This book provides school personnel with information on how concussion (mild traumatic brain injury) can affect learning, mental health, and social-emotional functioning, skills in developing and leading a school-based concussion support team, tools for school-based concussion assessment, and information on a safe, gradual process of returning to the academic environment. It explains what happens to the brain at the moment of impact, terminology, prevalence rates, causes, risk factors, and issues related to underreporting of concussions. Educators will learn about developmental effects, how concussions can affect students of different ages, as well as difficulties that can result from concussions such as postconcussion syndrome and second impact syndrome. This book presents a school-based concussion team model, including the specific responsibilities of the concussion team leader (CTL), and a discussion of maintaining student privacy through regulations like the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996. Readers are familiarized with checklists that can be used within the school and assessment tools such as Acute Concussion Evaluation (ACE) and neuropsychological assessment. Readers are also familiarized with how physical and cognitive rest can be balanced with a return to activity during the recovery period. This book also book gives concussion team members guidance on the selection of appropriate strategies, as well as decision making during a student’s return to academics, and discusses concussion prevention information by providing guidance on how readers might train others on concussion recognition and response. Case studies are integrated throughout the chapters.
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This book is written for faith community nurses (FCNs) and provides information and resources necessary to be successful in the practice of faith community nursing. This specialty nursing practice combines the caring aspect of nursing with the spiritual and the sacred. The book is divided into three parts. Part I provides an overview of faith community nursing practices its roots, practice models, roles, and legal and ethical parameters. Faith community nursing is the specialized practice of professional nursing that focuses on the intentional care of the spirit as part of the process of promoting holistic health and preventing or minimizing illness in a faith community. Parish nursing is a recognized specialty practice that combines professional nursing and health ministry. Health care practitioners who make several small changes in how patients’ religious commitments are broached in clinical practice may enhance health outcomes. There are four models through which faith community nursing practice is delivered: the institutional model, the congregational paid model, the congregational volunteer model, and the paid consortium model. Part II includes chapters that inform the FCN about initiating a faith community nursing ministry, assessing the health needs of the faith community, health education, teaching, and program planning and evaluation. Part III presents information on meeting the special needs of the faith community and includes content on acute and chronic care needs, palliative care, and grief and loss. Additional chapters focus on connecting with community resources and vulnerable populations.
This book explores a set of key topics that have shaped research and given us a much better understanding of how language processing works. The study of language involves examining sounds, structure, and meaning, and the book covers the aspects of language in each of these areas that are most relevant to psycholinguistics. The book then covers relatively low-tech methods that simply involve pencil and paper as well as very high-tech methods like functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) that use advanced technology to determine brain activity in response to language and discusses a topic that has dominated the field for over two decades how people handle ambiguity in language. It describes how language is represented, both in the brain itself and in how multiple languages interact, which parts of the brain are critical for the basics of language, and how language ability can be disrupted when the brain is damaged. The book further talks about progressive language disorders like semantic dementia and what the study of disordered language can tell us about the neurological basis of language. Finally, it looks at sign language research to see if and how sign language processing differs from speech and a relatively new hypothesis that has emerged: most previous work has taken for granted that comprehenders (and speakers) fully process language, that is that we try to build complete representations of what we hear, read, or produce.
This book was conceived out of the authors' shared vision to synthesize key neurobiological developments with effective developments in clinical practice to offer both understanding and practical guidance for the many practitioners working to heal people burdened with traumatic sequelae. It is unique in bringing in all levels of the brain from the brainstem, through the thalamus and basal ganglia, to the limbic structures, including the older forms of cortex, to the neocortex. The book looks at the neurochemistry of peritraumatic dissociation (PD) and explores the effects on neuroplasticity and the eventual structural dissociation. Individual chapters focus on the definition of PD and tonic immobility (TI) and their associations with posttraumatic psychopathology, and review disturbances in self-referential processing and social cognition in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to early-life trauma. Separate chapters focus on the modulatory role of the neuropetides in attachment as well as autonomic regulation, and highlight mesolimbic dopamine (ML-DA) system as central to the experiences of affiliation, attachment urge when under threat, attachment urge during experience of safety, and to the distress of isolation and/or submission. The book while increasing awareness of different parts of the self and ultimately creating a more stable sense of self, also incorporates psychoanalytic, cognitive behavioral, and hypnotic methods, as well as specific ego state, somatic/sensorimotor therapies, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), and variations of EMDR suitable for working with trauma in the attachment period. The latter methods are explicitly information-processing methods that address affective and somatic modes of processing.
This book focuses on the key issues surrounding multicultural neurorehabilitation for a wide range of health care professionals. The study of traumatic brain injury has seen a clear evolution in the sophistication, breadth, and depth of findings concerning neuroepidemiology as it affects racial and ethnic minorities. As large-scale epidemiological studies increasingly include and distinguish individuals of color and linguistic minorities together with religion, sexual orientation, physical disabilities, place of residence, and key socioeconomic variables that interact with race/ethnicity, more information will be available to make changes in policy, training, and clinical service delivery. Neuropsychological assessment involves the administration of a battery of tests that assess a variety of cognitive domains to obtain a clinical picture of brain behavior relationships. Within the inpatient rehabilitation setting, neuropsychologists often perform various functions, including neuropsychological assessment, psychotherapy, and assistance with adjustment issues for patients and their families. The book discusses some of the common cultural issues that impact neuropsychology in an inpatient rehabilitation setting. Considerations of race and ethnicity, disability culture, military and veteran culture, and cultural aspects of religiousness and spirituality are all considered in the book. The authors in the book wrote from their own perspectives as clinicians and researchers, representing diverse cultural backgrounds and neurorehabilitation contexts and roles. Hopefully, the book will generate more discussion, research, and literature on multicultural neurorehabilitation.
This book delivers a wealth of practical tools for incorporating spirituality into nursing. There are numerous articles on the concepts of spirituality and religion in nursing practice, including the nursing role in spiritual assessment, spiritual nursing diagnoses, spiritual care in various nursing contexts, and many more. Spirituality is a focus for debate and discussion within the nursing profession, and it is appropriate to consider this concept as it has captured the nursing world. The book discusses an interrelationship between resilience and holistic health. It also discusses challenges to incorporating spirituality into nursing practice. Although there is ample rationale for the inclusion of spirituality into nursing practice, education, and research, there are also challenges to such inclusion. Some would identify these challenges as “barriers”, but the word “challenges” seems to have more potential for positive action with respect to exploring each challenge and ways to overcome it. In order to appropriately incorporate spiritual assessment and care into practice, nurses need the requisite professional competency. Competencies are integral to nursing practice and usually accompany standards of practice. Standards for educating nurses about spiritual care are present in both educational and practice contexts in that they are part of the accreditation criteria for institutions. The book also focuses on spiritual assessment and spiritual care within the context of mental health care/mental health nursing and spirituality in palliative and hospice care.
Forensic Social Work, 2nd Edition:Psychosocial and Legal Issues Across Diverse Populations and Settings
The growing public awareness of bias and discrimination and the disproportionate involvement of minority populations, especially based on race, class, and gender, have affected the social work profession with a call to fulfill its long-forgotten mission to respond and advocate for justice reform and health and public safety. Forensic social workers practice far and wide where issues of justice and fairness are found. This book emphasizes on the diversity of populations and settings, social workers would best serve their clients adding a forensic or legal lens to their practice. It targets the important and emerging practice specialization of forensic social work, a practice specialization that speaks to the heart, head, and hands (i.e., knowledge, values, and skills) of social work using a human rights and social justice approach integrated with a forensic lens. The book defines forensic social work to include not only a narrow group of people who are victims or convicted of crimes and subsequently involved in the juvenile justice and criminal justice settings, but broadly all the individuals and families involved with family and social services, education, child welfare, mental health, and behavioral health or other programs, in which they are affected by human rights and social justice issues, or federal and state laws and policies. Practitioners who read this book will learn and apply a human rights legal framework and social justice and empowerment theories to guide multilevel prevention, psychosocial assessments, and interventions with historically underserved individuals, families, and communities, especially using the life course systems power analysis strategy and family televisiting. The book fills a critical gap in the knowledge, values, and skills for human rights and social justice–focused social work education and training.
This book presents a framework for nursing to build and, ultimately, sustain partnerships. Exemplar case studies written by nurses working in global health follow each chapter to illustrate specific elements of a strong partnership. The guiding principle for the book is that partnerships are paramount in creating sustainable outcomes. Varying degrees of partnership integration can include coordination, cooperation, and close collaboration. No matter their degree of partnership, nurses are ethically and morally obliged to be concerned with the world’s suffering. The book begins with a chapter which discusses types of existing partnerships and how nurses make the selection of an appropriate program to begin a partnership. Chapter 2 addresses how cultural perspectives, personal attributes, expectations, and knowledge of host country influence a volunteer nurse’s experience. In the third chapter, nursing roles in host country are addressed, community assessment as essential knowledge is highlighted. The importance of nursing licensure, mutual respect, and partnership is also dealt with. Chapter 4 presents examples of nurses’ experience with volunteers or partners, differences in the scope of practice between nursing partners, and the role of the nurse and nursing profession in host countries. This is followed by chapter which emphasizes the importance of resources, whether human, material, or financial, which are essential in developing a partnership. Two other chapters discuss important aspects of collaborative nursing research in international settings and explore the elements of sustainability to address the leadership required to maintain the partnership.
This book details the technical aspects of how to achieve requirements for clinical treatment planning aspects, including patient positioning, creation of patient specific bolus, beam angle configurations, and inverse planning optimization approaches. It is written for everyone involved in treatment planning including dosimetrists, physicists, and physicians. The book comprises of 14 chapters. The first three chapters are introductory chapters. Chapter one describes the types of treatment plans and the general process of treatment planning. The second chapter explains the principles and limitations of current inverse planning optimization algorithms, and discusses the application of auto-planning, knowledge-based planning, and multi-criteria optimization to overcome these limitations. The third chapter covers the available immobilization equipment and general principles of simulation, including patient safety procedures. Chapters four through eleven are organized by body site or system and covers central nervous system, head and neck, breast cancer, thoracic cancer, gastrointestinal radiotherapy, genitourinary cancer, gynecologic cancer, lymphoma, and soft tissue sarcoma. For each site, there is a description of patient simulation, including immobilization, setup, isocenter placement, and any special considerations such as motion management. The plan goals for each treatment site are tabulated, followed by recipes to achieve them from the simplest planning technique to the most advanced planning technique. For simple 3D conformal plans, the recipes include the field arrangement and portal shape design (both with many figures), beam weighting, and selection of dose normalization point. For advanced techniques such as intensity-modulated radiation therapy, volumetric modulated radiation therapy, and stereotactic body radiation therapy, the recipes provide details of creation of optimization structures and multiple stage optimizations. Each chapter concludes with plan evaluation, comparing achieved doses to the clinical planning goals. Chapter thirteen describes treatment planning for pediatric cancers. Chapter fourteen discusses treatment planning for palliative treatment.
This book presents firsthand accounts from nurses at all professional levels, who share their life-changing experiences and insights with nurses interested in the global health arena. Their stories emphasize the practical, challenging, and rewarding aspects of global health nursing. The nurses describe their motivation for working in global health, along with the rewards and challenges. They discuss the importance of approaching global nursing with humility, respect, and appreciation for what they will learn from their colleagues. They describe how global health work has enhanced their ability to provide quality care to diverse populations, which include recent immigrants living in the United States. In addition to these vivid accounts, the book discusses the parameters of global health nursing, how to prepare for this nursing experience, key resources, global nursing research, and nurses as global health consultants. Woven throughout the book are descriptions of how these nurses have encouraged―through teaching and mentoring―the next generation of global health nurses. The book also provides coverage of domestic global health initiatives, and assists faculty to prepare themselves and their students for global health endeavors. The book is written for nurses at all stages of professional life.
This book provides a state-of-the-art overview of the principles of cancer care and best practices for restoring function and quality of life to cancer survivors. Cancer rehabilitation interventions including physical, occupational, or speech therapy; exercise training; psychosocial and cognitive interventions; and physician-directed diagnostic imaging, injections, and pharmacologic symptom management have the potential to treat many impairments from cancer treatment, thereby improving functioning and quality of life. Multimodal rehabilitation interventions have also been shown to improve return to work compared to usual care. The chapters of the book review the latest evidence about which interventions should be used to treat specific impairments thereby constituting the most comprehensive and up-to-date reference on this topic. The book is organized into nine parts comprising 90 chapters. Part one presents history of cancer rehabilitation, cancer statistics, and principles of cancer care. Part two discusses various cancer types, which includes breast cancer, gastrointestinal malignancies, head and neck cancer, pediatric cancers, and primary bone tumors and their assessment and management. Parts three through six describe cancer pain, medical complications, neurological and neuromuscular complications, and musculoskeletal complications of cancer such as radiculopathy, plexopathy, autonomic dysfunction, and bone metastases and their management. Part seven discusses general topics related to cancer rehabilitation, which includes physical and occupational therapy, therapeutic modalities in cancer, therapeutic exercise in cancer, nutritional care of the cancer patient, sexuality issues, and distress and other psychiatric considerations in cancer rehabilitation. Part eight thoroughly explores the identification, evaluation, and treatment of specific impairments and disabilities that result from cancer and the treatment of cancer such as balance and gait dysfunction, cancer related fatigue, radiation fibrosis syndrome, and bowel dysfunction. Part nine discusses functional measurement in patients with cancer, health maintenance and screening in cancer survivors, research issues, barriers to accessing cancer rehabilitation, and building a cancer rehabilitation program.
Nursing theory and practice intertwine in a mutually supportive bootstrapping process as the nursing graduate develops skill. A theory must be a new whole in which decontextualized elements are related to each other by rules or laws. It seems that it is more plausible to believe that sufficient experience, accompanied by no theoretical knowledge, could produce skilled coping behavior. The study of the skill-acquisition phenomenon has shown that a person usually passes through at least five stages of qualitatively different perceptions of their task as skill improves. Performance improves to a marginally acceptable level only after the novice has considerable experience coping with real situations. While this encourages the advanced beginner to consider more objective facts and use more sophisticated rules, it also teaches the learner an enlarged conception of what is relevant to the skill. A more subtle and refined discrimination ability is what distinguishes the expert from the proficient performer. It is our hope that we have put into words once again what nurses and all clinicians know in their practice and that the marginalized caring practices presented here compel the reader to consider the societal worth and knowledge inherent in the caring, diagnostic, and therapeutic work that nurses do. As well, it is our hope that practitioners from other fields will join us in this conversation so that together we can design better institutions of public caring—in our schools, families, social work, courtrooms, and in all places where protection of vulnerability, sponsorship of growth, and the promotion of better citizenship occurs. The synthesis of the work on the Dreyfus Model of Skill Acquisition is drawn from Benner (2005).
This book describes and analyzes nurses’ roles in select cases from disasters that have occurred in areas around the world from the late 19th century to the present. These include an outbreak of typhoid in Tasmania in 1885 to 1887; a devastating earthquake in Italy in 1908; an Ohio (USA) flood in 1913; the Alaskan influenza epidemic of 1918; the World War II bombings of London and Manchester, England, in 1941; the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, in 1941; the nuclear bombing of Hiroshima, Japan, in 1945; a destructive wild fire in Bar Harbor, Maine (USA), in 1947; the SARS crisis in Toronto, Canada, in 2003; and the effects of Hurricane Sandy on hospitals in New York City (USA) in 2012. Nurses’ actions are situated within local responses, national networks, and international aid. Nurses are a critical part of disaster response, and the book gives them a voice. Themes that recur throughout the narrative are: the notion of a nurse’s “duty to care” versus the need to protect herself or himself; the need for innovation and coordination of the response effort; and cooperation among the responders versus inherent political, racial, and interprofessional conflicts. Thus, the book examines political sensitivities, international conflicts, cultural differences, and societies’ varying professional and gendered expectations of nurses. In addition, the book highlights nurses’ voices during major World War II bombings, addressing realities that occurred during the war that have long been silenced for reasons of political and social correctness. These case studies document nurses’ roles in response to the London Blitz, the attack on Pearl Harbor, and the bombing of Hiroshima, revealing nurses’ response to these crises: their dedication to patients, their ability to triage and improvise, and their adaptation to nursing professional norms expected in various cultures.
This book helps social workers ensure they maintain the highest professional standards by raising awareness of both the strengths and challenges of the immigrant community. The book first explores the changing demographics of immigrant newcomers and legal classifications of immigrants. It seeks to help social workers better understand the legal meaning of terms such as nonimmigrant, immigrant, Green Card holder, and citizen. Then, the book explores theories of cultural competency and social work practice and describes the intersection of immigration and health, mental health, criminal justice issues, and employment. Issues of particular interest to immigrant communities, such as the exploitation of immigrant workers (and appropriate legal remedies), immigrant access to health services and public benefits, the triple mental health trauma many refugees and asylees face, and the issue of newcomers as victims of crime as well as the immigration consequences of criminal conviction are discussed. The book also deals with family groups, which, although inherently strong, are made vulnerable because of their immigrant status in the United States. It concludes by urging practitioners to expand their strategies and advocate not only for individual clients (at the micro level), but to advocate as well for change at the organizational/agency level (mezzo level), and at the federal, state, and local levels (macro level).
This book is devoted to a discussion of the native American Indian health system and nursing. It is divided into three parts. Part I first provides a national and historical look at the peoples of what is now the United States. This is followed by a view of pre- and postcontact indigenous America and the effects on health resulting from policies by the new dominant culture. Next to be introduced is the idea that “nursing” has been occurring in indigenous America long before icons, such as Florence Nightingale, put a face to the profession. An introduction to nursing and the Indian Health Service (IHS) is then followed by health modalities outside of the IHS that is, indigenous knowledge and traditional healing. Part II shows how these experiences are/were played out in the various cultural regions of the United States: Northeastern Woodlands; Southeastern Woodlands; Southwest tribal regions; Great Basin; Indians-habitated California; Pacific Northwest; Alaska; and Northern Great Plains. Urban has been added to the regional groups found in the 48 contiguous states and Alaska. In Part III, the reader explores funding as a major component of increasing care options and access in Indian country. Two chapters discuss the issues of Indian health funding and American Indian nursing education.
This book covers all dimensions of palliative care but with a special emphasis on primary palliative care. The book is organized into three parts comprising twenty two chapters. Part one provides the essential background and principles of supportive oncology and palliative care, including chapters on understanding the adult and pediatric patient and family illness experience, the roles and responsibilities of the palliative care team, and the art of the palliative care assessment interview. Part two covers symptom management and includes ten chapters considering the major physical and psychosocial symptoms a cancer patient may face—neurologic, cardiac, respiratory, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, psychiatric, sleep and fatigue, pain, and psychosocial and spiritual distress. Part three addresses special considerations and issues that an oncologist, physician, nurse or other healthcare provider often face in these settings, including chapters on intimacy, sexuality, and fertility issues, grief and bereavement, running a family meeting, care for the caregiver, and survivorship.
This book presents a conceptual framework for contemporary nursing practice based on the science of self-care and also incorporates other nursing and multidisciplinary perspectives. It illustrates how to attain and integrate knowledge from nursing theory and theories of related disciplines to achieve optimal evidence-based nursing practice. Case examples from a variety of clinical situations integrated with nursing theory demonstrate the variables needed to achieve optimal nursing practice. The first chapter discusses, inter alia, the relative value of different ways and patterns of knowing within the discipline of nursing. This is followed by a chapter that explains the importance of knowing and understanding the proper object of nursing. Nursing is an action system; action systems begin with problem identification, framing, and delineation. Several factors condition or influence the requirements for self-care, and represent a point of articulation of nursing sciences with other sciences that inform health-related situations. Self-care agency is developed as one learns from his or her family members and others in society to care for self. A traditional collaborative-care system is a unique whole that is formed through the informal or formal negotiation for care by two adults. The dependent-care agent is a person in a relationship not only with the care recipient but also with other members of the family. The family may be a factor that conditions the therapeutic self-care demand and self-care agency of the family member who is the identified patient.
This book concentrates on board-related concepts in the field of Rehabilitation Medicine. It will appeal to medical students, residents, and practicing physiatrists. Residents will find the book essential in preparing for Part I and Part II of the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) Board Certification because it is one of the only books of its kind with major focus on board-related material giving a synopsis of up-to-date PM&R orthopedic, neurologic, and general medical information all in one place. Over 500 diagrams simplify material that is board pertinent. The topics are divided into major subspecialty areas such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, musculoskeletal medicine, electrodiagnostic medicine, prosthetics and orthotics, spinal cord injuries, physical modalities, pulmonary, cardiac, and cancer rehabilitation, pediatric rehabilitation, and pain medicine. All chapters are authored by physicians with special interests and clinical expertise in the respective subjects. Board pearls are highlighted with an open-book icon throughout the text. These pearls are aimed at stressing the clinical and board-eligible aspects of the topics. The content is modeled after the topic selection of the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Self-Assessment Examination for Residents (SAE-R) Content Outline. This was done specifically to help all residents, post graduates in yearly preparation and carryover from the SAE preparation to board exam preparation. Practicing physiatrists should also find this book helpful in preparation for the recertifying exam.
The Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (
SITC) has expanded efforts to respond to the exponential growth of educational needs by offering primers at the Annual Meeting, itinerant courses to health care providers domestically and internationally, topical meetings and task forces addressing salient questions related to the field, specifying guidelines for patient toxicity management, policy and quality benchmark development, and informing on other themes as they emerge through the SITCportal. In this context, SITCleadership decided to update, refine, and broaden the legacy established by the first edition of this textbook by providing a second edition that targets primarily young basic and clinical investigators but is informative to as many other constituencies as possible. The new edition of Cancer Immunotherapy Principles and Practice updates chapters of the first edition while introducing new ones to cover emerging concepts. Chapters for textbooks can be painstakingly overbearing, but all contributors managed to complete their part to bring together cutting-edge insights that every translational investigator and practicing clinician needs to know about tumor immunology and immunotherapy. The textbook is divided into five sections: Basic Principles of Tumor Immunology, Cancer Immunotherapy Targets and Classes, Immune Function in Cancer Patients, Disease-Specific Treatments and Outcomes, and Regulatory Aspects of Cancer Immunotherapy. These sections cover the continuum from basic principles to practical and clinically relevant information to allow critical understanding of the development and testing of novel therapeutics, companion diagnostics, and useful biomarkers, and inform about the regulatory processes that support the safe and efficient delivery of immunotherapy to patients with cancer. In addition, the chapter on the history of immunotherapy was not only preserved but updated to honor and recognize those who pioneered and championed the field.
Preparation for board examinations can be a daunting and an overwhelming process for many of us. Trainees are often busy with research projects, manuscripts, and a large clinical volume, making it difficult to find time to study for board examinations. Practicing physicians find it hard to keep up on material needed for board recertification. Questions on the board examinations are drawn from well-established, validated medical literature and widely accepted clinical guidelines. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the field of radiation oncology. The format has been designed to efficiently test and reinforce knowledge of key concepts, critical studies, and major clinical guidelines, with the most important radiation oncology citations included. From trainees preparing for their board exams to practicing physicians looking for a review or preparing for the maintenance of certification exam, whether it be a few minutes between patients or a dedicated study session, the book will an invaluable resource to the radiation oncology community. The book is organized into ten chapters. It covers oncology topics such as head and neck cancers, central nervous system cancers, breast cancer, thoracic cancers, gastrointestinal cancers, genitourinary cancers, gynecologic cancers, lymphomas, soft tissue sarcoma, and pediatric cancers. Each chapter has detailed questions covering natural history, epidemiology, diagnosis, staging, treatment options, and treatment-related side effects all in a newly configured format.
This book serves as a practical and useful guide for the multidisciplinary management of long-term cancer survivors. It consists of 16 chapters that are organized into two sections. Section 1: Foundations of cancer survivorship care covers basic principles of survivorship that aids the clinician in the assessment and management of survivors' care. Chapters 1 and 2 introduce the reader to core concepts of survivorship; provides a review of the Institute of Medicine core domains; and present a definition of cancer survivorship and long-term cancer survivors. Chapter 3 provides a detailed discussion of the basic concepts of surveillance, late effects, and prevention of new or secondary cancers. Chapter 4 outlines the psychologic challenges that often accompany the survivorship experience. Strategies for cancer screening and prevention are discussed in Chapter 5 with application to the needs of long-term cancer survivors. Chapters 6 and 7 focus on the complex care of older survivors, ≥ 65 years and provides a useful discussion of late effects and comorbid conditions which create a confluence of special needs for this population. Chapter 8 discusses the role of integrative medicine in addressing some of the late effects of cancer and its treatment. The book is designed for care of the adult survivors; however, Chapter 9 addresses the burdens faced by adolescent and young adults who are survivors of cancer. Section 2: survivorship care and management for selected disease sites focuses on cancers selected by editors because they were the sites with the largest number of survivors seen in the clinics or are considered the most common in long-term survivors. Chapters 10 to 16 offer guidance on surveillance, prevention, late effects, and psychosocial issues encountered by cancer survivors. Brief clinical vignettes illustrate the application of the clinical practice algorithm(s) and survivorship care plan developed for each type of cancer.
The purpose of this handbook is to create a practical guide for trainees, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and attending physicians to guide them in the treatment of patients with gastrointestinal cancers. The handbook provides key information on diagnosis and treatment, while highlighting the epidemiology, molecular data, and additionally various multimodality treatment options for a broad array of gastrointestinal cancers. It is concise and easy to read, yet broad and practical in its ability to provide for the needs of the medical professional dealing with gastrointestinal cancers. Unique to the book are “How I Treat” vignettes providing not only standards of care but expert recommendations for approaching tough-to-treat disease sites and, in some cases, rare or uncommon patient scenarios. The book is appropriate for physicians in all specialties as well as primary care physicians and other healthcare professionals who are essential members of any team caring for the patient with gastrointestinal cancer. It begins with the most common of the gastrointestinal cancers, colon and rectal cancer, followed by pancreatic, hepatocellular, esophageal, and gastric cancer, cancer of the bile ducts and gallbladder, and then the more rare and unusual cancers such as gastrointestinal stromal tumors, neuroendocrine tumors, and anal carcinoma. In each of these sections, the authors use evidence-based guidelines for the specific cancer to focus on epidemiology and biologic aspects of the disease, including genetic factors and molecular biology. Chapters also discuss modifiable factors, diagnostic testing, and techniques consisting of the molecular basis of diagnosis and treatment of early and advanced disease, which incorporates the role of surgery, neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and biologics and their selection and ablative techniques. The presentation is very helpful and unique in that the authors approach advanced disease as oligometastatic and widely metastatic and account for how these approaches differ.
Social work has a long-standing commitment to healthcare and the recognition of the inextricable link to quality of life and well-being across the lifespan. This book emphasizes the critical importance of health for all members of society and the significant role of social work in the field. It presents essential information about health and social work critical to understanding today’s complex health care systems and policies. The book is intended as a core text for masters of social work (MSW) and advanced bachelor of social work (BSW) courses on health and social work, social work and health care, health and wellness, social work practice in health care, and integrative behavioral health taught in social work, public health, and gerontology. The book is organized into three parts containing 18 chapters. The first chapter describes the role of social work in healthcare. The second chapter discusses ethics and values in healthcare social work. The next three chapters present social determinants of health, intersectionality, and social work assessment. Chapter six discusses health promotion and public health. Chapter seven presents integrated behavioral healthcare. Chapter eight describes substance misuse, abuse, and substance-related disorders. Chapters nine and ten discuss palliative care, end-of-life care, correctional healthcare, and psychosocial care. Chapter 11 describes children and family health. Chapter 12 explores healthcare and work with older adults and their caregivers. Chapters 13 to 15 delve on immigrants and refugee health, health and HIV/AIDS, and LGBTQ health. Chapters 16 and 17 describe healthcare and disability, and healthcare and serving veterans. The final chapter discusses future direction of healthcare and social work.
While there are several comprehensive textbooks on movement disorders, all are lengthy, thick, hardbound books and thus are less useful for the busy, practicing clinician who often needs a quick guide on the diagnostic approach and therapy for various movement disorders. There are a few practical, therapeutic handbooks on Parkinson disease but there are none for other types of movement disorders (chorea, dystonia, myoclonus, ataxia, etc). The ever busy clinician will also benefit from a “primer” on
DBS—its new device types, indications, identification of ideal and non-ideal candidates, and trouble-shooting. This third edition is a practical yet authoritative guide to the diagnosis and work up, and the pharmacological, non-pharmacological and surgical treatments of all types of movement disorders for the clinician-intraining and the practicing clinician. The authors used an “expanded outline bullet point” format, with liberal use of flow charts, algorithms and tables, with emphasis on clinical presentation, work-up and management, rather than pathophysiology and disease mechanism. In summary, this book should provide a comprehensive and practical approach to the neurological, behavioral, and surgical treatment of movement disorders. Because the authors anticipate that clinicians may be reading this book comprehensively, from start to finish; or, using it “on demand” by quickly surveying specific chapters related to the phenomenology of a challenging patient—content overlap has been intentional, to emphasize concepts and principles in diagnosis and management. Several movement disorders can present with different phenomenologies, thus several disorders will reappear in various chapters. From the first to this latest edition, the authors aim has always been to empower the modern clinician with the necessary skills in making the evaluation of movement disorders less intimidating and more rewarding.
The practice of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine (
PM&R) is diverse from one country to another, one region to another, one medical center to another and one provider to another. This book covers these diverse areas of practice, whether the care is provided to patients in a large metropolitan tertiary care center, a smaller medical referral center in a less-populated city, or a truly rural practice where the pediatric physiatrist is often the first specialty physician to encounter the child with a disability. The textbook is intended for use by medical providers of all types and especially students, residents, fellows, and busy practicing clinicians within or in close quarters of our specialty of PM&R. The sixth edition of the book provides eight new chapters devoted to Brachial Plexus Palsy, Oncology, Robotics, Genetics, Spasticity Management, Rheumatology, Burns, and Advocacy and significantly expanded coverage of Acquired Brain Injury. These chapters reflect the growth and expansion of the field as medical science evolves, new diagnoses appear, and technology advances at an astounding pace. The thought of powered orthotics and exoskeletons with robotic arms and legs would have been almost impossible to conceive even a decade ago. The book brings in new ideas, many new authors and chapters, and updated material to reflect current evidence-based thinking and practice.
The field of stem cell transplantation has evolved dramatically over the past decade. Improvements in supportive care and the use of targeted therapies after transplant to prevent relapse have improved the outcome for patients undergoing autologous transplantation. This modality of therapy remains an important therapeutic option for patients with myeloma and relapsed lymphoma. The limitations of donor availability for allogeneic transplant has been largely eliminated with improved molecular typing for unrelated donors and the increasing use of alternative donor stem cell sources, such as haploidentical donors and umbilical cord blood. The safety of allogeneic transplantation has improved by the routine assessment of a patient’s comorbidities and the tailoring of the transplant intensity to achieve the best outcome. This handbook discusses a number of diseases in detail. The chapters give the reader an increased understanding of the disease and the options for therapy. It also allows the reader to understand the role of either transplantation or cellular therapy in the context of disease risk and other therapeutic options. The handbook provides a resource to clinicians caring for patients undergoing transplantation or receiving cellular therapies. Fellows, interns, residents, students, advanced practice professionals in nursing and physician assistants, and pharmacists, as well as others in the care of these patients, may find this handbook useful. The book describes the role of transplantation or cellular therapies in a variety of hematologic malignancies. There are chapters addressing complications related to infections, liver dysfunction, renal dysfunction and pulmonary complications. Special emphasis is given to both acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease and their management. Finally, there is an important chapter on the long-term management of patients after transplantation, which should be of help to all providers who care for survivors of transplantation.
Death and Dying courses in social work; nursing; counseling psychology; and medicine traditionally focused on topics such as the experience of dying; the delivery of health care during the end of life; and the experience of mourning after a death. The book includes neurobiological aspects of development and grieving for the students to understand these aspects of biology if they are to claim a bio-psycho-social-spiritual perspective in the 21st century. It talks about the spiritual development in each life phase and also on the special considerations in risk and resilience to describe aspects of marginalization that may affect development. The book explains the factors that promote resilience; maintaining our strengths-based approach to all of this material. It continues with the identification of maturational losses; incorporating these non-death losses into a section renamed living losses found in each life phase chapter. The book defines the chapters by developmental tasks that are tackled at more or less predictable ages to which the chapters are loosely bound. It reviews research on specific responses to loss situations and discuss intervention strategies supported by practice wisdom and empirical research. The book has ancillary materials available to qualified instructors that include outlines; PowerPoint; and activities for each chapter as well as the readings from the earlier editions. This edition of the book will help each reader feel prepared to help grievers of all ages and types.
Botulinum toxin (
BoNT) therapy involves as much art as it does science. Prescription and injection of a BoNTproduct requires that clinicians be familiar with the unique properties of each product, including its dosage range for a seemingly ever-expanding list of approved or published medical indications. This quick reference guide provides detailed dosage information for the four BoNTproducts available in the USA(abobotulinumtoxinA, incobotulinumtoxinA, onabotulinumtoxinA, and rimabotulinumtoxinB) which are approved for both cosmetic and medical indications. Included in this abbreviated manual are updated regulatory agency approved medical indications for both adults and children and recommended dosage ranges in the USA(Food and Drug Administration), Canada (Health Canada), the United Kingdom (Medicines & Healthcare products Regulatory Agency), and the European Union (European Medicines Agency). Detailed BoNTdosage information for each of these BoNTproducts is presented in an easy-to-navigate table format. The tables are organized by clinical indication along with each agency-approved dosage where available and the published dosage ranges per treatment session and per structure injected. Providing this information in a single reference manual allows clinicians to quickly calculate the dosage of a given BoNTproduct for a given indication and/or structure. The anatomical illustrations provided in this manual serve as a reference guide for clinicians to enhance the localization of muscles and other target structures during the injection planning process. The authors hope this information will be useful for clinicians and for the patients to whom they provide care.
This revised and updated second edition of Handbook of Hematologic Malignancies continues to be an essential and “go-to” resource for the busy hematologist, hematologic oncologist, hematopathologist, oncology advanced practice provider, oncology nurse, and trainee. Hematologic malignancies and their treatment have witnessed many changes in this past decade. Innovations from improved diagnostics to therapeutics have reshaped the ways in which these diseases are characterized and managed. This book highlights critical differential diagnoses to consider as well as provides the most current prognostication tables for each disease in order to facilitate direct extension of this information to the patients. In addition, it includes full-color pathology images that have been selected for their exceptional clarity to help the reader elucidate subtle morphologic differences between disease entities. Concisely organized, each chapter provides the most current, need-to-know points of diagnosis, prognosis, therapeutic management, and clinical trial opportunities for each hematological malignancy. The authors have created relevant clinical cases not only in the book but also in accessible online cases, supporting each chapter with corresponding questions to highlight important deliverables from every chapter. The book provides evidence-based algorithms guiding treatment recommendations for both frontline and salvage settings, with key references supporting each recommendation. The authors’ intention was to create a reference textbook that is concise and easy to read, serving the needs of the medical professional dealing with hematologic malignancies. They highlight current clinical trials that may alter our future practice decisions. Notably, in this 2nd edition, they not only provide major updates and insight into future practice-changing clinical trials but add numerous chapters, particularly those focused on novel cellular immunotherapy, which has been the most exciting revolution in the clinical care of patients with hematologic malignancies.
Bone stress injury (
BSI) represent an overuse injury to bone seen in athletes and active individuals. Despite being a common injury seen in clinical practice, there exists confusion on multiple aspects of this injury, including appropriate terminology. For example, “stress fracture” is often used interchangeably with “stress reaction” or “stress response”. Recent scientific discoveries on the topic of bone stress injury have advanced our understanding of risk factors for injury. Rarely can the injury be attributed solely to training errors. While training volume, intensity, and frequency do influence bone remodeling, most BSIare multifactorial and involve a combination of biological, anatomical, and biomechanical risk factors for injury. Recognizing risk factors for BSImay help to develop a comprehensive treatment plan to address each injury. Further, the goal of treating the injury should focus on methods to optimize bone health and develop strategies for future injury prevention. This book is organized to address aspects of clinical diagnosis, rehabilitation, and prevention. The authors invited experts across a range of topics to provide a more complete understanding of the full spectrum in BSItreatment. Initial chapters focus on evaluating injury, including the role of the clinical examination and imaging to guide treatment. Recognition of risk factors for BSIare separated into biological and biomechanical risk factors, including gender, age, and anatomical location. The book reviews methods to optimize treatment in each section by anatomical location, and reviews strategies for refractory injuries in designated chapters on medications, emerging technologies, and interventions. Further, the authors identify what is known about future injury prevention and methods to optimize bone strength. The goal of this book is to provide a comprehensive understanding of BSIthat improves clinical outcomes and provides a patient-centered treatment program.
This book provides a one-stop guide to the essential basic and clinical science of all the effective, life-prolonging drug therapies in oncology. From traditional cytotoxic agents to targeted genomic, epigenomic, hormonal, and immunotherapeutic agents, this book covers the staggering advances in cancer pharmacology that are propelling new standards of care for common and uncommon malignancies. Each chapter contains visually engaging figures detailing the tumor microenvironment, chemical structures of agents, pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, pharmacogenomic, and molecular properties of the various agents, and their mechanisms of action. As the first illustrated book of its kind, this highly visual text uses a uniform approach to each cancer drug class and agent presented in the book, and covers alkylating agents, antimetabolites, antimitotics, epigenetic modulators, hormonal agents, targeted therapies, monoclonal antibodies, immunotherapeutic agents, and much more. Flow diagrams, clinical tables, and bulleted text further explain important information pertaining to each cancer drug class including their indications, mechanisms of action, potential adverse reactions, dosing and dose adjustments, and safety monitoring.
Watson's Caring in the Digital World:A Guide for Caring When Interacting, Teaching, and Learning in Cyberspace
Jean Watson’s “Human Caring Theory” asserts that caring and love transcend distance, space, time, and physicality. This model of caring includes science, humanities, spirituality, and evolving facets of mind-body-spirit medicine. Establishing a firm intent to care in digital settings and then enacting caring in ways that have been validated through research and other forms of knowledge development can help sustain caring as a core value in nursing and beyond. The chapters in Part I offer an overview of Caring Science foundations, Caritas Processes, and examples of real-life applications and implementation strategies. The chapters in Part II provide activities that teachers, learners, and professionals can do to support caring in digital learning environments and during every-day digital communications. Part III explores existing online free and open global educational opportunities related to conveying and sustaining caring in the digital world, and provides simple practices that can support personal and ongoing intent to care. The Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) and caring online trainings are ongoing teaching-learning-sharing communities and provide forums for far-reaching awareness, dialogue, and cross-cultural/interprofessional collaboration. Part IV consists of teaching materials for a self-contained course on caring that readers may use to create their own course on caring in professional or academic settings. These course materials also provide a concrete example of how to create clear and well-organized content for online courses. A significant amount of knowledge development can occur through group discussion, sharing, and collaboration.
This book is written to provide a general overview of health literacy, as it is difficult to incorporate a comprehensive illustration of every type of health literacy encounter. It is divided into four parts with specific chapters within each part for quick and easy reference. The first part of the book provides an overall baseline knowledge of health literacy. It touches on health literacy and its impact on accessing care and navigating throughout a complex health care delivery system and reviews the major health literacy efforts of the federal government, scientists, health researchers, health policy experts, and health professionals. The second part focuses on the role of oral communication. It incorporates the role and importance of culture, language, and communication access services needed to provide quality, safe person-centered care and focuses on nursing strategies to enhance effective communication and understanding. The third part focuses on written health communication. It discusses content design and layout of written health information and patient education. How written information is presented can have a tremendous impact on readability and understandability. The final part of the book helps to prepare nurses who care for unique populations. It presents health literacy implications when caring for persons in in palliative care and making difficult end-of-life decisions and identifies the uniqueness of caring for young children, patients with mental health disorders and older adults. Finally, the book presents the ethical principles of human research subjects and how to ensure that research participants with low health literacy are protected.
Multicultural Perspectives in Working With Families, 4th Edition:A Handbook for the Helping Professions
This book differs greatly from earlier versions because of two main changes. The first is the adoption of an intersectional approach in working with families. It underlines the importance of an intersectional approach to working with families that, in addition to culture and ethnicity, also considers socioeconomic class, gender, age, religion, immigration status, and sexual orientation as important factors. Additionally, the text expands its direct-practice view with the addition of four new chapters written by psychologists, plus a new chapter on health issues in multicultural families and access to health services. The book is updated with the latest knowledge and research, along with new and revised case vignettes demonstrating culturally competent practice. It provides a new intersectional approach to assessment and treatment and adds the perspectives of psychologists in four completely new chapters. The book includes a new chapter on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition from a multicultural perspective, plus new chapters on health and access to health services and offer the most up-to-date knowledge and research. It provides new and updated case vignettes and reflects changes in the family unit over the last quarter century and how it impacts treatment. The book addresses distinct sociopolitical issues affecting immigrants and undocumented families and focuses on the most important emerging issues of multicultural families. It covers multicultural mental health across the lifespan and encompasses the distinct perspectives of different ethnic and racial groups, and those of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender families. The book also discusses domestic violence and substance abuse in regard to multicultural families and delineates the most effective treatment methods. It examines the culturagram as a useful assessment and treatment planning modality and addresses ethical issues including the National Association of Social Workers code of ethics.
This second edition of Pocket Guide to Radiation Oncology provides an updated and rapid review of the existing standard of care and the most relevant literature. Like the first edition, this quick pocket-sized reference can be carried for a quick review instead of heavy textbooks often filled with esoteric topics and lengthy minutiae. The book has new chapters on the growing areas of oligometastatic disease, benign indications, and proton therapy. The book comprises 55 chapters organized by site-specific diseases: central nervous system neoplasms, head and neck cancers, thoracic cancers, breast cancer, gastrointestinal cancers, gynecologic cancers, genitourinary cancers, lymphoma, sarcoma, skin cancers, pediatric malignancies, metastatic disease, and benign indications. The chapters present must-know key points, including treatment options by stage, technical considerations, and important items for follow-up. Clinical pearls and tables covering treatment options, dose constraints, side effects, target delineations, and treatment planning complete each chapter. The chapters conclude with a list of selected, summarized studies relevant to the disease. The book takes an efficient and no-frills approach to fundamental topics in the field, making it the perfect reference for a quick review for the board exam or
MOCand even serving as a handy reference during a case review at a tumor board. The book provides essential, quick reference appendices on radiation therapy symptom management, normal tissue tolerance constraints, and radiation therapy and new systemic agents.
Clinical trials are the engine of progress in the development of new drugs, procedures, and devices for the detection, monitoring, prevention, and treatment of cancer. A well-conceived, carefully designed, and efficiently conducted clinical trial can produce results that change clinical practice, deliver new oncology drugs, interventions, and diagnostics to the marketplace, and expand our understanding of cancer biology. This book presents the latest designs and methods of conducting and analyzing cancer clinical trials in the era of precision medicine with biologic agents including trials investigating the safety and efficacy of targeted therapies, immunotherapies, and combination therapies as well as novel radiation therapy modalities. It provides examples of real-life flaws and real-world examples for how to successfully design, conduct and analyze quality clinical trials and interpret them. With chapters written by oncologists, researchers, biostatisticians, clinical research administrators, and industry and FDA representatives. The book provides a comprehensive guide in the design, conduct, monitoring, analysis, and reporting of clinical trials in oncology. It covers various topics such as immunotherapy trials, radiation therapy trials, multi-arm trials, meta-analysis and adaptive design, use of genomics, dose modifications and use of ancillary treatments in investigational studies, establishing surrogate endpoints, practical issues with correlative studies, cost-effectiveness analysis and more. The book is organized into six parts containing 49 chapters. The first part provides background and introduction to oncology clinical trials which includes ethical principles guiding clinical research. The next two parts discusses designing and conducting oncology clinical trials such as phase I, II and III trials; confirmatory clinical trials, noninferiority trials, and quality of life studies. The fourth part describes analyzing results of oncology clinical trials. The fifth part talks about special considerations in oncology clinical trials. The final part discusses about cooperative groups, regulatory, and governing bodies involved in oncology clinical trials.
This book is a comprehensive guide for the practicing physician and medical physicist in the management of complex intracranial and extracranial disease. It presents the scientific principles, clinical background and procedures, treatment planning, and treatment delivery of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for the treatment of tumors throughout the body. The book is organized into two parts comprising twenty chapters. Beginning with an overview of SRS and SBRT, Part one provides insightful coverage on topics such as the evolving radiobiological principles of radiosurgery and SBRT, SRS and SBRT process, patient immobilization, imaging, treatment planning process, and technologies and equipment used for SRS and SBRT. It also contains focused chapters on quality assurance, quality management, and patient safety. Part Two describes the clinical application of SRS and SBRT for tumors throughout the body. The body regions covered includes brain, head and neck, lung, pancreas, adrenal glands, liver, prostate, cervix, and spine. It also has a chapter on oligometastatic disease. Each clinical chapter includes an introduction to the disease site, followed by a thorough review of all indications and exclusion criteria, in addition to the important considerations for patient selection, treatment planning and delivery, and outcome evaluation. These chapters conclude with a detailed and site-specific dose constraints table for critical structures and their suggested dose limits. The final chapter discusses immunoradiosurgery. The book is enhanced with supplemental video tutorials and is a must-have book for clinicians, physicists, and other radiation therapy practitioners.
Revised and updated, this third edition continues its tradition of providing evidence-based approaches to the specific technical aspects of delivering radiation treatment. Easy to read and relevant to general practice, this popular pocket-sized manual leads radiation oncology trainees and clinicians through the basics of radiotherapy planning and delivery for all major malignancies in a step-by-step manner. Organized by body site or system, each chapter provides technical details and clinical updates to planning as a result of practice-changing paradigms as well as new and updated equipment and techniques. Specialized topics such as palliative radiotherapy and pediatric radiotherapy round out the final chapters. With over 40 new images in addition to detailed accounts of advances in the field, this highly anticipated third edition provides important updates while retaining the valued, practical features of the previous editions. Written by members of staff in the Department of Radiation Oncology at the Cleveland Clinic, this edition continues to be a valuable resource for training as well as a reliable quick reference for professionals in the field such as radiation therapists and technologists, radiation nurses, dosimetrists, physicists, and practicing physicians. It presents concise summaries including target definitions and dose constraints for planning all major disease sites, provides updated coverage of planning associated with stereotactic body radiation therapy for prostate, pancreas, and liver cancers, and includes over 190 full color images. It also outlines new practice standards for hypofractionated radiation therapy in breast and prostate cancers and explains specific technical aspects important for the appropriate clinical delivery of radiation treatment.
Every nurse cares for patients facing end-of-life issues at some point in their career. For some nurses, working with terminally ill patients is an infrequent, yet important experience. For others, it is part of their daily nursing work. Fast Facts for the Hospice Nurse: A Concise Guide to End-of-Life Care, Second edition, like the first edition, is a valuable, up-to-date resource for all nurses whether they work with terminally ill patients on a daily basis or only occasionally. This book is for nurses who are seeking to specialize in hospice, those who work in long-term care settings, postacute care settings, acute care setting, and those who are seeking to enhance their knowledge of end-of-life care within other specialties. This second edition has been thoroughly revised, updated, and expanded. New information has been added on the role of the hospice nurse as case manager, cultural issues, such as working with members of the
LGBTQ+ community, and special communication considerations, such as working with deaf and hard of hearing patients and those who have limited English proficiency. In terms of symptom management at the end of life, new chapters have been added on the use of cannabis, nonpharmacological pain management interventions, wound care, care of the dying patient, and postmortem care. Each section of the second edition of this book focuses on nursing care at the end of life and offers concise, yet thorough, coverage of important topics. Throughout the book, numerous resources are provided and ‘Fast Facts’ boxes are used to highlight important pieces of information. Treatment options are also included in tables and figures throughout the book. Screening tools for depression, anxiety, and risk for wounds are included as well as scales that are important in hospice care, such as the Palliative Performance Scale and the Karnofsky Performance Scale.
An understanding of biostatistics is necessary for reading and comprehending published literature, for performing retrospective research, and for designing and analyzing prospective clinical trials. Biostatistical concepts are also tested on oncology board exams. This book is organized into four sections covering 13 chapters. Section I begins with the basic foundations of biostatistics that are tested on board exams such as summarizing and graphing data, sampling, and statistical estimation. In Section II, these basics are then expanded on to include the concepts used in retrospective study design, analysis, and interpretation. It discusses hypothesis testing, correlation, regression, categorical data analysis, survival analysis methods, and noninferiority analysis. Section III focuses on prospective clinical trials, guiding readers in their understanding of published clinical trials and in the design and analysis of novel clinical trials. It describes cohort studies, case-control studies, cross-sectional studies, matched studies, analysis of studies, and sample size. The final section presents self-study multiple choice questions with answers and rationales.
The book begins with a brief overview of the various types of genetic alterations that are encountered in cancer, followed by accessible and applicable information on next generation sequencing technology and bioinformatics, tumor heterogeneity, whole genome, exome and transcriptome sequencing, epigenomics, and data analysis and interpretation. It provides essential explanations of concepts, terminology, and methods. The book includes tips for interpreting and analyzing molecular data, as well as a discussion of molecular predictors for targeted therapies covering hematologic malignancies and solid tumors. It explains the use of FDA-approved genomic-based targeted therapies for breast cancer, lung cancer, sarcomas, gastrointestinal cancers, urologic cancers, head and neck cancer, thyroid cancer, and many more. The book provides essential understanding of the molecular and genetic basis of cancer and the clinical aspects that have led to advancements in diagnosis and treatment. It describes how cancer genomics and next generation sequencing informs cancer screening, risk factors, therapeutic options, and clinical management across cancer types. The book explains what mutations are, what tests are needed, and how to interpret the results and provides information on FDA-approved targeted therapies that are being used in the clinic. Finally, it covers different sequencing platforms and technologies and how they perform in research settings.
The Changing Face of Health Care Social Work, 4th Edition:Opportunities and Challenges for Professional Practice
This fourth edition of the book covers basic and advanced concepts related to the delivery of social work services in health care settings. When health care is responsive to those in need, the provision of services must be equitable, safe, timely, efficient, effective, evidence-based, and patient-centered while simultaneously exemplifying best practices for all. As pressure for quality services continues to increase, however, the equitable distribution and availability of affordable health care has changed. This has left many providers and patients alike filled with expectation and speculation as to what constitutes essential health care service delivery. The book advocates a proactive stance for health care social workers and is designed to serve as a practical guide for understanding and addressing the philosophy of practice in our current health care environment. Suggestions are made for achieving ethical time-limited, evidence-based social work practice in these settings. At the end of each chapter, a “Summary and Future Directions” section is provided that will help social workers to understand what can be expected and how to prepare for the practice changes needed in order to remain viable clinical practitioners. The book is designed as a practical guide to help social workers understand the roots of social work practice, stressing the importance of the person-in-environment and person-in-situation while utilizing strength’s perspective employing this information as a foundation for embracing the changes to come. As a skilled professional, the incorporation of evidence-based social work practice will need to serve as the cornerstone of all we do while always taking into account the uniqueness and situation-based strategy needed to help each individual patient/client/consumer.
SITC’s Guide to Managing Immunotherapy Toxicity is a practical reference to managing side effects associated with FDA-approved cancer immunotherapy drugs. Part I contains chapter-based overviews of immune checkpoint inhibitors in the clinic, starting with Anti-CTLA-4 agents, Anti-PD-1/PD-L1 agents, and approved immunotherapeutic combinations. These chapters cover relevant mechanisms of action, indications, and toxicities seen while combating early, advanced, and metastatic stages in cancer patients. Part II is structured by common and uncommon toxicities that affect major organ sites throughout the body. It begins with a general summary of principles and management options followed by chapters focusing on specific toxicities such as rash and mucosal irritation, muscle and joint toxicity, diarrhea and colitis, pneumonitis, endocrine toxicities, neurological toxicities, cardiac toxicity, renal toxicity, hematologic toxicity, and ocular toxicities. Each chapter provides guidance on how to assess and treat the toxicity and how to support the patient through acute and chronic effects with detailed summary tables for quick reference. Part II concludes with chapters covering management of special patient populations, including patients with autoimmune disease and geriatric patients, treatment and management of fatigue, and a final chapter dedicated to cost effectiveness and the toll of ‘financial toxicity’ on patients and caregivers. With chapters written by world-recognized oncology leaders in the immuno-oncology field, this text provides thorough coverage of the toxicity and management of adverse effects for immune checkpoint inhibitors. It is an indispensable resource for clinical oncologists, emergency physicians, hospitalists, and other medical practitioners in both the hospital and community clinic settings, especially as the use of immune checkpoint inhibitors becomes a fixture in oncology care.
The field of counseling is an exciting and challenging career choice. It is a profession that has a prolific history of enabling person-centered counseling approaches for individuals, couples, partners, and families, and facilitates therapeutic services for children, adolescents, adults, and older adults. This book offers an excellent resource for graduate-level coursework that relates to an orientation to the counseling profession, professional issues, and special topic seminars, as well as other counseling-related coursework. It provides both contemporary insight and practical strategies for working with the complexity of real-life issues related to assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of diverse clients and their families. The book provides professionals with chapters organized into the 10 CACREP and CORE content areas that address the awareness, knowledge, and skills required to work with children, adolescents, individuals, groups, couples, families, and persons from diverse cultural backgrounds. The content areas are: professional counseling identity, ethical and practice management issues, case management and consultation issues, multicultural counseling awareness, counseling theories and techniques, career counseling and human growth, assessment and diagnosis, counseling couples, families, and groups, counseling specific populations, and contemporary issues in counseling.
This book provides a transformative approach to the study of nursing through nursing case studies in caring. It provides an innovative and exciting approach to the study of nursing from within the context of nursing situations. The book is divided into two parts. Part I provides an introduction to the concept of nursing situations; an overview of the philosophical and theoretical perspectives grounding the framework development; an explanation of the Barry, Gordon & King Teaching/Learning Nursing Framework; a conceptual translation and application of the framework to selected grand and midrange theoretical perspectives; and an in-depth exemplar of teaching the discipline of nursing through the use of a nursing situation at the graduate level. Part II presents examples of nursing situations across a variety of populations, health concerns, and practice settings. These include caring between a nurse and an older adult, a nurse and a young woman experiencing a sickle cell crisis, a nurse and a young woman who experienced sudden cardiac arrest, a nurse and an adult, a nurse and a young adult experiencing cancer, a nurse and a baby and its parents, a nurse and a child, a nurse and a group of men hospitalized with chronic mental illness. The settings are also varied such as an emergency room, NICU, long-term care setting or a hospice care. The last chapter talks about caring during the Ebola outbreak in Uganda.
Cancer affects 1.7 million new lives each year. Over 60" of those diagnosed with cancer will undergo radiation therapy at some point in their disease process–whether for curative intent or for palliation. Radiation oncologists take great care to accurately target tumor and minimize normal tissue irradiation. This book provides a concise summary of the presentation and management of both acute and late radiation side effects. The ability to effectively manage the acute effects on patients undergoing treatment is critical for radiation oncology professionals as well as other medical fields, as patients are treated in multidisciplinary fashion. Most late-appearing effects from radiation are uncommon. The book is a collection of the experience of disease site experts who see and treat both acute and late effects with frequency. Their summarized evidence-based practice provides guidance to anyone whose practice touches cancer patients and survivors. The book is a useful and practical guide in practice, whether it be daily management or as reference for the occasional patient with a history of radiation. The book is divided into thirteen chapters. The first chapter addresses radiation therapy effects on the central nervous system. The second chapter presents radiation therapy effects in head and neck cancer. The third chapter describes radiation therapy effects on the thorax. The fourth chapter analyzes radiation therapy effects in breast cancer. The next three chapters presents radiation therapy effects on the abdomen, pelvis, and on skin and extremities. Chapter 8 reviews radiation toxicity management in children. The ninth chapter discusses the systemic effects of radiation therapy. The tenth chapter analyzes radioprotection for radiation therapy. Chapter 11 discusses the risk and prevention of radiation-induced cancers. Chapter twelve describes the approaches and challenges in cancer survivorship. The final chapter talks about maximizing the health and wellness of cancer survivors through healthy lifestyle behaviors.
Considering the various comments the authors received from a variety of readers of the past editions, it was clear that this text needed to keep the format and hold the place in the sports medicine review category of thorough, yet succinct, texts. This third edition has kept true to the sports medicine board examination content outline in order to cover all topics testable on the examination. Even the length of each chapter is designed according to how much that topic is weighted on the examination. The authors have also kept the easy-to-read outline format as well as the reference lists at the end of each chapter, which can be used for more in-depth study of the topics. The book is divided into three primary sections: General Topics; Health Promotion and Injury Prevention; and Diagnosis and Treatment of Sports Injuries and Conditions. The third section is divided into the following four subsections: Musculoskeletal Injuries and Conditions; Medical, Neurological, and Psychological Conditions; Special Populations; and Hot Topics in Sports Medicine. The authors have added a new chapter to the Hot Topics subsection on exercise as medicine to supplement existing chapters on sports ultrasound and regenerative medicine. For this third edition, they have added rationales with detailed explanations of why one answer is correct and the others are not. The book is meant to be used as a study guide for primary care sports medicine physicians (family medicine, emergency medicine, internal medicine, pediatrics, and physical medicine and rehabilitation) and orthopedic sports medicine physicians preparing to take the sports medicine subspecialty examination for initial certification or recertification. It also can serve as a sports medicine reference for other medical professionals such as athletic trainers, physical therapists, chiropractors, advanced practice providers, physicians in training (i.e., interns, residents, and fellows), and other physicians interested in sports medicine.
This book is designed to raise the awareness of fellow nursing colleagues about the opportunities that exist for them in aiding governments and health infrastructures to obtain the targets established by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Additionally, it provides ample opportunities for the profession to integrate global considerations into nursing curricula, research efforts, and practice initiatives right now. The book first provides a background of emerging considerations in global nursing and global health for personal-planetary transformation, a brief history and future directions of the relationship between nursing and the UN, guidelines for global leadership and discussion of the importance of global citizenship, and ethics in the global health context. Then, it provides a primer on the 17 SDGs. Readers will find information about the SDG targets, options for how nursing can play direct and indirect roles in furthering the priorities of each goal, and the current initiatives under way that deserve global nursing’s input and partnership if they are to be truly effective. Finally, the book articulates a vision for the future of global nursing and global health, one that: moves from the firsthand global wisdom of nurses who guide us to further the SDGs in countries around the world; requires us to be reflective as individuals, with partners, groups, organizations, and communities as we commit to sustainable development; creates a collaboration consciousness to engender unity and peace; and illustrates a Post-2030 Agenda, beyond the SDGs, for planetary health.
This book addresses new treatment pathways, outcomes, and economics of spasticity care within the larger context of the rapidly changing health care environment. Divided into four sections, the book is intended to provide both clinicians and researchers up-to-date access on the latest comprehensive treatment of spasticity. The first part of the book includes a general overview with four chapters highlighting why spasticity is important, epidemiology of spasticity and other signs of the upper motor neuron syndrome, and finally ancillary findings associated with caring for the patient with spasticity. The second part of the book focuses on the assessment tools in diagnosis and management of spasticity. It includes an outline of general overview measurement tools, specific techniques and scales, assessment of the upper and lower extremity, and setting realistic goals for treatment. The third part of the book explains the role of the physical and occupational therapist in spasticity management, the use of ultrasound in guidance of botulinum toxin management, and emerging technologies in the treatment of spasticity. The final part of the book is devoted to individual diseases involving spasticity and treatment within the context of these conditions. In addition to updated chapters on evaluation, genetics, and spasticity in adults and children with spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, stroke, traumatic brain injury, and cerebral palsy, the book include new chapters on more specialized areas including spasticity in patients with cancer, treatment of spasticity in patients in long-term care facilities, and the economics of spasticity treatment.
Cancer patients frequently present with scenarios for which level I evidence is not available and a more individualized approach to each patient is warranted. This book analyzes common difficult clinical situations from various vantage points. It presents case examples which were developed to guide discussions on treatment recommendations, with a review of current issues, and any potential data utilized to drive treatment decisions. The cases are organized into sections corresponding to the major treatment areas of radiation oncology: Breast, Gastrointestinal, Gynecology, Genitourinary, Head and Neck, Thorax, and Central Nervous System. Radiation oncological apsects are discussed for several difficult cases of breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, rectal cancer, anal cancer, endometrial cancer, prostate cancer, laryngeal carcinoma, oral tongue cancer, small-cell lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, anaplastic oligodendroglioma and glioblastoma. The book provides residents, fellows, and clinicians with a practical, evidence-based guide to the current management of difficult cases in radiation oncology. Emphasis is on the management of those clinical challenges commonly seen in practice that the community practitioner would normally handle without outside referral.