This book details the technical aspects of how to achieve requirements for clinical treatment planning aspects, including patient positioning, creation of patient specific bolus, beam angle configurations, and inverse planning optimization approaches. It is written for everyone involved in treatment planning including dosimetrists, physicists, and physicians. The book comprises of 14 chapters. The first three chapters are introductory chapters. Chapter one describes the types of treatment plans and the general process of treatment planning. The second chapter explains the principles and limitations of current inverse planning optimization algorithms, and discusses the application of auto-planning, knowledge-based planning, and multi-criteria optimization to overcome these limitations. The third chapter covers the available immobilization equipment and general principles of simulation, including patient safety procedures. Chapters four through eleven are organized by body site or system and covers central nervous system, head and neck, breast cancer, thoracic cancer, gastrointestinal radiotherapy, genitourinary cancer, gynecologic cancer, lymphoma, and soft tissue sarcoma. For each site, there is a description of patient simulation, including immobilization, setup, isocenter placement, and any special considerations such as motion management. The plan goals for each treatment site are tabulated, followed by recipes to achieve them from the simplest planning technique to the most advanced planning technique. For simple 3D conformal plans, the recipes include the field arrangement and portal shape design (both with many figures), beam weighting, and selection of dose normalization point. For advanced techniques such as intensity-modulated radiation therapy, volumetric modulated radiation therapy, and stereotactic body radiation therapy, the recipes provide details of creation of optimization structures and multiple stage optimizations. Each chapter concludes with plan evaluation, comparing achieved doses to the clinical planning goals. Chapter thirteen describes treatment planning for pediatric cancers. Chapter fourteen discusses treatment planning for palliative treatment.
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This book provides a state-of-the-art overview of the principles of cancer care and best practices for restoring function and quality of life to cancer survivors. Cancer rehabilitation interventions including physical, occupational, or speech therapy; exercise training; psychosocial and cognitive interventions; and physician-directed diagnostic imaging, injections, and pharmacologic symptom management have the potential to treat many impairments from cancer treatment, thereby improving functioning and quality of life. Multimodal rehabilitation interventions have also been shown to improve return to work compared to usual care. The chapters of the book review the latest evidence about which interventions should be used to treat specific impairments thereby constituting the most comprehensive and up-to-date reference on this topic. The book is organized into nine parts comprising 90 chapters. Part one presents history of cancer rehabilitation, cancer statistics, and principles of cancer care. Part two discusses various cancer types, which includes breast cancer, gastrointestinal malignancies, head and neck cancer, pediatric cancers, and primary bone tumors and their assessment and management. Parts three through six describe cancer pain, medical complications, neurological and neuromuscular complications, and musculoskeletal complications of cancer such as radiculopathy, plexopathy, autonomic dysfunction, and bone metastases and their management. Part seven discusses general topics related to cancer rehabilitation, which includes physical and occupational therapy, therapeutic modalities in cancer, therapeutic exercise in cancer, nutritional care of the cancer patient, sexuality issues, and distress and other psychiatric considerations in cancer rehabilitation. Part eight thoroughly explores the identification, evaluation, and treatment of specific impairments and disabilities that result from cancer and the treatment of cancer such as balance and gait dysfunction, cancer related fatigue, radiation fibrosis syndrome, and bowel dysfunction. Part nine discusses functional measurement in patients with cancer, health maintenance and screening in cancer survivors, research issues, barriers to accessing cancer rehabilitation, and building a cancer rehabilitation program.
Many social service leaders with only a focus on promoting social justice had become increasingly aware that to grow, they needed to incorporate more financial and business management practices into their nonprofit organizations. Leaders in the for-profit world are becoming more concerned about the need for social responsibility and promoting programs that not only made a profit but also reflected a social justice perspective. This book explicitly integrates social justice principles into the management of a nonprofit organization. The book discusses the history of the development of nonprofit management up to the present day. It addresses legal and ethical considerations, organizational planning and staff management, finance, public relations, fundraising, public advocacy and volunteerism, program design and grant development, governance and board development, developing an international nonprofit, information technology, career development, and creating a nonprofit/social entrepreneurship organization. Additional chapters address quality improvement, mentoring, and proposal writing. The text is ideal for students and faculty in social service administration, human service leadership, social work management, public and community health, public administration, and health care administration and management.
This book presents readers with the essential aspects of the subspecialty infectious diseases. The second edition of the book includes new developments that are consistent with the published peer-reviewed medical literature and published relevant clinical practice guidelines. The book’s intended audiences are students and medical providers in training. It provides information evolved from prior formal didactic lectures or bedside clinical teaching on clinical infectious diseases, microbiology, and antimicrobial pharmacology that was delivered to help students, residents, fellows, and primary care physicians. Current basic science and clinical concepts regarding each relevant infectious disease topic are still written as a synoptic account to make these topics clear and practical for the readers. The book is organized into 18 parts containing 52 chapters. It adheres wherever possible to a standard pattern of description that aims to define the topic and provide an introduction that would include classification, pathophysiology, and epidemiologic information. The book also lists relevant causative microorganisms; describe the clinical aspects and approach to the topic with the physical examination and relevant laboratory methods, diagnostic imaging, and appropriate antimicrobial therapy. The first part provides introduction to clinical reasoning, antimicrobial stewardship, antimicrobial agents, and medical microbiology. The remaining parts describes the approach to various topics such as: fever of unknown origin, leukocytosis, bloodstream and cardiovascular infections, pulmonary infections, gastrointestinal infections, hepatobiliary infections, hepatic infections, renal–urinary infections, neurological infections, orthopedic-related infections, skin and soft-tissue infections, sexually transmitted infections, infections related to obstetrics and gynecology, eye infections, sepsis, transplant-related infections, ectoparasite-related infections, and infection control and epidemiology. The book’s goal is to help guide the reader through the diagnostic evaluation as well as the process of caring for the patient with an infection.
This book covers all dimensions of palliative care but with a special emphasis on primary palliative care. The book is organized into three parts comprising twenty two chapters. Part one provides the essential background and principles of supportive oncology and palliative care, including chapters on understanding the adult and pediatric patient and family illness experience, the roles and responsibilities of the palliative care team, and the art of the palliative care assessment interview. Part two covers symptom management and includes ten chapters considering the major physical and psychosocial symptoms a cancer patient may face—neurologic, cardiac, respiratory, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, psychiatric, sleep and fatigue, pain, and psychosocial and spiritual distress. Part three addresses special considerations and issues that an oncologist, physician, nurse or other healthcare provider often face in these settings, including chapters on intimacy, sexuality, and fertility issues, grief and bereavement, running a family meeting, care for the caregiver, and survivorship.
This book presents a guide and toolkit for creating meaningful, long-term, and successful nonprofit partnerships. It guides nonprofit leaders in the creation of primary partnership models as collaboration, administrative consolidation, joint programming, and corporate merger/acquisition, and how to select the model best suited to their organization. Chapter I of the book discusses the state of the nonprofit social sector in the 21st century, and provides an overview of the health, status, and contributions of nonprofits in the United States. Capitalizing on the opportunities presented by the new human service paradigm will require nonprofit providers to adopt a new business model. Partnerships forged around program services are the pinnacle of contractual partnerships that do not require corporate change. Collaboration among nonprofits can take many forms, from coordinated programming to full-fledged mergers. The sixth chapter discusses joint venture case studies comprising their inceptions, launches, and life spans, with two ending in the termination of the venture and two ending in long-term sustainability. Nonprofit organizations, such as management corporations that offer administrative back-office support, usually provide financially and operationally feasible solutions. Public Health Management Corporation (PHMC) creates and sustains healthier communities using best practices to improve community health through direct service, partnership, innovation, policy, research, technical assistance, and a prepared work force. Chapter 8 looks at some nonprofit merger myths such as save administrative costs and job losses. One of the ways for nonprofit to grow is through strategic partnerships with other nonprofits. Chapter 9 focuses on a wide range of strategic partnerships.
This book provides leaders and managers of nonprofit organizations with theoretical and conceptual frameworks, approaches, and strategies that will enable them to manage organizations that are financially sustainable. The book aims to equip students and nonprofit leaders with the information and conceptual frameworks needed to do financial analyses, manage budgets, and conduct various operations for organizational and financial sustainability. People have a tendency to think of financial sustainability almost exclusively in financial terms. The book argues that financial sustainability involves both financial and nonfinancial facets. To that end it provides a systemic conceptual framework. The chapters are articulated around four sections. The first part introduces the concepts of nonprofit organizations and financial sustainability. The second part is about key aspects of organization and planning for sustainability in a nonprofit organization. The third part discusses issues that are vital to the financial sustainability of a nonprofit organization. The last part emphasizes the contributions of management and leadership practices to the financial sustainability of nonprofit organizations. The book may serve as an introductory textbook for future leaders of nonprofit organizations, as well as students in schools or programs of nonprofit leadership, human service leadership, social work, public and community health, organization management, public administration, education, and other similar fields.
The authors have had many years of leadership and management experience in a variety of settings and have discovered that there are few books that cover the majority of topics related to leadership and management specifically for social work education and practice. This book covers all the main areas of expertise required in a typical social work leadership and management experience. It incorporates all 21 competencies and 126 practice behaviors from the Network on Social Work Management (
NSWM) and nine competencies and 29 practice behaviors espoused by the Council on Social Work Education ( CSWE) and can serve as a textbook for social work programs at the graduate level. The book has many unique features. It provides a comprehensive list of leadership and management competencies from the NSWMand the CSWEalong with a list of competencies and practice behaviors. The book presents leadership and management competencies and practice behaviors each chapter along with cases, examples, and activities of how to use them in practice situations. It discusses in detail the differences between management and leadership along with best management and leadership practices. The book provides examples of how to motive and successfully work with different age cohorts. It presents effective communication and marketing strategies. The book discusses in detail how to effectively work with groups and give examples of how to make meetings productive. It exhibits specific problem-solving and decision-making strategies along with examples. The book summarizes how to manage a range of organizational functions. It discusses the importance of collaborating with community groups and other stakeholders to succeed in making a difference. The book contains five parts that replicate the NSWM’s four domains of leadership: executive leadership in social work; resources management practices; strategic management and administrative skills for organizational growth and success; community collaboration; and supplemental materials.
This book concentrates on board-related concepts in the field of Rehabilitation Medicine. It will appeal to medical students, residents, and practicing physiatrists. Residents will find the book essential in preparing for Part I and Part II of the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) Board Certification because it is one of the only books of its kind with major focus on board-related material giving a synopsis of up-to-date PM&R orthopedic, neurologic, and general medical information all in one place. Over 500 diagrams simplify material that is board pertinent. The topics are divided into major subspecialty areas such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, musculoskeletal medicine, electrodiagnostic medicine, prosthetics and orthotics, spinal cord injuries, physical modalities, pulmonary, cardiac, and cancer rehabilitation, pediatric rehabilitation, and pain medicine. All chapters are authored by physicians with special interests and clinical expertise in the respective subjects. Board pearls are highlighted with an open-book icon throughout the text. These pearls are aimed at stressing the clinical and board-eligible aspects of the topics. The content is modeled after the topic selection of the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Self-Assessment Examination for Residents (SAE-R) Content Outline. This was done specifically to help all residents, post graduates in yearly preparation and carryover from the SAE preparation to board exam preparation. Practicing physiatrists should also find this book helpful in preparation for the recertifying exam.
The Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (
SITC) has expanded efforts to respond to the exponential growth of educational needs by offering primers at the Annual Meeting, itinerant courses to health care providers domestically and internationally, topical meetings and task forces addressing salient questions related to the field, specifying guidelines for patient toxicity management, policy and quality benchmark development, and informing on other themes as they emerge through the SITCportal. In this context, SITCleadership decided to update, refine, and broaden the legacy established by the first edition of this textbook by providing a second edition that targets primarily young basic and clinical investigators but is informative to as many other constituencies as possible. The new edition of Cancer Immunotherapy Principles and Practice updates chapters of the first edition while introducing new ones to cover emerging concepts. Chapters for textbooks can be painstakingly overbearing, but all contributors managed to complete their part to bring together cutting-edge insights that every translational investigator and practicing clinician needs to know about tumor immunology and immunotherapy. The textbook is divided into five sections: Basic Principles of Tumor Immunology, Cancer Immunotherapy Targets and Classes, Immune Function in Cancer Patients, Disease-Specific Treatments and Outcomes, and Regulatory Aspects of Cancer Immunotherapy. These sections cover the continuum from basic principles to practical and clinically relevant information to allow critical understanding of the development and testing of novel therapeutics, companion diagnostics, and useful biomarkers, and inform about the regulatory processes that support the safe and efficient delivery of immunotherapy to patients with cancer. In addition, the chapter on the history of immunotherapy was not only preserved but updated to honor and recognize those who pioneered and championed the field.