This book provides the foundations and training that social workers need to master cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). CBT is based on several principles namely cognitions affect behavior and emotion; certain experiences can evoke cognitions, explanation, and attributions about that situation; cognitions may be made aware, monitored, and altered; desired emotional and behavioral change can be achieved through cognitive change. CBT employs a number of distinct and unique therapeutic strategies in its practice. As the human services increasingly develop robust evidence regarding the effectiveness of various psychosocial treatments for various clinical disorders and life problems, it becomes increasingly incumbent upon individual practitioners to become proficient in, and to provide, as first choice treatments, these various forms of evidence-based practice. It is also increasingly evident that CBT and practice represents a strongly supported approach to social work education and practice. The book covers the most common disorders encountered when working with adults, children, families, and couples including: anxiety disorders, depression, personality disorder, sexual and physical abuse, substance misuse, grief and bereavement, and eating disorders. Clinical social workers have an opportunity to position themselves at the forefront of historic, philosophical change in 21st-century medicine. While studies using the most advanced medical technology show the impact of emotional suffering on physical disease, other studies using the same technology are demonstrating CBT’s effectiveness in relieving not just emotional suffering but physical suffering among medically ill patients.
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This book offers leadership lessons for aspiring nurse leaders from luminaries in business, medicine, philanthropy, government, academia, research, and health care. It offers practical advice, lessons learned, and testimonials as to how nurses can prepare themselves for leadership, which in turn, will help them to provide exceptional patient care. As per the report of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF), the heightened roles of the professional nurse allow nurses of all practices to more fully develop their leadership skills. Nurse leaders are moving the interprofessional collaboration agenda forward by serving in key leadership positions. A nurse leader who led public research in the Kent State University and Bowling Green State University challenged the common perception that successful leaders are born, complete with the requisite temperament and talents. Nurses who play leadership roles can fill in research on health care policy formulation and implementation that will change the course of health care payment, delivery, and quality. The book discusses nurse research leadership from an economist’s perspective, hiring leaders to understand leadership, and nursing leadership lessons from an association executive’s perspective, from a physician’s chief executive officer’s perspective, from a nursing friend’s perspective and from a collaborative team’s perspective. The book also highlights nursing leadership’s contributions to safety and quality, how leadership can usher in health reforms and achieve better health for all people, and advancing the cause of transformational nurse leadership.
This book offers practical guidance and strategies to avoid the common pitfalls of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) practice through the 8-phase protocol. It proposes to guide those therapists into a safer way of working while encouraging them to access accredited training and supervision for their practice. The scope of the book is limited to EMDR practice with adults. Phase 1 of the standard EMDR protocol is history taking. It is important to determine whether the client is appropriate for EMDR selection. The therapist needs to help the client to identify and practice appropriate coping strategies that will support the client throughout the therapy. Therapists need to address any fears that the client (or therapist) may have about the later desensitization. Failing to do this can result in problems later. Many of the clients that come for EMDR will have a history of complex trauma or a chaotic childhood. The treatment plan needs to identify specific targets for reprocessing. This will be a three-pronged approach that includes the past memories that appeared to have set the pathology in process, the present situations that, and people who, exacerbate this dysfunction, and the desired future response, emotionally, cognitively, and behaviorally. Clients and therapists need to understand the rationale for selecting a particular target utilizing prioritization and clustering techniques as illustrated with the case study. Choosing the correct target can involve some detective work, but this will be time well spent. The book guides practitioners on how to identify the components of a memory network for reprocessing. It then focuses on the assessment phase and the importance of negative cognitions (NCs) drawing heavily on illustrative case vignettes.
The therapeutic community (TC) for addictions descends from historical prototypes found in all forms of communal healing. A hybrid, spawned from the union of self-help and public support, the TC is an experiment in progress, reconfiguring the vital healing and teaching ingredients of self-help communities into a systematic methodology for transforming lives. Part I of this book outlines the current issues in the evolution of the TC that compel the need for a comprehensive formulation of its perspective and approach. It traces the essential elements of the TC and organizes these into the social and psychological framework, detailed throughout the volume as theory, model, and method. Part II discusses the TC treatment approach, which is grounded in an explicit perspective that consists of four interrelated views: the drug use disorder, the person, recovery, and right living. The view of right living emphasizes explicit beliefs and values essential to recovery. Part III details how the physical, social organizational, and work components foster a culture of therapeutic change. It also outlines how the program stages convey the process of change in terms of individual movement within the organizational structure and planned activities of the model. Part IV talks about community enhancement activities, therapeutic-educational activities, privileges and sanctions, and surveillance. The groups that are TC-oriented, such as encounters, probes, and marathons, retain distinctive self-help elements of the TC approach. Part V depicts how individuals change through their interaction with the community, provides an integrative social and psychological framework of the TC treatment process, and outlines how the basic theory, method, and model can be adapted to retain the unique identity of contemporary TCs.
Written by the originators of the Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment (MAC) model, this book provides both the necessary theory, empirical background, and a structured step-by-step, easy-to-use protocol for the understanding, assessment, conceptualization, and enhancement of human performance. The MAC approach to performance enhancement is based on an integration of mindfulness and acceptance-based approaches and is specifically tailored for high-performing clientele. The predominant psychological approaches have emphasized the development of self-control of internal states such as thoughts, emotions, and physical sensations and have been commonly referred to as psychological skills training (PST) procedures. The book describes a systematic approach to intervention planning in performance psychology. It presents case formulation method presented for a comprehensive understanding of the client, and an appropriate multilevel classification system for sport psychology (MCS-SP) classification that subsequently either guides the proper delivery of the MAC program or leads to the determination that the performer’s needs are beyond the scope of the MAC program. The MCS-SP categorizes the issues and barriers facing the performer into four classifications: performance development (PD), performance dysfunction (Pdy), performance impairment (PI), and performance termination (PT). Numerous case examples, forms, handouts, in- and out-of-session assignments and activities, and verbatim client instructions are included in the book.
This book was conceived out of the authors' shared vision to synthesize key neurobiological developments with effective developments in clinical practice to offer both understanding and practical guidance for the many practitioners working to heal people burdened with traumatic sequelae. It is unique in bringing in all levels of the brain from the brainstem, through the thalamus and basal ganglia, to the limbic structures, including the older forms of cortex, to the neocortex. The book looks at the neurochemistry of peritraumatic dissociation (PD) and explores the effects on neuroplasticity and the eventual structural dissociation. Individual chapters focus on the definition of PD and tonic immobility (TI) and their associations with posttraumatic psychopathology, and review disturbances in self-referential processing and social cognition in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to early-life trauma. Separate chapters focus on the modulatory role of the neuropetides in attachment as well as autonomic regulation, and highlight mesolimbic dopamine (ML-DA) system as central to the experiences of affiliation, attachment urge when under threat, attachment urge during experience of safety, and to the distress of isolation and/or submission. The book while increasing awareness of different parts of the self and ultimately creating a more stable sense of self, also incorporates psychoanalytic, cognitive behavioral, and hypnotic methods, as well as specific ego state, somatic/sensorimotor therapies, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), and variations of EMDR suitable for working with trauma in the attachment period. The latter methods are explicitly information-processing methods that address affective and somatic modes of processing.
This book draws on in-depth research of couples in different situations and cultures to identify educational and therapeutic interventions that will help couples become conscious of and move beyond gendered power in their relationships so they can expand their options and well-being. Sharing family and outside work more equitably is a part of the gender-equality story. The book is divided into five parts. Part I of the book lays out the theoretical and methodological issues of gender equality that frame the book’s research projects and practice concerns. Chapters in this section frame the concept of gender equality and its role in promoting mutually supportive relationships. The second part examines the relational processes involved in equality between intimate partners. Traditional couples need help in defining the meaning of relational equality for themselves within external definitions of male and female roles. A chapter in this section is about same-sex couples and explores what happens when gender does not organize relationships. In Part III, two chapters look at how gender legacies and power influence mothering and fathering among parents of young children with a third showing how idealized notions of motherhood heighten and maintain postpartum depression after childbirth. The fourth part shows both similarities and cultural variation in power issues in different cultural settings. While one chapter considers how racial experience increases the complexities of gender and power in couple life, another discovers the considerable diversity in Iran by showing how couples work within a male-dominant legal and social structure that also includes a long cultural tradition of respect for and equality of women. Part V draws on the previous chapters to offer a guide for mental health professionals.
Nurse mentors can inspire and “champion” other nurses, as well as model and imprint the highest standards of excellence. This book provides insight for protégés and mentors on using mentoring to build new generations of successful nurses. It covers a quick history of why mentoring is important, and how a protégé can identify and mentor. It also contains the necessary tools to help novice nurses benefit from mentor support through difficult and sometimes frightening and confusing times. The first two chapters discuss what it means to be a professional nurse, the difference between a career and an occupation, and present the historical background of the mentor connection and mentoring relationships in nursing, different types of support relationships and mentors. Mentor intelligence has three characteristics or competencies namely mentoring mentality, mentoring lens and mentoring momentum. Chapter four explains how to create a Personal Mentor Action Plan, types of mentors and where to find them, selection process of the mentor and the protégé, and how to inventory individuals and groups as potential mentors. After dealing with the factors leading to success and failure and cultivating a nurse’s potential, the book describes the need of networking as an essential marketing tool. The book concludes by presenting tips to increase mentor intelligence after talking about healthy mentor-protégé relationship and mentor leadership.
This book is intended to provide to the eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) clinician advanced tools to treat children with complex trauma, attachment wounds, and dissociative tendencies. It covers key elements to develop case conceptualization skills and treatment plans based on the adaptive information processing (AIP) model. A broader perspective is presented by integrating concepts from attachment theory, affect regulation theory, affective neuroscience, and interpersonal neurobiology. These concepts and theories not only support the AIP model, but they expand clinicians’ understanding and effectiveness when working with dissociative, insecurely attached, and dysregulated children. The book presents aspects of our current understanding of how our biological apparatus is orchestrated, how its appropriate development is thwarted when early, chronic, and pervasive trauma and adversity are present in our lives, and how healing can be promoted through the use of EMDR therapy. In addition, it provides a practical guide to the use of EMDR within a systemic framework. It illustrates how EMDR therapy can be used to help caregivers develop psychobiological attunement and synchrony as well as to enhance their mentalizing capacities. Another important goal of the book is to bring strategies from other therapeutic approaches, such as play therapy, sand tray therapy, Sensorimotor Psychotherapy, Theraplay, and Internal Family Systems (IFS) into a comprehensive EMDR treatment, while maintaining appropriate adherence to the AIP model and EMDR methodology. This is done with the goal of enriching the work that often times is necessary with complexly traumatized children and their families.
This book represents a compilation of years of theoretical and clinical insights distilled into a specific theory of disturbance and therapy and deductions for specific clinical strategies and techniques. It focuses on an explication of the theory, a chapter on basic practice, and a chapter on an in-depth case study. A detailed chapter follows on the practice of individual psychotherapy. Using rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) in couples, family, group, and marathons sessions is highlighted. The book commences with a note on the general theory underpinning the practice of REBT, outlines its major theoretical concepts and puts forward an expanded version of REBT’s well-known ABC framework. It then considers aspects of the therapeutic relationship between clients and therapists in REBT, deals with issues pertaining to inducting clients into REBT, and specifies the major treatment techniques that are employed during REBT. A number of obstacles that emerge in the process of REBT and how they might be overcome are noted. The book then distinguishes between preferential and general REBT (or cognitive-behavior therapy [CBT]) and specifies their differences. Individual, couples, family and group therapies are explained. The book talks about the Rational Emotive Behavioral Marathon, a highly structured procedure that is deliberately weighted more on the verbal than on the nonverbal side. The authors’ 8-week psychoeducational group for teaching the principles of unconditional self-acceptance in a structured group setting is described. The book concludes with a discussion on the concept of ego disturbance, REBT treatment of sex difficulties using the cognitive-emotive-behavioral approach, and REBT’s effectiveness with hypnosis.
This book is based on a treatment approach that the author has been developing for many years while treating those with military sexual trauma (MST). It gives participants the skills to manage trauma symptoms, the tools to address unresolved issues such as injustice and self-blame, the guidance toward radical acceptance of the past, and the inspiration to move forward in one’s life in a meaningful way. The first chapter explores MST and the many physical, mental, emotional, and social repercussions it may have on the lives of those who have experienced it. Chapter 2 focuses on feelings which will be redefined from something that may be unwanted or dreaded to something that is useful. The next chapter helps readers to learn how to cope with nightmares and ways to develop good sleep habits to promote sound sleep. “Triggers” or sudden feelings of anxiety or panic that are associated with MST, and the skills to help readers tolerate and release intense feelings are discussed in the fourth chapter. In the next two chapters, readers learn ways to deal with important feelings such as anger, resentment, guilt, self-blame, and shame. Two other chapters focus on memories of trauma, holograms, and defining relationship patterns. Important skills for recognizing and dealing with feelings of loss and grief are described in Chapter 9. Other issues such as romantic relationships, healthy sexuality, ideal relationship, and improving communication skills are also addressed in the book.
This book presents a framework for nursing to build and, ultimately, sustain partnerships. Exemplar case studies written by nurses working in global health follow each chapter to illustrate specific elements of a strong partnership. The guiding principle for the book is that partnerships are paramount in creating sustainable outcomes. Varying degrees of partnership integration can include coordination, cooperation, and close collaboration. No matter their degree of partnership, nurses are ethically and morally obliged to be concerned with the world’s suffering. The book begins with a chapter which discusses types of existing partnerships and how nurses make the selection of an appropriate program to begin a partnership. Chapter 2 addresses how cultural perspectives, personal attributes, expectations, and knowledge of host country influence a volunteer nurse’s experience. In the third chapter, nursing roles in host country are addressed, community assessment as essential knowledge is highlighted. The importance of nursing licensure, mutual respect, and partnership is also dealt with. Chapter 4 presents examples of nurses’ experience with volunteers or partners, differences in the scope of practice between nursing partners, and the role of the nurse and nursing profession in host countries. This is followed by chapter which emphasizes the importance of resources, whether human, material, or financial, which are essential in developing a partnership. Two other chapters discuss important aspects of collaborative nursing research in international settings and explore the elements of sustainability to address the leadership required to maintain the partnership.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Scripted Protocols: Basics and Special Situations
Scripting is a way to inform and remind the Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) practitioner of the component parts, sequence, and language used to create an effective outcome. As EMDR is a fairly complicated process, this book provides step-by-step scripts that will enable beginning practitioners to enhance their expertise more quickly. The book is separated into nine parts. The Client History part represents the first of the eight phases of EMDR treatment. The ability to gather, formulate, and then use the material in the intake part of treatment is crucial to an optimal outcome in any therapist’s work. Part II includes an important element of the Preparation Phase that addresses ways to introduce and explain EMDR, trauma, and the adaptive information processing (AIP) model. The importance of teaching clients how to create personal resources is the topic of Part III. Here, an essential element of the Preparation/Second Phase of EMDR work is addressed to ensure clients’ abilities to contain their affect and remain stable as they move through the EMDR process. Part IV shows how to work with clients concerning the targeting of their presenting problems when the usual ways do not work such as usage of drawings to concretize clients’ conceptualization of their issues and usage of an alternative initial targeting method. Part V includes protocols that have been scripted based on the material that appears in Francine Shapiro’s EMDR textbook. Parts VI and VII address EMDR and early intervention procedures for man-made and natural catastrophes for individuals and groups. Performance enhancement and clinician’s self-care are dealt with in the final two parts of the book.
This book details the technical aspects of how to achieve requirements for clinical treatment planning aspects, including patient positioning, creation of patient specific bolus, beam angle configurations, and inverse planning optimization approaches. It is written for everyone involved in treatment planning including dosimetrists, physicists, and physicians. The book comprises of 14 chapters. The first three chapters are introductory chapters. Chapter one describes the types of treatment plans and the general process of treatment planning. The second chapter explains the principles and limitations of current inverse planning optimization algorithms, and discusses the application of auto-planning, knowledge-based planning, and multi-criteria optimization to overcome these limitations. The third chapter covers the available immobilization equipment and general principles of simulation, including patient safety procedures. Chapters four through eleven are organized by body site or system and covers central nervous system, head and neck, breast cancer, thoracic cancer, gastrointestinal radiotherapy, genitourinary cancer, gynecologic cancer, lymphoma, and soft tissue sarcoma. For each site, there is a description of patient simulation, including immobilization, setup, isocenter placement, and any special considerations such as motion management. The plan goals for each treatment site are tabulated, followed by recipes to achieve them from the simplest planning technique to the most advanced planning technique. For simple 3D conformal plans, the recipes include the field arrangement and portal shape design (both with many figures), beam weighting, and selection of dose normalization point. For advanced techniques such as intensity-modulated radiation therapy, volumetric modulated radiation therapy, and stereotactic body radiation therapy, the recipes provide details of creation of optimization structures and multiple stage optimizations. Each chapter concludes with plan evaluation, comparing achieved doses to the clinical planning goals. Chapter thirteen describes treatment planning for pediatric cancers. Chapter fourteen discusses treatment planning for palliative treatment.
This book provides a state-of-the-art overview of the principles of cancer care and best practices for restoring function and quality of life to cancer survivors. Cancer rehabilitation interventions including physical, occupational, or speech therapy; exercise training; psychosocial and cognitive interventions; and physician-directed diagnostic imaging, injections, and pharmacologic symptom management have the potential to treat many impairments from cancer treatment, thereby improving functioning and quality of life. Multimodal rehabilitation interventions have also been shown to improve return to work compared to usual care. The chapters of the book review the latest evidence about which interventions should be used to treat specific impairments thereby constituting the most comprehensive and up-to-date reference on this topic. The book is organized into nine parts comprising 90 chapters. Part one presents history of cancer rehabilitation, cancer statistics, and principles of cancer care. Part two discusses various cancer types, which includes breast cancer, gastrointestinal malignancies, head and neck cancer, pediatric cancers, and primary bone tumors and their assessment and management. Parts three through six describe cancer pain, medical complications, neurological and neuromuscular complications, and musculoskeletal complications of cancer such as radiculopathy, plexopathy, autonomic dysfunction, and bone metastases and their management. Part seven discusses general topics related to cancer rehabilitation, which includes physical and occupational therapy, therapeutic modalities in cancer, therapeutic exercise in cancer, nutritional care of the cancer patient, sexuality issues, and distress and other psychiatric considerations in cancer rehabilitation. Part eight thoroughly explores the identification, evaluation, and treatment of specific impairments and disabilities that result from cancer and the treatment of cancer such as balance and gait dysfunction, cancer related fatigue, radiation fibrosis syndrome, and bowel dysfunction. Part nine discusses functional measurement in patients with cancer, health maintenance and screening in cancer survivors, research issues, barriers to accessing cancer rehabilitation, and building a cancer rehabilitation program.
This book provides a standard that reflects the basic elements of the 11-Step Standard Procedure; and the Standard 3-Pronged EMDR Protocol as they are applied to different populations. The diverse population includes children and adolescents; couples; clients suffering with complex post-traumatic stress disorder and dissociative disorders; clients with anxiety; clients who demonstrate addictive behaviors; clients who deal with pain; clinicians themselves. The book serves as a basis to encourage research into these various applications for EMDR. It is divided into seven parts. Part I is devoted to the scripted EMDR protocols such as olfactory stimulation, which are used to develop resources for children and adolescents who may have suffered traumatic events in their life. The protocols take into account the particular difficulties of this developmental group and help minimize common difficulties and major hurdles. Part II describes scripted EMDR protocols designed by couples therapists and sex therapists to further the progress of their patients precisely targeting templates of relational interaction, anxiety, or sexual dysfunction. Part III concerns the scripted protocols for dissociative disorders and complex post-traumatic stress disorder. The protocols represent the structured scripted efforts of many trauma therapists over a considerable number of years. Parts IV and V of the book address the concretization of much needed scripts for the EMDR treatment of addictions and pain—two interconnected public health worries. Part VI looks at the world of people’s adaptation to fears and tackles the usage of scripted protocols to detoxify the impact of specific phobias. Part VII demonstrates the usage of scripted EMDR protocols in clinician care and in the management of secondary post-traumatic stress disorder and vicarious traumatization.
This book is written for several primary audiences: midwives, midwifery students, other health professionals and groups, and members of the public who are interested in midwifery and midwifery care. It is divided into seven sections. Section I presents the early history of midwifery in the United States (U.S.) for the period 1600s to 1940s. Prior to the Civil War, childbirth practice in the South for both Blacks and Whites was largely in the hands of traditional African midwives. The second section provides the practice and educational aspects of the midwives in the U.S. from the 1920s to early 1950s. Coverage in this section include public health nursing, the Sheppard-Towner Act, Frontier Nursing Service, family-centered maternity care and natural child birth, Manhattan Midwifery School, Lobenstine Midwifery School and other schools. Section III describes the resurgence of U.S. community and lay midwives and their early education from 1960s to 1980s. The fourth section talks about the development of three midwifery organizations, namely, the American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM), Midwives Alliance of North America (MANA) and the National Association of Certified Professional Midwives (NACPM). The U.S. nurse-midwifery education and practice for the period 1950s-1980s is covered in the fifth section of the book. One of the chapters describes the technological advances made in the profession and the continuing quest for pain relief. Section VI focuses on direct-entry midwifery education and credentialing in the U.S. with chapters covering accreditation, certification and licensure. The final section of the book is devoted to midwifery relationships. Separate chapters discuss federal legislations affecting the practice, the relationships of midwives with women, with childbearing with families, with physicians, with nurses and with midwives themselves. The last chapter focuses on the International Confederation of Midwives (ICNM).
Effective health communication is the result of a complex process that begins with understanding the theories related to various interdependent and interrelated communication disciplines. This book is intended to serve as a source of information, primarily as a stimulant for interaction, exploration, application, reflection, and self–assessment. To assist the reader in better assimilating and utilizing these disciplines, each chapter provides real and/or hypothetical examples that can be assessed and analyzed. The first chapter is an introduction and is followed by a chapter on health care pedagogy, which explores all aspects of American health care and its impact on a wide variety of health communication contexts and audiences. Another chapter focuses on interpersonal and gendered communication which is important to interpersonal relationship development and maintenance. Provider–patient communication is interpersonal, and differences in cultures potentially impact provider–patient communication. Ethical communication in clinical practice is critical to informed and collaborative decision making and enhances provider–patient interpersonal relationships. Leadership communication theories help the health care providers to understand and potentially apply in their various roles, situations, and/or teams. The book also discusses risk management vis–à–vis effective verbal, nonverbal, written communication policies, palliative care and end–of–life communication.
Field education has been identified as the “signature pedagogy” social work education. The practice of having students working alongside community practitioners is almost as old as the social work profession itself. Field education, which involves students working with practicing social workers to learn the knowledge, skills, and values of the social work profession, brings the intellectual content of the classroom into focus with everyday tasks and responsibilities. Therefore, the work of community-based practitioners who supervise social work interns is essential to our profession. This book includes content on how to recruit a practicum student, as well as useful information about effective supervision, learning assessment planning and development, integration of theory and practice, helpful evaluation techniques, and teaching social work ethics. It provides an introduction to the practice of field education, along with useful recommendations about how to maximize the learning experience of practicum students. College and university social work programs provide regular orientations to their field education programs. Students should adhere to agency expectations regarding dress, language, and boundaries. Once students are aware of the agency culture, they should be held accountable for meeting those expectations. Effective communication between the academic institution and the field instructor/agency setting is indispensable to the social work practicum process. Several models exist to help students determine an ethical course of action or to resolve an ethical dilemma. Practicing as an ethical social worker requires not only knowledge of the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) Code of Ethics, but also the ability to apply sound decision-making strategies to everyday situations encountered in social work practice.
This book provides theoretical discussions of interpersonal, gender, intercultural, organizational, and media communication. Based on the author’s 35 plus years of experience as a health care provider, its goal is to enhance health care professionals’ understanding, analysis, and practice of health communication via role experiences, evaluations, and reflections. The book offers faculty, providers, and students of health communication an interactive method for exploring a wide variety of health communication interactions. It is an interactive tool to help enhance one’s understanding of provider-patient and provider-provider health communication. Health communication, regardless of the setting, is fundamentally interpersonal communication and thus, the more health care professionals understand about the theories related to interpersonal communication, the more effective they are likely to be in communicating with patients, peers, and colleagues/teammates. It expands on that work by looking at the theories related to gender communication. As will become apparent, it is very difficult to truly understand and enhance your interpersonal communication without a fundamental recognition of the role gender plays in these interactions and relationships. Health communication has been greatly impacted by the media and its ability to reach the masses. The goal for risk communication efforts is to motivate audiences to either change behaviors or prevent risk-taking activities. The book describes the communication theory attribution theory, intrapersonal and and interpersonal conflict. In organization communication, attribution theory helps to describe an individual’s emotional and behavioral responses to certain situations or stimuli. Research has shown that culture impacts health behaviors and outcomes. Therefore, it is incumbent on providers to understand that they work in a cross-cultural profession.
This book describes and analyzes nurses’ roles in select cases from disasters that have occurred in areas around the world from the late 19th century to the present. These include an outbreak of typhoid in Tasmania in 1885 to 1887; a devastating earthquake in Italy in 1908; an Ohio (USA) flood in 1913; the Alaskan influenza epidemic of 1918; the World War II bombings of London and Manchester, England, in 1941; the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, in 1941; the nuclear bombing of Hiroshima, Japan, in 1945; a destructive wild fire in Bar Harbor, Maine (USA), in 1947; the SARS crisis in Toronto, Canada, in 2003; and the effects of Hurricane Sandy on hospitals in New York City (USA) in 2012. Nurses’ actions are situated within local responses, national networks, and international aid. Nurses are a critical part of disaster response, and the book gives them a voice. Themes that recur throughout the narrative are: the notion of a nurse’s “duty to care” versus the need to protect herself or himself; the need for innovation and coordination of the response effort; and cooperation among the responders versus inherent political, racial, and interprofessional conflicts. Thus, the book examines political sensitivities, international conflicts, cultural differences, and societies’ varying professional and gendered expectations of nurses. In addition, the book highlights nurses’ voices during major World War II bombings, addressing realities that occurred during the war that have long been silenced for reasons of political and social correctness. These case studies document nurses’ roles in response to the London Blitz, the attack on Pearl Harbor, and the bombing of Hiroshima, revealing nurses’ response to these crises: their dedication to patients, their ability to triage and improvise, and their adaptation to nursing professional norms expected in various cultures.
This book enables the reader to learn information about psychosis and related illnesses, and develop an understanding of the benefits of early intervention in psychosis and skills for a successful interaction with a person with psychosis. It also helps the reader to learn strategies to support a young adult with psychosis in accessing treatment. The first chapter talks about schizophrenia spectrum disorders and its treatment options. Group therapy has shown to be highly effective in addressing symptoms and stressors associated with psychotic disorders. Chapter 2 introduces the different symptoms characteristic of a psychotic episode: positive symptoms, negative symptoms, disorganized symptoms, affective symptoms, and cognitive symptoms. Two associated symptom categories associated are abnormal motor behavior and level of insight. The third chapter provides knowledge that will be helpful in identifying if psychiatric symptoms are present and assisting when there may be concern about psychiatric stability. Chapter 4 builds on the knowledge and the skills that one has acquired and speaks specifically about assessment of safety and intervention strategies. There are a number of potential outcomes that can occur from helping a young adult with psychosis. The individual may require hospitalization in order to ensure safety and allow for the opportunity to reduce symptoms. The final chapter of the book provides a list of resources offering information on variety of mental health conditions and psychology.
The incidence of sexual assault and harassment experienced by members of the U.S. Armed Forces has reached epidemic proportions. Its victims often suffer from devastating, lifelong consequences to their careers, health, relationships, and psychological well-being. This book is written for mental health clinicians to help in understanding and treating military sexual trauma (
MST). It addresses the complex circumstances of victims of sexual abuse in the military and how clinicians can meet the unique challenges of treating these clients. The book describes how MST differs from other forms of military trauma such as combat, and discusses its prevalence, neurobiology, and social contexts as well as unique stressors of betrayal, injustice, struggles with issues of reporting and disclosure, and impact on relationships and sexuality. It reviews current evidence-based interventions and offers insights on treating specific symptoms within MST, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, substance abuse, sleep disorders, and sexual dysfunction. Chapters discuss how a variety of psychotherapies can be used to treat MST, including prolonged exposure, cognitive processing, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing ( EMDR), Seeking Safety, acceptance and commitment therapy, and somatic experiencing, as well as the Warrior Renew MST group therapy program. Clinicians who work with veterans and active duty personnel will find the book an essential guide to working with MST survivors.
This book on leadership and management includes all of the basic content that registered nurse (RN) -to- bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) students need. It is organized into 5 parts comprising 17 chapters. Part I provides introductory information such as leadership attributes, leadership and management roles in professional nursing, and foundational aspects of leadership. Part II discusses leadership skills that are essential to the practice of nursing. Those skills include handling stress, setting priorities, managing time, communication, accountability, delegation, teams, problem solving, decision-making, and confliict resolution. Given the need for nurses to lead us to a preferred healthcare future, Part III focuses on leading change. The book introduces the readers to the factors that influence organizational culture, innovation, change, power, politics, and managing quality and safety. Part IV concentrates on the business aspect of healthcare by reviewing how to manage human and fiscal resources. Finally, Part V of the book helps the reader to contemplate his or her evolution as a professional by discussing how to integrate leadership and management competencies into his or her nursing practice. Although one book cannot cover all aspects of leadership and management, our goal is to provide a core framework and useful skills and strategies to successfully lead nursing and healthcare forward. Each chapter of the book contains essential information that acknowledges the prior learning experience of the practicing nurse who is now an RN-to-BSN or RN-to-master of science in nursing student. Each chapter begins with a brief overview of specific leadership and management topics. The book presents case scenarios throughout the chapters to help readers apply the information to practical situations. It provides concise and application-based examples that help promote selfgrowth as a professional.
This book provides useful empirical information about male juvenile delinquents and serves as a model training manual for new programs and people working in existing rehabilitation programs. It also provides guidelines for developing policy on the rehabilitation of juvenile delinquents. The book can be used as a resource for academicians and others who teach courses on juvenile delinquency and assigned as a supplementary textbook for students learning about juvenile delinquency, juvenile justice, and mental health. The authors of the book take a multidisciplinary approach that will appeal to everyone who thinks about juvenile delinquency: politicians, judges, police, teachers, clinicians, social workers, educators, and students of criminology, criminal justice, juvenile delinquency, family violence, sociology, psychology, and counseling. This approach appeals to undergraduate students in liberal arts programs that require them to take courses in multiple disciplines, and to graduate students in the mental health fields whose undergraduate training varies. The book also consists of six case histories of boys who resided at Ocean Tides. The information was culled from their files, the clinical consultant’s interviews with the boys when they were in residence, and aftercare information. These cases were selected to provide a sampling of the Ocean Tides boys; their backgrounds, personal, and psychological hurdles; and the outcome of their experience at Ocean Tides.
This book provides a foundation for counselors planning to supervise clinicians working with individuals and groups, attain leadership positions within an agency, or open their own professional practice. It encompasses key information about supervisory roles and responsibilities, ethics, multicultural issues, evaluation, and due-process procedures along with administrative issues such as agency leadership, budgeting, information management, crisis management, and quality-improvement practices. The book is divided into two sections: supervision and agency management. Chapters 1 to 4 are dedicated to issues related specifically to the supervisory process, such as roles and responsibilities, ethics, and various due-process procedures. Individual and groups supervision, ethical issues in supervisory relationship as well as developmental models, counseling theory-based models, and social role models of supervision are also discussed. Chapters 5 to 10 focus on the aspects of agency management (including issues that pertain to private practice) that may be less familiar to counselors. Here, chapters focus on budgeting, information management, leadership, and marketing. The budgeting chapter gives the reader information about how to financially plan and provides the information in a very accessible manner. Another chapter in this section enables assisting supervisors, counselor educators, and agency managers to understand the nature of critical incidents and crisis response and subsequently develop the strategies necessary to incorporate this important concept into practice.
Play therapy has been recognized in the counseling profession as a developmentally appropriate model for working with children and adolescents. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to structured, prescriptive approaches to play therapy to those desiring to gain more information and knowledge about the use of different directive play therapy modalities. It introduces the unique integration of play therapy and different theoretical models and encompasses the essential concepts and practices of directive play therapy. Most importantly, the book shares some guidelines for planning and selecting toys and materials for a directive approach. It also incorporates settings and skills necessary for effective implementation and addresses common questions asked about the use of these. The book provides the exploration and detailed description of various theoretical approaches to directive play therapy: post-Jungian directive sandtray in play therapy, solution-focused play therapy, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing and play therapy, directive play therapy techniques in trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy, child parent relationship therapy, creativity in play therapy using technology, directive filial therapy models with very young children, humanistic sandtray therapy with children and adults, and directive approaches to working with parents. The distinctive techniques and processes of each of these approaches are explained. Finally, case examples are given to demonstrate their application and implementation.
Practicing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy With Children and Adolescents:A Guide for Students and Early Career Professionals
This book is dedicated specifically to increasing the confidence and professional competence of graduate students and early career professionals who use cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with children and adolescents. It shows some opening remarks for mental health professionals (MHPs) and trainees who are new to doing CBT and positive psychology (PP) treatments with kids suffering from an internalizing disorder. Behavioral activation is a tried-and-true stable of CBT. A common presenting complaint among depressed or stressed kids is poor sleep. The book shows some of the strategies for combating insomnia. Problem solving is another staple of CBT. The methodology for problem solving is a little bit different if it is done with an individual kid or in a family session. The factors to be considered to introduce communications training and problem solving in a family or an individual session are: age, maturity level, and psychological mindedness of the child. Exposure procedure is used for kids who are treated for anxiety. This chapter shows a list of common exposures among anxious youth. Physiological calming and coping thoughts are the two popular techniques for supporting exposures. Involving the parent is often key with doing exposures. The book also presents some of the principles and methodologies with regard to parent interactions. It is important for parents to be open with their kid about their thinking about the value of a mental health evaluation. Sometimes parents ask for guidance about how to have the discussion with their kid.
A Guide to the Standard EMDR Therapy Protocols for Clinicians, Supervisors, and Consultants, 2nd Edition
The book describes updated information on mechanisms of action of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (
EMDR) therapy. It delivers clear, concise treatment guidelines for students, practicing clinicians, supervisors, clinic directors, and hospital administrators involved in the treatment of those with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Specific Phobias, and Panic Disorder. In EMDR therapy, various strategies can be employed to support the goals of stabilization and symptom reduction. Some stabilization strategies commonly used in EMDR therapy were developed in other traditions such as progressive relaxation, self-hypnosis, biofeedback, and meditation. The book provides an overview of the standard eight-phase model of EMDR therapy and the general three-pronged protocol that provides the framework for the specific treatment protocols for diagnostic groups. It briefly touches on clinical situations where the general principle of treatment planning based on the three-pronged protocol must give way to an initially inverted protocol for treatment planning that starts with reprocessing targets in the future, then on the present, and addresses past targets only after significant treatment gains have been achieved. The book explores the theoretical and practical aspects of the EMDR therapy approach to case formulation, treatment planning, and selecting and preparing patients with PTSD and other post-traumatic syndromes for EMDR reprocessing. Screening for a possible dissociative disorder is essential before offering EMDR reprocessing on either traumatic targets or resource installation. Case studies with transcripts illustrate the different protocols and further guide practitioners of EMDR therapy in informed decision-making.
This book provides a comprehensive model for effectively blending the two main postmodern brief therapy approaches: solution focused and narrative therapies. It harnesses the power of both models the strengths-based, problem-solving approach of solution focused therapy (SFT) and the value-honoring and re-descriptive approach of narrative therapy to offer brief, effective help to clients that builds on their strengths and abilities to envision and craft preferred outcomes. The book provides an overview of the history of both models and outlines their differences, similarities, limitations, and strengths. It then demonstrates how to blend these two approaches in working with such issues as trauma, addictions, grief, relationship issues, family therapy, and mood issues. Each concern is illustrated using a case study from practice that focuses on individual adults, adolescents, children, or families. Sample client dialogues and forms are included to help the clinician guide clients in practice. SFT has provided therapists with new tools for working with clients who are dealing with substance abuse. The book provides a summary of research findings that have shown the effectiveness of the solution focused approach over the problem-focused approach. The narrative model invites clients to construct a new presentation in a problematic story (narrative) and develop a script for a preferred future (solution focused), with a newly crafted character, instigating new strategies for actions (solution focused), based on exceptions.
This book provides a unique resource guide with practical application for graduate students, counselor educators and supervisors, and mental health practitioners to prepare to meet the intense challenges of disaster response in the 21st century. Each section of the book defines, describes, and applies the knowledge, awareness, and skills to work in a variety of disaster mental health counseling scenarios. Considerations are given to working with a variety of different cultures and special populations. Chapters cover the medical aspects such as blast wounds, psychosocial adjustment issues such as chronic illnesses and disabilities (CIDs), career transitions and clinical interventions in disaster mental health counseling. Survivors of mass violence are at high risk for a wide range of psychiatric, neurobehavioral, and neurocognitive disorders as a result of experiencing extraordinary stressful and traumatic events. One of the chapters offers a description of the empathy fatigue construct as it relates to other professional fatigue syndromes, a recently developed tool, Global Assessment of Empathy Fatigue (GAEF). The book goes beyond the traditional counseling theories and interventions text in that it offers real-world functional assessments, explains culturally relevant interventions, and provides readers with a structured approach for healing trauma; the Personal Growth Program to Heal Trauma (PGP-HT).
This book addresses the new concerns people have about children who have early and easy access to the Internet and digital technologies. The chapters address a variety of components of virtual experiences from sexting to distracted driving to the impact of autism on Internet addiction in children, resulting in what are possibly the most comprehensive reference and guidance materials today. The book identifies signs of problem Internet behavior among children, even at the earliest ages. It addresses the psychological, social, and family conditions for those most at risk and how to combat the use of technology that replaces important face-to-face social relationships. The first section of the book talks about the risk factors such as problematic and risky media use, smartphone addiction, narcissism, sexting, and internet and gaming addiction, and the impact of the risk factors. The last chapter in this section discusses parental mental health and internet addiction in adolescents. Prevention and treatment of the internet addiction are dealt with in the second section of the book. This covers issues such as preventing teen drivers and digital distractions, electronic screen syndrome, and initiatives such as the IMPROVE tool to assist families and clinicians, and the Family, Integrated Treatment, Social Connection–Internet Addiction (FITSC-IA) for treating adolescent internet addiction. The book ends with a chapter on maintaining student cyberhealth by discussing the concept of screen smart schools.
This book is for nurse leaders of the future. It speaks to clinicians who are experts in patient care and are now on a path toward leadership. Several clinician leaders offer their insights in their chapters, while other scenarios and examples drawn from practice appear throughout the book. This book is offered as a resource to those embarking on a journey toward transformational leadership. This work is neither a comprehensive encyclopedia for healthcare leadership nor a traditional text in nursing management. Rather, its purpose is to identify some key issues related to leadership development and contexts for transformational leaders in healthcare. The book is meant to introduce the clinical expert to important issues in their own aspirations toward becoming a leader. It provides a guide to focused current literature and experts on a variety of issues that healthcare leaders face. In this third edition, the authors have made changes to update the messages for present-day and future readers. This new edition expands the scope of leadership to encompass emerging healthcare contexts, transformation of vision, and practice innovations; presents a new chapter describing emerging contexts for healthcare and how to build a respectful culture in which emerging leaders can thrive; and includes a new chapter addressing transformative leadership vis-à-vis changing health care perspectives. It also presents cases and reflective questions that help students apply the theoretical content to their own situations and generate discussion across cohorts of students.
The nurse executive must navigate a healthcare environment with competing priorities and conflicting pressures. The rapid changes and economic demands in healthcare present challenges and ethical dilemmas for the nurse executive. The nurse executive is to be professionally and morally responsible to meet the expectation of the role in accordance with ethical standards of the nursing profession. Professional moral courage (
PMC) is the quality necessary to influence decisions and actions when advocating for the nurse and the patient that also benefits the organization. The nurse executive has an enormous amount of responsibility and accountability for how the organization delivers care and for maintaining the balance between quality and cost. Setting priorities and developing strategies to position the nursing department and the overall organization for effective growth is a necessity. Leading a healthcare organization and redesigning the way it delivers care requires PMC. The literature confirms a gap in the field regarding the construct of PMCin the nurse executive population. Therefore, identifying PMCas a recognized executive leadership competency sets the expectation for nurse executive practice. This book provides information and guides nurse executive practice and promotes the PMCcompetency framework. The objectives for this book include the following: provide the nurse executive with a foundation and understanding of PMC; discuss current healthcare challenges and dilemmas; review why PMCis important to the nurse executive role; describe the ethical components and decision-making in executive leadership; identify what is needed for the ability to lead with PMC; examine a measurement tool to evaluate PMCfor existing and future nurse executive professional development; and provide guidance on how a nurse executive may develop and enhance PMC.
This book can serve as a guided learning text for any student, practitioner, educator, or administrator needing a graceful and inviting guide to translate and integrate the complexities of the abstract, philosophical-ethical worldview underlying the Human Caring Theory; finding ways to live out into concrete daily self-caring practices. It is organized into two sections containing 15 chapters. The book is arranged to provide a simple and direct method for learning about and working with Watson’s Theory of Human Caring. The first chapter describes the use of mindfulness to cultivate understanding of Watson’s Theory of Caring. Chapters two to four presents overview of Watson’s theory, Nhat Hanh’s mindfulness practices and perspectives, and Layers of Caring and Mindful Influence. Chapters five to fourteen describe each of Watson’s 10 Caritas Processes along with project abstracts that illustrate integration of the theory into professional practice in a variety of areas. The 10 Caritas Processes are as follows: embrace altruistic values and practice loving kindness with self and others; enable faith and hope, and honor others; be sensitive to self and others by nurturing individual beliefs and practices; develop helping-trusting-caring relationships; promote and accept positive and negative feelings as you authentically listen to another’s story; use creative scientific problem-solving methods for caring decision making and creative solution-seeking; share teaching and learning that addresses individual needs and comprehension styles; create a healing environment for the physical and spiritual self that respects human dignity; assist with basic physical, emotional, and spiritual human needs; and open to mystery and allow miracles to enter. The concluding chapter provides caring touchstones to support caring consciousness in day-to-day settings.
Preparation for board examinations can be a daunting and an overwhelming process for many of us. Trainees are often busy with research projects, manuscripts, and a large clinical volume, making it difficult to find time to study for board examinations. Practicing physicians find it hard to keep up on material needed for board recertification. Questions on the board examinations are drawn from well-established, validated medical literature and widely accepted clinical guidelines. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the field of radiation oncology. The format has been designed to efficiently test and reinforce knowledge of key concepts, critical studies, and major clinical guidelines, with the most important radiation oncology citations included. From trainees preparing for their board exams to practicing physicians looking for a review or preparing for the maintenance of certification exam, whether it be a few minutes between patients or a dedicated study session, the book will an invaluable resource to the radiation oncology community. The book is organized into ten chapters. It covers oncology topics such as head and neck cancers, central nervous system cancers, breast cancer, thoracic cancers, gastrointestinal cancers, genitourinary cancers, gynecologic cancers, lymphomas, soft tissue sarcoma, and pediatric cancers. Each chapter has detailed questions covering natural history, epidemiology, diagnosis, staging, treatment options, and treatment-related side effects all in a newly configured format.
Delivering Culturally Competent Nursing Care, 2nd Edition:Working With Diverse and Vulnerable Populations
Nurses who provide care that is culturally congruent with patientsâ€™ healthcare values and beliefs are better able to promote health among culturally diverse populations, prevent complications from delayed treatment, and ensure quality care for all patients. By identifying populations at high risk for disease, and delivering effective and culturally appropriate care, nurses help reduce healthcare costs and healthcare disparities at the same time. However, despite the rapidly increasing body of knowledge on cultural competency, the goals of becoming culturally competent and reducing healthcare disparities are not easy to achieve. Many nurses continue to express concern and confusion about what it really means to be culturally competent. The author takes the position that the process always begins with the nurseâ€™s careful self-assessment. The book is divided into 14 chapters. The Staircase Model, developed by the author and presented in Chapter 1, assists nurses in this process. By applying the Staircase Self-Assessment Model, nurses are guided toward a conscientious self-reflection that enables them to determine their personal level of cultural competency in the care of a particular patient population. Chapter 2 offers a description of current cultural assessment models to be used by the nurse to explore the patientâ€™s cultural background and healthcare needs. Chapter 3 focuses on nursesâ€™ interactions with one another as colleagues when there are language or cultural differences between them. In Chapters 4 through 14, the reader explores topics and case examples that focus on more challenging nurseâ€“patient situations. The journey to cultural competency is one of ongoing, conscientious self-reflection, cultural assessment, and collaboration between the patient and the nurse. The book offers nurse readers a step-by-step approach to developing those skills.
With the move towards assuring the public that nursing students are graduating with the needed competencies to step into their very important careers, competency-based education (
CBE) has become increasingly important. This book describes how competence is the outcome and how nursing students can rise to meet the cognitive, psychomotor, and affective skills needed to become professional nurses that make a positive impact on the health of individuals, families, and communities. The Coronavirus ( COVID-19) crisis has underscored the importance of CBE. Nurse educators throughout the country have analyzed standards, criteria, regulations, and student learning outcomes to define the competencies needed during this disruptive time in nursing education. Nurse educators have creatively and innovatively assisted nursing students to meet the needed competencies in alternative formats, thereby ensuring graduates will have the cognitive, psychomotor, and affective skills needed to become excellent professional nurses. The book is arranged to assist nurse educators to understand and reflect on the concepts and components of CBE, as well as the pragmatic implementation of CBE. It is a clear, succinct tool needed by nurse educators to move from a traditional nursing curriculum to one that ensures that nursing students are ready for today’s healthcare challenges. This book format uses examples and evidence to assist nurse educators to take the first steps in moving a nursing program towards a CBEand ensuring nursing graduates are ready to face evolving healthcare needs and future events.
Disability Across the Developmental Lifespan, 2nd Edition:An Introduction for the Helping Professions
This is the only book to examine the experience of disability in relation to theories of human growth and development. It provides a foundational and comprehensive examination of disability that encompasses the intellectual, psychiatric, physical, and social arenas. The second edition is updated to underscore its versatility as an introductory text about the developmental tasks of people with disabilities for all the helping professions. Reorganized to illuminate the book’s interdisciplinary focus, it includes new demographics, new case studies and first-person accounts, discussions on cultural aspects of disabilities, family concerns, and more. The book delivers practice guidelines for each of the conventional life stages and describes the developmental tasks of individuals with disabilities (
IWDs). It emphasizes the positive trend in the perception of IWDsas normal and underscores the fact that IWDshave the same motivations, emotions, and goals as those without disabilities. In this second edition, three new components have been added: The Family and Disability; Cultural, Developmental Stages, and Disability; and Intersectionality and Disability. Intersectionality refers to the experiences of individuals when they experience prejudice or discrimination from more than one source, such as a person with disabilities who is African American, or elderly, or a woman, or all of these identities. There are several sections at the end of each chapter to provide further learning experiences and to allow students to engage more fully in the information presented. Students will be able to integrate the material in the textbook, class discussion, additional readings, and topics of personal interest.
Over the years there has been a call and mandates by national originations such as the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN), Institute of Medicine (IOM), and American Nurses Association (ANA) that nurses have more technology skills to meet ever-evolving workforce demands in the newer high-tech healthcare practice environments. This book provides a basic understanding of technology requirements using nursing informatics (NI) knowledge and skills needed in today's practice workforce as well as the basic considerations needed for professional development and lifelong learning. First it provides a foundation explaining the rapid evolution and importance of NI. The book then provides the basics to understating the primary tool used by nurses in today's clinical practice—the computer—as well as other technology and software needed in practice. It presents case scenarios and critical thinking questions and activities to engage the reader and enhance understanding of concepts. The book takes the reader further into clinical application such as general, everyday uses in project management as correlated with the nursing process, applications of NI and computer concepts used in research, as well as how NI and technology tie into and support education. It provides an overview of the connection between data, information, knowledge, and wisdom; definitions for quality and data quality; and criteria for quality data and information during input, storage, and at retrieval, display, and printing. The book also reviews competencies needed by the baccalaureate-prepared nurse in today's healthcare setting to recognize data quality, problems with data quality, and corrective measures.
A major challenge for nurses including faculty, clinicians and students has been, and continues to be, to engage in more scholarly writing. This book defines scholarly writing as writing that involves the transfer of new knowledge. The types of scholarly writing explored in the book are not limited to publications in research and practice journals but also proposals, abstracts, letters, articles in popular press including newspapers, magazines, blogs, and more. Knowledge moves through the discipline of nursing in many ways. The results of rigorous research which document effective and efficient strategies to improve patient outcomes are only widely available when the findings are published. The outcomes of evidence based practice projects, quality improvement projects, or other scholarly projects are commonly reported only within the local organization where the project is conducted. Widely accessible publication of information about best practices is vital for those practices to be extensively distributed to improve the care for a larger number of patients. Publication is a much more than a nice hobby when time is available, it is essential to improve patient outcomes. If you have knowledge that is not widely known, it is your professional responsibility to publish that knowledge. The value of this book is that it explains how to disseminate new knowledge to improve patient care. This book is an excellent resource for authors who want to publish their scholarly products. It is especially insightful with strategies to avoid common pitfalls in the authorship trajectory. Scholarly writing skills matter. The good news is that scholarly writing skills can be learned. The book wisely starts with an in-depth examination of strategies to overcome typical barriers to starting the writing process by acknowledging authorship ambivalence. It also addresses the challenge of revising papers as well as coauthorship issues.
Understanding the undergraduate college financial aid application process is daunting enough, but entering the unknown nuances of graduate nursing financial aid, which encompasses need- and merit-based grants, scholarships, stipends, “tuition free” work requirements, loan options, loan repayments, and loan forgiveness, can be overwhelming. The good news is that this book offers constructive guidance, substantive information on financial strategies, and how to let Uncle Sam not only support your grad college costs with free money but also assist with using tax initiatives for help with mortgages and retirement. The authors tried to take into account that there are many profiles of a graduate nursing student: a single student in his or her twenties going from undergrad to a master’s in nursing education (
MSN) program, a nurse who decides to return to grad school after working for several years, or a nurse who has a family with kids in college or who are about to enter college. Regardless of the student’s profile, the authors have provided case studies that the reader can identify with and consider real-life funding solutions. The book offers advice on how, when, and why to appeal a grad nursing financial aid offer—and how to interact and develop a “partnership” with the financial aid office. This comprehensive guide gives nursing students a road map to paying for their advanced nursing degrees. It offers much-needed direction for navigating the complex problem of paying for an advanced nursing degree. The book is meant to be the reader’s financial aid advocate. It provides insight into three key areas: how to overcome unintentional college financial aid barriers and how to manage change; new financial planning strategies to ensure future financial success; and the latest tax planning innovations for your greatest financial return.
This book is an overview about how cannabinoids can play an integral part in a patient’s pain management treatment plan. It is a resource for anyone working with patients experiencing chronic noncancer related pain, including physician assistants, nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists, and bedside nurses. The book provides an unbiased look into how cannabis has helped with pain management for thousands of years and what is driving the resurgence in patient use. The opioid crisis has reached epidemic proportions with 130 people dying daily from complications of opioid use. Cannabis may be a way to combat the crisis, help relieve pain, and reverse opioid addiction rates. Right now, patients are self-medicating throughout the country with no supervision from their medical providers. It is estimated there are 3.5 million patients in the United States who are using medical marijuana to treat a myriad of ailments. The book is intended to be a tool to answer basic questions about medical cannabis and how it works in the body and gives an overview of the endocannabinoid system. The goal is to give the tools to provide unbiased, accurate information that one can share with one’s patients. Cannabis has many benefits being discovered daily, but it is also a drug, not a miracle cure. The book is structured into six parts. Part I discusses the opioid epidemic. Part II provides an overview of cannabis. Part III discusses cannabinoids, terpenes, synthetic cannabinoids, and cannabinoid isolates. Part IV describes medical marijuana. Part V is on chronic pain management. Part IV explores the role of cannabinoids in the opioid crisis.
This book is an excellent introduction to nursing at the master’s level. It addresses a gap in literature regarding nonadvanced practice nursing degrees. The book focuses on key roles in both direct and indirect care settings as identified by the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN). It provides a different perspective on the role of the nurse functioning within an interprofessional or interdisciplinary team, while providing tools that can be applied quickly. The book is organized into five sections comprising 16 chapters that can be extremely helpful to nurses moving toward the next level of their careers. Section one describes nursing history, nursing process, nursing theory selection, nursing research ethics, and clinical ethics and the role of the master’s-prepared nurse (MSN). Section two discusses the various roles of MSN such as clinical nurse leader, nurse educator, and advanced practice nurse. Section three presents the indirect care roles of MSN: public health nurse, informaticist, and nurse executive. Section four discusses MSN as change agent, AACN essentials, and Interprofessional collaboration. The final section focuses on special topics such as considerations for lifelong learning, self-care, and mentoring. The book could be introduced to students at the BSN level to help them make career choices as they move forward with their careers.
Understanding and managing technology is a key component in providing quality patient care today. This book delivers required competencies and frameworks for both nursing education and practice, expanding upon integral systems and technologies within one’s healthcare system and their impact on the responsibilities of the individual nurse. Highlighting the intricacies within a specialized approach to healthcare data, data mining, and data organization, this resource connects day-to-day informatics practices to larger initiatives and perspectives. Clear and concise synopses of healthcare essentials, case studies, and abundant practical examples help readers understand how health informatics improves patient care within the nursing scope of practice. Thought-provoking questions in each chapter facilitate in-depth considerations about chapter content. The book provides a broad overview of informatics knowledge to empower nurses to be thoughtful and participate in the capture, storage, and use of data to optimize patient outcomes. Technology is changing rapidly in healthcare, and this book provides a primer for noninformatics nurses who wish to know more about data and how those data affect healthcare. It explains the importance of informatics and informatics competencies and provides the core of the informatics architecture, including the electronic health record and decision support tools. The text concludes with information related to the ethical, legal, and social issues related to informatics and the user experience.
Choosing the journey to pursue a doctoral degree is an exciting time but can also be an arduous experience. The authors believed that it would be extremely helpful to have a practical guidebook that clearly identified the options available to a nurse with a
DNPdegree. This book provides a current overview of the roles that can be held by DNP-prepared nurses and how to successfully use the degree to enhance an individual’s practice choices. It emphasizes the different role options available to nurses pursuing the DNPdegree, including those who remain at the bedside or the clinic and those who assume leadership and faculty positions. This engaging handbook delivers practical guidance on the burgeoning roles and career opportunities afforded by the DNPdegree, as well as the knowledge and skills required for career advancement. It provides students and professionals with a fundamental understanding of the value of the DNPdegree and how it supports opportunities for nurses to shape the future of health care at academic, policy, organizational, site, and patient-care levels. Following an overview of the DNPdegree along with a discussion of key competencies required for success in any DNParena, the guide examines the various roles a DNPgraduate can hold. The chapters highlight potential career paths, education and certification requirements, opportunities and challenges, and the integration of relevant American Association of Colleges of Nursing DNPEssentials. The book delivers practical guidance on the DNPdegree, potential roles, and career opportunities, describes how to integrate DNPEssentials into practice, and discusses key competencies required for success in any DNProle. It illustrates potential career paths with education and certification requirements, promotes self-reflection with thought-provoking questions, and includes resources for further exploration.
This book is a practical guide for professionals to better understand how grief impacts the lives of bereaved children and how they can provide a safe place for grieving children and their families to find support. The information provided comes from the authors’ personal experiences working with children and their families over the past three decades. It provides a theoretical model for understanding childhood grief due to death as a natural, transitional experience that is an integral part of a child’s development into healthy adulthood. The first chapter, Understanding Childhood Grief and the Bereavement Professional’s Role, presents five universal realities of grief. The second chapter, Impact of Grief on Children, describes common grief reactions in children and factors that influence childhood grief. The third chapter talks about suicide, homicide, sudden death, and illness. The fourth and fifth chapters: Death of a Parent, and Death of Other Family Members, describes the strengths of parent/child relationship, sibling relationship, and grandparent/grandchild relationships. These first five chapters provide a framework for understanding how grief impacts the lives of children and how their surrounding circumstances further influence their reactions to grief. The sixth and seventh chapters explore the factors that promote health in grieving children and modes of helping. The eighth chapter describes the grief support settings for bereaved children. The ninth chapter presents activities that engage children, and the tenth chapter discusses professional accountability and ethical considerations. The last five chapters offer a structure for professionals to provide support to bereaved children and their families. This book also presents “How to Help” sections that offer practical ways professionals can be supportive to bereaved children and their families.
Guided Participation in Pediatric Nursing Practice:Relationship-Based Teaching and Learning With Parents, Children, and Adolescents
A central activity of the nursing care process is observation and incorporation of the child’s behavioral expression of strengths, limitations, and achievements as well as physical, emotional, and developmental challenges. This book describes the critical nature of clinician–parent relationships as clinicians care for children who are ill or healthy and in need of health promotional and illness prevention care; hence, the content is appropriate for all clinicians. Guided participation (GP) draws on, articulates with, and utilizes the theoretical perspectives of many disciplines, including cultural and educational anthropology, education science, communication science, and the science of relationships. The book offers a systematic, principled, and dynamic approach that engages with the child and family in ways that support the parent’s development of health- and complex-care competence. It shows how shared attention and understanding between clinician and parent can enable joint problem solving and activities that lead to parent confidence and competence in health-related tasks. The book is organized into four sections comprising 24 chapters. The first section discusses the underpinnings of guided participation in nursing. The second section describes guided participation from the perinatal period through infancy. The last two sections explore guided participation in caring for children with acute and chronic conditions, and in mental and behavioral health of children and families. To make the content on GP and the associated theoretical perspectives easily comprehensible, the book uses case examples of conditions that pose care challenges, such as extreme prematurity, congenital heart disease, technological dependence, cancer, and seizure disorder. It illustrates how complex communication and reflection processes help parents and clinicians make shared treatment decisions that reflect both clinical realities and family values.
Fast Facts to Loving your Research Project:A Stress-Free Guide for Novice Researchers in Nursing and Healthcare
This innovative resource is a user-friendly introduction to evidence-based practice and other types of research-based initiatives that improve patient outcomes. Using a method formed through years of teaching experience, the author translates the difficult and sometimes confusing language of research into everyday vocabulary, linking complicated concepts with easily understood scenarios. Written in quick-access Fast Facts style, the book presents knowledge in a consistent, step-by-step format characterized by bite-sized information. Each chapter opens with learning objectives that unfold into new concepts, followed by everyday life examples. Fast Facts boxes, systematized tables, and new vocabulary reinforce learning and highlight key concepts. This application-based approach helps students question their preconceived notions about research and then engage in it with a newfound confidence. The approach teaches the reader not only how to conduct a first research project but also how to construct an argument, a theory, and critically explore a belief. This method of conducting research engages the reader in active problem-solving, asking the right questions, finding answers, and being able to understand even the most complex problems. The book is divided into three sections: Part I: Define, Clarify, Search, Prepare introduces the reader to the vocabulary of research methods and the importance of defining the problem, identifying the discrepancy, and clarifying the specific problem at hand and the factors that are possible contributors to it. Part II: Starting the Actual Project investigates qualitative and quantitative research designs, methods of data collection, the reliability and validity of data, the sample from the population, and the ethical and legal considerations of engaging in research. Part III: Test, Analyze, Discuss dedicates to the proper collection and analysis of the data. The book also presents an easy guide through the steps needed to be taken when embarking on a research project.
Each individual is complex, and, as such, is an integral part of many distinct populations or groups. Such groups can be categorized based on the geographical location where people reside or by more specific personal information such as gender, age, race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, or presence of a specific diagnosis or health condition. Unlike traditional textbooks that begin with extensive reviews of historical facts and gradually develop topics over several chapters, this book aims to prepare nurses and student nurses for practical, evidence-based application from page one. It is divided into five overarching sections, each exploring population health in the following settings: community based; home care and rural; school-based and primary care; medical homes and palliative care; and acute and long-term care. Sections begin with an overview chapter introducing readers to fundamental concepts about the setting and groups served therein, including characteristic trends, expenditures, and critical concepts. Overview chapters are followed by more succinct chapters highlighting specific populations across the life span and the diseases, illnesses, or healthy/risky behaviors common to them. Chapter topics include nurse advocacy and policy roles; care access; emergency preparedness; community resiliency; infectious and chronic disease prevention, care, and outcomes; obesity, addiction, alcohol use, and anxiety disorders; perinatal death; medication management; and emergency department use and misuse. Chapters include populations living at home, in rural settings, or on college campuses; the homeless, Veteran, and immigrant populations; and those utilizing primary care offices, medical homes, and acute and long-term care facilities. Strategies, resources, and data are used to exemplify the nursing role when caring for individual people who compose larger populations with similar outcomes. Chapters conclude with case studies written from the nurse’s perspective in each setting. Sample questions and answers with rationale are provided to help the reader integrate the information learned into practical application.
This book takes a look at the underlying causes of resisting cognitive-emotional-behavioral change and the methods used to overcome them. Written in present-action language, it gives an overview of the basic principles of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy and Cognitive Behavior Therapy. The book presents the changes in the field that have taken place in the 20 years leading up to 2002, and integrates recent therapies into REBT, including psychotherapy, solution-focused therapy, and recent findings of experimental psychology. Resistance can be “natural”, or those resulting from emotional disturbance, extreme low frustration tolerance, fear of disclosure and shame, and feelings of hopelessness, among others. The book presents methods of contradicting and actively working against irrational beliefs that can be used with some of the most difficult clients. The book describes using REBT to overcome resistance with clients who have severe personality disorders. REBT counselors following REBT theory, welcome cultural (and other) diversity. They encourage their clients to stick to whatever customs and mores with which they were raised and to enjoy the unique advantages of these traditions.
This is a compilation of over 40 diverse nurse leaders, innovators, and entrepreneurs, each possessing the same mentality—to change the face of healthcare by thinking outside the norm and moving past traditions. This compilation of stories portrays the winding and demanding paths that nurses have braved in order to improve themselves and the care for their patients. These rebel nurses push the boundaries of their profession by demanding a seat at the table of healthcare innovation, lobbying on Capitol Hill, expanding their horizons to fix the broken healthcare systems around the world, and valuing the humanity of the inevitable moments at life’s end. The book presents a personalized plan for success by using motivational introductions, rebel nurse’s progress notes, and thought-provoking questions. It helps nurses at all career levels embrace and develop leadership potential to effect change in healthcare. The book draws on the leadership expertise of internationally recognized nurse innovators, entrepreneurs, and leaders to mentor and inspire the reader, and provides powerful tools to help nurses evolve in their roles as innovators. It explains the “Five ‘Rights’ of Healthcare Innovation” and other innovative methodologies to spur creative problem-solving.
Teaching nursing is both a science and an art. As a science, the scholarship of teaching is focused on describing, explaining, implementing, evaluating, and disseminating evidence-based teaching-learning strategies to prepare graduates who will contribute to improving patient and healthcare outcomes. As an art, teaching nursing demands creativity and innovation from both the learner and the educator. Learners are expected to demonstrate willingness to participate in the learning activity, be present in the moment, and cultivate an attitude of self-reflection after each learning opportunity. This book showcases exemplars of teaching strategies and innovation from national and international leaders in academia that advance and elevates the science and art of teaching both at the undergraduate and graduate level. It affirms that nursing education is a specialty area of practice and an advanced practice role within the discipline of nursing. This book will support educators in meeting these expectations by providing evidence-based teaching strategies that have influenced both undergraduate and graduate student nursing learning outcomes positively. Further, the book describes teaching that exemplifies nursing education as a dynamic and symbiotic process that draws its energy from the meaningful interactions between the learners and its facilitators. It attempts to capture that energy that educators can use to inspire and motivate learners and further fuel their drive for excellence in teaching. Each book entry is organized in a consistent format to facilitate ease in adopting the teaching strategy. The outcomes-focused teaching strategies also include a discussion of the evidence base that supports the teaching strategy, a description and implementation process of the teaching strategy, the methods or proposed methods to measure its effectiveness, and how they are linked with student-centered competencies and nursing education accreditation standards.
This book primarily benefits those who do not know a lot about eating disorders or who have not had any formal education with respect to the complexities of these disorders. This book is organized into several parts designed to address different aspects of eating disorders. The part I describes what eating disorders are and who develops them, including a brief history as well as signs and symptoms of the disorders, and who is likely or less likely to develop an eating disorder. Part II of the book describes factors that can be considered risk factors, co-occurring factors, or consequences of having an eating disorder. These factors are discussed in terms of whether they are biological or medical, psychological, interpersonal, or sociocultural in nature. The part III guides the reader through how to identify those who might be at risk for developing an eating disorder and how to effectively refer someone for an evaluation. This section includes a discussion of what types of professionals should be part of treating someone with an eating disorder and important sources of support who should be involved in the treatment process or kept informed about how treatment is progressing. The part IV describes prevention and treatment efforts commonly used and a brief overview of their effectiveness. It also includes a chapter on identifying and managing one's own emotional reactions to someone with an eating disorder. Finally, the book concludes with several scenarios designed to illustrate for the reader what an eating disorder might "look like" in the real world and what initial treatment efforts might entail.
This second edition of Pocket Guide to Radiation Oncology provides an updated and rapid review of the existing standard of care and the most relevant literature. Like the first edition, this quick pocket-sized reference can be carried for a quick review instead of heavy textbooks often filled with esoteric topics and lengthy minutiae. The book has new chapters on the growing areas of oligometastatic disease, benign indications, and proton therapy. The book comprises 55 chapters organized by site-specific diseases: central nervous system neoplasms, head and neck cancers, thoracic cancers, breast cancer, gastrointestinal cancers, gynecologic cancers, genitourinary cancers, lymphoma, sarcoma, skin cancers, pediatric malignancies, metastatic disease, and benign indications. The chapters present must-know key points, including treatment options by stage, technical considerations, and important items for follow-up. Clinical pearls and tables covering treatment options, dose constraints, side effects, target delineations, and treatment planning complete each chapter. The chapters conclude with a list of selected, summarized studies relevant to the disease. The book takes an efficient and no-frills approach to fundamental topics in the field, making it the perfect reference for a quick review for the board exam or
MOCand even serving as a handy reference during a case review at a tumor board. The book provides essential, quick reference appendices on radiation therapy symptom management, normal tissue tolerance constraints, and radiation therapy and new systemic agents.
The only policy text written specifically for
APRNstudents, this preeminent resource delivers a sweeping examination of policy impact on the full implementation of the APRNrole across all environments, including its effectiveness on specific patient populations. The expanded third edition–containing six new chapters–includes expanded information on policy analysis, nursing roles, and the impact of technology. It provides practical knowledge on developing policy to advocate for vulnerable populations–bolstered by case examples–and discusses how interprofessional education has changed and will continue to alter health policy in the United States and internationally. Additionally, the text discusses the evolving influence of the Patient Protection Affordable Care Act ( PPACA) and the implications of current and future health policy changes as they affect APRNpractice. New doctoral-level content adds to the book’s relevance for DNPstudents.
The text addresses the initiative within nursing for Full Practice Authority for all
APRNs, which enables them to practice to the full extent of their educational preparation. Edited by experienced APRNleaders who have been closely involved with health policy development, the text meets the requirements of the IOMreport on The Future of Nursing and the DNP criteria V for the inclusion of health policy and advocacy in the curriculum. This “call to action” for APRNsis specifically designed for courses serving a variety of APRNtrajectories and includes content from all APRNrole perspectives in every section.
This book provides a solid foundation for the development of nursing programs that ensure the academic and professional success of new graduates during and at the completion of their transitions using the concepts from transition theory, as well as other theories. It is divided into four major parts. The first part provides an overview of the nursing profession and the significance of academic success in nursing program. Strategies for success include good study habits, engaging in self-care activities, and learning how to advocate. The importance of portfolio development, understanding the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) competencies, and patient safety issues and an overview of the legal, moral, and ethical issues that informone’s role as a student and nurse are also provided in the first part. The second part focuses on the path from graduation to National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN®) success and one’s first nursing position. He/She will learn strategies for passing his/her exam and how to develop a resume, cover letter, and interview skills necessary to gain a position. The third part provides a more in-depth review of the issues relating to transition into professional practice and covers transition theory and transition process as well as strategies to guide one through this experience. In addition to learning about the role of the nurse generalist and the importance of time management and organization, he/she will develop skills to aid in delegation, leadership, and clinical practice. The final part of the book focuses on continuing role development and one’s continuing transition, with an emphasis on the importance of developing goals and objectives along with a 5-year plan to guide one through his/her journey into professional practice.
This book is a comprehensive guide for the practicing physician and medical physicist in the management of complex intracranial and extracranial disease. It presents the scientific principles, clinical background and procedures, treatment planning, and treatment delivery of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for the treatment of tumors throughout the body. The book is organized into two parts comprising twenty chapters. Beginning with an overview of SRS and SBRT, Part one provides insightful coverage on topics such as the evolving radiobiological principles of radiosurgery and SBRT, SRS and SBRT process, patient immobilization, imaging, treatment planning process, and technologies and equipment used for SRS and SBRT. It also contains focused chapters on quality assurance, quality management, and patient safety. Part Two describes the clinical application of SRS and SBRT for tumors throughout the body. The body regions covered includes brain, head and neck, lung, pancreas, adrenal glands, liver, prostate, cervix, and spine. It also has a chapter on oligometastatic disease. Each clinical chapter includes an introduction to the disease site, followed by a thorough review of all indications and exclusion criteria, in addition to the important considerations for patient selection, treatment planning and delivery, and outcome evaluation. These chapters conclude with a detailed and site-specific dose constraints table for critical structures and their suggested dose limits. The final chapter discusses immunoradiosurgery. The book is enhanced with supplemental video tutorials and is a must-have book for clinicians, physicists, and other radiation therapy practitioners.
This succinct, engaging text for graduate and undergraduate nursing programs distills the complexities of health care finance, economics, and policy into a highly accessible resource that can be applied to any practice setting. It presents economic and financial dynamics in healthcare as a precursor to policy and advocacy in nurses. The second edition adds graduate-level considerations and is updated to reflect our current political and legislative landscape. Real-life illustrations support foundational concepts and interactive quizzes reinforce information. Faculty resources include PowerPoint slides, a test bank, comprehensive review questions, and a sample syllabus. The book adds new chapter on early lessons from
COVID-19and graduate-level considerations to content. It updates to reflect current political and legislative landscape. The book expands payment section to include advanced practice roles. It includes updated information on the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, and Supreme Court deliberations. The book presents complex concepts in easy-to-understand language. It addresses policy and payment competencies that align with nursing program accreditation criteria. The book breaks down complex financial principles to educate nurses with no prior understanding of health care finance and includes practical, accessible real-life examples to help make sense of complex health care systems. It provides interactive quizzes so readers can test knowledge and includes a step-by-step, skill-building guide to enhancing professional influence through participation on governing boards. This text is designed to prepare students at all levels with foundational material that can support a lifetime of informed, impactful advocacy.
Revised and updated, this third edition continues its tradition of providing evidence-based approaches to the specific technical aspects of delivering radiation treatment. Easy to read and relevant to general practice, this popular pocket-sized manual leads radiation oncology trainees and clinicians through the basics of radiotherapy planning and delivery for all major malignancies in a step-by-step manner. Organized by body site or system, each chapter provides technical details and clinical updates to planning as a result of practice-changing paradigms as well as new and updated equipment and techniques. Specialized topics such as palliative radiotherapy and pediatric radiotherapy round out the final chapters. With over 40 new images in addition to detailed accounts of advances in the field, this highly anticipated third edition provides important updates while retaining the valued, practical features of the previous editions. Written by members of staff in the Department of Radiation Oncology at the Cleveland Clinic, this edition continues to be a valuable resource for training as well as a reliable quick reference for professionals in the field such as radiation therapists and technologists, radiation nurses, dosimetrists, physicists, and practicing physicians. It presents concise summaries including target definitions and dose constraints for planning all major disease sites, provides updated coverage of planning associated with stereotactic body radiation therapy for prostate, pancreas, and liver cancers, and includes over 190 full color images. It also outlines new practice standards for hypofractionated radiation therapy in breast and prostate cancers and explains specific technical aspects important for the appropriate clinical delivery of radiation treatment.
This book is addressed to nurses, administrators, nursing academics, nursing students, as well as other health care professionals, and to the interested general reader. Nightingale was far ahead of her time in setting out the core principles of the new nursing profession, with demanding ethical standards and continuing education to keep up with best practice. The book is organized into two parts containing twelve chapters. Part I, Nightingale’s Nursing: Then and Now, presents what she wrote and did in key areas of nursing and health care: patient care, health promotion, ethics, infection control, pediatric nursing, long-term and palliative care, administration, and research and policy development. Part II, In Nightingale’s Own Words, takes the reader into Nightingale’s best writing itself. It provides selections of Nightingale’s most important writing from 1858 to 1893, thus facilitating the tracing of her ideas as they evolved. Nightingale’s writings are categorized into Nightingale’s early writing on hospitals and nursing, Nightingale’s writing on nursing for the poorest, and Nightingale’s late writing on nursing, hospitals, and disease prevention. The book shows how Nightingale interacted with leading physicians and other health science experts. The prime purpose of this book is to bring Nightingale’s ideas and work to the attention of nurses today, not as a historical figure but as a source of principles, vision, and sound practice in the here and now.
This book provides a dynamic and comprehensive interprofessional approach to building a culture of safety by using simulation across clinical and education spheres in healthcare. It provides a narrative account of the origins of Patient Safety Institute (PSI) that emphasizes its integration and alignment with the strategic goals of the larger health care system an example, in effect, of innovation that, from within the organization, creates new capabilities. It also illustrates the concept of systems integration as representing a fourth domain of simulation, in addition to teaching/education, assessment, and research. In devising methods to improve the interprofessional response to acute medical emergencies in a psychiatric hospital, the book provides an instructive example of the ways in which simulation offers distinctive advantages over simple hands-on training and code drills. It also provides an in-depth summary of simulation in an emergency medicine residency program. After pioneering work in anesthesiology, pediatrics and perinatal medicine became two of the first disciplines in which providers recognized the considerable potential for simulation. The book further provides accounts of several programs that indicate both the depth and range of simulation.
Compassion fatigue and burnout are the two most frequently talked about aspects of professional quality of life. This book shares stories of human connection and the intimacy of the caring experience. Part one discusses the integral relationship between the cared for and the carers, with an emphasis on an ethic of care. Part two discusses the positive aspects of nurses’ professional quality of life, focusing on compassion contentment and its relationship to their ethical foundation—the values and excellences identified and solidified in their code of ethics. It introduces a healing model (
ART) specifically designed to address the enhancement of professional quality of life. It addresses different aspects of professional quality of life (compassion fatigue, moral distress, burnout, workplace violence, facing death, posttraumatic stress disorder, leadership) and describes how ARTcan be applied. Part three covers the bad—both compassion fatigue and moral distress. Part four delineates the ugly, uglier, and ugliest aspects of professional quality of life. It includes discussion of incivility and bullying which are definitely the uglier side of nursing. Part five discusses how facing death can negatively affect nurses and, conversely, how it can positively transform the way they go about being in the world and how they go about caring for the dying and their loved ones. It includes a discussion on collective trauma and death overload, from both natural and man-made disasters, along with posttraumatic stress. Part six discusses the collective healing of nursing profession through nursing education and leadership efforts and how, through knowing participation, nurses can work toward transforming the workplace and enhancing their professional quality of life.
An understanding of biostatistics is necessary for reading and comprehending published literature, for performing retrospective research, and for designing and analyzing prospective clinical trials. Biostatistical concepts are also tested on oncology board exams. This book is organized into four sections covering 13 chapters. Section I begins with the basic foundations of biostatistics that are tested on board exams such as summarizing and graphing data, sampling, and statistical estimation. In Section II, these basics are then expanded on to include the concepts used in retrospective study design, analysis, and interpretation. It discusses hypothesis testing, correlation, regression, categorical data analysis, survival analysis methods, and noninferiority analysis. Section III focuses on prospective clinical trials, guiding readers in their understanding of published clinical trials and in the design and analysis of novel clinical trials. It describes cohort studies, case-control studies, cross-sectional studies, matched studies, analysis of studies, and sample size. The final section presents self-study multiple choice questions with answers and rationales.
This book delivers proven strategies to help nurses overcome stressors and challenges when—and even before—they arise. The first edition focused on the resilience strategies that nurses can implement to strengthen themselves. The second edition extends this insight, adding information on what nurses can also do to strengthen and motivate patients with whom they work, and who may be susceptible to feeling helpless in the face of overwhelming stressors. Featuring seven new chapters and new authors, the second edition reflects the latest research on resilience and wellbeing and applies it specifically to nursing professionals. The edition focuses not only on resilience strategies nurses can implement to help themselves, but also provides them with tools they can use to strengthen and motivate patients, their families, and health care communities at large. It describes a diverse range of proactive or preventative approaches nurses can harness in a variety of healthcare contexts. These strategies help to develop strength, flexibility, and the determination to adapt to professional challenges that may at first seem daunting. The book discusses several workplace challenges and presents a range of strategies to assist in avoiding or resolving such challenges. This will allow readers to be more prepared for new, difficult, and challenging encounters. The aim of this book is to assist nurses to cultivate qualities and use proven strategies to retain personal professional strength. It is structured into two parts that will help the reader to develop resilience and to be empowered to make changes based on thought rather than on reaction. Each chapter includes a series of activities that are designed to encourage readers to contemplate key concepts raised about resilience and how they can be adapted and implemented to support patients’ well-being as well as their own.
Mental health and mental illness permeate all sectors of society and all people. Although beliefs about mental health vary across cultures, generations, and ages, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has emerged as a growing concern in recent years. Although many interventions exist for health care professionals to use for their patients with PTSD, it is critical to remember that all individuals respond differently, not only to the trauma and stress experienced, but also to the treatment regimens and support that are available to them. Hence, an individualized approach to assessment, diagnosis, and treatment is always a must. This book will help the health care clinician better understand the effects of trauma, what the assessment of PTSD should entail, and what interventions are most effective. Recognizing, understanding, and having an increased awareness of PTSD, as well as who it impacts and how it does so, are important if health care clinicians are to work together to implement appropriate interventions and obtain the best possible outcomes for all involved. The book is a great starting point for those working with individuals who are suffering from PTSD. The book is divided into three parts. The first part discusses stress, mental health, mental illness, and trauma. The second part of the book focuses on PTSD, predisposing factors and risk factors for developing PTSD, the impact of traumatic events, and the long-term impact of PTSD. The final part describes prevention of PTSD, clinical and treatment interventions of PTSD, and coping with PTSD. It also explores community involvement, cultural implications, and special population considerations in PTSD management, and describes future trends and directions for treating PTSD.
Fast Facts for Curriculum Development in Nursing, 2nd Edition:How to Develop and Evaluate Educational Programs
The primary purpose of this book continues to be as a guide for nurse educators as they navigate the challenging process of developing and evaluating educational offerings, whether at the program level or the individual course level. Practice standards and advances in healthcare technology continue to change at a rapid pace requiring informed and competent healthcare providers. The book guides the novice educator in the development of programs or courses that meet most approval accrediting agency standards. It includes suggestions on how to transform the curriculum, programs, and individual educational offerings into competency-based educational systems. The book divided into four parts containing seventeen chapters. The first part consists of five chapters and follows a step-by-step process especially helpful in the development of all levels of nursing education programs. This part provides a summary of nursing program approval/accreditation processes and stresses the importance of using systems thinking in program development. In addition, it explains how to develop the program elements required by many approval/ accrediting agencies. Part II consists of four chapters that guide the development of educational and level outcomes as well as curricular mapping processes. Part III consists of three chapters addressing curriculum and course design using an organizing framework. The final part consists of five chapters and addresses evaluation processes. It pulls everything together in the evaluation of programs and curriculum.
Depression, often referred to as the “common cold of psychopathology”, is among the most prevalent psychiatric conditions, yet it remains challenging to understand and treat. Experience such as the difficulty of continuing on with one’s typical routine, desires, and goals that differentiate more normal experiences of sadness and malaise from syndromes of depression drive people to seek treatment for these conditions. This book provides an overview of all aspects of unipolar and bipolar depressive disorders, including their presentation, course, impact on functioning, etiology, and treatment. It integrates recent research on risk factors for these conditions and biological underpinnings of depression and mania alongside well-established observations regarding the phenomenology and correlates of these conditions. The book explicitly integrates models of depression such as the diathesis-stress model and vulnerability model, across childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. The book shows how such major psychology disciplines as clinical, developmental, evolutionary, personality, and behavioral neuroscience shed light on the causes, risk factors, and treatment options for the full spectrum of depressive disorders. It describes what is known about the kinds of stress that seem to be most relevant to depressive disorders; how this stress may exert its effects; and other factors that may help to explain individual differences in the stress-depression relationship. Cultural and gender as variables are examined as is depression across the lifespan. In addition, the book clarifies common misconceptions about depression and mood disorders, and considers how the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) affects diagnostic practice.
A Practical Ethics Worktext for Professional Counselors:Applying Decision-Making Models to Case Examples
This book is intended to be used as an addendum to a more comprehensive text associated with the Professional Counseling Orientation and Ethical Practice training required by the Council for the Accreditation of Counseling and Related Education Programs. It provides practical examples of managing ethical concerns for practicing counselors and counselors in training. Much has been made of the science-to-service problem in counseling, with the consensus being that there is a gap between the academics writing the books and papers and the clinicians actually doing the work. This text is an effort to meet the needs of both by providing an overview of case examples that are relatable and accessible and by providing responses to these cases that meet the careful scrutiny required by the American Counseling Association (
ACA). The book includes 63 real-life case examples demonstrating step-by-step application of decision-making models. It teaches counselors how to think and act quickly when facing ethical dilemmas. It helps professionals to reconcile personal and professional values.
The integration of technology with nursing curricula is a dynamic and increasingly necessary step in the evolution of nursing education. Schools of medicine have been using some form of virtual patient for over 40 years. The National League for Nursing has endorsed simulation as a teaching methodology to prepare nurses for practice across the healthcare continuum. This book offers nursing educators and administrators thoughtful and well-planned simulation integration strategies, and illustrates how students may use technologies to maximize learning and support practice. The book presents, explores, reflects, and expands on a new model for technology integration with nursing curricula. The Faculty Administrators Students Technology Simulation Integration Model© (FAST SIM) provides a framework for guiding and evaluating the technology integration. The book is organized into four section comprising 19 chapters. Section one describes the evolving virtual learning landscape. It assess the virtual learning landscape, and describes the application of FAST SIM as the basis for integrating virtual educational technologies. Section two presents faculty perspective on pedagogical applications and specific integration strategies. It discusses the opportunities, challenges, advantages, and disadvantages of virtual technology integration. The section also explores the role of faculty in integrating virtual simulations and describes the design and creation of virtual gaming simulations in nursing education. It presents nursing student simulation scenarios within a virtual learning environment and discusses enhancing the rigor of virtual simulation. Section three describes a student’s journey encountering a virtual learning environment. It discusses mentor role in virtual simulation–mediated learning, and creating interprofessional simulation scenarios in virtual learning environments. The section also explores advancing nursing informatics knowledge and skills using a virtual learning environment. The final section presents an administrative perspective in navigating the chasm when a profound difference exists among stakeholders, viewpoints, and feelings regarding virtual simulation.
This book grew out of the authors’ need to have a text for the university-based courses taught by each of them to students interested in furthering their knowledge and skills in grief counseling and support. They found that there were many good texts exploring research and theory in counseling psychology and many other books expounding on grief and bereavement theory and research. They were unable, however, to find a book that combined both the practical aspects of counseling with the current research and the theory related to grief and bereavement. After years of piecing together articles, course reading packets, and chapters selected from different texts, they decided to design a book that would explore both the practical knowledge and skills available in counseling psychology with some of the current research and theory in the area of loss, grief, and bereavement. This third edition book provides updated research and content on attachment and grieving styles. It describes the expansion of social issues impacting grief including political changes, environmental concerns, cultural differences, and exposure to terrorism. The book provides new theory, research, and practice for grief in non-death losses. New information on diversity and grief, the role of grounding and contemplative practices, and grief and developmental perspectives across the lifespan are explained. The book details the use of technology in both professional and informal grief support. Practice examples provide real-life application for concepts discussed, and sample case studies are provided.
The inner subjective world of the mind was historically relegated to the margins of social science, confined instead within the traditional domains of psychology and psychoanalysis. In the seven years since the first edition of this book was written, many developments in the fields of neuroscience and psychotherapy that were just beginning to appear on the horizon have received a massive increase in interest and study. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (
EMDR) is so profoundly guided by the adaptive information processing ( AIP) model, it is crucial to examine how it measures up to researched neurobiological models of consciousness and information processing. The book is written with language that is not only technical but also suitable as an introduction to the neural underpinnings of consciousness and EMDR. It examines pertinent neuroscience research related to the understanding of consciousness, information processing, and traumatic disorders of consciousness. The book first presents with basic research in the neurosciences relevant to online/wakeful information processing, which includes sensation, perception, somatosensory integration, cognition, memory, emotion, language, and motricity. The second section examines the neuroscience research relevant to disorders of consciousness, which include anesthesia, coma, and other neurological disorders. Major focus is given to the disorders of type I posttraumatic stress disorder ( PTSD), complex PTSD/dissociative disorders, and personality disorders. The third section presents the reader with an examination of neuroscience research relevant to chronic trauma and autoimmune function. A number of medical illnesses, collectively known as “medically unexplained symptoms”, are examined. These include fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, reflex sympathetic dystrophy, systemic lupus erythematosus, type 1 diabetes, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, Graves’ disease, multiple sclerosis, Sjögren’s syndrome, and rheumatoid arthritis. The final section examines the foregoing material with respect to the AIPmodel. It explores treatment implications vis-à-vis the various types of PTSDand the presentations of medically unexplained symptoms.
School nursing is noble work and a recognized specialty within the profession of nursing. The author’s goals in this book are to share her passion for school nursing and to help her colleagues recognize school nursing careers as unique opportunities for helping students and the larger community. The book is an essential guide to meet the exciting professional challenges of school nursing. It will help school nurses recognize a wide range of health issues and the ever-expanding role that they have in prevention and treatment. The book is a quick-reference guide for both the novice and the experienced school nurse who wishes to keep abreast of new information. It may also serve as a supplemental textbook for nurses who are enrolled in college or university programs of study for state certification or who are preparing to take the examination for national certification through the National Board for the Certification of School Nurses. It includes relevant information about the five components included in the exam and in the courses that must be taken: health problems and nursing management, health appraisal, health promotion and disease prevention, professional issues, and special health issues. A chapter titled “Up Your Game,” which is new to this third edition, includes descriptions of 12 attributes essential for school nurse practice. Also included is a separate section dealing with the marginalized child, which covers issues including gender identity, mental illness, and chronic health conditions. The new edition also covers gun violence, the history of drug use in the United States, medical use of marijuana, vaping, and Narcan use.
This book has two main goals: to provide descriptions of specific eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapeutic “tools” and, by incorporating these tools, to develop an overview of an Adaptive Information Processing (AIP) model of the treatment of complex PTSD. The development of EMDR-related tools has been ongoing since the introduction of EMDR three decades ago. What will EMDR be in 2030? Unfortunately, the field—the field of psychotherapy for trauma-related disorders—has at times had a kind of dissociative disorder. Some therapists identify with one theoretical approach, and others are strong adherents of another identity. Often, these two “identities” do not communicate sufficiently, and sometimes they mistakenly think they have to fight with each other. Clearly, the author’s primary identification as a therapist is with EMDR-related methods based on an AIP approach, but the author attempting in the following chapters to also integrate the concepts and methods of cognitive approaches—approaches that are not only useful, but at times essential in the treatment of dissociative clients. The chapters of this book are divided into four parts. The first, comprising Chapters 1 and 2, is an overview of the application of the AIP model to complex PTSD and other dissociative conditions. The second part, Chapters 3 to 6, presents ways of treating (i.e., resolving) psychological defenses that are often linked intrinsically to disturbing memories but can be conceptually defined as separate entities because defenses typically contain dysfunctional positive affect, as opposed to the disturbing affect within memories of traumatic events. The third part, Chapters 7 to 14, focuses on several issues important in the EMDR treatment of dissociative conditions. And Chapters 15 to 17 are detailed case reports illustrating how these AIP “tools” can be employed in actual treatment sessions.
Telemedicine is one of the quickest growing field inside of medicine. In one form or another, it has been around for generations. The World Health Organization (
WHO) and the various academies of specialties and state board of medicine or nursing all offer opinions on the efficacy and need for digital health platforms. An organization must analyze the base information from these resources and formulate how to implement in their own organization. This is not an easy task, but to use the road already paved by others and build upon it eases the burden. This book answers these topics and enlightens emerging providers, administrators and payers to the benefits of telemedicine and telehealth. With knowledge comes power and the ability to effect change. The future of telemedicine is in the hands of those who are rendering the services. The technology can and always catch up to the demand. The legislation and business need to be motivated to change. This comes with continued proof that this method of practicing medicine is cost-effective with high patient and provider satisfaction. Deciding if the complaint the patient is presenting for is appropriate for the digital platform is important for the successful completion of the telemedical or telehealth visit. While the provider cannot perform a physical exam via telemedicine, there are techniques that can be implementing uses family, or another trusted person. The book discusses means for self-evaluation and or coaching family and friends through the physical exam. Special equipment can be utilized to also assist in the digital physical exam. Telehealth can also include medical education, administrative care, training events and follow up evaluations with nurses, dieticians, physical and occupational therapists. Telehealth also incorporates the ability to provide medical education and offer an ability to provide in-service to providers and staff.
Nursing is a wonderful profession and a rewarding career, and never before have the possibilities for engagement been so diverse—from the bedside to the boardroom. Yet seizing the opportunities and optimizing one’s personal potential requires thoughtful and intentional tactics and strategies. In many ways, the more opportunities presented to an individual, the more daunting career planning can be. This book provides a useful road map to optimize one’s career potential and provides tools to shape career story. It presents practical strategies on how nurses can advance in their professional journey. What are the options as they pursue professional development opportunities? Where should they be looking for support? What could be holding them back from moving forward in their careers? Each chapter includes examples from nurses who experienced these roles firsthand, with specific advice on how to reach full potential. The book helps to healthcare organizations in pursuing the American Nurses Credentialing Center (
ANCC) Magnet® Recognition Program and Pathway to Excellence. Aligned with transformational leadership and structural empowerment, the book provides insight on how healthcare organizations can best support nurses in developing professionally. The book presents the professional opportunities available to nurses at all levels along with practical advice on how to navigate various professional development pathways and advance in the nursing journey.
Global health policy should be of interest to nurses and other providers involved in all aspects of the healthcare, including practice, education, and administration. This book disseminates policy analysis of key health issues that have a global impact from the perspective of nurses. It is a compilation of case studies that highlight global initiatives to eradicate disease and promote health. The contributors are nurses who possess expertise in the global implications of the health issues and related policies of selected topics. Some of the topics included are transgender health, immigrant healthcare, chronic disease, human trafficking, pandemics, and infection control. These topics, as well as the others covered, are timely and of global significance. The case study approach provides the reader with an in-depth treatment of each topic’s health issue and the global policy implications. The goal of the book is to provide the unique perspective of nurses who live and work with these implications as they strive to provide care and educate future nursing professionals. Because the case studies presented provide an overview of a variety of significant global health issues and the policies that impact them, the book is appropriate for students of public health and medical anthropology/sociology as well as graduate nursing students. The book is organized into three parts. Part I discusses policy implications for global health, some of the policy-related research around major disease outbreaks, epidemics, and pandemics of recent years, and policies related to healthcare funding for immigrants and refugees. It also documents the case study of two foreign-born physicians experiencing transition from foreign medical doctor in the country where the medical degree was obtained to nurse practitioner in the United States. Part II discusses exemplars of health policy in specific countries and Part III discusses exemplars of health policy related to specific conditions.
This book provides a basic reference for nurses caring for newborns and high-risk newborns as well as care considerations for families. Nurses continue to function as valued members of a collaborative healthcare team, play a primary role in the assessment and care of the newborn, and provide education for new parents regarding the newborn's needs. Families experience dramatic transformations as roles develop and change during the newborn period, and rely on the knowledge, support, and encouragement of the nurse to learn to care for their newborn and meet the newborn's most basic needs. In-depth knowledge of the physiological changes of the newborn enables the nurse to detect possible complications that warrant additional assessment. Early identification of risk factors and complications can help ensure that proper newborn evaluation and care are provided when alterations are present. Advancements in obstetrical care practices have led to advances and new options for very premature newborns. The nurse plays an invaluable role in providing education to the family on the proper care of the newborn, including assisting with feedings. The book is divided into key topic areas including physiological adaptations to birth, newborn assessment and basic newborn care, newborn nutrition, common and high-risk neonatal conditions, special topics, and information based on a family-centered care model that addresses parent assessments, needs, and discharge instructions. Chapter objectives highlight procedures and policies to know as well as needed equipment, supplies, medications, and evidence-based protocols. The book provides essential information for new neonatal nurses and their preceptors in a concise, consistent, easy-to-use format. It encompasses all aspects of effective, evidence-based, holistic care in all practice settings. The book includes a special “orientation guide” and “Fast Facts” boxes in each chapter. It offers practice-relevant information for quick retrieval and highlights health promotion and discharge teaching.
This book is an essential tool for online instructors and serves as a companion for instructors regardless of their experience with online teaching. It is designed to help develop a roadmap for the next online class. The book presents information on the research on online teaching for those who are more interested in the basis of online instruction. Chapters 1 and 2 familiarize new online instructors with the fundamental technology and practical applications of delivering content online within the helping fields. This includes a review of basic education platforms and a glossary of key terms and definitions. Chapter 3 addresses the typical fears and anxieties associated with teaching online in the helping vocations. Chapter 4 focuses on the student experience and perspectives of online courses based on a brief guided questionnaire of open-ended questions. Chapter 5 surveys the research into online education and addresses the quality concerns associated with online classes and programs. Chapter 6 presents a roadmap of practical steps to course design and building, tech-tool use, communication techniques, and many more considerations for a successful semester. Chapter 7 provides practical tips to learners, and useful samples for instructors to use in preparing them to become online learners. Chapters 8 and 9 share tips, best practices and stories from experts and instructors in the helping professions. Chapter 10 presents recommendations on what not to do based on authors experiences and those of other online instructors in the helping professions. Chapter 11 focuses on the ethical considerations in online teaching. Chapter 12 looks at the evolving technological environment around online learning. Chapter 13 discusses pedagogy and technology in the helping professions. The final chapter provides encouragement to readers who are beginning the process of course design and delivery and includes a To Do list for preparing online course and semester.
This second edition of the bestselling acclaimed full-length practice test for the Association of Social Work Boards (
ASWB) Social Work Advanced Generalist Exam has been thoroughly updated to include additional test-taking strategies and diagnostic tests. Consisting of 170-questions that mirror the ASWBexam in length, structure, and content, this practice test is an indispensable tool for promoting exam success and includes strategies for every question along with in-depth rationales for correct answers, helping readers to discover gaps in their knowledge, identify strengths, and target weak areas. Despite social workers’ best efforts to study for and pass the ASWBexaminations for licensure, they can encounter difficulties answering questions correctly that can ultimately lead to challenges in passing. On the ASWBexaminations, social workers often struggle with application and reasoning questions which require them to take what has been learned and use it to identify correct answers given hypothetical contexts. Becoming more familiar with the construction of multiple-choice tests, as well as remembering concepts which are hallmarks within the social work profession, can greatly assist. In an effort to make this practice test as similar to the examination as possible, it contains 170 questions proportionately distributed within the four domains—Human Development, Diversity, and Behavior in the Environment (39 questions); Intervention Processes and Techniques for Use Across Systems (54 questions); Intervention Processes and Techniques for Use With Larger Systems (31 questions); and Professional Relationships, Values, and Ethics (46 questions). These proportions mirror the distribution of questions across these domains on the actual ASWB examination. This practice test is to be used as a diagnostic tool, so social workers should not worry about getting incorrect answers, but should view them as learning opportunities to avoid common pitfalls and pinpoint learning needs.
The decision to become licensed is significant, and passing the licensing examination demonstrates that you have the basic knowledge necessary to safely practice. Social workers are employed in all kinds of settings including hospitals, correctional facilities, mental health and addictions agencies, government offices, and private practices. It is essential that those served have some assurance that these practitioners are competent to provide the services that they are charged with delivering. This guide has been carefully constructed to provide social workers with information on the licensure examination and how to properly prepare in order to pass it; test-taking strategies and methods for analysing the questions correctly; and the content areas which comprise the test. The first section of the guide contains essential material to understand the best way to study, the logistics associated with taking the examination, and help with identifying what is being asked in test questions so that correct answers can be selected. Understanding how the licensing exam is constructed is valuable as it helps to identify priority areas for study. The second section of the guide has summary material on all the content areas, competencies, and Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities statements (
KSAs) which are used by test developers to formulate actual questions. Some test takers have referred to this section as a “ MSWProgram in a Box”, as it contains a summary of relevant concepts learned in an undergraduate social work program which may be assessed on the test. The format of this section is identical to the outline or “blueprint” for the examination with all four content areas covered. Each chapter within a content area represents a competency which has been identified as essential for testing. Lastly, within each chapter is summary information on each of the KSAsthat can be tested on the exam.
This book is an essential resource for all nurse educators interested in or engaged in Caring Science and the humanization of nursing education. It was written in response to prevalent dehumanizing practices toward nursing students and the impacts such practices may have on students and their learning. It offers guidance on how to be inspired by Human Caring to humanize nursing education and ground the nurse educator’s role in developing authentic teaching/learning caring relationships with students. The book assists in translating caring values, attitudes, and behaviors into knowing, doing, being, and becoming caring nurse educators. It explains how Human Caring can expand nurse educators’ consciousness to explore the path to a relational emancipatory pedagogy for nursing education. The book also gives meaning to nurse educators’ practice of “teaching from the heart,” which contributes to making a difference in students’ lives and learning experiences, and shares how Caritas Processes and Caritas literacy can inform nurse educators in their daily teaching–learning practices. The text explains how a caring worldview may enhance nurse educators’ moral imperative to develop and foster “habitus,” an ontological space, to enable students to explore healing as their professional purpose. It also describes how nurse educators can politically influence their nursing school colleagues to encourage the formation of caring relationships throughout the institution. The book concludes with the introduction of a Being-Caring perspective of teaching as a new lens and a new mandate for nursing education.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Therapy Scripted Protocols and Summary Sheets:Treating Trauma in Somatic and Medical-Related Conditions
This book focuses on applying eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) scripted protocols to medical related conditions. It delivers a wide range of step-by-step protocols that enable beginning clinicians as well as seasoned EMDR clinicians, trainers, and consultants alike to enhance their expertise more quickly when working with clients who present with medical-related issues. The scripts are conveniently outlined in an easy-to-use, manual style template, facilitating a reliable, consistent format for use with EMDR clients. The scripts distill the essence of the standard EMDR protocols. They reinforce the specific parts, sequence, and language used to create an effective outcome, and illustrate how clinicians are using this framework to work with a variety of medical related issues while maintaining the integrity of the Adaptive Information Processing model. Following a brief outline of the basic elements of EMDR procedures and protocols, the book focuses on applying EMDR scripted protocols to key medical issues. The book is organized into three parts comprising ten chapters. Chapter one presents illness and somatic disorders protocol. Chapter two describes EMDR therapy for somatic disorders and medical issues. Chapter three discusses EMDR therapy to treat the sequelae of somatic illness and medical treatment. Chapter four presents the reenactment protocol. Chapters five and six discuss EMDR therapy in psycho-oncology and head and neck cancer client group. Chapter seven presents EMDR protocol for PTSD in patients affected by multiple sclerosis. Chapter eight discusses EMDR therapy for nausea and vomiting in pregnancy, and hyperemesis gravidarum in pregnant women. Chapter nine describes the EMDR recent birth trauma protocol. The final chapter presents the breastfeeding and bonding EMDR protocol.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing EMDR Therapy Scripted Protocols and Summary Sheets:Treating Eating Disorders, Chronic Pain, and Maladaptive Self-Care Behaviors
This book focuses on applying eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) scripted protocols to medical related conditions. It delivers a wide range of step-by-step protocols that enable beginning clinicians as well as seasoned EMDR clinicians, trainers, and consultants alike to enhance their expertise more quickly when working with clients who present with medical-related issues. The scripts are conveniently outlined in an easy-to-use, manual style template, facilitating a reliable, consistent format for use with EMDR clients. The scripts distill the essence of the standard EMDR protocols. They reinforce the specific parts, sequence, and language used to create an effective outcome, and illustrate how clinicians are using this framework to work with a variety of medical related issues while maintaining the integrity of the Adaptive Information Processing model. Following a brief outline of the basic elements of EMDR procedures and protocols, the book focuses on applying EMDR scripted protocols to key medical issues. The book is organized into four parts comprising ten chapters. Chapter one presents protocol for EMDR therapy in the treatment of eating disorders. Chapter two describes EMDR therapy protocol for the management of dysfunctional eating behaviors in anorexia nervosa. Chapter three discusses EMDR therapy protocol for eating disorders. Chapter four presents the EMDR therapy protocol for body image distortion. Chapter five discusses EMDR therapy and physical violence injury: “best moments” protocol. Chapter six describes EMDR therapy for chronic pain conditions. Chapter seven presents EMDR therapy treatment for migraine. Chapter eight discusses EMDR therapy for fibromyalgia. Chapter nine describes the impact of complex posttraumatic stress disorder and attachment issues on personal health. The final chapter presents the EMDR therapy self-care protocol.
This book is a demonstration of how psychology can produce works that are more reflective of the lived realities of many socially devalued and marginalized groups, people whose voices have been unheard and whose experiences have been ignored. It is divided into four parts. The first part contains one chapter that provides an overview of internalized oppression, its historical development, and contemporary conceptualization. The second part is dedicated to the experiences of indigenous peoples in the United States―American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders. The lasting legacy of colonization and U.S. oppression for Latinas/os is self-doubt, self-hatred, and assimilation. The third part contains chapters on the other racial and ethnic minority groups in the United States―African Americans, Latina/o Americans, and Asian Americans. The final part focuses on other socially marginalized groups―women; the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community; and people with disabilities. Members of one marginalized group may also identify with another social group; multiple and intersecting minority identities within individuals are very common in our highly diverse world. In each chapter, the authors share their own personal experiences and that such experiences are regarded to be just as valid and legitimate as the “theoretical and scientific literature” that they have reviewed. Each chapter also includes a “community voice” coauthor, which in a way attempts to bring the concepts to life and to demonstrate community collaboration in that the chapters really are the products of collaborating with a community.
This book acquaints a student nurse with the demands and rewards of both an education and a career as a nurse. It is divided into four parts. Part I looks at the beginning of the new life for the student nurse. A career in nursing is a journey that begins with information gathering and planning on the part of the student nurse. A student nurse with a real-world perspective is better equipped to tackle the demands of the nursing profession. In the course of nurse education, nurses will be asked to put what they have learned into practice by working in a hospital or other clinical setting under the direction of a nursing instructor. The second, third and fourth parts talk about achieving success in the classroom, at the clinical site and at home. There is a strong correlation between good classroom performance and good clinical performance. In the clinical education setting, students need to apply classroom knowledge to “real world” situations. Many nursing programs have requirements called technical standards that must first be met by nursing students in order to qualify for enrollment in a clinical nursing course. Creative thinking can allow a nursing student to handle personal crises without unduly impacting progress toward graduation. Part V deals with success following education. This part focuses on licensure and the National Council License Examination (NCLEX), job hunting, financial exposure and malpractice insurance.
Clinical nurse educators support students to gain new competencies in a broad spectrum of skills; providing them challenges and opportunities to grow. Clinical nursing education today is incredibly complex and every clinical nurse educator needs some familiarity with clinical education pedagogies and evaluation methods; clinical agency policy standards; and academic policies. This book was developed by expert nurse educators in academia and clinical practice to assist others in obtaining wanted certification. Chapter one describes the
CNEcltest specifics to help readers grasp the parameters of the examination. Chapter two reviews test-taking strategies because even though nurse educators teach; when anyone is placed back into the student role; a review assists them to apply concepts to themselves. Chapters three to five address aspects of “Functioning within the Education and Healthcare Environments”. Chapter three addresses the content outline scope within the test plan by reviewing the clinical nurse educator role. Chapter four operationalizes the curriculum and describes the process of transference of knowledge from classroom to patient care. Chapter five reviews legal and ethical issues faced by clinical nurse educators in the increasingly complex healthcare system. Chapter six describes the learning process experienced within the clinical environment and Chapter seven addresses interprofessional relationships. Interprofessional relationship development is the key for all healthcare students to maintain patient safety. The focus of Chapter eight is clinical expertise and how the clinical nurse educator can incorporate expertise to enhance and expand student learning opportunities. Chapter nine discusses student socialization; an important consideration for all nurse educators when educating healthcare professionals. Chapter ten reviews the parameters of student assessment and evaluation within the clinical learning environment. Chapter eleven offers an entire practice test and Chapter twelve provides questions; answers; and rationales that are designed to prepare nurses for the clinical nurse educator certification examination.
Increasing complexities of nursing practice, healthcare delivery, payment systems, technology, and knowledge development are drivers of current shifts in the healthcare market; these in turn have led to advancing roles and responsibilities for nurses that require higher education. This book effectively addresses many of these shifts. This thoughtful book from Doctor of Nursing Practice (
DNP) leaders pulls together information from across systems leadership to define the parameters of DNPeducation, improvement projects both for academic credit but also for system redesign, and competencies expected of DNPgraduates. The book prepares DNPstudents and graduates through broad explication of complex systems, systems thinking, and complexity leadership. Nurses with advanced education in systems thinking and processes can apply second-order problem-solving to rectify ill-designed processes, lack of standardization, and poorly functioning teams. To achieve these aims and alleviate preventable harm, nurses must accept and embrace new models of leadership that move beyond the managerial horizontal approaches; vertical leadership development reinforces reflective practices for thinking deeply about care provided and the systems that surround daily work. The book addresses these new, necessary competencies, culling expertise from a wide variety of chapter authors. This ground-breaking book helps fill these gaps in defining leadership development for DNPgraduates and their role in leading system redesign improvement. The book leads DNPstudents, faculty, and graduates through germane content to create these vitally needed practice environments. It also provides clear explication of the differences between the research-focused PhD and the clinically focused DNP, and ways they can integrate. By delivering up-to-date information about improvement work in healthcare systems for DNPstudents and graduates, this must-read book for faculty, students, and clinicians offers hope for achieving the quality goals that will provide the right care for the right patient at the right time, every time.
Cancer patients frequently present with scenarios for which level I evidence is not available and a more individualized approach to each patient is warranted. This book analyzes common difficult clinical situations from various vantage points. It presents case examples which were developed to guide discussions on treatment recommendations, with a review of current issues, and any potential data utilized to drive treatment decisions. The cases are organized into sections corresponding to the major treatment areas of radiation oncology: Breast, Gastrointestinal, Gynecology, Genitourinary, Head and Neck, Thorax, and Central Nervous System. Radiation oncological apsects are discussed for several difficult cases of breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, rectal cancer, anal cancer, endometrial cancer, prostate cancer, laryngeal carcinoma, oral tongue cancer, small-cell lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, anaplastic oligodendroglioma and glioblastoma. The book provides residents, fellows, and clinicians with a practical, evidence-based guide to the current management of difficult cases in radiation oncology. Emphasis is on the management of those clinical challenges commonly seen in practice that the community practitioner would normally handle without outside referral.
Quality and Safety in Radiation Oncology:Implementing Tools and Best Practices for Patients, Providers, and Payers
This book provides an authoritative and evidence-based guide to the understanding and implementation of quality and safety procedures in radiation oncology practice. Chapter topics range from fundamental concepts of value and quality to commissioning technology and the use of metrics. They include perspectives on quality and safety from the patient, third-party payers, as well as from the federal government. Other chapters cover prospective testing of quality, training and education, error identification and analysis, incidence reporting, as well as special technology and procedures, including MRI-guided radiation therapy, proton therapy and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), quality and safety procedures in resource-limited environments, and more. The book is divided into three parts. Part I presents the basic concepts in quality, value and safety includes descriptions of value in the American and European health care systems, and error prevention and risk management. Part II is devoted to quality considerations in radiation physics. Chapters cover equipment, software and techniques that are used, and the quality considerations that need to be kept in mind during external beam radiotherapy, brachytherapy, and proton and particle therapy. The third part discusses quality considerations in clinical practice settings. Discussions range from creation of a quality culture, testing of quality and safety measures, and training in graduate medical education to patient’s perspectives, reporting and investigation of incidents, error disclosures and error identifications, and the role of dosimetrist and therapist in radiation oncology.
This book employs and transcends the customary methods of diagnosis and treatment by providing several unique assessment procedures, as well as many distinctive therapeutic recommendations. Major factors that have made brevity possible in psychotherapy are the learning-based, problem-focused, and solution-oriented approaches, and the evolution of sophisticated and effective techniques for biological assessment and intervention. Whereas many clinicians derided behavior therapists for their emphasis on being active, giving homework assignments, and maintaining specific foci, procedures of this kind have now become standard fare across a diverse range of brief therapies. Specific boundaries have been proposed to protect patients from exploitation and any form of harassment and discrimination, and to emphasize the significance of respect, integrity, confidentiality, and informed consent. In many circles these well-intentioned guidelines have reached a point of absurdity and are transformed into rigid straitjackets that force clinicians into a remote and cold posture. In addition to the psychotherapy literature, the author modernizes his eclectic and goal-oriented approach to psychotherapy. Using traditional acronym--BASIC I. D.--the author stresses the assessment of seven dimensions of a client’s personality: Behavior, affect, sensation, imagery, cognition, interpersonal relationships, and drugs/biology. In multimodal assessment, the BASIC I. D. serves as a template to remind people to examine each of the seven modalities and their interactive effects. The book demonstrates how brief multimodal therapy can be adapted and applied to specific disorders. When individual agendas, hidden or other, undermine a relationship, individual therapy is often essential before the couple can benefit from conjoint therapy. When distressed couples are relatively stable and are genuinely interested in achieving a harmonious relationship, salubrious outcomes can usually be achieved in six or seven sessions of “didactic instruction”.
This book presents the best and most important writings of J. L. Moreno in one concise and accessible place. This unique collection explores Moreno’s thought in developing psychodrama and sociometry, with his strong emphasis on spontaneity and creativity. The book discusses both basic and advanced concepts and techniques of psychodramatic treatment. Jonathan Fox introduces the book with a brief overview of Moreno’s life and ideas and places him in the context of his time and in the field of psychotherapy. Fox’s notes throughout underscore significant aspects of the selections for the practitioner and student. The essence of sociometry lies in the idea that groups have an internal life of their own and that this life can best be understood by examining the choices members make at any given moment with regard to each other. The book consists entirely of protocols that show Moreno at work directing psychodrama and sododrama, and contains autobiographical fragments. One of the basic instruments in constructing a patient’s psychodramatic world is that of the auxiliary ego, which is the representation of absentee individuals, delusions, hallucinations, symbols, ideals, animals, and objects. The psychodramatic method uses mainly five instruments—the stage, the subject or actor, the director, the staff of therapeutic aides or auxiliary egos, and the audience. All group methods have in common the need for a frame of reference for assessing the validity of their findings and applications. Spontaneity is often erroneously thought of as being more closely allied to emotion and actions than to thought and rest. The sociometric test is an instrument which examines social structures through the measurement of the attractions and repulsions which take place between the individuals within a group.
The experience of life-threatening illness is one of the most difficult situations that individuals and their families ever have to face. This book is meant to be a guide for anyone counseling or offering professional care to persons with life-threatening illness. Living with life-threatening illness is the theme of this book as it describes the particular challenges that individuals, families, and caregivers face at varying points, namely prediagnostic phase, diagnostic phase, chronic phase, recovery phase and terminal phase, during serious illness. After a brief introduction on the terminology, Chapter 2 of the book reviews those caregivers who have impacted history, placing this work in its context as well as highlighting newer developments such as concurrent care. This is followed by two chapters addressing the particular ethical and systematic stresses that those persons who counsel or care for individuals with life-threatening illness may experience, causing moral distress. People respond to life-threatening illness in a variety of ways, and accordingly, Chapter 5 considers the range of responses to life-threatening illness, which individuals, their families, and their caregivers may experience. Developmental, psychological and social factors and generational differences affect the ways that an individual responds to life-threatening illness. Five other chapters describe particular issues that arise at different points during the experience of life-threatening illness. Chapter 12 considers the ways in which families might be affected by the illness and offers suggestions for counseling families that are coping with the illness of a family member.
This book on child and adolescent dissociation provides the reader with a window into the fractured minds of traumatized children and adolescents and offers an effective pathway toward healing. It delves into the inner workings of vulnerable children’s use of dissociation. An in-depth discussion of the Star Theoretical Model (STM), an inclusive theoretical model that examines five intersecting theories attachment, neurobiology, developmental theory, family systems, and dissociation provides a solid foundation for understanding how and why children dissociate and also a road map to guide traumatized children toward successful recovery. One of the chapters deals with 16 warning signs such as auditory hallucinations which are suggestive of dissociation in children and adolescents. Familiarity with the warning signs can enhance proper evaluation for dissociation so that children can receive appropriate treatment and care. The Adolescent Dissociative Experiences Scale (A-DES) is a commonly used checklist to assess for dissociative symptoms. A phase-oriented treatment model specifically designed for dissociative children will help them develop integrative functions. Another chapter focuses on helping children to further develop their skills in self-reflection, mindfulness, and somatic awareness, along with managing traumatic triggers and learning to calm down the overactive stress-response system. The book also deals with creative art therapy interventions for adolescents with dissociation and integrating dissociative treatment and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy (EMDR) therapy with children with trauma and dissociation.
This book provides a concise and practical resource to assist in real-time, clinical decision making for managing lung cancer. The first two chapters deal with epidemiology and etiology of lung cancer, lung carcinogenesis, lung cancer genetics, epigenetics, and tumor microenvironment. Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) is associated with a 20% to 40% increase in lung cancer risk. The third chapter provides an overview of several of the driver oncogenes that are important in the pathogenesis of non–small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) and have emerged as targets for therapeutic approaches. The advent of molecular profiling and targeted therapy renewed interest in the distinguishing between the major subtypes of NSCLC: adenocarcinoma (ADC), squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC) and large cell lung carcinoma (LCLC). The fourth and fifth chapters deal with screening and diagonosis of lung cancer. This is followed by four chapters which describe the management of early stage, locally advanced stage, advanced stage, and recurrent NSCLC, and their respective treatment therapies such as video-assisted thoracic surgery, robotic-assisted thoracic surgery, sequential induction chemotherapy, necitumumab, maintenance therapy, and sequential single-agent therapy. Chapters 10 and 11 discuss the management of limited-stage and extensive-stage small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and the treatment therapies. Lung cancer is a disease of the elderly, and accordingly chapter 13 covers the management of elderly and high-risk patients suffering from this disease. This is followed by a focus on the management of neuroendocrine tumors (NET), pleural mesothelioma, and thymic tumors. The book ends with a discussion on palliative care in thoracic oncology.
This book is a practical guide to the management of patients with breast malignancies and related non-neoplastic lesions. It focuses on the application of conventional and novel treatment strategies to the care of patients with nonmalignant breast disease and all stages of breast cancer. The book is organized chronologically, from screening, through diagnosis and management, to survivorship care and related medical issues. The bulk of these chapters provide evidence-based treatment strategies for all patient subsets, including how to manage patients with high risk breast lesions, invasive breast carcinoma at each stage, and with all known molecular subtypes of breast cancer. Surgical, radiation, and medical treatment options are all discussed for each stage of breast cancer including treatment approaches in pregnancy and for high risk lesions and Phyllodes. The book is a comprehensive yet concise resource for residents, fellows, and early-career practitioners. Community oncologists, breast surgeons, radiation oncologists, primary care practitioners, and OBGYNs will also find its concise review of new research and procedures to be very useful in this dynamic field of medicine.
Melanoma is the sixth most common invasive cancer in the United States. The Melanoma Handbook is a concise and comprehensive resource for anyone who treats patients with local, advanced, or metastatic melanoma in all its various forms. Epidemiologic studies have helped define genetic and environmental risk factors that may contribute to the development of melanoma. The book highlights the incidence, patient demographics, and mortality rates of melanoma and reviews the environmental and genetic risk factors. The recommendation practices for screening pigmented lesions are then summarized. The book covers the pathology, treatment, and management of all presentations of melanoma, including essential clinical knowledge on staging and workup considerations. The content emphasizes both overall treatment guidelines and more nuanced applications for patient groups who have different presentations, metastases, or other complications to treatment. Each chapter summarizes important concepts and features illustrative figures that arm practitioners with visual guidance to diagnosis, treatment, and management for all subtypes and stages of melanoma. The book covers the surgical management of lentigo melanoma, invasive melanoma, mucosal melanoma, acral lentiginous melanoma, sentinel lymph node biopsies, lymph node metastases, and distant organ metastases. Tables throughout the handbook consolidate helpful classification and staging information, survival data, FDA-approved treatment regimens, and toxicity risk.
Genitourinary malignancies represent a wide spectrum of risk and prognosis. This handbook aims to provide a broad overview and current summary of the state of assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of genitourinary malignancies. It is useful for clinicians at multiple stages in medical and surgical specialties: in training, early in a career, and looking for updated information. With the ability to reference quickly for a specific question, or review a larger section all at once, the reader can customize the depth with which he or she uses the handbook. The book is divided into two sections: prostate cancer and genitourinary malignancies. The first section is further divided into two sub-sections: early stage prostate cancer and advanced prostate cancer. Screening and management of early stage prostate cancer are included here. Treatment of metastatic cancer, and bone health and the use of adjunctive agents are covered in the second sub-section. Intermittent androgen ablation, therapy complications, controversies in management of the cancer, and the challenges faced by survivors form a part of the two sub-sections. Under genitourinary malignancies, kidney cancer, upper tract urothelial cancer, bladder cancer, testicular cancer, and penile cancer are covered. As earlier, controversies in management and survivorship issues are also covered for the various types of malignancies.
This book begins with several chapters on the background and efficacy of palliative radiation therapy (RT), along with crucial information on patient selection and assessment of life expectancy. Following these introductory chapters, the bulk of the book contains chapters on site-specific malignancies, containing comprehensive literature reviews, treatment plans, toxicity information, and symptom management. Life expectancy estimates for advanced cancer patients are necessary considerations in the fields of oncology and palliative care. To address the heterogeneity in patients with advanced cancers, numerous groups have proposed different multivariable life expectancy models using combinations of known tumor factors, patient factors, and laboratory tests. The most common indications for palliative RT include painful bone metastases, spinal cord compression, and brain metastases with the goals of symptom relief and/or local control. Radiation oncologists have long understood the potential benefit of RT in palliating the distressing symptoms of advanced abdominal and pelvic cancers. For abdominal malignancies, bony landmarks are less reliable for treatment planning, as compared to pelvic malignancies. The book discusses some case scenarios to illustrate the role of palliative RT in the treatment of bladder cancer, vaginal bleeding, rectal cancer, vulvar cancer, and liver metastasis.