The goal of this book is to teach the ability to form an autonomous and clinically useful opinion about any 12-lead electrocardiogram (EKG). It introduces basic principles of anatomy and physiology, including a review of the heart’s electrical system. The heart has an intricate electrical system, made up of highly specialized cells, that is responsible for generating each heart beat. The heart’s electrical system consists of five structures: the sinoatrial (SA node), the atrioventricular (AV node), the bundle of His, the right and left bundle branches, and the Purkinje fibers. One of the most basic yet important pieces of information the EKG provides is the heart rate (HR). The most accurate way to measure heart rate is by measuring the R-R interval. Learning the normal electrical direction of forces in the heart provides a simple and scientific way of understanding and interpreting an EKG. The book also discusses vital elements of cardiology, such as atrial and ventricular arrhythmias, conduction abnormalities and heart block, ischemic and nonischemic disorders, and more. It explains various types of heart blocks such as premature atrial contraction, sinus arrest and asystole, and various types of pacemakers such as ventricular pacemaker and artrial pacemakers. Drug effects and toxicities, electrolyte imbalances, trauma, pericardial diseases, lung disease, cancer, cardiomyopathies, and systemic diseases are conditions that can cause specific changes on the EKG.
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This book was designed to be a high-speed review—a last-minute gut check before the exam day. The authors created this review, which is a quick summary of the key topics one’ll encounter on the exam, to supplement to their certification preparation studies. They encourages the readers to use it in conjunction with other study aids to ensure they are as prepared as possible for the exam. This book, written by certified critical care nurses, follows the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses’ (
AACN®) most recent exam content outline, and uses a succinct, bulleted format to highlight what one need to know. It will help the readers solidify their retention of information in the month or so leading up to their exam. Special features appear throughout the book to call out important information, including: complications: Problems that can arise with certain disease states or procedures; pearls: Additional patient care insights and strategies for knowledge retention; Alerts: Need-to-know details on how to handle emergency situations; pop quizzes: Critical-thinking questions to test your ability to synthesize what you learned; medication tables: Handy tables at the end of each body system chapter highlighting the indications, mechanisms of action, contraindications, and adverse effects of commonly administered medications; and list of abbreviations: A useful appendix to help guide us through the alphabet soup of clinical terms. We know life is busy. Being able to prepare for our exam efficiently and effectively is paramount, which is why the authors created this book. One have come to the right place as they continue on their path of professional growth and development. The stakes are high, and the authors want to help us succeed.
One of the historical pillars of rehabilitation counseling has been the use of assessment throughout the rehabilitation process. With this historical emphasis, it is not surprising that the focus on assessment and the methods and techniques used have changed and evolved. As a result, students, practitioners, and researchers are on a constant quest for updated and current information to guide and inform practice, policy, and research. This constant quest for updated and comprehensive information is directly relevant to the assessment of individuals typically served by rehabilitation and mental health practitioners and is the focus of this book. To date, there has not been a book that has been able to provide a comprehensive discussion of topics applicable to service delivery across both setting. This book attempts to fill this gap. One factor that guided the development of this book was the authors’ goal to provide both the foundational information necessary to understand and plan the assessment process and combine this material with information that is applicable to specific population and service delivery settings. To achieve this goal, each of the chapters is written by leaders in the field who have specialized knowledge regarding the chapter content. The chapters provide practical hands on information that allows for easy incorporation of the material to rehabilitation and mental health practice. To further strengthen practical application, case studies and templates have been incorporated where applicable to highlight specific key aspects to promote application to service delivery. Second, this is the first assessment book to be developed after the Council on Rehabilitation Counselor Education and Council on the Accreditation of Counseling and Related Programs merger. Finally, the authors hope that the readers of this book can apply this information to enhance the overall quality of life of the individuals they work with, especially individuals with disabilities.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (
DSM-5) is the result of the first significant revision of the publication DSM-IVin 1994. With advances in research and clinical applications, modifications were needed to accurately frame client symptom presentation and reflect the changes and advances in science and technology. The collection of cases presented in the book has been compiled from seasoned clinicians that have experienced complex client symptomology. These cases illustrate real world examples of actual clients seen in practice. The details of the cases are organized to provide readers with examples of case conceptualization examples, as well as, diagnostic impressions, conclusions, and treatment recommendations. The book provides a practical and realistic way for students in such mental health professions as clinical psychology, counseling psychology, counseling, and social work to put the new DSM-5into practice by presenting actual clinical experiences from practitioners. By exploring detailed clinical vignettes, this text offers trainees the opportunity to explore their own ideas on symptom presentation, diagnosis, and treatment planning with a full range of disorders and conditions covered in the DSM-5. The book provides vignettes, but also explores the rationale behind diagnostic criteria and connects diagnostic criteria in the DSM-5with symptomology in the case. In addition, each case includes a discussion of treatment interventions that is crucial for students in helping professions. These treatment considerations are inclusive of a wide range of evidence-based approaches as appropriate for each case. Techniques/treatment recommendation section will allow the reader to understand how colleagues have conceptualized the case and how specific interventions have been effective in treatment. The goal is for students to enhance their case conceptualization skills and sharpen their ability to understand symptom presentation in light of diagnosing.
This book has been designed to be a high-speed review—a last-minute gut check before the C-EFM® exam day. The authors created this review, which is a quick summary of the key topics one”ll encounter on the exam, to supplement their certification preparation studies. They encourage the readers to use it in conjunction with other study aids to ensure they are as prepared as possible for the exam. This book follows the National Certification Corporation’s (
NCC) most recent exam content outline. It uses a succinct, bulleted format with sample electronic fetal monitoring ( EFM) tracings to highlight essential knowledge. The aim of the book is to help the readers solidify their retention of information in the month or so leading up to their exam. It is written by certified nurse practitioners who are familiar with the exam and the content one need to know. Special features appear throughout the book to call out important information, including the following: Complications: Problems that can arise with certain patient conditions or procedures; Nursing Pearls: Additional patient care insights and strategies for knowledge retention; Alerts: Need-to-know details on how to handle emergency situations or when to transfer care; Pop Quizzes: Critical thinking questions to test ones’ ability to synthesize what they learned; and List of Abbreviations: A useful appendix to help guide us through the alphabet soup of clinical terms. Chapters cover maternal and fetal physiology, internal and external fetal monitoring equipment, fetal assessment methods, EFMpattern recognition, fetal and maternal complications, ethical and legal issues, and more.
This book reflects the arduous procedure of breaking down thoughts into pieces that are easily comprehended and applicable. It is a text that contains a wealth of information that has been refined over time to reflect the latest thinking of scholars in the field of child and adolescent mental health. This well wrought manuscript of comprehensive chapters articulates the latest and best research in working with children and adolescents in a readable and engaging way. Thus, this book is clinical, theoretical, and practical. It is applicable to the myriad of concerns that counselors face in dealing with developmental problems and challenges. The book covers developmental theorists, theoretical viewpoints, multicultural matters, counseling stages, special populations, clinical applications, and ethical and legal considerations. In other words, all of the critical factors needed to understand and become involved with members of the two major populations addressed in this work are covered. The book emphasizes the powerful interconnections that support counseling central to children and adolescents. Potential users may find the book’s appeal lies in subject matter that can be flexibly used in both school and clinical mental health counseling settings. It offers practical applications for skill and theory development supplied by an impressive roster of counselor educators with a wealth of professional and clinical expertise. Moreover, the book assists in fostering graduate students in course engagement. This book is for counselor educators and counseling supervisors as they assist counselors-in-training and practicing counselors in acquiring a variety of child and adolescent-centered theories, modalities, and methods. The book can be adopted as the main textbook for a variety of class settings and will also appeal to educators, students-in-training, and supervisors in closely related fields including social workers and psychologists.
This book focuses on the practice of child psychotherapy, the theories and treatment practice. The book is divided into three parts. The first part dwells on the need for developmentally grounded child psychotherapy. It explores theories of human development, also referred to as developmental psychology and educational theory in order to understand how children are challenged to learn, and reviews theories that speculate how love and our earliest relationships impact health and well-being. Part II assimilates the developmental theory into the pragmatics of child psychotherapy. It discusses the pragmatics of providing child psychotherapy with considerations for therapists, focuses on the legal and ethical challenges that arise when providing child psychotherapy, and reviews the types of assessment tools that cover all phases of development, including emotional, social, developmental, educational, and psychological. The third part presents the best practices in child psychotherapy. Here, models of evidence-based practice in child psychotherapy are reviewed with examples of what each model offers to the treatment process. These theories also describe what the therapist brings to psychotherapy based on the therapist’s belief of what therapy looks like and the therapist’s role in the relationship with the client. One of the chapters guides the therapist through case conceptualization that integrates the most efficacious treatment interventions into the eight-phase template of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR). Basic issues such as sleeping, feeding, emotional dysregulation, and learning issues are also discussed with common responses and references to provide to parents through a developmentally grounded practice.
This book serves as a clinical reference for all those encountering young and adult children of substance-abusing parents regardless of the setting. The book is divided into four parts. Part I provides an overview of the existing state of knowledge regarding children of substance-abusing parents and examines the developmental effects of alcohol and other drugs on children and implications for practice. Mentalization-based treatment holds the promise of providing a way to prevent and ameliorate emotional disturbance in children and adolescents. The chapters in Part II explore treatment issues across the life span of children of parents addicted to alcohol, tobacco, or other drugs, beginning with the prenatal impact through the stages of childhood, adolescence and adulthood. The emphasis is on those individuals who need treatment in a clinical setting. One of the chapters in Part III describes a variety of school-based and residential treatment programs aimed at adolescent children of substance-abusing parents, youngsters who are often at great risk to become the next generation of substance-abusing parents. Another discusses the treatment programs for the large, often overlooked, population of college students with substance-abusing parents. The last chapter in this section focuses on the programs for the growing number of children with substance-abusing incarcerated parents. The final section of this book includes four real-life personal accounts of individuals who grew up in substance-abusing families. Their descriptions of their early traumatic lives spent in an environment of domestic violence, shame and chaos reflect both the pain experienced by children of all ages as well as the resilience that is found in many such children.
This graduate-level, introductory textbook provides instructors and students with a comprehensive overview of the profession of clinical mental health counseling (
CMHC). Designed to cover the Council for the Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs ( CACREP) 2016 Standards and to provide an inclusive overview of the work of professional counselors, the book offers an in-depth exploration of the professional knowledge, skills, current issues, and dynamic trends in professional counseling that are essential parts of the educational journey of emerging clinicians. It provides readers with practical, applicable, real-world information upon which they can build through-out their programs of study and practice. Issues such as strength-based approaches, the various settings in which clinical mental health counselors may practice, record keeping and documentation, advocacy, professional roles, third-party payers and managed care, and self-care and professional development are vitally important to new counselors, and these subjects often are glanced over in an information-packed curriculum. In addition, the book covers the topics of crisis, disaster, and trauma, which constitute relatively new areas of emphasis within the CACREPStandards. Conceptually, it book looks at the history, roles, functions, settings, and contemporary issues of counseling through the lens of human ecological and integrated systems-of-care approaches. Unique to this particular textbook, and in juxtaposition to an ecological perspective of the individual, a focus on integrated systems of care in clinical mental health endeavors provides students with knowledge and skills that can help them to move seamlessly into the current world of work as clinical mental health counselors. The textbook is comprised of five sections, spanning the following clusters of CMHC-relevant information: (a) Introduction to Professional Counseling and Clinical Mental Health Counseling, (b) Working With Clients, (c) Practice Issues, (d) Working Within Systems, and (e) Client-Care and Self-Care Practices.
This book contains over 800 questions with answers and detailed explanations covering all areas of the complex subspecialty of clinical neurophysiology. It is divided into eight chapters covering anatomy and physiology, electronics and instrumentation, nerve conduction studies and electromyography, electroencephalography (
EEG), evoked potentials and intraoperative monitoring, sleep studies, ethics and safety, and advanced topics including quantitative EEG, magnetoencephalography, transcranial electrical stimulation, autonomic testing, and more. Liberal use of image-based questions illustrating the full spectrum of neurophysiologic tests and findings build interpretive skills. Questions are randomized and include both case-related questions in series and stand-alone items to familiarize candidates with the question types and formats they will find on the exam. This book is recommended for its intended audience and candidates for board certification in a field of clinical neurophysiology. It can be a useful resource for fellows during their training. The book is in a Q&A format with answers and detailed rationales to facilitate recall of must-know information and help identify knowledge gaps for further study. The book provides case-based questions in series to simulate full range of board question types. It includes numerous state-of-the-art digital images to ensure familiarity with studies and findings that form a significant part of any certifying exam and contains a unique Pearls for Passing chapter, Chapter 9, for quick review of key facts.