demonstrate how pathology is represented in a sonograph.
This book borrows from the school of urban political economy and a preexisting political science theory called the ecology of games to create a consistent and orderly conception of the salient practice areas and issues in the partial hospitalization program and intensive outpatient program (PHP/IOP) settings. The focus of the book is on understanding what will create successful, sound, and sustainable program delivery in these settings. Each chapter is an exploration of the puzzle found in each practice area or cohort and the game or set of strategies used to address the puzzle. The first chapter reviews the theoretical nature of the PHP/IOP levels of care and the recurring theoretical themes and paradigms in the book. Chapter 2 focuses on team work, and discusses the ongoing cooperative game of providing a therapeutic milieu based on setting up and maintaining order and eschewing control as a goal. Chapter 3 discusses the game of initial treatment planning which is a game of joining with the patient in as little time as possible. The fourth chapter discusses the game of identifying treatment progress while documenting the necessary acuity to buy more treatment time from managed care organizations (MCOs). Discharge planning is explained in the fifth chapter, which also provides a discussion on understanding the available aftercare resources. Chapter 6 discusses the game of group therapy as it is the primary treatment modality in the PHP/IOP setting. The book also talks about psychoeducation, regular adult cohorts, older adult cohorts, mentally ill patients, and children and adolescents.
This book provides an overview of the three areas of family violence (i.e., child abuse, intimate partner abuse, and older adult abuse). It includes plentiful case examples, real-life stories, keywords, and discussion questions; the Test Bank is updated to align with changes in the chapters. In the area of child abuse, expanded information is provided on the various agencies working with abused children and on being an expert witness for the courts. In the area of intimate partner violence, additional information is provided on male victims of female perpetrators along with theoretical underpinnings, assessment instruments, and treatment options for both male and female victims and perpetrators. A section is added on the use of social media in precluding and enabling perpetrators. At-risk populations are expanded to include sex-trafficking victims; veterans of war suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); middle-class families; Native Americans; and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) families. In the area of older adult abuse, chapters reflect recent policies and terminology to make clearer distinctions in the information contained within the chapters. Major changes in understanding old age assistance are made with emphasis on the different typologies of behaviors of various abusers, thus reducing the focus on caregiver stress as synonymous with older adult abuse.
This book provides the reader a unique opportunity to learn the complex anatomy of the human brain in the context of multiple different neuroimaging modalities. In medical school, human brain anatomy is first taught through dissection labs and lectures. The book presents the color enhanced medical illustrations and virtually all of the cutting edge imaging modalities currently used to visualize the human brain. This includes standard computed tomography (CT), including multiplanar reformatted CT images and 3D volume rendered CT imaging, standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images, diffusion tensor MR imaging (DTI), MR spectroscopy (MRS), functional MRI (fMRI), vascular imaging using magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), CT angiography (CTA), conventional 2D catheter angiography, 3D rotational catheter angiography, and ultrasound of the neonatal brain. The book considers cadaver dissections with the brain removed from the cranial vault with preservation of the cisternal segments of the CN and their relationships to the dural surfaces and skull base foramina. The original cross-sectional images from the MRI were loaded into the scene as background references to ensure accuracy at every step. The cortical surface model was adjusted and refined, the skull model was modified to fit the MRI derived brain, and models of the midbrain and cerebellum were painstakingly handsculpted. The cranial nerve illustrations were derived from the hand-sculpted models using Boolean operators to segment the midbrain into slices at multiple levels. The cranial nerve nuclei were then modeled and placed into their appropriate locations after comparison with microscopic atlases. The book demonstrates targeted, focused imaging of a variety of interesting, and important anatomic sites that are of particular clinical relevance. Sites of illustrated anatomy includes pituitary gland, orbits, liliequist’s membrane, hippocampal formation, H-shaped orbital frontal sulci, insular anatomy, subthalamic nucleus, subcallosal region, internal auditory canals (IAC) and virchow-robin spaces.
This book delivers the practical insights and expert tips necessary for successful clinical research design, analysis, and implementation. It first covers the basics of research design: the variety of ways in which studies can be organized to address questions of association or causation; the appropriate sequencing of studies in a particular area to move most efficiently from demonstration of concept to a definitive and rigorous trial; methods and appropriate rigor of control conditions; retrospective and prospective trials; qualitative and quantitative analyses; and methods for summarizing, evaluating, and reporting clinical research in a particular area. Then, the book presents a discussion of selecting the correct statistical approach and when to consult a statistician. It reviews the varieties of data types; descriptive and inferential statistics; methods for demonstrating associations, hypothesis testing, and prediction; specialized methods, such as survival modeling; and specialized methods for epidemiological studies and measure construction. Further, the book includes a number of chapters on developing successful grant applications from planning and seeking consumer input to developing specific sections of research grant proposals, the project budget, and ancillary materials. The final chapters of the book cover the nuts and bolts of the timely and successful completion of the research project; developing procedural manuals and case report forms; collecting, managing, and securing data; operational structure and ongoing monitoring and evaluation of the project; and ethical and regulatory concerns in research with human subjects.
A Practical Guide to Child and Adolescent Mental Health Screening, Evidence-Based Assessment, Intervention, and Health Promotion, 3rd Edition
Mental health/behavioral disorders have been increasing over recent decades and now affect approximately one out of five children and adolescents, creating a major public health epidemic. With the
COVID-19pandemic, further increases in mental health problems are anticipated. Unfortunately, many children today who are suffering with mental health disorders do not have protective factors to buffer them from developing serious mental illness. Further, fewer than 50% of affected children and teens receive any treatment; even fewer receive the best evidence-based treatments. Primary care providers are ideally suited to screen for, identify and manage common mental health disorders in children and teens because of established relationships with their families and a practice setting which lessens stigma. Academic programs that prepare healthcare providers also have been slow to integrate in-depth content on the assessment and management of common mental health disorders in children and teens. Thus, primary care providers often report not having the knowledge and skills believed necessary to appropriately and accurately identify and manage common child and adolescent mental health disorders. The third edition of this book has been strengthened with new chapters, evidence-based programs, updated educational materials for families, and resources to assist interprofessional clinicians in being more effective in screening, identifying, managing, and preventing common mental health disorders in children and teens. A major feature of the book is that it delivers the best "nuts and bolts" evidence-based content in a format that is user-friendly and contains screening tools and evidence-based interventions that can be readily used in practice.
This book is intended for physiatrists, sports physicians, orthopedists, rheumatologists, and primary care physicians. Although there are comprehensive textbooks and abundant literature reviews devoted to musculoskeletal (MSK) medicine, gaps still exist regarding optimal outpatient management for many MSK disorders due to the relative paucity of information on the clinical decision-making process and differential diagnosis and treatment in the practice setting. The book tries to address these gaps by using a uniform approach to the diagnosis of MSK disorders in different anatomic locations and emphasizing the nonoperative management options applicable to the outpatient clinic. It provides a patho-anatomic approach based on the location of pain. This approach can be efficient and intuitive with sound knowledge of MSK anatomy, particularly in the peripheral MSK systems such as the hand and the foot. The book describes concise physical examinations for each anatomic region and the reader is encouraged to cultivate essential physical examination skills using other available resources and visual demonstration. Ultrasonography (US) has been increasingly available in the outpatient MSK clinic and has proven to be an important tool both in diagnosis and treatment. The book incorporates point-of-care ultrasound, defined as US performed and interpreted by the clinician at the bedside in the clinical decision-making process. It helps in framing a context for developing an initial management plan using flowcharts and providing quality nonoperative care, and fosters an approach to common MSK complaints that can be applied and adapted to the specifics of individual cases. It is up to each clinician to determine the most appropriate treatment for the patient.
This book explicates mindfulness and yoga as tools for cultivating embodied self-regulation within healthy, active, engaged learners. It is structured in four parts, each comprised of two to four chapters. The first part sets the stage for mindfulness and yoga interventions in schools. It includes a review of the conceptual model for embodied self-regulation and addresses the risks and outcomes associated with a lack of self-regulation and engagement among students. The first section also includes the three-tiered model of intervention used in education and a framework for implementing mindfulness and yogic practices within the three-tier approach. The second and third parts explicate the philosophical underpinnings of mindfulness and yoga, detail the formal and informal practices in a on-the-cushion/mat and off-the cushion/mat format, and critically review the mindfulness and yoga protocols that have been implemented and studied in schools. Specifically, the second part focuses on mindfulness interventions and the third part focuses on yoga interventions. The fourth part addresses mindful self-care for students and teachers. The mindful self-care scale is presented as a framework for presenting actionable self-care goals for students and teachers. The longer form and the shorter form are offered with a scoring system and research on each of the aspects of self-care. Mindfulness and yoga practices help us be on-purpose, intentional in our teaching and in our lives.
This book is designed to provide essential knowledge and skills in behavioral health for all members of the primary care health team. It begins with a short history of the development of evidence for the value of the biopsychosocial model in primary care and an overview of the role of the behavioral health specialist in the primary care team. In order to provide context for the practice of behavioral health care, the book reviews the theoretical basis for understanding health behavior and the development of brief counseling methods for influencing patients to engage in healthier behaviors. Current epidemiological trends of some of the most common presenting conditions in primary care set the stage for moving into chapters on specific conditions, including diabetes, cardiovascular conditions, chronic pain, sleep disorders, geriatric conditions, cancer-related conditions, substance abuse, and obesity. Each of these chapters begins with a typical referral note from a primary care provider requesting a behavioral health assessment or intervention and concludes with a sample of how the behavioral health specialist might respond to the referral. These sample referrals and consultation notes are intended to provide a practical example of how the behavioral health specialist might function on a primary care team and how our patients might navigate an integrated health care system within the patient-centered medical home. The book concludes with a chapter on systems medicine, which will provide readers with a vision of the future of health care engaging the developing science of brain function and how the brain can be modified to improve our experience of health and wellness.
Physical medicine and rehabilitation (
PM&R) is one of the broadest and most challenging specialties in medicine. Physiatrists see patients of all age groups with impairments of every organ system and must have a keen understanding of anatomy, biomechanics, ergonomics, exercise physiology, kinesiology, neurophysiology, pharmacology, and psychology. They not only prescribe medications and perform procedures, but also prescribe prosthetics, orthotics, splints, and complex medical equipment. They lead interdisciplinary teams that address the holistic bio-psycho-social and spiritual needs of people with disabling conditions. In PM&R, board certification has three components: The first component, Part I, is a written examination testing medical knowledge; the second component, Part II, is an oral examination that tests clinical practice skills. The third component, Part III, is maintenance of certification. The Accreditation Committee for Graduate Medical Education defined six core competencies for physicians: medical knowledge, clinical care, practice-based learning, communication, professionalism, and systems-based practice. Part I tests the first of these competencies, while Part II tests the remainder. This workbook is an additional tool, unique in its format. It walks the reader through cases in an interactive format. The cases are structured in a similar format to The American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ( ABPMR) Part II. The content mirrors the exam outline, which is available on the ABPMRwebsite. The exam consists of questions about case vignettes. Each vignette fits into one or more diagnostic categories, and each may focus on one or more evaluation or management skills. Each case tests five clinical skills: data acquisition, problem-solving, patient management, system-based practice, and interpersonal and communication skills. While the text is intended as a board review workbook to be used in preparation for the Part II exam, other audiences will find it helpful as well.
This book illustrates the extent to which the practice of clinical social work has matured to the point of being able to take a blunt look at some of the more disreputable elements to be found within the profession, with the idea that shedding light on these practices will serve as a form of disinfection and perhaps of inoculation. Chapter I explores a number of different types of pseudoscientific practices, and discusses how to recognize and challenge pseudoscientific thinking, replacing it with critical thinking and a more evidence-based approach to practice. Clinical social workers make extensive use of a wide array of assessment methods, with the variety of approaches dictated by the expansive meaning of the term. Chapter 3 discusses interventions that are primarily aimed at children and adolescents, and demonstrates how even the most well-intentioned social workers can get drawn into practices that can do great damage when practices are based on belief and desperation for answers. While the fourth chapter focuses on pseudoscience in treating adults who experienced trauma, the fifth deals with other pseudoscientific interventions for adults such as the Thought Field Therapy (TFT). Professional social work has a long history of service to persons with developmental disabilities and their families. Social workers advocate for social policies to support persons with developmental disabilities and their families. The book also deals with pseudoscience in social work education and training.
Evidence-Based Leadership, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship in Nursing and Healthcare:A Practical Guide to Success
As leaders, innovators, entrepreneurs, and educators, we are painfully aware that the unknowns in healthcare are growing more rapidly and more broadly than what is known. With that in mind, the authors have developed this book on leadership, innovation, and entrepreneurship to provide us with an evidence-based approach to maximize our leadership and innovation potential. This practical guide will prepare us to lead our organization into the uncertainty of the future and make a positive impact in the world. The book is organized into three distinct sections: leadership, innovation, and entrepreneurship. By studying and applying the evidence-based principles of leadership, innovation, and entrepreneurship, the reader will emerge as a more confident and prepared leader to advance a team or organization to its optimal potential. The purpose of this book is to stimulate us to think and act differently by strengthening our leadership, innovation, and entrepreneurial skills in nursing and healthcare. Multiple real-world examples are provided with direct applicability to practice. Each chapter is filled with motivational quotes related to the content to inspire and challenge readers to put the lessons into practice. Embedded within each chapter are multiple calls to action and practical exercises to help develop specific skills related to the content. Podcast recordings, featuring discussions with prolific leaders and innovators, supplement the text.
Strengthening the DSM®, 3rd Edition:Incorporating Intersectionality, Resilience, and Cultural Competence
This essential companion to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (
DSM) uniquely integrates intersectionality and resilience that helps mental health practitioners assess clients from a strength-based perspective. This book expands the section on neurocognitive disorders to include traumatic brain injury, includes more information on assessment and treatment of common childhood disorders, and brings a new focus on the impact of today's culture wars and their impact on mental health professionals, policy, and clients. By demonstrating how to practically integrate diversity and intersectionality into the diagnostic process rather than limiting assessment to a purely problem-focused diagnostic label, this successful textbook strengthens the DSMfor social workers and other mental health practitioners by promoting the inclusion of intersectionality, resiliency, culture, spirituality, and community into practice. The book adds traumatic brain injury to neurocognitive disorders section and expands information on treatment of common childhood disorders. It emphasizes meta-analysis literature and discusses neuroscience and wellness concepts in relation to a strengths-based approach to diagnosis. The book focuses on wellness and health care delivery in the context of today's culture wars. It delivers a unique formulation integrating intersectionality and resilience to provide strengths-based assessment and treatment. The book demonstrates the rationale for strengths-based DSMpractice and includes real-life case scenarios for complex problem-solving. It reviews key literature on disorders and evidence-based best practices and provides classroom questions and activities to foster critical thinking.
Advanced Practice Psychiatric Nursing, 3rd Edition:Integrating Psychotherapy, Psychopharmacology, and Complementary and Alternative Approaches Across the Life Span
Psychiatric-mental health advanced practice registered nurses (
PMH-APRNs) are like water: they are flexible, they are fluid, and they go where they are needed. Deinstitutionalization of psychiatric patients resulted in not only more community-based treatment, but also new and expanded outpatient roles for psychiatric nurses. The third edition of Advanced Practice Psychiatric Nursing meets the practice standards developed by the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, the International Society of Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurses, and the American Nurses Association, which require all PMH-APRNsto have skills in psychotherapy, psychopharmacology, and holistic assessment. Each chapter reflects not only state-of-the-art knowledge, but decades of clinical wisdom. The book is divided into five sections: Section I provides an overview of the theoretical and evidence base for practice and an exploration of the concept of shared decision-making and reaching concordance between clinicians and clients. Section II explores the foundations necessary for the practitioner to implement integrated practice and discusses the synergistic effects of integrating practice concepts. This includes chapters presenting the overviews of psychotherapy, psychopharmacology, and complementary and alternative approaches in the context of the stages of treatment. A new chapter focuses on legal and ethical issues in treatment. Section III applies the information from previous chapters and focuses on integrative management of specific syndromes. The chapters discuss mood disorders, anxiety-related disorders, psychotic symptoms, sleep disturbances, disordered eating, disordered cognition, impulse control, disordered attention, self-directed injury, and other-directed violence. Section IV covers aspects of managing substance misuse, medical problems, pregnancy, telehealth, and forensic issues that often co-occur with psychiatric syndromes. A new chapter focuses on care for sexual and gender minority patients. Section V covers the importance of maintaining competence and quality in clinical practice. The section includes a new chapter on self-care among PMH-APRNsthat focuses on resilience in practitioners, and the final chapter focuses on the global perspectives and the future of psychiatric-mental health advanced practice nursing.
This graduate-level text disseminates the core principles of epidemiology within a population health framework and provides practical knowledge nurses can use to analyze and improve healthcare in the community. Informed by the evolution of epidemiological science resulting from the
COVID-19 pandemic, this book demonstrates how epidemiology can have a profound impact on health. It showcases a variety of settings and epidemiological roles demonstrating the importance and practicality of this discipline. Clear and concise, this text explains the basics of population health followed by epidemiological concepts and designs. It is distinguished by its application-based case studies, analytical tools of epidemiology, and calculations, which foster skill development and necessary familiarity of the subject. Also included is an important Biostatistics Primer, relevant content from Healthy People 2030, and an “Epidemiology in Practice” section focusing on examples from different epidemiological arenas.