This book provides a multidisciplinary compendium of research pertaining to aging among diverse racial and ethnic populations in the United States. It focuses on paramount public health, social, behavioral, and biological concerns as they relate to the needs of older minorities. The book is divided into four parts covering psychology, public health/biology, social work, and sociology of minority gang. The book focuses on the needs of four major race and ethnic groups: Asian/Pacific Islander, Hispanic/Latino, black/African American, and Native American. It also includes both inter- and intra-race and ethnic group research for insights regarding minority aging. The chapters focus on an array of subject areas that are recognized as being critical to understanding the well-being of minority elders. These include psychology (cognition, stress, mental health, personality, sexuality, religion, neuroscience, discrimination); medicine/nursing/public health (mortality and morbidity, disability, health disparities, long-term care, genetics, nutritional status, health interventions, physical functioning); social work (aging, caregiving, housing, social services, end-of-life care); and sociology (Medicare, socioeconomic status (SES), work and retirement, social networks, context/neighborhood, ethnography, gender, demographics).
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This book is intended to provide to the eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) clinician advanced tools to treat children with complex trauma, attachment wounds, and dissociative tendencies. It covers key elements to develop case conceptualization skills and treatment plans based on the adaptive information processing (AIP) model. A broader perspective is presented by integrating concepts from attachment theory, affect regulation theory, affective neuroscience, and interpersonal neurobiology. These concepts and theories not only support the AIP model, but they expand clinicians’ understanding and effectiveness when working with dissociative, insecurely attached, and dysregulated children. The book presents aspects of our current understanding of how our biological apparatus is orchestrated, how its appropriate development is thwarted when early, chronic, and pervasive trauma and adversity are present in our lives, and how healing can be promoted through the use of EMDR therapy. In addition, it provides a practical guide to the use of EMDR within a systemic framework. It illustrates how EMDR therapy can be used to help caregivers develop psychobiological attunement and synchrony as well as to enhance their mentalizing capacities. Another important goal of the book is to bring strategies from other therapeutic approaches, such as play therapy, sand tray therapy, Sensorimotor Psychotherapy, Theraplay, and Internal Family Systems (IFS) into a comprehensive EMDR treatment, while maintaining appropriate adherence to the AIP model and EMDR methodology. This is done with the goal of enriching the work that often times is necessary with complexly traumatized children and their families.
Neuroscience for Psychologists and Other Mental Health Professionals:Promoting Well-Being and Treating Mental Illness
This book presents information about brain function and its chemical underpinnings in a way that contributes to a conceptual understanding of distress and subjective well-being. Chapter 1 of the book provides a history of thought in psychiatry and explains how we arrived at our current system for categorizing distress. The second chapter offers information on physiology, including brain circuits undergirding anxiety and depression, circuits for emotional or impulse regulation, and circuits for robust motivated behaviors. Information on pharmacology, including the major classes of drugs used to influence behaviour, and the issues over the regulation of pharmaceuticals are presented in the third chapter. This is followed by five chapters that consider categories of distress that afflict adults, namely, depression, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, bipolar disorders and addictions. Chapter 9 focuses on categories of distress in children such as pediatric bipolar disorder and depression. The last chapter of the book considers whether current diagnostic practices have served us well, looks at an alternative focus for delivering mental health services, and deals with those behaviors that promote flourishing and well-being.
This book provides a better understanding of emerging disabilities and their impact on all areas of life and explores implications for rehabilitation counseling practice, policy, and research. It first defines emerging disabilities and examines current societal trends that contribute to the onset and diagnoses of chronic illnesses and disabilities that are considered to be emerging in the United States. Then, the book provides an overview of medical, psychosocial, and vocational aspects that distinguish emerging disabilities from traditional disabilities. The first section of the book includes four chapters on emerging disabilities with organic causes or unknown etiologies. It examines disabilities and chronic illnesses that are characterized by chronic pain. The second section of the book examines the role of natural and sociocultural environments in creating new patterns and types of disabling conditions. It focuses on both lifestyle factors and climate change and how these contribute to the onset and/or exacerbation of chronic illness and disability and explains physical disabilities, chronic illnesses, and mental health conditions that result from violence. The final section of the book explores implications for rehabilitation practice, policy, and research to better respond to the unique concerns and needs of rehabilitation consumers with emerging disabilities. It suggests research topics, designs, and procedures for building upon our knowledge about the rehabilitation needs of emerging disability populations and developing evidence-based practices to facilitate successful rehabilitation outcomes for individuals in these populations.
This book details the technical aspects of how to achieve requirements for clinical treatment planning aspects, including patient positioning, creation of patient specific bolus, beam angle configurations, and inverse planning optimization approaches. It is written for everyone involved in treatment planning including dosimetrists, physicists, and physicians. The book comprises of 14 chapters. The first three chapters are introductory chapters. Chapter one describes the types of treatment plans and the general process of treatment planning. The second chapter explains the principles and limitations of current inverse planning optimization algorithms, and discusses the application of auto-planning, knowledge-based planning, and multi-criteria optimization to overcome these limitations. The third chapter covers the available immobilization equipment and general principles of simulation, including patient safety procedures. Chapters four through eleven are organized by body site or system and covers central nervous system, head and neck, breast cancer, thoracic cancer, gastrointestinal radiotherapy, genitourinary cancer, gynecologic cancer, lymphoma, and soft tissue sarcoma. For each site, there is a description of patient simulation, including immobilization, setup, isocenter placement, and any special considerations such as motion management. The plan goals for each treatment site are tabulated, followed by recipes to achieve them from the simplest planning technique to the most advanced planning technique. For simple 3D conformal plans, the recipes include the field arrangement and portal shape design (both with many figures), beam weighting, and selection of dose normalization point. For advanced techniques such as intensity-modulated radiation therapy, volumetric modulated radiation therapy, and stereotactic body radiation therapy, the recipes provide details of creation of optimization structures and multiple stage optimizations. Each chapter concludes with plan evaluation, comparing achieved doses to the clinical planning goals. Chapter thirteen describes treatment planning for pediatric cancers. Chapter fourteen discusses treatment planning for palliative treatment.
This book provides a state-of-the-art overview of the principles of cancer care and best practices for restoring function and quality of life to cancer survivors. Cancer rehabilitation interventions including physical, occupational, or speech therapy; exercise training; psychosocial and cognitive interventions; and physician-directed diagnostic imaging, injections, and pharmacologic symptom management have the potential to treat many impairments from cancer treatment, thereby improving functioning and quality of life. Multimodal rehabilitation interventions have also been shown to improve return to work compared to usual care. The chapters of the book review the latest evidence about which interventions should be used to treat specific impairments thereby constituting the most comprehensive and up-to-date reference on this topic. The book is organized into nine parts comprising 90 chapters. Part one presents history of cancer rehabilitation, cancer statistics, and principles of cancer care. Part two discusses various cancer types, which includes breast cancer, gastrointestinal malignancies, head and neck cancer, pediatric cancers, and primary bone tumors and their assessment and management. Parts three through six describe cancer pain, medical complications, neurological and neuromuscular complications, and musculoskeletal complications of cancer such as radiculopathy, plexopathy, autonomic dysfunction, and bone metastases and their management. Part seven discusses general topics related to cancer rehabilitation, which includes physical and occupational therapy, therapeutic modalities in cancer, therapeutic exercise in cancer, nutritional care of the cancer patient, sexuality issues, and distress and other psychiatric considerations in cancer rehabilitation. Part eight thoroughly explores the identification, evaluation, and treatment of specific impairments and disabilities that result from cancer and the treatment of cancer such as balance and gait dysfunction, cancer related fatigue, radiation fibrosis syndrome, and bowel dysfunction. Part nine discusses functional measurement in patients with cancer, health maintenance and screening in cancer survivors, research issues, barriers to accessing cancer rehabilitation, and building a cancer rehabilitation program.
This book enables the reader to learn information about psychosis and related illnesses, and develop an understanding of the benefits of early intervention in psychosis and skills for a successful interaction with a person with psychosis. It also helps the reader to learn strategies to support a young adult with psychosis in accessing treatment. The first chapter talks about schizophrenia spectrum disorders and its treatment options. Group therapy has shown to be highly effective in addressing symptoms and stressors associated with psychotic disorders. Chapter 2 introduces the different symptoms characteristic of a psychotic episode: positive symptoms, negative symptoms, disorganized symptoms, affective symptoms, and cognitive symptoms. Two associated symptom categories associated are abnormal motor behavior and level of insight. The third chapter provides knowledge that will be helpful in identifying if psychiatric symptoms are present and assisting when there may be concern about psychiatric stability. Chapter 4 builds on the knowledge and the skills that one has acquired and speaks specifically about assessment of safety and intervention strategies. There are a number of potential outcomes that can occur from helping a young adult with psychosis. The individual may require hospitalization in order to ensure safety and allow for the opportunity to reduce symptoms. The final chapter of the book provides a list of resources offering information on variety of mental health conditions and psychology.
The incidence of sexual assault and harassment experienced by members of the U.S. Armed Forces has reached epidemic proportions. Its victims often suffer from devastating, lifelong consequences to their careers, health, relationships, and psychological well-being. This book is written for mental health clinicians to help in understanding and treating military sexual trauma (
MST). It addresses the complex circumstances of victims of sexual abuse in the military and how clinicians can meet the unique challenges of treating these clients. The book describes how MST differs from other forms of military trauma such as combat, and discusses its prevalence, neurobiology, and social contexts as well as unique stressors of betrayal, injustice, struggles with issues of reporting and disclosure, and impact on relationships and sexuality. It reviews current evidence-based interventions and offers insights on treating specific symptoms within MST, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, substance abuse, sleep disorders, and sexual dysfunction. Chapters discuss how a variety of psychotherapies can be used to treat MST, including prolonged exposure, cognitive processing, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing ( EMDR), Seeking Safety, acceptance and commitment therapy, and somatic experiencing, as well as the Warrior Renew MST group therapy program. Clinicians who work with veterans and active duty personnel will find the book an essential guide to working with MST survivors.
This book is intended to introduce the exciting, challenging, stimulating, and inspiring world of behavioral intervention research. It is about the science and state-of-the-art practices in designing, evaluating, and then translating, implementing, and disseminating novel behavioral interventions for maximum impact on the health and well-being of individuals, families, and their communities. Each chapter tackles critical considerations in behavioral intervention research. The approach is to be as broad and inclusive as possible of the many nuances, intricacies, and issues in this form of inquiry. The book covers a wide range of topics including examining the heart of the matter or strategies for developing behavioral interventions including the pipeline for advancing interventions, the role of theory, intervention delivery characteristics, standardizing treatments, and use of technology. This is followed by evaluative considerations including selecting control groups; identifying recruitment, retention, and fidelity strategies; using mixed methodologies; and ethical challenges. Then the book examines outcome measures and analytic considerations including economic evaluations for maximizing the yield of trial data, and how implementation science can inform the development and advancement of behavioral interventions. Finally, the book explores a host of professional issues unique to this form of inquiry including challenges in staffing behavioral interventionist studies, how to obtain funding for developing and evaluating an intervention, and what, when, and where to publish. Case examples from successful behavioral intervention trials are used throughout each chapter to illustrate key concepts.
This book provides a foundation for counselors planning to supervise clinicians working with individuals and groups, attain leadership positions within an agency, or open their own professional practice. It encompasses key information about supervisory roles and responsibilities, ethics, multicultural issues, evaluation, and due-process procedures along with administrative issues such as agency leadership, budgeting, information management, crisis management, and quality-improvement practices. The book is divided into two sections: supervision and agency management. Chapters 1 to 4 are dedicated to issues related specifically to the supervisory process, such as roles and responsibilities, ethics, and various due-process procedures. Individual and groups supervision, ethical issues in supervisory relationship as well as developmental models, counseling theory-based models, and social role models of supervision are also discussed. Chapters 5 to 10 focus on the aspects of agency management (including issues that pertain to private practice) that may be less familiar to counselors. Here, chapters focus on budgeting, information management, leadership, and marketing. The budgeting chapter gives the reader information about how to financially plan and provides the information in a very accessible manner. Another chapter in this section enables assisting supervisors, counselor educators, and agency managers to understand the nature of critical incidents and crisis response and subsequently develop the strategies necessary to incorporate this important concept into practice.