Creativity must represent something different, new, or innovative. It has to be different and also be appropriate to the task at hand. The first chapter of the book deals with the Four-Criterion Construct of Creativity, which attempts to integrate both Western and Eastern conceptions of creativity. This is followed by a chapter which addresses how creativity operates on individual and social/environmental levels, and the effects and outcomes of the creative mind. Chapter 3 discusses the structure of creativity. A key work on creative domains is that of Carson, Peterson, and Higgins, who devised the creativity achievement questionnaire (CAQ) to assess 10 domains. The fourth chapter discusses measures of creativity and divergent thinking tests, Torrance Tests, Evaluation of Potential Creativity (EPOC) and Finke Creative Invention Task. Some popular personality measures use different theories, such as Eysenck’s Personality Questionnaire, which looks at extraversion, neuroticism and psychoticism. Chapter 6 focuses on a key issue, intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation and their relationship to creativity. While the seventh chapter deals with the relationship between creativity and intelligence, the eighth chapter describes three ’classic’ studies of creativity and mental illness which focus on the connection between bipolar disorder and creativity, usage of structured interviews and utilization of historiometric technique. One school admissions area that already uses creativity is gifted admissions—which students are chosen to enter gifted classes, programs, or after-school activities. The book also talks about creative perceptions and dwells upon the question whether creativity is good or bad.
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This book presents the best short introduction to genius to be found. It is a valuable resource for all students of psychology and anyone interested in the field. The book examines the many definitions of “genius”, and the multiple domains in which it appears, including art, science, music, business, literature, and the media. The term genius is peculiar. It can be precisely defined or loosely defined. It can be applied to a diversity of phenomena or confined to just one or two. It all depends on how you use the term. The tremendous range in usage reflects the fact that genius is both a humanistic concept with a long history and a scientific concept with a much shorter history. There are two principal ways to assess degrees of genius. One is historiometric, and the other is psychometric. Whatever the actual association between historiometric and psychometric genius, we have a strong inclination to associate the two concepts. This connection was demonstrated in a recent survey of college students at both U.S. and Canadian universities. The book also examines three alternative positions on the nature of cognitive ability: unified intellect, diverse intellects and hierarchical intellect. Whether intelligence is unified or multiple, all budding geniuses must go through some sort of apprenticeship period in which they acquire the expertise that will enable them to make original and exemplary contributions to their chosen domain of achievement. The book further explains what psychologists have said about problem-solving research in cognitive psychology.
This book provides a multidisciplinary compendium of research pertaining to aging among diverse racial and ethnic populations in the United States. It focuses on paramount public health, social, behavioral, and biological concerns as they relate to the needs of older minorities. The book is divided into four parts covering psychology, public health/biology, social work, and sociology of minority gang. The book focuses on the needs of four major race and ethnic groups: Asian/Pacific Islander, Hispanic/Latino, black/African American, and Native American. It also includes both inter- and intra-race and ethnic group research for insights regarding minority aging. The chapters focus on an array of subject areas that are recognized as being critical to understanding the well-being of minority elders. These include psychology (cognition, stress, mental health, personality, sexuality, religion, neuroscience, discrimination); medicine/nursing/public health (mortality and morbidity, disability, health disparities, long-term care, genetics, nutritional status, health interventions, physical functioning); social work (aging, caregiving, housing, social services, end-of-life care); and sociology (Medicare, socioeconomic status (SES), work and retirement, social networks, context/neighborhood, ethnography, gender, demographics).
This book explores a set of key topics that have shaped research and given us a much better understanding of how language processing works. The study of language involves examining sounds, structure, and meaning, and the book covers the aspects of language in each of these areas that are most relevant to psycholinguistics. The book then covers relatively low-tech methods that simply involve pencil and paper as well as very high-tech methods like functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) that use advanced technology to determine brain activity in response to language and discusses a topic that has dominated the field for over two decades how people handle ambiguity in language. It describes how language is represented, both in the brain itself and in how multiple languages interact, which parts of the brain are critical for the basics of language, and how language ability can be disrupted when the brain is damaged. The book further talks about progressive language disorders like semantic dementia and what the study of disordered language can tell us about the neurological basis of language. Finally, it looks at sign language research to see if and how sign language processing differs from speech and a relatively new hypothesis that has emerged: most previous work has taken for granted that comprehenders (and speakers) fully process language, that is that we try to build complete representations of what we hear, read, or produce.
The purpose of this book is to dispel many of the myths about the gifted, define the term in a nonelitist manner, explore how it manifests in individuals, describe why it is important, consider its origins, examine its psychological implications, and provide guidelines for its recognition, assessment, and development. It provides a cohesive conception of the psychology and development of a group with special needs. This perspective was shaped through 50 years of concentrated study and is informed by the author’s experience as a teacher of gifted elementary students, a counselor of gifted adolescents, a teacher educator of graduate students in gifted education, a psychologist specializing in the assessment of giftedness, a clinician with gifted clients, the creator of a refereed psychological journal on adult giftedness, and a researcher. In humanistic psychology, optimal development has been conceptualized differently. Self-realization can be understood in terms of Maslow’s self-actualization, Dabrowski’s secondary integration, Jung’s individuation, or other theoretical perspectives of human development. Families, educators, and psychologists can support inner development or they can act as agents of socialization, exhorting the gifted to "work harder" to attain external trappings of success.
This book is intended to introduce the exciting, challenging, stimulating, and inspiring world of behavioral intervention research. It is about the science and state-of-the-art practices in designing, evaluating, and then translating, implementing, and disseminating novel behavioral interventions for maximum impact on the health and well-being of individuals, families, and their communities. Each chapter tackles critical considerations in behavioral intervention research. The approach is to be as broad and inclusive as possible of the many nuances, intricacies, and issues in this form of inquiry. The book covers a wide range of topics including examining the heart of the matter or strategies for developing behavioral interventions including the pipeline for advancing interventions, the role of theory, intervention delivery characteristics, standardizing treatments, and use of technology. This is followed by evaluative considerations including selecting control groups; identifying recruitment, retention, and fidelity strategies; using mixed methodologies; and ethical challenges. Then the book examines outcome measures and analytic considerations including economic evaluations for maximizing the yield of trial data, and how implementation science can inform the development and advancement of behavioral interventions. Finally, the book explores a host of professional issues unique to this form of inquiry including challenges in staffing behavioral interventionist studies, how to obtain funding for developing and evaluating an intervention, and what, when, and where to publish. Case examples from successful behavioral intervention trials are used throughout each chapter to illustrate key concepts.
Stereo electroencephalography (
EEG) has become the predominant method across the world to invasively explore patients with focal epilepsy who are potential candidates for resective surgery. This required many epilepsy centers to introduce major workflow adaptations, investment in surgical and imaging technologies, and seek training in placement and interpretation of depth electrodes recordings. It became evident that a comprehensive, practical textbook outlining the different steps and nuances of the methodology was missing. This book covers all practical aspects of stereo EEGand is a quintessential staple for anybody learning and working in the field of epilepsy surgery, including adult and pediatric epileptologists and neurophysiologists, functional neurosurgeons, technologists, and trainees in these areas. The book is a complete and practical guide to thinking and doing stereoelectroencephalography ( SEEG) which will be a solid reference to practitioners around the world. Almost all chapters feature illustrative cases to explain specific aspects and key concepts of the SEEGmethodology. The section covering the practical approach to specific epilepsy syndromes includes voice-over slide presentations demonstrating the process of a systematic patient discussion, hypothesis generation, and electrode planning followed by data interpretation and delineation of surgical resection. The book starts with the historical background and principles of stereo EEGand discusses the role of the noninvasive evaluation and patient selection. It describes technical aspects of electrodes, multimodal data coregistration, and guidelines for invasive monitoring. The book then presents the conceptual framework of stereo EEGfollowed by surgical aspects of stereo EEGelectrode placement covering robotic and frame-based approaches, specific pediatric aspects, and potential complications. It describes data interpretation of physiologic, interictal, and ictal epileptic activity, and outlines conceptual and methodological aspects of electrical stimulation mapping. The book ends with discussing surgical procedures to remove the epileptogenic zone and a review of seizure and cognitive outcome with stereo EEG.
While there are several comprehensive textbooks on movement disorders, all are lengthy, thick, hardbound books and thus are less useful for the busy, practicing clinician who often needs a quick guide on the diagnostic approach and therapy for various movement disorders. There are a few practical, therapeutic handbooks on Parkinson disease but there are none for other types of movement disorders (chorea, dystonia, myoclonus, ataxia, etc). The ever busy clinician will also benefit from a “primer” on
DBS—its new device types, indications, identification of ideal and non-ideal candidates, and trouble-shooting. This third edition is a practical yet authoritative guide to the diagnosis and work up, and the pharmacological, non-pharmacological and surgical treatments of all types of movement disorders for the clinician-intraining and the practicing clinician. The authors used an “expanded outline bullet point” format, with liberal use of flow charts, algorithms and tables, with emphasis on clinical presentation, work-up and management, rather than pathophysiology and disease mechanism. In summary, this book should provide a comprehensive and practical approach to the neurological, behavioral, and surgical treatment of movement disorders. Because the authors anticipate that clinicians may be reading this book comprehensively, from start to finish; or, using it “on demand” by quickly surveying specific chapters related to the phenomenology of a challenging patient—content overlap has been intentional, to emphasize concepts and principles in diagnosis and management. Several movement disorders can present with different phenomenologies, thus several disorders will reappear in various chapters. From the first to this latest edition, the authors aim has always been to empower the modern clinician with the necessary skills in making the evaluation of movement disorders less intimidating and more rewarding.
In this comprehensive and clinically directed reference for the diagnosis and treatment of persons with spinal cord injury (
SCI) and related disorders, the editors of the two leading texts on SCImedicine have joined together to develop a singular premier resource for professionals in the field. Spinal Cord Medicine, Third Edition, draws on the expertise of seasoned editors and experienced chapter authors to produce one collaborative volume with the most up-to-date medical, clinical, and rehabilitation knowledge in SCImanagement across the spectrum of care. This jointly configured third edition builds on the foundation of both prior texts to reflect the breadth and depth of the specialty. The book covers assessment, acute injury management and surgical considerations, medical management, neurological and musculoskeletal care, rehabilitation, recent research advances, system-based practice, and special topics. New and expanded content focuses on the significant changes in the epidemiology of traumatic injury, the classification of SCI, and the latest medical treatments of multiple complications, as well as new surgical considerations in acute and chronic SCIand the many advances in technology that impact rehabilitation and patients’ overall quality of life.
As the field of intensive care unit (
ICU) electroencephalogram ( EEG) monitoring evolves, the use of continuous EEGmonitoring ( cEEG) is expanding beyond seizure detection. EEGprovides continuous and noninvasive monitoring of brain function and, coupled with quantitative EEG, enables clinicians to monitor for signs of acute and evolving cerebral injury. Early identification of these electroencephalographic biomarkers may, in turn, offer targets for therapeutic neuroprotective interventions. This book provides a contemporary and concise summary of important principles ranging from seizure identification and encephalopathy grading to advanced techniques of quantitative EEGand multimodality monitoring. These principles are important for current clinical care and advancement of the field. It includes 12 core chapters, each of which begins with text, tables, and figures and ends with a series of EEGimages illustrating the concepts and principles discussed in the text. Each chapter is written by experts in the field. In addition, case-based approaches to common scenarios focus on EEGpattern recognition, diagnostic evaluation, and management. The cases not only build upon EEGskills learned in the chapters but also cover additional diagnostic and management principles. The book also includes chapter-based board-style multiple-choice questions and videos available online to elucidate important concepts. This atlas will benefit an audience ranging from novices to experts in the fields of neurology, epilepsy, neurophysiology, neurocritical care, neonatology, and cardiac and pediatric critical care medicine.