This book integrates theory and practice, and addresses the key principles of sport, exercise, and performance psychology. It reflects the broadening of sport psychology studies to encompass more widespread human performance research. Chapters address such essential concepts as the key principles of sport, exercise, and performance psychology, individual differences, identity development, individual differences associated with personality, motivation, self-efficacy, stress and coping, injury, decision making, job opportunities, and burnout in the context of human performance. Motivation is likely one of the most critical variables in determining one’s behaviors and ultimate success because it impels them to act or sit still. Self-efficacy is said to influence whether people are optimistic or pessimistic, the goals they select, and their willingness to persist in the face of failure. Stressors fall into one of three possible categories-bioecological, psychointrapersonal, and/or social. Bringing these topics to life are companion “Applying the Concepts” chapters demonstrating how these principles are directly applied in real-life situations. The text focuses on the core theories underpinning sport psychology. Interviews with researchers, coaches, athletes, and other individuals from performance-intensive professions vividly reinforce the book’s content. Additionally, the book contains insights on theories and research findings that students can apply to their own experience.
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Creativity must represent something different, new, or innovative. It has to be different and also be appropriate to the task at hand. The first chapter of the book deals with the Four-Criterion Construct of Creativity, which attempts to integrate both Western and Eastern conceptions of creativity. This is followed by a chapter which addresses how creativity operates on individual and social/environmental levels, and the effects and outcomes of the creative mind. Chapter 3 discusses the structure of creativity. A key work on creative domains is that of Carson, Peterson, and Higgins, who devised the creativity achievement questionnaire (CAQ) to assess 10 domains. The fourth chapter discusses measures of creativity and divergent thinking tests, Torrance Tests, Evaluation of Potential Creativity (EPOC) and Finke Creative Invention Task. Some popular personality measures use different theories, such as Eysenck’s Personality Questionnaire, which looks at extraversion, neuroticism and psychoticism. Chapter 6 focuses on a key issue, intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation and their relationship to creativity. While the seventh chapter deals with the relationship between creativity and intelligence, the eighth chapter describes three ’classic’ studies of creativity and mental illness which focus on the connection between bipolar disorder and creativity, usage of structured interviews and utilization of historiometric technique. One school admissions area that already uses creativity is gifted admissions—which students are chosen to enter gifted classes, programs, or after-school activities. The book also talks about creative perceptions and dwells upon the question whether creativity is good or bad.
This book provides the foundations and training that social workers need to master cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). CBT is based on several principles namely cognitions affect behavior and emotion; certain experiences can evoke cognitions, explanation, and attributions about that situation; cognitions may be made aware, monitored, and altered; desired emotional and behavioral change can be achieved through cognitive change. CBT employs a number of distinct and unique therapeutic strategies in its practice. As the human services increasingly develop robust evidence regarding the effectiveness of various psychosocial treatments for various clinical disorders and life problems, it becomes increasingly incumbent upon individual practitioners to become proficient in, and to provide, as first choice treatments, these various forms of evidence-based practice. It is also increasingly evident that CBT and practice represents a strongly supported approach to social work education and practice. The book covers the most common disorders encountered when working with adults, children, families, and couples including: anxiety disorders, depression, personality disorder, sexual and physical abuse, substance misuse, grief and bereavement, and eating disorders. Clinical social workers have an opportunity to position themselves at the forefront of historic, philosophical change in 21st-century medicine. While studies using the most advanced medical technology show the impact of emotional suffering on physical disease, other studies using the same technology are demonstrating CBT’s effectiveness in relieving not just emotional suffering but physical suffering among medically ill patients.
This book offers practical guidance and strategies to avoid the common pitfalls of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) practice through the 8-phase protocol. It proposes to guide those therapists into a safer way of working while encouraging them to access accredited training and supervision for their practice. The scope of the book is limited to EMDR practice with adults. Phase 1 of the standard EMDR protocol is history taking. It is important to determine whether the client is appropriate for EMDR selection. The therapist needs to help the client to identify and practice appropriate coping strategies that will support the client throughout the therapy. Therapists need to address any fears that the client (or therapist) may have about the later desensitization. Failing to do this can result in problems later. Many of the clients that come for EMDR will have a history of complex trauma or a chaotic childhood. The treatment plan needs to identify specific targets for reprocessing. This will be a three-pronged approach that includes the past memories that appeared to have set the pathology in process, the present situations that, and people who, exacerbate this dysfunction, and the desired future response, emotionally, cognitively, and behaviorally. Clients and therapists need to understand the rationale for selecting a particular target utilizing prioritization and clustering techniques as illustrated with the case study. Choosing the correct target can involve some detective work, but this will be time well spent. The book guides practitioners on how to identify the components of a memory network for reprocessing. It then focuses on the assessment phase and the importance of negative cognitions (NCs) drawing heavily on illustrative case vignettes.
Written by the originators of the Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment (MAC) model, this book provides both the necessary theory, empirical background, and a structured step-by-step, easy-to-use protocol for the understanding, assessment, conceptualization, and enhancement of human performance. The MAC approach to performance enhancement is based on an integration of mindfulness and acceptance-based approaches and is specifically tailored for high-performing clientele. The predominant psychological approaches have emphasized the development of self-control of internal states such as thoughts, emotions, and physical sensations and have been commonly referred to as psychological skills training (PST) procedures. The book describes a systematic approach to intervention planning in performance psychology. It presents case formulation method presented for a comprehensive understanding of the client, and an appropriate multilevel classification system for sport psychology (MCS-SP) classification that subsequently either guides the proper delivery of the MAC program or leads to the determination that the performer’s needs are beyond the scope of the MAC program. The MCS-SP categorizes the issues and barriers facing the performer into four classifications: performance development (PD), performance dysfunction (Pdy), performance impairment (PI), and performance termination (PT). Numerous case examples, forms, handouts, in- and out-of-session assignments and activities, and verbatim client instructions are included in the book.
This book was conceived out of the authors' shared vision to synthesize key neurobiological developments with effective developments in clinical practice to offer both understanding and practical guidance for the many practitioners working to heal people burdened with traumatic sequelae. It is unique in bringing in all levels of the brain from the brainstem, through the thalamus and basal ganglia, to the limbic structures, including the older forms of cortex, to the neocortex. The book looks at the neurochemistry of peritraumatic dissociation (PD) and explores the effects on neuroplasticity and the eventual structural dissociation. Individual chapters focus on the definition of PD and tonic immobility (TI) and their associations with posttraumatic psychopathology, and review disturbances in self-referential processing and social cognition in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to early-life trauma. Separate chapters focus on the modulatory role of the neuropetides in attachment as well as autonomic regulation, and highlight mesolimbic dopamine (ML-DA) system as central to the experiences of affiliation, attachment urge when under threat, attachment urge during experience of safety, and to the distress of isolation and/or submission. The book while increasing awareness of different parts of the self and ultimately creating a more stable sense of self, also incorporates psychoanalytic, cognitive behavioral, and hypnotic methods, as well as specific ego state, somatic/sensorimotor therapies, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), and variations of EMDR suitable for working with trauma in the attachment period. The latter methods are explicitly information-processing methods that address affective and somatic modes of processing.
The purpose of this book is to dispel many of the myths about the gifted, define the term in a nonelitist manner, explore how it manifests in individuals, describe why it is important, consider its origins, examine its psychological implications, and provide guidelines for its recognition, assessment, and development. It provides a cohesive conception of the psychology and development of a group with special needs. This perspective was shaped through 50 years of concentrated study and is informed by the author’s experience as a teacher of gifted elementary students, a counselor of gifted adolescents, a teacher educator of graduate students in gifted education, a psychologist specializing in the assessment of giftedness, a clinician with gifted clients, the creator of a refereed psychological journal on adult giftedness, and a researcher. In humanistic psychology, optimal development has been conceptualized differently. Self-realization can be understood in terms of Maslow’s self-actualization, Dabrowski’s secondary integration, Jung’s individuation, or other theoretical perspectives of human development. Families, educators, and psychologists can support inner development or they can act as agents of socialization, exhorting the gifted to "work harder" to attain external trappings of success.
This book draws on in-depth research of couples in different situations and cultures to identify educational and therapeutic interventions that will help couples become conscious of and move beyond gendered power in their relationships so they can expand their options and well-being. Sharing family and outside work more equitably is a part of the gender-equality story. The book is divided into five parts. Part I of the book lays out the theoretical and methodological issues of gender equality that frame the book’s research projects and practice concerns. Chapters in this section frame the concept of gender equality and its role in promoting mutually supportive relationships. The second part examines the relational processes involved in equality between intimate partners. Traditional couples need help in defining the meaning of relational equality for themselves within external definitions of male and female roles. A chapter in this section is about same-sex couples and explores what happens when gender does not organize relationships. In Part III, two chapters look at how gender legacies and power influence mothering and fathering among parents of young children with a third showing how idealized notions of motherhood heighten and maintain postpartum depression after childbirth. The fourth part shows both similarities and cultural variation in power issues in different cultural settings. While one chapter considers how racial experience increases the complexities of gender and power in couple life, another discovers the considerable diversity in Iran by showing how couples work within a male-dominant legal and social structure that also includes a long cultural tradition of respect for and equality of women. Part V draws on the previous chapters to offer a guide for mental health professionals.
This book is intended to provide to the eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) clinician advanced tools to treat children with complex trauma, attachment wounds, and dissociative tendencies. It covers key elements to develop case conceptualization skills and treatment plans based on the adaptive information processing (AIP) model. A broader perspective is presented by integrating concepts from attachment theory, affect regulation theory, affective neuroscience, and interpersonal neurobiology. These concepts and theories not only support the AIP model, but they expand clinicians’ understanding and effectiveness when working with dissociative, insecurely attached, and dysregulated children. The book presents aspects of our current understanding of how our biological apparatus is orchestrated, how its appropriate development is thwarted when early, chronic, and pervasive trauma and adversity are present in our lives, and how healing can be promoted through the use of EMDR therapy. In addition, it provides a practical guide to the use of EMDR within a systemic framework. It illustrates how EMDR therapy can be used to help caregivers develop psychobiological attunement and synchrony as well as to enhance their mentalizing capacities. Another important goal of the book is to bring strategies from other therapeutic approaches, such as play therapy, sand tray therapy, Sensorimotor Psychotherapy, Theraplay, and Internal Family Systems (IFS) into a comprehensive EMDR treatment, while maintaining appropriate adherence to the AIP model and EMDR methodology. This is done with the goal of enriching the work that often times is necessary with complexly traumatized children and their families.
This book represents a compilation of years of theoretical and clinical insights distilled into a specific theory of disturbance and therapy and deductions for specific clinical strategies and techniques. It focuses on an explication of the theory, a chapter on basic practice, and a chapter on an in-depth case study. A detailed chapter follows on the practice of individual psychotherapy. Using rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) in couples, family, group, and marathons sessions is highlighted. The book commences with a note on the general theory underpinning the practice of REBT, outlines its major theoretical concepts and puts forward an expanded version of REBT’s well-known ABC framework. It then considers aspects of the therapeutic relationship between clients and therapists in REBT, deals with issues pertaining to inducting clients into REBT, and specifies the major treatment techniques that are employed during REBT. A number of obstacles that emerge in the process of REBT and how they might be overcome are noted. The book then distinguishes between preferential and general REBT (or cognitive-behavior therapy [CBT]) and specifies their differences. Individual, couples, family and group therapies are explained. The book talks about the Rational Emotive Behavioral Marathon, a highly structured procedure that is deliberately weighted more on the verbal than on the nonverbal side. The authors’ 8-week psychoeducational group for teaching the principles of unconditional self-acceptance in a structured group setting is described. The book concludes with a discussion on the concept of ego disturbance, REBT treatment of sex difficulties using the cognitive-emotive-behavioral approach, and REBT’s effectiveness with hypnosis.
This book is a guide to understanding core restorative justice values and practices and what we have learned from research on the impact of this emerging social movement in the global community. The first three chapters provide an overview of the restorative justice movement and its connection with core social work values and spirituality (not religion). Restorative justice dialogue and its most widespread applications are then presented in Chapters four through eight. Each chapter on a specific application of restorative justice dialogue includes a thorough description of the process, including case examples, followed by a review of empirical research that is available. These chapters describe the most widely used applications, namely victim-offender mediation (VOM), family group conferencing (FGC), peacemaking circles, and victim-offender dialogue (VOD) in crimes of severe violence. The concluding three chapters, nine through eleven, focus on broader issues related to restorative justice dialogue. The crucial role of the facilitator in restorative justice dialogue is highlighted, followed by identifying the dimensions of culture in the restorative justice movement and the very real possibility of unintended negative consequences if we are not mindful of these dimensions. Finally, emerging areas of practice that go beyond the juvenile and criminal justice system are addressed.
This book is based on a treatment approach that the author has been developing for many years while treating those with military sexual trauma (MST). It gives participants the skills to manage trauma symptoms, the tools to address unresolved issues such as injustice and self-blame, the guidance toward radical acceptance of the past, and the inspiration to move forward in one’s life in a meaningful way. The first chapter explores MST and the many physical, mental, emotional, and social repercussions it may have on the lives of those who have experienced it. Chapter 2 focuses on feelings which will be redefined from something that may be unwanted or dreaded to something that is useful. The next chapter helps readers to learn how to cope with nightmares and ways to develop good sleep habits to promote sound sleep. “Triggers” or sudden feelings of anxiety or panic that are associated with MST, and the skills to help readers tolerate and release intense feelings are discussed in the fourth chapter. In the next two chapters, readers learn ways to deal with important feelings such as anger, resentment, guilt, self-blame, and shame. Two other chapters focus on memories of trauma, holograms, and defining relationship patterns. Important skills for recognizing and dealing with feelings of loss and grief are described in Chapter 9. Other issues such as romantic relationships, healthy sexuality, ideal relationship, and improving communication skills are also addressed in the book.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Scripted Protocols: Basics and Special Situations
Scripting is a way to inform and remind the Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) practitioner of the component parts, sequence, and language used to create an effective outcome. As EMDR is a fairly complicated process, this book provides step-by-step scripts that will enable beginning practitioners to enhance their expertise more quickly. The book is separated into nine parts. The Client History part represents the first of the eight phases of EMDR treatment. The ability to gather, formulate, and then use the material in the intake part of treatment is crucial to an optimal outcome in any therapist’s work. Part II includes an important element of the Preparation Phase that addresses ways to introduce and explain EMDR, trauma, and the adaptive information processing (AIP) model. The importance of teaching clients how to create personal resources is the topic of Part III. Here, an essential element of the Preparation/Second Phase of EMDR work is addressed to ensure clients’ abilities to contain their affect and remain stable as they move through the EMDR process. Part IV shows how to work with clients concerning the targeting of their presenting problems when the usual ways do not work such as usage of drawings to concretize clients’ conceptualization of their issues and usage of an alternative initial targeting method. Part V includes protocols that have been scripted based on the material that appears in Francine Shapiro’s EMDR textbook. Parts VI and VII address EMDR and early intervention procedures for man-made and natural catastrophes for individuals and groups. Performance enhancement and clinician’s self-care are dealt with in the final two parts of the book.
This book provides a standard that reflects the basic elements of the 11-Step Standard Procedure; and the Standard 3-Pronged EMDR Protocol as they are applied to different populations. The diverse population includes children and adolescents; couples; clients suffering with complex post-traumatic stress disorder and dissociative disorders; clients with anxiety; clients who demonstrate addictive behaviors; clients who deal with pain; clinicians themselves. The book serves as a basis to encourage research into these various applications for EMDR. It is divided into seven parts. Part I is devoted to the scripted EMDR protocols such as olfactory stimulation, which are used to develop resources for children and adolescents who may have suffered traumatic events in their life. The protocols take into account the particular difficulties of this developmental group and help minimize common difficulties and major hurdles. Part II describes scripted EMDR protocols designed by couples therapists and sex therapists to further the progress of their patients precisely targeting templates of relational interaction, anxiety, or sexual dysfunction. Part III concerns the scripted protocols for dissociative disorders and complex post-traumatic stress disorder. The protocols represent the structured scripted efforts of many trauma therapists over a considerable number of years. Parts IV and V of the book address the concretization of much needed scripts for the EMDR treatment of addictions and pain—two interconnected public health worries. Part VI looks at the world of people’s adaptation to fears and tackles the usage of scripted protocols to detoxify the impact of specific phobias. Part VII demonstrates the usage of scripted EMDR protocols in clinician care and in the management of secondary post-traumatic stress disorder and vicarious traumatization.
This book enables the reader to learn information about psychosis and related illnesses, and develop an understanding of the benefits of early intervention in psychosis and skills for a successful interaction with a person with psychosis. It also helps the reader to learn strategies to support a young adult with psychosis in accessing treatment. The first chapter talks about schizophrenia spectrum disorders and its treatment options. Group therapy has shown to be highly effective in addressing symptoms and stressors associated with psychotic disorders. Chapter 2 introduces the different symptoms characteristic of a psychotic episode: positive symptoms, negative symptoms, disorganized symptoms, affective symptoms, and cognitive symptoms. Two associated symptom categories associated are abnormal motor behavior and level of insight. The third chapter provides knowledge that will be helpful in identifying if psychiatric symptoms are present and assisting when there may be concern about psychiatric stability. Chapter 4 builds on the knowledge and the skills that one has acquired and speaks specifically about assessment of safety and intervention strategies. There are a number of potential outcomes that can occur from helping a young adult with psychosis. The individual may require hospitalization in order to ensure safety and allow for the opportunity to reduce symptoms. The final chapter of the book provides a list of resources offering information on variety of mental health conditions and psychology.
The primary objective of this book is to describe how a relationship-building approach can be used in the delivery of child welfare services to kinship caregivers and the children who reside with them. To accomplish this objective, the book entails a review and evaluation of the three major child welfare goals: protection, permanency, and well-being. Specifically, it explores how these three goals can be better achieved when informed by a relationship-building approach. The book assists child welfare practitioners in framing how they view kinship caregivers and acquiring knowledge and skills about the use of relationship-building models (emanating from social work practice perspectives) and is designed to increase positive outcomes for maltreated children. The multifaceted issue of relative caregiving is in dire need of attention from virtually every social work service domain level. Specifically, micro-level practice interventions are needed, as well as mezzo-level programming for particular groups and macro-level policy redesigns that support services to relative caregivers are also warranted. The book integrates practice, policy, and research, and includes study tools and resources (a glossary, discussion questions, and activities for ongoing learning) and thus can be easily incorporated into such courses as child welfare, family practice, social work and the law, social work practice, cultural diversity, policy, child welfare integrative seminars, and special topic electives.
This book is a practical resource for those involved in the training and supervision of school psychology practicum candidates, including supervising school psychologists, university trainers, and graduate candidates. It includes eight chapters that are organized to roughly follow the developmental sequence of a full academic year practicum, from entry through termination of the practicum. The content is relevant to the supervision and training of contemporary foundations of school psychological practice and addresses issues related to a wide range of practicum experiences. Topics addressed include case conceptualization across three broad roles (i.e., case study evaluation, case consultation, student counseling) of school psychological practice, the foundations of special education, and multitiered systems of support (MTSS) and internship preparation. Supervisors can help trainees to explore new school psychological roles, focus on professional behaviors that can help them gain independence, and develop a repertoire of self-care strategies. Each chapter is organized in a similar format, with a focus on key supervisory roles: candidate skill development, supervision, and advancement and evaluation. The content is aligned with the National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) training standards and meant to be a step-by-step guide to training and supervision related to practica. Each chapter concludes with a supervisor-to-do list to assist readers in applying the concepts addressed. The final chapter focuses on collaboration between university trainers and field supervisors, as well as strategies for addressing common issues in training, including problems with trainee professional competence.
This book provides useful empirical information about male juvenile delinquents and serves as a model training manual for new programs and people working in existing rehabilitation programs. It also provides guidelines for developing policy on the rehabilitation of juvenile delinquents. The book can be used as a resource for academicians and others who teach courses on juvenile delinquency and assigned as a supplementary textbook for students learning about juvenile delinquency, juvenile justice, and mental health. The authors of the book take a multidisciplinary approach that will appeal to everyone who thinks about juvenile delinquency: politicians, judges, police, teachers, clinicians, social workers, educators, and students of criminology, criminal justice, juvenile delinquency, family violence, sociology, psychology, and counseling. This approach appeals to undergraduate students in liberal arts programs that require them to take courses in multiple disciplines, and to graduate students in the mental health fields whose undergraduate training varies. The book also consists of six case histories of boys who resided at Ocean Tides. The information was culled from their files, the clinical consultant’s interviews with the boys when they were in residence, and aftercare information. These cases were selected to provide a sampling of the Ocean Tides boys; their backgrounds, personal, and psychological hurdles; and the outcome of their experience at Ocean Tides.
The book summarizes what is meant by theory, and why theory is so important to advancing aging-related research, policy, practice, and intervention, and can keep researchers and practitioners in gerontology abreast of the newest theories and models of aging. It addresses theories and concepts built on cumulative knowledge in four disciplinary areas, biology, psychology, social sciences, and policy and practice, as well as landmark advances in trans-disciplinary science. Since longevity is indirectly governed by the genome it is sexually determined, and because aging is a stochastic process, it is not. Chapters cover major paradigm shifts that have occurred in geropsychology, theories in the sociology of aging, evolutionary theories pertaining to human diseases, theories of stem cell aging, evidence that loss of proteostasis is a central driver of aging and age-related diseases, theories of emotional well-being and aging, theories of social support in health and aging, and other theories such as environmental gerontological theories and biodemographic theories. Many chapters also address connections between theories and policy or practice. The book also contains a new section, "Standing on the Shoulders of Giants", which includes personal essays by senior gerontologists who share their perspectives on the history of ideas in their fields, and on their experiences with the process and prospects of developing good theory.
This book deals with evidence-based mental health and learning interventions for children and adolescents, and provides guidance on implementation in practice. It is a compendium of proven treatment strategies for resolving more than 40 of the most pressing and prevalent issues facing young people, and provides immediate guidance and uniform step-by-step instructions for resolving issues ranging from psychopathological disorders to academic problems, and is of relevance for both school-based and clinically-based practice. Issues covered include crisis interventions and response, social and emotional issues, academic/learning issues, psychopathological disorders, neuropsychological disorders, and the behavioral management of childhood health issues. The book covers several fields of study including applied settings, school crises, natural disasters, school violence, suicidal behavior, childhood grief, reading disabilities, math disabilities, written-language disorders, homework compliance, anger and aggression, bullying, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Each chapter follows a consistent format including a brief description of the problem and associated characteristics, etiology and contributing factors, and three evidence-based, step-by-step sets of instructions for implementation. Additionally, each chapter provides several websites offering further information about the topic.
Play therapy has been recognized in the counseling profession as a developmentally appropriate model for working with children and adolescents. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to structured, prescriptive approaches to play therapy to those desiring to gain more information and knowledge about the use of different directive play therapy modalities. It introduces the unique integration of play therapy and different theoretical models and encompasses the essential concepts and practices of directive play therapy. Most importantly, the book shares some guidelines for planning and selecting toys and materials for a directive approach. It also incorporates settings and skills necessary for effective implementation and addresses common questions asked about the use of these. The book provides the exploration and detailed description of various theoretical approaches to directive play therapy: post-Jungian directive sandtray in play therapy, solution-focused play therapy, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing and play therapy, directive play therapy techniques in trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy, child parent relationship therapy, creativity in play therapy using technology, directive filial therapy models with very young children, humanistic sandtray therapy with children and adults, and directive approaches to working with parents. The distinctive techniques and processes of each of these approaches are explained. Finally, case examples are given to demonstrate their application and implementation.
The importance of the field of geropsychology (psychology of aging) is seen in the ever-increasing demographics of older adults. A psychologist needs to understand the various life stages that define different cohorts of older adults. Older adults are affected by the forces of stigma and ageism, which are of four types: personal, institutional, intentional, and unintentional. A majority of older adults experience age discrimination and stigmatization after the age of 65. The use of medical model of psychopathology causes contradictions and distortions, one of which is the use of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Assessment of deficits in olfactory functioning are potentially useful for a psychologist who is attempting to differentiate between cognitive disturbances of normal aging and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Sexual interest remains high throughout old adult developmental stages, but sexual activity declines in most men as they age. While older adults are more likely to avoid illicit substances, many older adults having chronic pain from cancer or arthritis need opioid medications. Older adult abuse is a multifactorial phenomenon as the abuse may be emotional, financial, physical, sexual, or self-induced. Environmental geropsychology is based on Lewin’s field theory model Lawton and Nahemow’s ecological model, and an environmental geropsychologist focuses on the environmental component to develop interventions to change older adults’ interpersonal and intrapersonal experiences. Heightened awareness of coming of death results in an existential crisis for many older adults causing a loss of their sense of purpose for their lives.
Practicing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy With Children and Adolescents:A Guide for Students and Early Career Professionals
This book is dedicated specifically to increasing the confidence and professional competence of graduate students and early career professionals who use cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with children and adolescents. It shows some opening remarks for mental health professionals (MHPs) and trainees who are new to doing CBT and positive psychology (PP) treatments with kids suffering from an internalizing disorder. Behavioral activation is a tried-and-true stable of CBT. A common presenting complaint among depressed or stressed kids is poor sleep. The book shows some of the strategies for combating insomnia. Problem solving is another staple of CBT. The methodology for problem solving is a little bit different if it is done with an individual kid or in a family session. The factors to be considered to introduce communications training and problem solving in a family or an individual session are: age, maturity level, and psychological mindedness of the child. Exposure procedure is used for kids who are treated for anxiety. This chapter shows a list of common exposures among anxious youth. Physiological calming and coping thoughts are the two popular techniques for supporting exposures. Involving the parent is often key with doing exposures. The book also presents some of the principles and methodologies with regard to parent interactions. It is important for parents to be open with their kid about their thinking about the value of a mental health evaluation. Sometimes parents ask for guidance about how to have the discussion with their kid.
A Guide to the Standard EMDR Therapy Protocols for Clinicians, Supervisors, and Consultants, 2nd Edition
The book describes updated information on mechanisms of action of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (
EMDR) therapy. It delivers clear, concise treatment guidelines for students, practicing clinicians, supervisors, clinic directors, and hospital administrators involved in the treatment of those with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Specific Phobias, and Panic Disorder. In EMDR therapy, various strategies can be employed to support the goals of stabilization and symptom reduction. Some stabilization strategies commonly used in EMDR therapy were developed in other traditions such as progressive relaxation, self-hypnosis, biofeedback, and meditation. The book provides an overview of the standard eight-phase model of EMDR therapy and the general three-pronged protocol that provides the framework for the specific treatment protocols for diagnostic groups. It briefly touches on clinical situations where the general principle of treatment planning based on the three-pronged protocol must give way to an initially inverted protocol for treatment planning that starts with reprocessing targets in the future, then on the present, and addresses past targets only after significant treatment gains have been achieved. The book explores the theoretical and practical aspects of the EMDR therapy approach to case formulation, treatment planning, and selecting and preparing patients with PTSD and other post-traumatic syndromes for EMDR reprocessing. Screening for a possible dissociative disorder is essential before offering EMDR reprocessing on either traumatic targets or resource installation. Case studies with transcripts illustrate the different protocols and further guide practitioners of EMDR therapy in informed decision-making.
This book provides useful information that will allow school counselors to stretch themselves and grow their confidence as they integrate these expressive arts interventions into their work with students. The book opens with a chapter addressing the value of the expressive arts as a conduit to personal growth and development. Also addressed is the integration of the arts into the school counseling milieu. The six sections of the book focus on a separate form of the expressive modalities. Within each section, the book presents the interventions based on the American School Counselor Association (ASCA) model domains: academic, career, and personal/social. The modalities included are the visual arts, music, movement and dance, expressive writing/poetry, drama, and a final section incorporating other modes of creative expression. The book closes with a chart that presents the various types of concerns for which students typically need assistance (such as grief and loss, self-esteem, social skills, etc.) and the interventions that may be most effective in addressing these issues.
This book provides a comprehensive model for effectively blending the two main postmodern brief therapy approaches: solution focused and narrative therapies. It harnesses the power of both models the strengths-based, problem-solving approach of solution focused therapy (SFT) and the value-honoring and re-descriptive approach of narrative therapy to offer brief, effective help to clients that builds on their strengths and abilities to envision and craft preferred outcomes. The book provides an overview of the history of both models and outlines their differences, similarities, limitations, and strengths. It then demonstrates how to blend these two approaches in working with such issues as trauma, addictions, grief, relationship issues, family therapy, and mood issues. Each concern is illustrated using a case study from practice that focuses on individual adults, adolescents, children, or families. Sample client dialogues and forms are included to help the clinician guide clients in practice. SFT has provided therapists with new tools for working with clients who are dealing with substance abuse. The book provides a summary of research findings that have shown the effectiveness of the solution focused approach over the problem-focused approach. The narrative model invites clients to construct a new presentation in a problematic story (narrative) and develop a script for a preferred future (solution focused), with a newly crafted character, instigating new strategies for actions (solution focused), based on exceptions.
Practitioners in the helping professions (e.g., nursing, social work, psychology) often serve perpetrators and survivors of interpersonal violence, and many are asked to make predictions about the likelihood of future violence. Knowledge about risk and risk factors is increasingly expected in courts, clinics, conference rooms, shelters, hospital emergency rooms, child protective service offices, schools, research settings, batterer intervention programs, parenting programs, domestic violence advocacy programs, and child abuse and intimate partner violence (IPV) prevention programs. This book reviews what is generally known about the prediction of violent behavior and then discusses implications for the prediction of interpersonal violence. It addresses the specific variables involved in the prediction of child abuse and neglect, child fatalities (including those that occur within the context of IPV), IPV, and femicide. This book represents the most current research, trends, and professional viewpoints regarding the prediction of interpersonal violence. It discusses in greater depth challenges with assessment measures and factors used to predict future violence. It is clear, however, that assessments of risk for future violence are improved when appropriately administered, psychometrically sound risk assessment scales are used. Furthermore, practitioners need to couple these objective measures with information collected on the characteristics of the perpetrator, the perpetrator’s relationship to the victim, the victim’s assessment of risk, the practitioner’s experience and judgment, and context-specific factors (e.g., poverty, unemployment, discrimination, social support).
This book is for students who want to know more about the law, students who want to know more about a psychology subspecialty, and anyone who just wants to know more. The book is divided into three parts comprising nine chapters. Chapter one is a history lesson of sorts in that the roots of psychology and the law are explored individually and in their coming together. Chapter two examines the origins of the legal system, the U.S. Constitution, and the ways that its provisions have been utilized by the three branches of government, particularly by the courts. Chapter three brings the first two chapters together by describing how two major constructs, context and perception, are integral to understanding both disciplines. Part II specifically addresses the role of forensic psychology in the courts by beginning with the topcis that seem to be of the utmost interest to readers and students: criminal matters and ethical issues. Chapter four includes various types of crimes, pleas, and punishment relevant to forensic psychology issues and practice. Chapter five presents a discussion of civil matters, including the roles of witness testimony (both expert and eye) and jury selection. Chapter six explores the role of forensic psychologists’ in family court and addresses topics such as “psychological autopsies”, suicide prevention, and the forensic psychologist’s role in the complex matters presented by our changing society and family systems. Chapter seven discusses the forensic psychologist’s role in the juvenile justice system. The final part clarifies and expands on the roles of the forensic psychologist and attorney in court proceedings. Chapter eight provides an outline of the similarities and differences between the professions, and also distinguishes the role of the clinical or therapist psychologist. The final chapter addresses the growing future of forensic psychology.
Child and Adolescent Counseling Case Studies:Developmental, Relational, Multicultural, and Systemic Perspectives
This book aids counselor educators, supervisors, and counselors-in-training in assisting children, adolescents, and their families to foster coping methods and strategies while navigating contemporary issues. It promotes the essence of counselor growth, and deals with conceptualization of the client’s presenting problems along with personal and client goals, step-by-step accounts of the happenings in counseling sessions, and counseling outcome. Case studies were written in contexts that reflect the fact that children and adolescents are part of larger systems family, school, peer, and community. Systemic context, developmental and relational considerations, multicultural perspectives, and creative interventions were infused in the cases. Time-efficient methods, such as brief counseling, were used in some of the cases. The case studies selected highlight contemporary issues and relevant themes that are prevalent in the lives of youths (i.e., abuse, anxiety, giftedness, disability, social media and pop culture, social deficits and relationships, trauma, bullying, changing families, body image, substance abuse, incarcerated family members, race and ethnicity, and sexual identity and orientation). These themes capture both the child and adolescent perspectives and are designed to provide breadth and depth during classroom discussions and debriefing.
Motivational Interviewing in School, 2nd Edition:Strategies for Engaging Parents, Teachers, and Students
Given the growth of
MIin schools that has occurred since the first edition was published, the book has been revised and updated. Several key improvements have been made to the current edition. First, the literature on the science and practice of motivational interviewing ( MI) in schools has been updated. Second, the chapter on MIwith students has been vastly expanded and describes many new applications of MIin schools with youth. Third, the chapters on implementation and dissemination have been completely rewritten. These chapters reflect the latest science about how to ensure one is implementing MIas intended and strategies for learning and improving MIskills. Fourth, it has expanded coverage of MIapplications with school problem solving teams. The authors believe that this is an emerging and important area of research and practice and hope this chapter sparks important progress for building and sustaining effective problem solving teams. Fifth, the chapter on the context of motivation and getting teachers, parents, and students to be willing to engage in MIconversations has been expanded. Finally, every chapter on specific applications of MIhas been updated. The book is organized in three parts: an overview of MI; specific applications of MIwith teachers, parents, students, families, and problem-solving teams; and implementation and dissemination strategies for learning MIand monitoring fidelity. This book includes several features intended to aid learning and retention of material. It provides extensive examples of MIconversations and dialogue, each with labels of MIstrategies that are being used and consulted to change and sustain talk responses. These examples show MIis used in structured interventions and also how it can be used everyday as one interacts with anyone who is contemplating change. Finally, the current edition has many Expert Tips for learning and improving MIskills.
The ability to reduce the burden of illness among older adults is necessary as individuals are living longer and experiencing lower rates of disability. Advanced practice nurses are skilled to relieve the burden of illness among older adults through specialized training and providing treatment in a variety of clinical settings. While geriatric-focused content exists, advanced practice nurses can benefit from clinical pearls specific for the advanced practice nurse providing holistic mental health care. This handbook offers advanced practice nurses, nurse educators, and graduate nursing students a reference that is intended to be supplemental to uniquely providing care for older adults which includes an overview of the aging process as well as assessing and developing treatment plans for older adults with mental health disorders. As older adults often work collaboratively with family, friends, caregivers, and health care providers, approaches to such relationships are explored and intended to serve as a resource for providing mental health care that can contribute to the overall success of treatment. The text provides an interprofessional box that encourages and assists the advanced practice nurse navigating through interdisciplinary collaborative practice. Such interprofessional partnerships can enhance care—particularly in cases of complexity. Advanced practice nurses can utilize the provided case studies to identify and modify service delivery that promotes evidence based practice.
This book, as well as its previous editions, presents the fundamental principles for effectively securing funds for health and human service projects and research. It describes an approach with which to think about and engage in grant writing and takes the reader step-by-step through the process of grantsmanship, from its basic components to an understanding of what is required to implement a successful grant project. It is organized into seven parts, moving the reader from identifying a competitive idea (Part I, Getting Started) to writing the narrative (Part II, Writing a Competitive Grant Application), developing an appropriate budget (Part III, Preparing a Budget), identifying an effective project structure (Part IV, Models for Proposal Development), submitting the proposal (Part V, Submitting the Proposal), understanding the review process and grant critiques (Part VI, Life After a Grant Submission), and finally managing the associated grant activity and building from one grant to the next (Part VII, Strategies for Managing a Grant Award). The book emphasizes principles and approaches versus procedural details associated with any single grant submission. This edition includes expanded coverage of key areas such as how to write an effective aims page, considerations for specific types of study designs, and how to write a compelling literature review. It also includes details on mentorship within the grantwriting process and the implementation of a funded project. This book also helps readers gain an appreciation of how grant writing fits into a career path and how to develop ideas in a systematic way so that one funded project builds logically onto the next.
This book takes a look at the underlying causes of resisting cognitive-emotional-behavioral change and the methods used to overcome them. Written in present-action language, it gives an overview of the basic principles of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy and Cognitive Behavior Therapy. The book presents the changes in the field that have taken place in the 20 years leading up to 2002, and integrates recent therapies into REBT, including psychotherapy, solution-focused therapy, and recent findings of experimental psychology. Resistance can be “natural”, or those resulting from emotional disturbance, extreme low frustration tolerance, fear of disclosure and shame, and feelings of hopelessness, among others. The book presents methods of contradicting and actively working against irrational beliefs that can be used with some of the most difficult clients. The book describes using REBT to overcome resistance with clients who have severe personality disorders. REBT counselors following REBT theory, welcome cultural (and other) diversity. They encourage their clients to stick to whatever customs and mores with which they were raised and to enjoy the unique advantages of these traditions.
This book primarily benefits those who do not know a lot about eating disorders or who have not had any formal education with respect to the complexities of these disorders. This book is organized into several parts designed to address different aspects of eating disorders. The part I describes what eating disorders are and who develops them, including a brief history as well as signs and symptoms of the disorders, and who is likely or less likely to develop an eating disorder. Part II of the book describes factors that can be considered risk factors, co-occurring factors, or consequences of having an eating disorder. These factors are discussed in terms of whether they are biological or medical, psychological, interpersonal, or sociocultural in nature. The part III guides the reader through how to identify those who might be at risk for developing an eating disorder and how to effectively refer someone for an evaluation. This section includes a discussion of what types of professionals should be part of treating someone with an eating disorder and important sources of support who should be involved in the treatment process or kept informed about how treatment is progressing. The part IV describes prevention and treatment efforts commonly used and a brief overview of their effectiveness. It also includes a chapter on identifying and managing one's own emotional reactions to someone with an eating disorder. Finally, the book concludes with several scenarios designed to illustrate for the reader what an eating disorder might "look like" in the real world and what initial treatment efforts might entail.
A concise, reader-friendly introduction to an important but often underappreciated topic in modern psychology, this book explains the role of comedy, jokes, and wit in the sciences and discusses why they are so important to understand. The author draws from his personal experiences in stand-up comedy to focus on how humor can regulate emotion, reduce anxiety and defuse tense situations, expose pretensions, build personal relationships, and much more. He irreverently debunks the pseudoscience on the topic of humor and leaves readers not only funnier, but better informed. Chapter 1 provides some ways to classify jokes into categories, discusses some theories about what makes something funny, and gets into the caveats about why this work can be so difficult. Comedy alters mood, thought, stress, and pain. Jokes and laughter may play an important role in health, mental illness, marital bliss, education, and psychotherapy. The second chapter discusses the social psychology of humor, and looks at how the presence of other people can make things seem funnier. Folks in both education and business often turn to humor in an attempt to captivate, inform, and persuade. A close look at the research on immune function, allergies, erectile dysfunction, and longevity reveals some promise for laughter’s health benefits. Research offers more support for humor’s impact on psychological well-being than on physical health. Humor can have direct effects on physical health and psychological well-being; it can buffer folks against the slings and arrows of daily hassles.
This book is designed to foster interdisciplinary understanding, information sharing, and integrative approaches to athlete assessment, mental training (MT), and outcome research in evidence-based applied sport psychology. Neurocognitive testing (NCT) and quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) are brain assessment procedures that are used to investigate relationships between cortical functioning and context-specific outcome measures to arrive at clinical diagnoses or better informed patient and client evaluations. Research is ongoing to test the premise that NCT and qEEG can serve as reliable criterion-referenced measures for athletes profile primary higher order (AP PHO) constellations, heart rate variability (HRV) responding and eventually macro- and micro-performance outcome. The Polar heart rate variability (HRV)/heart rate deceleration (HRD) paradigm allows for more extensive and time-locked predictive validity statistical analyses so that in-the-moment MT over the course of entire official games/matches/competition can be delineated and quantified in terms of MT’s predictive validity. Behavioral-Motor-Technical (BMT)-based intervention attempts to help support an athlete’s mental game using exposure, confrontation, threshold, and learning principles to improve attention, motor control, and self-confidence, as well as reduce nervousness associated with pressure moments of competition. The goal of BTM-MT is to consolidate optimum technical and motor patterns in long-term procedural memory as well as repetitively attempt to demonstrate peak technical performance under greatest situational pressure, first in training and then during official competition. The book also provides a foundational and fundamental rationale for advancing evidence-based and validated athlete assessment and intervention protocols.
Personality psychology concerns the nature of human nature and tells us how a person will act in different situations and why. This book tells the story about the differences and similarities between people, and the causes and consequences of these differences. It commences with a note on the salient psychological theories of personality. During the mid-20th century, behaviorism emerged as a dominant paradigm for understanding human behavior, including personality. Although the social cognitive theory of personality has its origins in the radical behaviorist tradition, it emerged in clear opposition to it. Causal theories of personality deal with the question of why people differ in various ways. Behavioral genetics, an area of psychology concerned with the assessment of the relative contribution of genetic and nongenetic influences on various individual variables of difference, including personality, intelligence, and psychological disorders, is also outlined. Psychologists believe people can measure personality using reliable scientific tools. There has been an increased interest in alternative methods for objectively assessing personality. One compelling example is the Implicit Association Test (IAT). The book also shows how personality influences what is traditionally seen as social and cultural phenomena, such as political attitudes and religious beliefs, and prosocial and antisocial behavior. According to research, the most important personality correlates of prosocial behavior are extraversion and agreeableness. The book concludes with a note on the implications of using personality inventories in the context of identifying bad or problematic traits, such as narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy, and online personality profiling in the context of consumer behavior.
Obesity research has recently shifted from focusing purely on individual causes to viewing individuals within their “obesogenic” or living environments. This book combines current research from multiple perspectives to provide an introductory-level, reader-friendly overview of the history, causes, prevalence, consequences, treatments, and future trends in the prevention of obesity. It integrates research from a vast range of disciplines in the biological and social sciences, as well as education and economics. It explores the gamut of current treatments for obesity, in addition to prevention programs in schools, the workplace, the community, and the arena of public policy, and offers an assessment of their efficacy. Since obesity is a burgeoning problem in the developing world, as well as having already reached epidemic proportions in many developed nations, the book also discusses international trends. By far, the most common definition of obesity uses the body mass index (BMI) to determine who is overweight or obese. The genetic causes of obesity are often separated into to two types: monogenic and polygenic. After discussing the psychosocial and medical correlates and consequences of obesity, the book looks at the current treatments for obesity such as self-initiated diets, lifestyle modification and medical treatment including surgery. Positive effects on physical activity are encouraging because developing good habits early may help prevent obesity later in life.
This book intentionally approaches positive psychology from two perspectives: One is the application of specific positive psychology constructs, such as strengths or the broaden-and-build model, to supervision and training. The second perspective, which is probably more pervasive throughout the book and provides the underlying conceptual framework, is to operate from the definition of positive psychology as simply “the study and science of what works”. The book provides a broad overview of some of the most influential supervision theories and perspectives and introduces the key research findings and constructs from positive psychology. The rest of the book focuses on the factors and practical applications that will have the most impact on providing supervision from a positive psychology framework, ranging from ways supervisors can help ensure that the supervisory relationship begins well to identifying and developing our supervisees’ strengths and fostering the development of expertise and lifelong learning. The book also presents several models for approaching the problems that can occur during supervision and offers practical suggestions to help your challenging situations lead to supervisee growth and a stronger supervisee-supervisory relationship. Problems are inevitable, but unlike customer service at a bank, there is not an outside department charged with solving them; however, successfully resolving problems can lead to more growth and development than a smooth journey ever could. The book finally examines ways to facilitate ethical “resiliency” to help us and our supervisees more effectively address the human tendencies that can land even the most well-intended supervisee or clinician into ethical quicksand.
This book helps students to learn about fundamental brain functioning and to apply the information with various clinical populations with whom they may help to serve. It also helps the professor to advance beyond the typical mindset of teaching only the basics in brain functioning. The book is divided into two sections. In Section I of the book, a foundational framework of neuroscience is provided, including important historical events, patients, and neuroscientists as well as an explanation of all the different techniques used in understanding human behavior. The first part of the text also focuses on core foundations of brain functioning, with an emphasis on the important neural systems often found dysregulated in psychopathology. Clinical techniques such as electrophysiology recordings, neuroimaging techniques, MRI scans are also discussed. The second section of the text explores many areas of psychopathology from a behavioral, cognitive, and neurobiological perspective before describing typical effective strategies used to treat the various disorders. The various disorders that are covered in this section include childhood disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), schizophrenia, mood disorders including bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders, the three types of eating disorders, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating, sleep disorders such as parasomnia and insomnia, substance disorders, and personality disorders including antisocial personality disorder and borderline personality disorder.
This book is a major contribution to furthering the understanding of trauma in general, and the schizophrenias in particular The first chapter of the book explores the links between trauma, psychosis, and schizophrenia. Next, the book deals with the phenomenology and diagnostic entities of dissociation, psychosis, and schizophrenia. Chapter 3 explores the phenomenology of dissociation and psychosis, and outlines a semistructured model of history taking and a review of how to examine the mental state. The fourth chapter deals with the current psychotherapies that are applied to psychosis and schizophrenia and explores the work around Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy for psychosis and schizophrenia. The Indicating Cognitions of Negative Networks (ICoNN) paradigm is a methodology that adapts and adds to the standard EMDR therapy model, so knowing where and why we are making a change is professionally and clinically important. EMDR therapy utilizes an information processing model, which is proposed to be innate: the adaptive information processing (AIP) model. Chapter 7 helps the reader to understand the justifiable optimism when applying EMDR therapy to psychosis and to equip clinicians with the skills to identify those people experiencing psychosis who are most suitable for EMDR therapy. The book looks at how to generate a case formulation and develop a treatment plan in general before looking at the specifics of the ICoNN model’s methodology, which is done with the aid of four clinical examples.
This book is a presentation of how the two practices mindfulness and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy are powerfully paired, and as a result, create a new paradigm for the delivery of trauma-informed services. It delves into the various perspectives on mindfulness and their clinical utility. The book is divided into ten chapters. The introductory chapter discusses shifting from trauma informed care to trauma focused care. Chapter 2 calls for a paradigm shift from simply approaching clinical care as trauma-informed to trauma focused. It presents a series of blueprints for integrating mindfulness practice and EMDR therapy is a major way to usher in this paradigm shift. Chapter 3 focuses on the practices that are typically viewed as more traditional or classic, such as sensory grounding, breath awareness, breathing meditation, body scanning, feeling tone meditation, labeling, walking meditation, and loving kindness meditation. Chapter 4 covers practices such as muscle clenching and releasing, making day-to-day activities into objects of meditation, movement practices, yogic breathing practices, and approaching the expressive arts with meditative intention. Chapter 5 provides suggestions for how clinicians can practice EMDR Phase 1, Client History. Chapter 6 guides both seasoned EMDR therapists and those who are newly learning EMDR in how they can deliver EMDR Phase 2, Preparation, in a more trauma-informed manner. Chapter 7 covers mindful approaches for acquiring negative and positive cognitions during Phase 3, Assessment. It discusses how mindfulness practice can assist in therapist attunement during Phase 4, Desensitization, and Phase 5, Installation, as they apply bilateral stimulation. Chapter 8 talks about mindful facilitation through abreaction, dissociation, and resistance in special situations in phases 3 to 6. Chapter 9 explores EMDR Phase 7, Closure and EMDR Phase 8, Reevaluation. The final chapter highlights the notion that without mindfulness practices, EMDR therapy may be incomplete.
This book borrows from the school of urban political economy and a preexisting political science theory called the ecology of games to create a consistent and orderly conception of the salient practice areas and issues in the partial hospitalization program and intensive outpatient program (PHP/IOP) settings. The focus of the book is on understanding what will create successful, sound, and sustainable program delivery in these settings. Each chapter is an exploration of the puzzle found in each practice area or cohort and the game or set of strategies used to address the puzzle. The first chapter reviews the theoretical nature of the PHP/IOP levels of care and the recurring theoretical themes and paradigms in the book. Chapter 2 focuses on team work, and discusses the ongoing cooperative game of providing a therapeutic milieu based on setting up and maintaining order and eschewing control as a goal. Chapter 3 discusses the game of initial treatment planning which is a game of joining with the patient in as little time as possible. The fourth chapter discusses the game of identifying treatment progress while documenting the necessary acuity to buy more treatment time from managed care organizations (MCOs). Discharge planning is explained in the fifth chapter, which also provides a discussion on understanding the available aftercare resources. Chapter 6 discusses the game of group therapy as it is the primary treatment modality in the PHP/IOP setting. The book also talks about psychoeducation, regular adult cohorts, older adult cohorts, mentally ill patients, and children and adolescents.
This book offers readers comprehensive, empirically grounded knowledge regarding suicidality. It provides a strong foundation for mental health professionals and students who may encounter and work with suicidal clients and those interested in this area. The book is divided into twenty one chapters across seven parts. The introductory part focuses on how societal and individual ethics, philosophies, cultures, ethnicities, and religions relate to suicidal behavior and how they inform clinical practice and treatment. Part II, "Suicidality Across the Life Span", explores suicidality among children and adolescents, adults, and older adults. The nature, risk, and protective factors of suicidality differ among the various stages of life. Part III, "Suicide and Mental Illness", centers on suicide across three high-risk diagnostic categories and focuses specifically on mood disorders, psychotic disorders, substance disorders, and personality disorders. Part IV, "At-Risk Populations", highlights several vulnerable groups such as active military personnel and veterans; Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer/Questioning (LGBTQ) population; and the homeless, Native Americans, and incarcerated individuals. Part V, "Assessing Suicide", presents core guidelines and key components of assessing suicide risk. Part VI, "Evidence-Based Treatments", focuses on empirically supported, evidence-based psychosocial practices. It presents five widely used psychosocial evidence-based treatments for suicidality such as crisis intervention, cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavioral therapy, interpersonal psychotherapy, and motivational interviewing. The final part, Surviving Suicide, examines family and friend survivors of suicide with a special focus on the grief process and approaches to working with family. It also examines the impact of client suicide on treating clinicians. Each chapter begins with a clear set of goals and objectives, followed by individual exercises, small group exercises, case examples, role plays, a closer look, key points, electronic resources, and knowledge acquisition tests.
This book explicates mindfulness and yoga as tools for cultivating embodied self-regulation within healthy, active, engaged learners. It is structured in four parts, each comprised of two to four chapters. The first part sets the stage for mindfulness and yoga interventions in schools. It includes a review of the conceptual model for embodied self-regulation and addresses the risks and outcomes associated with a lack of self-regulation and engagement among students. The first section also includes the three-tiered model of intervention used in education and a framework for implementing mindfulness and yogic practices within the three-tier approach. The second and third parts explicate the philosophical underpinnings of mindfulness and yoga, detail the formal and informal practices in a on-the-cushion/mat and off-the cushion/mat format, and critically review the mindfulness and yoga protocols that have been implemented and studied in schools. Specifically, the second part focuses on mindfulness interventions and the third part focuses on yoga interventions. The fourth part addresses mindful self-care for students and teachers. The mindful self-care scale is presented as a framework for presenting actionable self-care goals for students and teachers. The longer form and the shorter form are offered with a scoring system and research on each of the aspects of self-care. Mindfulness and yoga practices help us be on-purpose, intentional in our teaching and in our lives.
This book represents the culmination of decades of research and clinical experience regarding various problem-solving–based interventions. These interventions, primarily known as problem-solving therapy (
PST), have been in existence (ostensibly as a type of cognitive-behavioral approach) since the 1970s. Emotion-centered problem-solving therapy ( EC-PST) is the reformulated and updated version of problem-solving therapy or PST. This newer approach puts more emphasis on teaching individuals to better understand and manage their emotional reactions to stressful events than those previously included in our PSTprotocols. EC-PSTessentially is a psychosocial intervention developed within a social learning framework that is based on a biopsychosocial, diathesis undefined stress model of psychopathology. The major purpose of this book is to provide clinicians and researchers a detailed treatment manual of EC-PST. The first section focuses on various conceptual and empirical foundations of this approach, whereas the second section addresses assessment issues, treatment planning, and various “metamessages” that detail crucial aspects of the treatment protocol. The third section contains the actual treatment manual of EC-PSTand includes multiple examples of how to conduct the intervention. Throughout these chapters, the authors provide examples of “scripts” to use to explain important concepts to clients. The chapters also include clinical examples of cases to illustrate certain applications of EC-PST. The concluding chapter contains descriptions on how to apply EC-PSTto certain populations (i.e., military veterans and active service members) and goals (i.e., suicide prevention and treatment; positive functioning). In addition, a companion Client Workbook is available for purchase; search on 978-0-8261-3523-0 to locate the workbook. The Client Workbook can be used as handouts by a clinician or purchased directly by clients currently or previously engaged in an EC-PSTrelationship. It provides several problem-solving and stress reducing techniques and underscores the importance of problem-solving skills in overcoming stress, improving self-confidence, and fostering better personal and professional relationships.
This book is designed to provide essential knowledge and skills in behavioral health for all members of the primary care health team. It begins with a short history of the development of evidence for the value of the biopsychosocial model in primary care and an overview of the role of the behavioral health specialist in the primary care team. In order to provide context for the practice of behavioral health care, the book reviews the theoretical basis for understanding health behavior and the development of brief counseling methods for influencing patients to engage in healthier behaviors. Current epidemiological trends of some of the most common presenting conditions in primary care set the stage for moving into chapters on specific conditions, including diabetes, cardiovascular conditions, chronic pain, sleep disorders, geriatric conditions, cancer-related conditions, substance abuse, and obesity. Each of these chapters begins with a typical referral note from a primary care provider requesting a behavioral health assessment or intervention and concludes with a sample of how the behavioral health specialist might respond to the referral. These sample referrals and consultation notes are intended to provide a practical example of how the behavioral health specialist might function on a primary care team and how our patients might navigate an integrated health care system within the patient-centered medical home. The book concludes with a chapter on systems medicine, which will provide readers with a vision of the future of health care engaging the developing science of brain function and how the brain can be modified to improve our experience of health and wellness.
This book offers chapters with case vignettes in which creative career interventions are applied. Each of these chapters provides a thorough exploration of the career-related challenges and needs of each unique group. The book provides an overview of the unique needs of several populations including high school and community college students; dual-career couples; stay-at-home mothers; working parents; midlife and older adults; caregivers; unwed and teen mothers; formerly incarcerated individuals; lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals; veterans; culturally diverse men and women such as African American, Asian American and Latino persons; and other populations. Each population chapter opens with a case vignette in which a client’s story is presented for readers to consider. These cases highlight the diverse array of career and lifestyle-related concerns that clients may bring to counseling. The vignettes are revisited at the close of the chapter to illustrate potential ways of helping clients resolve their concerns. The book contains more than 50 innovative career interventions that are located at the end of the book. These interventions can help one to have greater insight into how creativity can be used when working with clients facing career changes and challenges.
This book is a comprehensive guide to the basics of mindful hypnotherapy (MH), incorporating everything you need to understand the approach, apply it to clients in your clinical practice, and use it for your own personal edification and growth. MH is a treatment that combines the qualities from two highly effective and well-established treatment approaches: mindfulness and hypnotherapy. These approaches have separately been shown to be effective in the treatment of a wide array of disorders ranging from elevated stress or adjustment problems to more debilitating conditions such as major depressive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance use disorders, chronic pain, anxiety disorders, and more. This book is intended to be an additional tool in a therapist’s toolbox—a new approach that delivers a mindfulness-based intervention within a hypnotic context. The book is divided into three sections. The first section (Foundations) provides the conceptual basis for MH, research, discussion of hypnotic abilities, and basics for formulating hypnotic inductions and suggestions. The second section (Mindful Hypnotherapy by Session) provides a treatment manual for MH over eight sessions. It includes transcripts, hypnotic inductions, and guidance for individualization and tracking progress using the Mindful Self-Hypnosis Daily Practice Log. The third section (Conclusion) provides an overview of training and personal growth toward becoming a mindful hypnotherapist. This MH approach is long overdue, and over the course of the past 40 years, the fields of hypnotherapy and mindfulness have been compared and contrasted phenomenologically, physiologically, and neurologically. MH is an intervention that intentionally uses hypnosis (hypnotic induction and suggestion) to integrate mindfulness for personal or therapeutic benefit.
This book serves as a clinical guide to assist clinicians in prescribing psychotropic medications to address mental health conditions. It is used to assist clinicians to understand the key aspects of psychopharmacology. This is the first practical guide for novice and experienced nurse practitioners for explaining and choosing appropriate psychiatric medications. This clinical reference is ideal for students and all clinically oriented healthcare professionals since it provides concise, bulleted-style text for easy access to pertinent information. The book offers readers a broad understanding of the key aspects of psychotropic medications used in general psychiatry and primary-care settings and includes strategies to ease medication decision-making and evidence-based best practices to select and manage psychotropic medications. It is organized into two parts. Part I begins with an overview of general pharmacological principles and a brief overview of neurotransmitters, and covers the rationale for medication use and the risks and benefits of the major classes of psychotropic medications. Part II includes medications across drug classes that are divided by age population and includes practice management strategies, safety considerations, drug interactions, identification of side effects and adverse reactions, basic laboratory test recommendations, treatment options, and self-management strategies. The book ends with important concepts for patient and/or caregiver education and advocacy. It is intended for clinical healthcare providers, including physicians, nurses,
APRNs, and other healthcare clinicians who need a practice guide, test review, or clinical resource guide that is easy to access and use.
Grief counseling refers to the interventions counselors make with people recent to a death loss to help facilitate them with the various tasks of mourning. These are people with no apparent bereavement complications. Grief therapy, on the other hand, refers to those techniques and interventions that a professional makes with persons experiencing one of the complications to the mourning process that keeps grief from progressing to an adequate adaptation for the mourner. New information is presented throughout the book and previous information is updated when possible. The world has changed since 1982; there are more traumatic events, drills for school shootings, and faraway events that may cause a child’s current trauma. There is also the emergence of social media and online resources, all easily accessible by smart phones at any time. Bereavement research and services have tried to keep up with these changes. The book presents current information for mental health professionals to be most effective in their interventions with bereaved children, adults, and families. The book is divided into ten chapters. Chapter one discusses attachment, loss, and the experience of grief. The next two chapters delve on mourning process and mediators of mourning. Chapter four describes grief counseling. Chapter five explores abnormal grief reactions. Chapter six discusses grief therapy. Chapter seven deals with grieving for special types of losses including suicide, violent deaths, sudden infant death syndrome, miscarriages, stillbirths and abortion. Chapter eight discusses how family dynamics can hinder adequate grieving. Chapter nine explores the counselor’s own grief. The concluding chapter presents training for grief counseling.
This book serves as a practice resource for social workers by making accessible the vast territory covered by the social, cognitive, and affective neurosciences over the past 20 years, helping the reader actively apply scientific findings to practice settings, populations, and cases. It features contributions from social work experts in four key areas of practice: generalist social work practice; social work in the schools and the child welfare system; in health and mental health; and in the criminal justice system. Each of the chapters is organized around practice, policy, and research implications, and includes case studies to enhance practice application. The impact the environment has on neural mechanisms and human life course trajectories is of particular focus. It is divided into four sections. Section A includes chapters devoted to social-cognitive neuroscience conceptualization of empathy, mirror neurons, complex childhood trauma, the impact of trauma and its treatment through discussion of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Section B covers child maltreatment and brain development, transition of youth from foster care, social work practices in schools for children with disabilities, and managing violence and aggression in school settings. Section C deals with several issues such as substance abuse, toxic stress and brain development in young homeless children and traumatic brain injuries. Neuroscientific implications for the juvenile justice and adult criminal justice systems are explained in Section D.
The book covers both theories and data, and provides a comprehensive grounding in the psychology of love. The basic thesis of the book is that scientific research can help us all in our loving relationships. Consequently, the book talks not only about theory and data, but also about how to apply them to our close relationships. One chapter provides questions and answers about loving relationships, based on scientific research. Another chapter discusses online dating and the issue of just what we can expect when we meet people online. The complete “Triangular Love Scale” is presented in the book and will enable you to analyze in some detail the levels of intimacy, passion, and commitment in your relationships. The scale, based on psychological theory and validated using large numbers of participants, will show you how psychologists not only construct theories, but also translate these theories into measures that can assess scientifically the phenomena they study. The book considers most of the standard topics in the psychology of love, covering research primarily about heterosexual but also about gay couples. It describes different kinds of love, including the kinds that are more likely to lead to relationship success and also the kinds associated with relationship failure. It specifically discusses factors that lead to greater or lesser success, as well as personality variables and their associations with different kinds of love. While the book focuses mainly on romantic love, it also covers other aspects of love, such as parental love and friendship.
Contemporary research has found that memory is much more than the process for recalling information that has been learned and retained. Memory is central to all human endeavors. Memory is the sine qua non of human psychology. How humans process, store, retrieve, and use memory is intrinsically interesting. This book is about human memory: how it works, how it sometimes does not work, why it is important, and why it is interesting. It describes the major structural and functional theories that guide our understanding of memory. The modal model has three memory buffers: sensory information store, short-term memory and long-term memory. The book focuses on everyday functions of memory, including memorizing things, remembering to do things (prospective memory), and recalling how to do things, such as skills, procedures, and navigation. Disorders of memory including Alzheimer’s and amnesia are examined along with exceptional memory skills, such as the phenomenon of individuals with highly superior autobiographical memory. The book also addresses the intriguing and controversial topics of repressed and recovered memories, the validity of memory in courtroom testimony, and the effects of remembering traumatic events.
Problem-solving therapy (PST) is a psychosocial intervention, generally considered to be under a cognitive-behavioral umbrella, that is geared to enhance one’s ability to cope effectively with both minor (e.g., chronic daily problems) and major (e.g., traumatic events) stressors in order to attenuate extant mental health and physical health problems. Rather than representing an updated volume of the theoretical and empirical literature on PST or social problem solving, the purpose of this book is to serve as a detailed treatment manual and to delineate general intervention strategies of contemporary PST that are required to effectively conduct this intervention approach. The book first briefly presents an overview of the theory underlying PST as well as the supportive research that documents its efficacy across various populations and clinical problems. Next, it offers an overview of problem-solving assessment and treatment planning as well as general clinical considerations. In order to achieve the treatment goals, the specific treatment objectives for PST can be thought of as: enhancing positive problem orientation, decreasing negative problem orientation, fostering planful problem solving, minimizing avoidant problem solving, and minimizing impulsive/careless problem solving. In order to achieve the treatment goals and objectives, PST focuses on training clients in four major problem-solving toolkits. The four toolkits include: problem-solving multitasking, the Stop, Slow Down, Think, and Act (SSTA ) method of approaching problems, healthy thinking and imagery, and planful problem solving. The book describes these toolkits and provides for detailed clinical guidelines in order to effectively conduct PST.
This book provides a guided curriculum that introduces school psychology graduate students to a range of professional issues that may be faced within the context of supervised field-based experiences. Topics addressed in the book span entry-level practica through advanced clinical applications, the culminating internship year, and transitioning to professional practice. The book focuses on providing recommendations on developing curriculum vitae (CV), interviewing, writing personal statements, considerations for certification and licensure, and applying to jobs tasks often beyond the scope of what a program may offer through formal course work or seminars. It also addresses other core competencies essential to developing professionals in the context of field supervision. The book offers faculty a ready resource and text for use across a range of practicum and internship seminars. Graduate preparation programs in school psychology offer such seminars and formal university-based supervision to provide guidance to students as they traverse these experiences. Practica and internships remain among the most ubiquitous components of every school psychology program in the United States. To assist programs working to further develop their own processes, the book includes various tools and templates that represent actual forms utilized by National Association of School Psychologists (NASP)-approved and American Psychological Association (APA)-accredited programs across the country. The book serves as a guide to both faculty and students to support growth during field-based experiences and reviews the basic components of psychological evaluation and intervention report writing.
Adolescence is an extremely unique and critical stage of development. In order to provide the helping professional with a clear understanding of typical adolescent development, and to fill the gap many have in understanding adolescence in general, this book offers a concise, in-depth, scientific overview of adolescent development specifically geared toward those applying the information in the helping professions. The intended audience for the book is helping professionals such as psychologists, mental health counselors, social workers, marriage and family therapists, educators, and nurses. The book covers adolescent developmental theories that provide a basis for understanding observations about the nature of adolescents. These theories include the intrapsychic, cognitive, behavioral/environmental, and biological theories. Puberty is also the signal indicating the beginning of physical and neurological growth. The hormonal changes of puberty initiate drastic growth in the body and organs of adolescents. The book reviews several aspects of overall adolescent health, including the issue of adolescent sleep and its importance and how adolescent diet and nutrition impact development. In addition to the “hardware” transformation in an adolescent’s brain, adolescents undergo important changes in their ability to think. The book also examines Piaget’s adolescent stage of cognitive development, the formal operational stage, and how changes in the way adolescents think impact their interactions with others. It introduces the multiple social changes with family and friends that occur during adolescence and examines how adolescents interact with TV, media, and technology and deals with the issue of cyberbullying and reviews the most common adolescent problems, such as drug use, risky behaviors, eating issues, and depression. Each chapter integrates several features to guide helping professionals in applying adolescent development in practice.
This book is about all the exciting aspects that have been investigated in the science of positive psychology. One of the reasons that the interest in positive psychology has increased so much in recent years is that people are interested in happiness, and they’re interested in enhancing their well-being. All conceptions of positive psychology involve something to do with the “positive side of life”, which is clearly contrasted with the negative side of life. The positive side of life seems to go by many names, such as happiness, flourishing, thriving, a worthwhile life, a meaningful life, a fulfilling life, or “what goes right in life”. The study of positive subjective states involves two related but distinct areas of study: positive emotions and subjective well-being (SWB). Positive psychologists often refer to two types of happiness: hedonic and eudaimonic. Any treatments of the history of happiness spend little time on ancient Jewish contributions to our understanding of well-being. From the early Christian tradition, writers encouraged enduring suffering now in the light of future happiness in the afterlife. The book focuses on two theories that are both representative and helpful to the field of positive psychology: the Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and the Hedonic Adaptation Prevention (HAP) model. Gratitude and compassion are very important to the good life; however, when we also emphasize strengths such as prudence, humility, self-control, and integrity, we are much more likely to flourish. The issue of Internet relationships also brings up an alternative form of relationships: Our relationships with our pets. The book attempts to describe the cognitive characteristics of happy people.
The incidence of sexual assault and harassment experienced by members of the U.S. Armed Forces has reached epidemic proportions. Its victims often suffer from devastating, lifelong consequences to their careers, health, relationships, and psychological well-being. This book is written for mental health clinicians to help in understanding and treating military sexual trauma (
MST). It addresses the complex circumstances of victims of sexual abuse in the military and how clinicians can meet the unique challenges of treating these clients. The book describes how MST differs from other forms of military trauma such as combat, and discusses its prevalence, neurobiology, and social contexts as well as unique stressors of betrayal, injustice, struggles with issues of reporting and disclosure, and impact on relationships and sexuality. It reviews current evidence-based interventions and offers insights on treating specific symptoms within MST, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, substance abuse, sleep disorders, and sexual dysfunction. Chapters discuss how a variety of psychotherapies can be used to treat MST, including prolonged exposure, cognitive processing, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing ( EMDR), Seeking Safety, acceptance and commitment therapy, and somatic experiencing, as well as the Warrior Renew MST group therapy program. Clinicians who work with veterans and active duty personnel will find the book an essential guide to working with MST survivors.
Service Learning Through Community Engagement:What Community Partners and Members Gain, Lose, and Learn From Campus Collaborations
This book addresses the impact of a variety of service-learning arrangements on local communities and focuses on the experiences, both positive and negative, of the community organization. Integrating theoretical, historical, ethical, and practical frameworks, the book examines in depth such emerging models as global service learning, social entrepreneurship, and experiential philanthropy (EP). Understanding the historical rationale for campus-community partnership is critical for determining the future of community engagement. The engaged campus plays an important role in both maintaining and promoting civil society and fostering civic engagement among emerging adults. A growing body of research demonstrates that community-engaged learning opportunities involving authentic grant making can deepen students’ understanding of philanthropy’s role in our society and extend its benefits to the community. Colleges and universities have been offering EP courses since the late 1990s. The Students4Giving program provides a framework for philanthropic education emphasizing community-based knowledge with both grant making and fundraising dimensions. A growing body of research on the impact of EP courses has identified a variety of positive student learning outcomes. Community engagement is a dynamic multifacilitated, multistakeholder endeavor that makes impact measurements allusive. The book discusses the role of critical service learning as a backdrop for ethical engagement and aims to graft existing professional frameworks and theory as tools for guiding and reflecting practice in community engagement with the aim of minimizing ethics violations in the community. Community engagement presents a difficult duality; many students will participate in it to develop professional skills particularly within education, social work, and health professions.
Field education has been identified as the “signature pedagogy” social work education. The practice of having students working alongside community practitioners is almost as old as the social work profession itself. Field education, which involves students working with practicing social workers to learn the knowledge, skills, and values of the social work profession, brings the intellectual content of the classroom into focus with everyday tasks and responsibilities. Therefore, the work of community-based practitioners who supervise social work interns is essential to our profession. This book includes content on how to recruit a practicum student, as well as useful information about effective supervision, learning assessment planning and development, integration of theory and practice, helpful evaluation techniques, and teaching social work ethics. It provides an introduction to the practice of field education, along with useful recommendations about how to maximize the learning experience of practicum students. College and university social work programs provide regular orientations to their field education programs. Students should adhere to agency expectations regarding dress, language, and boundaries. Once students are aware of the agency culture, they should be held accountable for meeting those expectations. Effective communication between the academic institution and the field instructor/agency setting is indispensable to the social work practicum process. Several models exist to help students determine an ethical course of action or to resolve an ethical dilemma. Practicing as an ethical social worker requires not only knowledge of the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) Code of Ethics, but also the ability to apply sound decision-making strategies to everyday situations encountered in social work practice.
Palliative care is considered a subspecialty of medicine and nursing, with certifications offered to insure the highest quality of care that can be offered to those with acute, chronic, progressive, life-altering, or life-threatening diseases. Palliative and hospice care are on the same continuum. Hospice care is offered in the last 6 months of life, whereas palliative care is offered earlier, at the time of diagnosis, with any diagnosis that can eventually lead to death. This book gives palliative care and hospice nurses the advanced knowledge they need, beyond their undergraduate and graduate nursing education, to incorporate advanced empirical, aesthetic, ethical, and personal knowledge into their nursing practice. The book is organized into four sections comprising 27 chapters. Section I articulates the purpose and value of palliative care and hospice nursing and the revolution across America and the world, which demands the relief of suffering and every effort to promote quality of life until its end. Section II emphasizes on the care for the whole person and family. The chapters on culture and spirituality, and sexuality will help to recognize that a person is more than a physical body. The art of communication, the promotion of health, and holistic therapies are also taught. Section III focuses on advancing one’s knowledge of life-threatening diseases such as cancer, end-stage heart disease, end-stage heart disease, end-stage renal disease, end-stage liver disease, chronic lung disease, neurological disorders, HIV/AIDS. Section IV deals with effective management of symptoms such as dyspnea, anxiety, depression, delirium, posttraumatic stress disorders, gastrointestinal symptoms, fatigue, and skin alterations by pharmacologic, nonpharmacologic, and complementary therapies. In the peri-death chapter, nurses will learn how their presence at the deathbed can imprint a memory that replaces fear with calm, suffering with relief, and sorrow with abundant appreciation and love.
This book helps social workers ensure they maintain the highest professional standards by raising awareness of both the strengths and challenges of the immigrant community. The book first explores the changing demographics of immigrant newcomers and legal classifications of immigrants. It seeks to help social workers better understand the legal meaning of terms such as nonimmigrant, immigrant, Green Card holder, and citizen. Then, the book explores theories of cultural competency and social work practice and describes the intersection of immigration and health, mental health, criminal justice issues, and employment. Issues of particular interest to immigrant communities, such as the exploitation of immigrant workers (and appropriate legal remedies), immigrant access to health services and public benefits, the triple mental health trauma many refugees and asylees face, and the issue of newcomers as victims of crime as well as the immigration consequences of criminal conviction are discussed. The book also deals with family groups, which, although inherently strong, are made vulnerable because of their immigrant status in the United States. It concludes by urging practitioners to expand their strategies and advocate not only for individual clients (at the micro level), but to advocate as well for change at the organizational/agency level (mezzo level), and at the federal, state, and local levels (macro level).
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing EMDR Therapy Scripted Protocols and Summary Sheets:Treating Anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive, and Mood-Related Conditions
This book offers eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (
EMDR) therapy practitioners and researchers a window into the treatment rooms of experts in the fields of anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, and spectrum disorders, and mood-related conditions. It is divided into three parts with 10 chapters that cover working with anxiety disorders, including specific phobia, panic disorder, and the use of a specific procedure in the treatment of anxiety disorder; obsessive-compulsive and related disorders, including obsessive-compulsive disorder, body dysmorphic disorder, olfactory reference syndrome, and hoarding behaviors; and mood disorders, including bipolar disorder, major depression, and postpartum depression. To address the specific needs of their populations, authors were asked to include the types of questions relevant for history taking, helpful resources and explanations needed in the preparation phase, particular negative and positive cognitions that were frequent in the assessment phase and for cognitive interweaves, other concerns during phases 4 (desensitization) through 8 (reevaluation), a section on case conceptualization and treatment planning, and any pertinent research on their work. Consisting of past, present, and future templates, the scripts are conveniently presented in an easy-to-use, manual-style format that facilitates a reliable, consistent procedure. Summary sheets for each protocol support quick retrieval of essential issues and components for the clinician when putting together a treatment plan for the client. These scripted protocols and completed summary sheets can be inserted right into a client’s chart for easy documentation.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing EMDR Therapy Scripted Protocols and Summary Sheets:Treating Trauma- and Stressor-Related Conditions
This book is designed to apply what we are learning through research and to support the increasing knowledge and capabilities of clinicians in the method of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (
EMDR) Therapy. The book is divided into three parts. The first part covers trauma and stressor-related conditions. Chapters here show how EMDR Therapy is used for a range of disorders, such as reactive attachment disorders, address the issue of child attachment trauma for adults, and discuss EMDR for traumatized patients suffering from psychosis. Other chapters in this section deal with EMDR for adolescents and adults living with ongoing traumatized stress and the treatment of 911 trauma in emergency telecommunicators. The second part of the book focuses on grief and mourning. In the third part, the need for taking self-care for clinicians and prevention of compassion fatigue are explained. The book also contains an appendix, which includes the scripts for the 3-Pronged Protocol that includes past memories, present triggers, and future templates. This section helps clinicians remember the important components of the Standard EMDR Protocol to ensure fidelity to the model.
This book can be used by social work professionals both as a textbook and as a clinical resource. Considering that most social workers receive limited training in medication during their social work program, it provides an excellent practice resource for clinicians in the field. The book provides general information that will prepare social workers to address the needs of clients taking medication. The use of medication is viewed as part of social work practice, and strategies for understanding its use are highlighted. Each chapter focuses on the basic information a social worker should know, from understanding the human brain, to tips for helping the client to terminate use, to how to support the medical team with tips for taking a medication history. The book explains the difference between generic and brand names, presented along with medical terminology used in prescribing medications. It provides the basic rules for monitoring medication and compliance, along with tips for treatment planning and documentation. The book also outlines prescription and nonprescription medications, including herbal preparations, and includes a section on special populations. It addresses specific mental health conditions such as schizophrenia, mood disorders, depression, bipolar disorders, and specific anxiety disorders.
This book addresses the new concerns people have about children who have early and easy access to the Internet and digital technologies. The chapters address a variety of components of virtual experiences from sexting to distracted driving to the impact of autism on Internet addiction in children, resulting in what are possibly the most comprehensive reference and guidance materials today. The book identifies signs of problem Internet behavior among children, even at the earliest ages. It addresses the psychological, social, and family conditions for those most at risk and how to combat the use of technology that replaces important face-to-face social relationships. The first section of the book talks about the risk factors such as problematic and risky media use, smartphone addiction, narcissism, sexting, and internet and gaming addiction, and the impact of the risk factors. The last chapter in this section discusses parental mental health and internet addiction in adolescents. Prevention and treatment of the internet addiction are dealt with in the second section of the book. This covers issues such as preventing teen drivers and digital distractions, electronic screen syndrome, and initiatives such as the IMPROVE tool to assist families and clinicians, and the Family, Integrated Treatment, Social Connection–Internet Addiction (FITSC-IA) for treating adolescent internet addiction. The book ends with a chapter on maintaining student cyberhealth by discussing the concept of screen smart schools.
This book is a companion to Emotion-Centered Problem-Solving Therapy: Treatment Guidelines that a clinician using Emotion-centered problem-solving therapy (EC-PST) can use as handouts for current clients or can be purchased directly by clients actively engaged in EC_PST. The book underscores the importance of problem-solving in overcoming stress, improving self-confidence, and fostering better personal and professional relationships. It includes a Problem-Solving Therapy Worksheet, tips for developing goals, using brainstorming principles, and overcoming negative emotions. The Appendix includes a Problem-Solving Test, exercise and several stress-relieving and relaxation exercises, including a “Safe-Place” visualization
This book provides an overview of the three areas of family violence (i.e., child abuse, intimate partner abuse, and older adult abuse). It includes plentiful case examples, real-life stories, keywords, and discussion questions; the Test Bank is updated to align with changes in the chapters. In the area of child abuse, expanded information is provided on the various agencies working with abused children and on being an expert witness for the courts. In the area of intimate partner violence, additional information is provided on male victims of female perpetrators along with theoretical underpinnings, assessment instruments, and treatment options for both male and female victims and perpetrators. A section is added on the use of social media in precluding and enabling perpetrators. At-risk populations are expanded to include sex-trafficking victims; veterans of war suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); middle-class families; Native Americans; and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) families. In the area of older adult abuse, chapters reflect recent policies and terminology to make clearer distinctions in the information contained within the chapters. Major changes in understanding old age assistance are made with emphasis on the different typologies of behaviors of various abusers, thus reducing the focus on caregiver stress as synonymous with older adult abuse.
This book tells the story of the scientific study of what makes us feel happy, content, joyous, and satisfied with our lives. The book considers how economic factors such as unemployment, income inequality, economic growth, and social welfare policies impact happiness. It examines how workplace and governmental policies interact with work-to-family interference to raise or lower happiness. The book describes the importance of more immediate social environments by examining marriage, parenthood, and friendships. It is thoroughly grounded in the scientific literature, providing empirically verified answers to some of the preceding questions, as well as answers to questions about how happiness can be increased. This book is intended as a primary text for students in undergraduate courses in happiness or Positive Psychology with minimal background in psychology, statistics, and research methods. It also can be used as a supplementary text for courses in social, introductory, or health psychology or psychology of adjustment. The book balances coverage of both socio-structural issues and the more individualistic concerns of positive psychology. It emphasizes the science of the psychology of happiness. There is a chapter on personality. The book examines how positive emotions can build happiness, and the importance of how we construe or interpret events. There is also extensive coverage of positive psychology interventions that can improve individuals' happiness. The book includes a chapter exploring evolution and happiness. It discusses the effects of social relationships, money, materialism, religion, and health on happiness. The book describes research methodologies and discusses whether causal attributions are appropriate. It analyzes the results of many of the studies; and invites students to interpret tables and graphs from primary source articles. The book also discusses mediated and moderated relationships. It guides students through the results by pointing toward important findings and explaining how they should be interpreted.
This book is a practical guide for professionals to better understand how grief impacts the lives of bereaved children and how they can provide a safe place for grieving children and their families to find support. The information provided comes from the authors’ personal experiences working with children and their families over the past three decades. It provides a theoretical model for understanding childhood grief due to death as a natural, transitional experience that is an integral part of a child’s development into healthy adulthood. The first chapter, Understanding Childhood Grief and the Bereavement Professional’s Role, presents five universal realities of grief. The second chapter, Impact of Grief on Children, describes common grief reactions in children and factors that influence childhood grief. The third chapter talks about suicide, homicide, sudden death, and illness. The fourth and fifth chapters: Death of a Parent, and Death of Other Family Members, describes the strengths of parent/child relationship, sibling relationship, and grandparent/grandchild relationships. These first five chapters provide a framework for understanding how grief impacts the lives of children and how their surrounding circumstances further influence their reactions to grief. The sixth and seventh chapters explore the factors that promote health in grieving children and modes of helping. The eighth chapter describes the grief support settings for bereaved children. The ninth chapter presents activities that engage children, and the tenth chapter discusses professional accountability and ethical considerations. The last five chapters offer a structure for professionals to provide support to bereaved children and their families. This book also presents “How to Help” sections that offer practical ways professionals can be supportive to bereaved children and their families.
This book fills a gaping void in the selection of textbooks to use in graduate courses on the psychology of aging. It serves as a primer for any graduate student who is going to work in a clinical setting with older adults, or in a research lab that studies some aspect of the psychology of aging. The book introduces students to the background knowledge needed in order to understand some of the more complex concepts in the psychology of aging. Additionally, it provides clear explanations of concepts (e.g., genetics of aging research, neuroimaging techniques, understanding of important legal documents for older adults). The book focuses solely on older adults, providing in-depth coverage of this burgeoning population. It also provides coverage on cognitive reserve, neurocognitive disorders, and social aspects of aging. The book is intended for graduate students or upper-level undergraduate students in psychology, biology, nursing, counseling, social work, gerontology, speech pathology, psychiatry, and other disciplines who provide services for, or perform research with, older adults. It is organized into four sections. Section I presents introduction to the psychology of aging. Section II gives a core foundation in biological aspects of aging. It covers general biological theories of aging, common physical health problems in older adults, and normal changes that occur to the brain with aging. Section III describes the psychological components of aging such as changes in personality and emotional development, mental health aspects of aging, normal changes in cognitive functioning, cognitive reserve and interventions for cognitive decline, neurocognitive disorders in aging, aging's impact on relationships and families, and working in late life and retirement. The final section presents the social aspects of aging, which includes death, bereavement, and widowhood, aging experience in ethnic and sexual minorities, and lastly, aging and the legal system.
This handbook of fieldwork and supervision for behavior analysts focuses specifically on orienting and guiding trainees in the field of behavior analysis through the practicum and supervised experience. The book is organized into 10 chapters. The introductory chapter gives a brief overview of how to prepare for practica. Chapter two presents choosing the type of fieldwork behavior analysis want. Chapter three present selecting a supervisor. It also outlines some potential pros and cons associated with each type of setting. It provides self-reflection activities to help the reader to select the type of fieldwork that would be best suited to their needs. It then discusses the importance of ethics in supervision and how the ethical conduct of a supervisor can affect behavior analysts. The chapter outlines the minimum requirements the behavior analyst certification board has for certificants to become eligible to supervise as well as the skills of a competent, good supervisor. It provides a list of potential questions to ask supervisors whom they decide to interview before selecting a supervisor. Chapter four walks through the process of preparing, applying, and interviewing for a position at a fieldwork placement site. Chapter five talks about formalizing supervision and record keeping. Chapter six is all about gaining the most from the supervision experience. It discusses some of the benefits of supervision and explains how behavior analysts can access them. Chapter seven presents putting time and effort into increasing the pivotal skills of behavior analysts. Chapter eight concerns knowing what to expect from individual versus group supervision meetings. Chapter nine presents 10 overarching competencies, and the task lists for each competency. Chapter ten talks about ePortfolio.
This book directs the therapist toward principles, processes, and practices that underscore effective therapy, regardless of the clinician’s theoretical persuasion. It is founded on a growing body of research about “what works in therapy”, providing specific, evidence-based ways for therapists to improve the benefit of therapy and their individual performance. The book is divided into eight chapters. The first chapter, The Influence of the Therapist, explores how the field of psychotherapy has evolved. It includes a discussion of promising developments and challenges to improving treatment outcomes and the individual performance of clinicians. The second chapter, Principles and Core Strategies of Effective Therapy, involves examination of concepts and directions in research and practice that are important to all psychotherapists. The third chapter, Early Client Engagement, focuses on ways to engage clients during initial interactions. Chapter four, Active Client Engagement (ACE): Information-Gathering Processes, introduces readers to the ACE model, which includes acquiring information, creating a context for collaboration, and evocation of clients’ strengths and resources. Chapter five, Therapeutic Conversations for Achieving Structure and Direction, focuses on creating a direction in therapy with clients. Chapter six, Matching and Classes of Intervention, covers several key areas critical to improving the outcome of psychotherapy. Chapter seven, Client Progress and the Benefits of Therapy: From Subsequent Sessions to Transition, explores the process of monitoring client progress. The final chapter, Professional Development: Achieving Clinical Excellence, considers ways for therapists to determine their baseline rates of effectiveness, obtain feedback, and engage in deliberate practice to improve their performance.
Social work has a long-standing commitment to healthcare and the recognition of the inextricable link to quality of life and well-being across the lifespan. This book emphasizes the critical importance of health for all members of society and the significant role of social work in the field. It presents essential information about health and social work critical to understanding today’s complex health care systems and policies. The book is intended as a core text for masters of social work (MSW) and advanced bachelor of social work (BSW) courses on health and social work, social work and health care, health and wellness, social work practice in health care, and integrative behavioral health taught in social work, public health, and gerontology. The book is organized into three parts containing 18 chapters. The first chapter describes the role of social work in healthcare. The second chapter discusses ethics and values in healthcare social work. The next three chapters present social determinants of health, intersectionality, and social work assessment. Chapter six discusses health promotion and public health. Chapter seven presents integrated behavioral healthcare. Chapter eight describes substance misuse, abuse, and substance-related disorders. Chapters nine and ten discuss palliative care, end-of-life care, correctional healthcare, and psychosocial care. Chapter 11 describes children and family health. Chapter 12 explores healthcare and work with older adults and their caregivers. Chapters 13 to 15 delve on immigrants and refugee health, health and HIV/AIDS, and LGBTQ health. Chapters 16 and 17 describe healthcare and disability, and healthcare and serving veterans. The final chapter discusses future direction of healthcare and social work.
EMDR and Attachment-Focused Trauma Therapy for Adults:Reclaiming Authentic Self and Healthy Attachments
At the heart of this innovative text is the strengths-based Attachment-Focused Trauma Therapy for Adults (AFTT-A) model that facilitates healthier functioning and attachment patterns for adult clients. This model uses a multimodal, step-by-step approach to restructuring the internal personality system to reclaim the authentic “Self” by providing new attachment experiences for “Child” parts of Self and negotiating new adult-life roles. AFTT-A orients all inner personality components to the present moment in which unmet childhood needs for nurturing and protection can be met within clients themselves. The book delivers a sequence of scripted protocols that access and activate the client’s own strengths, creating an internal system of resources and using bilateral stimulation to deepen positive affective shifts.
Throughout the book in Pause and Reflect sections, the authors encourage therapists to think about their own attachment patterns that emerge in therapy sessions and implement activities to enhance personal self-awareness and improve attunement to clients. Short vignettes and e cerpts from client sessions illustrate the model’s application, and end-of-chapter Points to Remember and Troubleshooting tips reinforce key concepts and underscore common therapy challenges and their solutions. The AFTT-A model is useful not only for EMDR therapists but can also be easily integrated with non-EMDR models of trauma therapy.
The assessment of genetic/genomic risk is an important tool toward health promotion, prevention, and reduction of disease risk. This book provides a quick and easy format to study the basic elements and steps required for risk assessment. It is geared toward advanced practice registered nurses’ (APRNs), particularly nurse practitioners and midwives who provide assessment, diagnosis, and management of care in clinical settings. The book is divided into 12 chapters, with a wide range of topics to assist APRNs in the risk assessment process. The first chapter provides an introduction to risk assessment including genetics/genomics core competencies for APRNs. The second chapter presents a brief overview of genetics/genomics including basic concepts. The next chapter describes patterns of inheritance. The fourth chapter gives an introduction to risk assessment–review of data including personal, behavioral, environmental, and family history and the assessment of the physical examination. Chapter five describes family history–using a three-generation pedigree and common pedigree nomenclature and symbols. Chapters six, seven, and eight discuss risk identification, risk probability, and risk communication and management including consultation/referral. The next three chapters describe risk assessment process for special populations with considerations in preconception, maternal care, newborn and pediatric care, and cancer care, specifically assessing risks for breast and colon cancer. The final chapter summarizes the future of genetics and genomics. Each chapter includes a brief introduction to the topic, objectives, specific content related to the topic, online resources, and “Info Boxes” that are all integral to the chapter’s focus. Challenges and limitations in the genomic risk assessment are addressed, particularly as they relate to history data and pedigree interpretation. This book serves as a quick reference to use in clinical practice as well as a means to expand APRN’s knowledge, skills, and attitudes regarding genetics/genomics, genomic risk assessment, genetic conditions/disorders/diseases, and referral agencies.
This book provides us with what we need to sleep well. It provides the tools and techniques to reverse insomnia and improve sleep long-term. Insomnia, persistent trouble getting to sleep or staying asleep, affects our daytime functioning and wellbeing. The book breaks down the principles of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (
CBT-I), the sleep program considered first-line treatment in the clinic, into a step-by-step and reader friendly program that can be easily followed at home. Written by a clinical psychologist and researcher who has worked in the sleep field for 40 years, the book uses data from a real patient to illustrate each step of the process. The book is complete with detailed sleep diaries, worksheets, and more, all of which are also available online to download and use on your own journey to sleeping better now and into the future. Guiding readers through this self-directed sleep therapy program, the book features updated information and new scientific findings on key topics for patients and health care providers including: tried-and-true CBT-Imethods of sleep management; successful cognitive therapy methods to deal with racing thoughts at bedtime; different sleep needs for women and men through life and health conditions; influence of nutrition, exercise, and sex on sleep in a brand-new chapter; depression, anxiety, and traumatic stress and how they intersect with sleep; and prescribed and non-prescribed medications, herbal remedies, and cannabis for sleep.
This innovative book is the first to examine the contemporary psychological experience of African Americans through the lens of a positive, strengths-based model. It combats the deficit perspective that has permeated the psychological literature about African Americans by focusing on the strengths that have facilitated their growth and resilience—while also considering existing challenges and struggles. The author examines in depth the major areas of psychological research across family, peer, and romantic relationships, education, work, ethnic-racial socialization and identity, prosocial behavior and civic engagement, and the mental and physical health of African Americans today. With a focus on real life applications, the text includes pedagogical elements introducing topics in Current Events, Interventions in Practice, Individual Issues, African Cultural Values, and Media and Technology. Additional features include learning objectives in each chapter, discussion questions, a closing summary, an extensive trove of additional resources, and PowerPoints and a sample syllabus for instructors. One very important goal of this book is to elucidate the strengths of African Americans, but at the same time, not forget their history and current struggles. In the book, many chapters include history to help provide an understanding of where African Americans are coming from and why their progress is such an accomplishment. Furthermore, the current state of African Americans lives are discussed—the good, the bad, and the ugly. So while this is a book focusing on strengths, it would be unrealistic to ignore the current struggles of African Americans. We must note where growth is still needed. The book strives to navigate this fine line. The goal of the book is to elucidate the strengths that African Americans have while highlighting the struggles that continue and to note how strengths can be used to help more African Americans prosper psychologically, spiritually, economically, and physically.
Sex Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation:Prevention, Advocacy, and Trauma-Informed Practice
This book offers a comprehensive volume of work synthesizing and critically analyzing the available research examining social work practice with sex trafficking/commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) survivors, and focuses on practice in the area of sex trafficking, CSE, and sex work. It is essential for practitioners and social work students involved directly in the fields of sex trafficking and CSE. The first chapter provides a basic introduction to sex trafficking/CSE, reviewed definitions, types of trafficking and exploitation, characteristics of survivors, prevalence and need for services, and the physiological and psychological effects of sex trafficking/CSE. The next chapter centers on prevention and outreach, specifically examining ecological risk factors of sex trafficking/CSE. The third chapter examines identification and screening for sex trafficking/CSE and includes a critical analysis of commonly reported indicators of sex trafficking/CSE. Chapter 4 critically examines the various forms of practice working with sex trafficking/CSE survivors as well as those who continue to be engaged in the commercial sex industry, and discusses evidence-based trauma treatments and mental health treatments. Practices with specific populations, such as those with intellectual disabilities, refugees, children/adolescents, immigrants, and LGBTQ people are also delineated. The fifth chapter details programmatic design recommendations, including trauma-informed programming and the development of a holistically trauma-informed organization. The following chapter emphasizes interagency coalition involvement and community based-responses (CBRs), and discusses the history and development of antitrafficking coalitions in the United States, as well as the benefits and challenges identified in the extant research. The penultimate chapter explores recommended advocacy practices when survivors are involved in the criminal justice system, and explores the benefits and challenges of related legislation addressing sex trafficking and ways practitioners can assist clients in accessing benefits and addressing challenges. The final chapter summarizes the key points of each chapter and subsequent recommendations.
This book is the result of the author’s 30+ years of military service and extensive experience as an eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (
EMDR) therapist, EMDRInternational Association ( EMDRIA) approved consultant, and an EMDR-approved trainer who specializes in training mental health providers who treat military and veteran populations. It includes a lifetime of lessons learned in working with military personnel and veterans. It also includes a paradigm for evaluating the military personnel and veteran’s initial clinical presentation in the opening minutes in the office. The book describes how to use nuances of the military culture to present a motivating treatment plan. It provides numerous case examples to illustrate intervention strategies across the treatment spectrum while treating military personnel and veterans. Illustrations range from single-incident traumas to complex posttraumatic stress disorder ( PTSD) and moral injury. The chapters include complex cases, including suicidality, moral injury, military sexual trauma ( MST), and dissociative exhibitions. It highlights the use of the EMDReight-phase standard protocol. The overall goal of the book is to provide a resource for empowering EMDR-trained therapists to provide the most effective treatment available to our military and veteran populations who bring with them a wide range of clinical rules of engagement in the therapist’s office. The book fills the void of many therapists who are trained in EMDRtherapy but wish they had a “go-to” manual on how to deal with unique treatment issues in treating military personnel and veterans. The author translates how to present clinical psychotherapy material into an approach that enables this special population to understand and willingly engage in treatment. The book’s intended audience consists of EMDR-trained psychotherapists who treat military personnel, veterans, first responders, and their families including therapists attending EMDRtherapy basic trainings, EMDRadvanced trainings, EMDRIAconferences, and online EMDRcontinuing education programs.
Everyone loves animals. We learn about them in zoos and aquariums, rehabilitate them when they’re sick, observe their habits and abilities, and treat them as members of our families. One theme that is intentionally woven throughout the book is the importance of knowing a species’ natural history before making assumptions or drawing conclusions about an animal’s behavior. The book consists of eight chapters. All chapters include an “Animal Spotlight” and “Human Application” section. The book is divided into one history chapter, one theory and methods chapter, five content chapters, and a final chapter on future directions. In addition, it pays special attention to describing the different ways that researchers set up their studies to arrive at their conclusions. Chapter one and two discusses the history and methodology of animal cognition. Chapter three discusses animal consciousness. It takes an in-depth look at how philosophers and scientists have defined consciousness, specific cognitive abilities that might signal consciousness, and which animals can be said to have them, or a version of them. The main topics covered include theory of mind, self-awareness, and emotions. Chapter four focuses on communication. It addresses many different ways that animals communicate with each other, including vocal, gestural, and olfactory. Social cognition is featured in Chapter five. Social cognition involves the many complex ways in which animals engage socially among themselves. Chapter six addresses the overall flexibility of the animal mind. For centuries, there have been those who believe animals are mindless behaving machines. Finally, Chapter seven reminds that despite the fact research findings teaches what species on the whole can do, not all animals within a species are the same; individual differences exist. The final chapter eight brings everything together.
Cultural Competence and Healing Culturally Based Trauma With EMDR Therapy, 2nd Edition:Innovative Strategies and Protocols
Cultural Competence and Healing Culturally Based Trauma with EMDR Therapy, 2nd edition, is a unique and groundbreaking text which offers guiding direction on the frontiers of culturally informed
EMDRtherapy and the treatment of culturally based trauma and adversity. The book highlights the inherent features of EMDRtherapy that have led to its global cross-cultural effectiveness and the cultural adaptations that have been developed along the way. It features clinical assessment and intervention methods covering topics including cultural and social identity, immigration and acculturation, the impact of stigmatization and oppression, 10 types of culturally based trauma and adversity, and the dismantling of social bias and prejudice. Overall, this book provides graspable conceptual frameworks, useful language and terminology, in-depth knowledge about specific cultural populations, clinical examples, practical intervention protocols and strategies, research citations, and additional references. This book boldly advocates for greater societal recognition of culturally based trauma and adversity while portraying the impressive potential of EMDRtherapy to offer much needed interventions.
Functional Behavioral Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment, 3rd Edition:A Complete System for Education and Mental Health Settings
This book provides a comprehensive approach to designing behavioral treatments for children in homes and residential facilities, students in special and general education settings, and adults residing in inpatient units and facilities. A comprehensive approach to a behavior-analytic model involves the following: conducting a functional behavioral assessment (FBA), selecting a function-based hypothesis or classification of the problem, and designing a function-based behavioral intervention or treatment. The book features the Cipani Behavioral Classification System (BCS). The Cipani BCS is a pioneering and groundbreaking taxonomy for classifying the functions of problem behaviors. It also provides a revolutionary classification system for determining the strength of replacement behaviors and functions: The Cipani Diagnostic Classification System for Replacement Functions. The book serves as a primary text for university graduate training programs in applied behavior analysis (ABA). It is also intended for applied personnel such as school personnel, psychologists, psychiatrists, nurses, and other mental health providers, who design behavior programs for persons with challenging behaviors in a variety of settings. The book is helpful to people who are trained in ABA and are looking for an additional resource to guide them in their assessment and treatment design activities. This book is divided into six chapters. Chapter 1 presents material that will allow the reader to acquire the basics of an ABA approach to understanding human behavior. Chapter 2 allows the user to develop skills in collecting the requisite behavioral data needed for an FBA. Chapter 3 covers the four major categories of the Cipani Behavioral Classification System. Chapter 4 covers the identification of the replacement behavior and the delineation of a number of replacement function options for each major function. The last two chapters describe the functional behavioral treatment protocols for 2.0 Socially Mediated Access (SMA) target behaviors and 4.0 Socially Mediated Escape (SME) problem behaviors.
This book serves as a clinical reference for all those encountering young and adult children of substance-abusing parents regardless of the setting. The book is divided into four parts. Part I provides an overview of the existing state of knowledge regarding children of substance-abusing parents and examines the developmental effects of alcohol and other drugs on children and implications for practice. Mentalization-based treatment holds the promise of providing a way to prevent and ameliorate emotional disturbance in children and adolescents. The chapters in Part II explore treatment issues across the life span of children of parents addicted to alcohol, tobacco, or other drugs, beginning with the prenatal impact through the stages of childhood, adolescence and adulthood. The emphasis is on those individuals who need treatment in a clinical setting. One of the chapters in Part III describes a variety of school-based and residential treatment programs aimed at adolescent children of substance-abusing parents, youngsters who are often at great risk to become the next generation of substance-abusing parents. Another discusses the treatment programs for the large, often overlooked, population of college students with substance-abusing parents. The last chapter in this section focuses on the programs for the growing number of children with substance-abusing incarcerated parents. The final section of this book includes four real-life personal accounts of individuals who grew up in substance-abusing families. Their descriptions of their early traumatic lives spent in an environment of domestic violence, shame and chaos reflect both the pain experienced by children of all ages as well as the resilience that is found in many such children.
This book serves as the pillar for clinical care teams to improve health equity among homeless older adults. Interdisciplinary care teams are essential in complex homeless older population clinical practice, as all disciplines must work together to address medical, surgical, behavioral, nutritional, and social determinants of health. All clinicians who treat older adults, from the independent to the frail, should approach problem solving via an inclusive approach that includes social work, pharmacy, nursing, rehabilitation, administrative, and medicine inputs. The social determinants of health that contribute to the complexities of clinical care outcomes cannot be addressed within silos. The book reflects a holistic care model to assist clinicians in the complicated homeless population that is continuing to change in the instability of the homeless environment. The book is divided into 14 chapters. The chapters in are organized by problems most commonly faced by clinicians in servicing homeless populations: mental, social, medical, and surgical challenges. Chapter one presents definition and background of geriatric homelessness. Chapter two discusses chronic mental health issues (psychosis) in the geriatric homeless. Chapters three and four describe neurocognitive disorders, depression, and grief in the geriatric homeless population. The next two chapters explore ethical, legal, housing and social issues in the geriatric homeless. Chapters seven and eight discuss infectious diseases in homeless geriatrics population. Chapter nine is on cardiovascular disease in homeless older adults. Chapter 10 describes care of geriatric diabetic homeless patients. Chapter 11 discusses geriatric nutrition and homelessness. Chapter 12 presents barriers and applications of medication therapy management in the homeless population. Chapter 13 describes dermatologic conditions in the homeless population. Finally, the book addresses end-of-life considerations in homelessness and aging.
This book provides school personnel with information on how concussion (mild traumatic brain injury) can affect learning, mental health, and social-emotional functioning, skills in developing and leading a school-based concussion support team, tools for school-based concussion assessment, and information on a safe, gradual process of returning to the academic environment. It explains what happens to the brain at the moment of impact, terminology, prevalence rates, causes, risk factors, and issues related to underreporting of concussions. Educators will learn about developmental effects, how concussions can affect students of different ages, as well as difficulties that can result from concussions such as postconcussion syndrome and second impact syndrome. This book presents a school-based concussion team model, including the specific responsibilities of the concussion team leader (CTL), and a discussion of maintaining student privacy through regulations like the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996. Readers are familiarized with checklists that can be used within the school and assessment tools such as Acute Concussion Evaluation (ACE) and neuropsychological assessment. Readers are also familiarized with how physical and cognitive rest can be balanced with a return to activity during the recovery period. This book also book gives concussion team members guidance on the selection of appropriate strategies, as well as decision making during a student’s return to academics, and discusses concussion prevention information by providing guidance on how readers might train others on concussion recognition and response. Case studies are integrated throughout the chapters.
The integration of technology with nursing curricula is a dynamic and increasingly necessary step in the evolution of nursing education. Schools of medicine have been using some form of virtual patient for over 40 years. The National League for Nursing has endorsed simulation as a teaching methodology to prepare nurses for practice across the healthcare continuum. This book offers nursing educators and administrators thoughtful and well-planned simulation integration strategies, and illustrates how students may use technologies to maximize learning and support practice. The book presents, explores, reflects, and expands on a new model for technology integration with nursing curricula. The Faculty Administrators Students Technology Simulation Integration Model© (FAST SIM) provides a framework for guiding and evaluating the technology integration. The book is organized into four section comprising 19 chapters. Section one describes the evolving virtual learning landscape. It assess the virtual learning landscape, and describes the application of FAST SIM as the basis for integrating virtual educational technologies. Section two presents faculty perspective on pedagogical applications and specific integration strategies. It discusses the opportunities, challenges, advantages, and disadvantages of virtual technology integration. The section also explores the role of faculty in integrating virtual simulations and describes the design and creation of virtual gaming simulations in nursing education. It presents nursing student simulation scenarios within a virtual learning environment and discusses enhancing the rigor of virtual simulation. Section three describes a student’s journey encountering a virtual learning environment. It discusses mentor role in virtual simulation–mediated learning, and creating interprofessional simulation scenarios in virtual learning environments. The section also explores advancing nursing informatics knowledge and skills using a virtual learning environment. The final section presents an administrative perspective in navigating the chasm when a profound difference exists among stakeholders, viewpoints, and feelings regarding virtual simulation.
Now in its 12th edition, this authoritative resource continues to represent the gold standard for nursing management of common gynecological conditions for women throughout the lifespan. It includes contributions from prominent specialists focusing on specific areas of gynecological health, in addition to the vanguard contributions of three new lead authors with decades of experience in varied healthcare settings. The 12th edition is substantially updated with pivotal topics, current evidence-based practice guidelines, real-life case studies, and improved patient teaching materials that foster translation of information to practice. Clinical guidelines, appendices, and bibliographies are extensively revised to reflect the most current evidence-based information, research, and consensus from national health organizations. New PowerPoint slides and a transition guide for the 12th edition are included for ease of use in educational programs.
This book presents a unique pioneering classification system, written by the author of a bestselling textbook on functional behavioral assessment (FBA), for school psychologists and other personnel who conduct FBAs for problem behaviors. The Cipani Behavioral Classification System (BCS) is a pioneering function-based classification system for categorizing problem target behaviors in education and mental health settings. The Cipani BCS is theoretically sound as it is procured from the four major functions of operant behavior: Socially Mediated Access (SMA), Direct Access (DA), Socially Mediated Escape (SME), and Direct Escape (DE). Hence, such is content-valid given the extensive and longitudinal history of work and research in behavior analysis experimentally demonstrating functional relationships between behavior and its environmental outcome. From these four major categories of behavioral function, the Cipani BCS derives 13 subcategories or specific functions under these primary generic functions. For each function, there is a general description, explanation, and illustrative examples of the category. Also included are practice case illustrations to facilitate understanding of how to diagnose the function and its category. Using this system, assessment activities are more expertly guided by a cognizance of a number of potential diverse functions, and assessment becomes an iterative process. The delineation of a diagnostic phase as an outcome of assessment activities, until now, has not been cogently presented in other FBA materials.
Depression, often referred to as the “common cold of psychopathology”, is among the most prevalent psychiatric conditions, yet it remains challenging to understand and treat. Experience such as the difficulty of continuing on with one’s typical routine, desires, and goals that differentiate more normal experiences of sadness and malaise from syndromes of depression drive people to seek treatment for these conditions. This book provides an overview of all aspects of unipolar and bipolar depressive disorders, including their presentation, course, impact on functioning, etiology, and treatment. It integrates recent research on risk factors for these conditions and biological underpinnings of depression and mania alongside well-established observations regarding the phenomenology and correlates of these conditions. The book explicitly integrates models of depression such as the diathesis-stress model and vulnerability model, across childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. The book shows how such major psychology disciplines as clinical, developmental, evolutionary, personality, and behavioral neuroscience shed light on the causes, risk factors, and treatment options for the full spectrum of depressive disorders. It describes what is known about the kinds of stress that seem to be most relevant to depressive disorders; how this stress may exert its effects; and other factors that may help to explain individual differences in the stress-depression relationship. Cultural and gender as variables are examined as is depression across the lifespan. In addition, the book clarifies common misconceptions about depression and mood disorders, and considers how the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) affects diagnostic practice.
Strengthening the DSM®, 3rd Edition:Incorporating Intersectionality, Resilience, and Cultural Competence
This essential companion to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (
DSM) uniquely integrates intersectionality and resilience that helps mental health practitioners assess clients from a strength-based perspective. This book expands the section on neurocognitive disorders to include traumatic brain injury, includes more information on assessment and treatment of common childhood disorders, and brings a new focus on the impact of today's culture wars and their impact on mental health professionals, policy, and clients. By demonstrating how to practically integrate diversity and intersectionality into the diagnostic process rather than limiting assessment to a purely problem-focused diagnostic label, this successful textbook strengthens the DSMfor social workers and other mental health practitioners by promoting the inclusion of intersectionality, resiliency, culture, spirituality, and community into practice. The book adds traumatic brain injury to neurocognitive disorders section and expands information on treatment of common childhood disorders. It emphasizes meta-analysis literature and discusses neuroscience and wellness concepts in relation to a strengths-based approach to diagnosis. The book focuses on wellness and health care delivery in the context of today's culture wars. It delivers a unique formulation integrating intersectionality and resilience to provide strengths-based assessment and treatment. The book demonstrates the rationale for strengths-based DSMpractice and includes real-life case scenarios for complex problem-solving. It reviews key literature on disorders and evidence-based best practices and provides classroom questions and activities to foster critical thinking.
This book examines new research regarding battered women and cross-cultural and cross-national issues, and addressed issues ranging from murder--suicide in domestic violence cases to proposed legislation and congressional resolutions. It reflects new research on traumatic responses, and addresses trauma-informed and trauma-specific psychotherapy, interventions with youth in juvenile detention centers, information from government task forces regarding children exposed to violence and juvenile justice, and new findings regarding the application of psychology to the legal system. Some of the battered women who already have been identified with a mental disorder that is exacerbated by the abuse or those who develop battered woman syndrome and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) from the abuse itself may need some psychotherapy to help them heal and move on with their lives. The link between sex trafficking and domestic violence has also become much better known within the last 10 years. The concept of learned helplessness has been quite useful in expert witness testimony to help jurors understand how difficult it is for women to leave the relationship and why some women become so desperate that they must arm themselves against batterers. To eradicate domestic violence and violence in the community, people must stop modeling both sexist and violent behavior and change the divorce laws to empower children and abused women so they are no longer victimized by the abusers.
This book has two main goals: to provide descriptions of specific eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapeutic “tools” and, by incorporating these tools, to develop an overview of an Adaptive Information Processing (AIP) model of the treatment of complex PTSD. The development of EMDR-related tools has been ongoing since the introduction of EMDR three decades ago. What will EMDR be in 2030? Unfortunately, the field—the field of psychotherapy for trauma-related disorders—has at times had a kind of dissociative disorder. Some therapists identify with one theoretical approach, and others are strong adherents of another identity. Often, these two “identities” do not communicate sufficiently, and sometimes they mistakenly think they have to fight with each other. Clearly, the author’s primary identification as a therapist is with EMDR-related methods based on an AIP approach, but the author attempting in the following chapters to also integrate the concepts and methods of cognitive approaches—approaches that are not only useful, but at times essential in the treatment of dissociative clients. The chapters of this book are divided into four parts. The first, comprising Chapters 1 and 2, is an overview of the application of the AIP model to complex PTSD and other dissociative conditions. The second part, Chapters 3 to 6, presents ways of treating (i.e., resolving) psychological defenses that are often linked intrinsically to disturbing memories but can be conceptually defined as separate entities because defenses typically contain dysfunctional positive affect, as opposed to the disturbing affect within memories of traumatic events. The third part, Chapters 7 to 14, focuses on several issues important in the EMDR treatment of dissociative conditions. And Chapters 15 to 17 are detailed case reports illustrating how these AIP “tools” can be employed in actual treatment sessions.
Social workers are the number one providers of mental health services in the United States. This book describes the realities of the contemporary American mental health system and the impacts on clients and social workers. It takes a critical perspective on the lack of quality care for those among society’s most vulnerable individuals, the mentally ill. Unlike other texts that address mental health and illness, the book focuses on the issues and policies that create challenges for social workers in the mental health system and obstacles to a continuum of excellent mental healthcare. The book also focuses on ways that social workers can help improve the overall functioning of the mental health system. One theme of the book is that mental health diagnosis, treatment, and access to care are lacking due to an insufficient knowledge base. That is, some mental disorders are not yet well understood, and therefore, responses can be inappropriate or inadequate. The critical perspective ensures that an examination of mental health treatments, especially pharmacologic therapy, does not focus exclusively upon the benefits to clients taking prescribed medications. The book digs deeper to ask who benefits when clients take psychotropic drugs. With a focus on social work innovation in mental healthcare, the book provides descriptions of promising policies and practices to improve mental healthcare in the United States. This includes new drug and brain stimulation or neuromodulation techniques and expanded social work prevention efforts. The book is recommended as a primary text for mental health courses in
MSWprograms. It can also be used in upper level undergraduate college courses in social work, typically BSWprograms. The book finally ensures that social work students will not only understand the issues of their clients (micro level) but understand mental health issues in a broader societal context (macro level).
Human services professionals face tremendous challenges today. Clients, government agencies, and other funders increasingly expect professionals to produce measurable and verifiable outcomes. The main goal with this textbook is to help students better understand the utility of research to human services. That is to say, the book presents research as a tool for practice, something that can be used to help professionals in their work with clients, designing programs and services, and advocating for policy changes. In addition to presenting research as a tool for practice, the book also emphasizes connections between human service research and practice, stressing that each plays important and complementary roles in addressing social and personal problems. This textbook is primarily an introduction to social research as it relates to the human services. There are two new main features to this edition. Each chapter opens with a Vignette describing a situation in which a human services professional is faced with a task or dilemma that can be addressed through research or by employing a research technique in practice. The second new major feature is the Practitioner Profile, included in most chapters. These Practitioner Profiles present actual human services professionals who are not professional researchers but nonetheless incorporate research methods into their practice. Similar to the Practitioner Profiles, several chapters also include one or more Research in Practice features designed to help students better understand applications of research methods and concepts and the overall research process. At the end of each chapter, there is a list and brief description of the Main Points of the chapter, which serves as a review of the major concepts covered. Following the Main Points is a list of Important Terms for Review. Following the Important Terms for Review are three sets of questions, critical thinking, evaluating competency, and self-assessment.
Trauma-Informed Approaches to Eating Disorders is clearly a much needed and long overdue book about treatment, written by a diverse group of clinicians and carefully edited to focus on the needs and strengths of clinicians. The complexities and challenges that undergird, surround, and even haunt the nature, diagnosis, treatment, management, and understanding of eating disorders (EDs)-in-relation-to-trauma are so great, even for veteran clinicians, that they can leave practitioners at any level of experience feeling helpless and exhausted. This book, in a way that would be appreciated by practitioners of acceptance and commitment therapy, accepts the reality of those feelings and is committed to improving treatment, understanding, and compassion. The book is designed to foster respect for complexity and link it to humility in the presence of tragedy, tribulations, and suffering, framed all too often by our own shortcomings as healers. EDs are dangerous, ubiquitous, usually chronic in nature, and difficult to treat. Anorexia nervosa (AN) has the highest fatality rate (4%) of any mental illness. Bulimia nervosa reveals a fatality rate of 3.9%. EDs offer an enormous challenge to therapists because of their complexity, which includes severe medical risk, co-occurring anxiety, depression and personality disorders, an addiction component, and body image distortion—all of this within a mediadriven culture of thinness in which starving and purging can for some become lifestyle choices. This complexity is further exacerbated by the presence of painful life experiences or trauma. The book elucidates the connection between trauma and EDs by offering a trauma-informed phase model, as well as chapters describing the ways in which various therapeutic models address each of those phases. It offers an in-depth exposition of a fourphase model of trauma treatment.
Work with the traumatized child or adolescent involves individual therapy. Individually focused trauma-informed therapy models abound. This book synthesizes 8 years of research with children and their families in 15 different states. Family Systems Trauma (FST) model is a key component of the evidence-based Parenting with Love and Limits (PLL) system of care. The PLL system of care includes both the treatment model and the research and implementation components. This includes the manualized curriculum of the PLL-FST (Family Systems Trauma) model, PLL-FSS (Family Systems Stabilization) and PLL-Group Therapy (Sells, 2004). The book is organized into two parts containing thirteen chapters. The first part features three chapters that connect FST theory into practice. The third chapter illustrates a five-phase FST model flowchart. The second part provides detailed techniques and strategies within Chapters 4 to 13 to provide the mini-steps and tools needed to incorporate the FST model into everyday practice. This level of detail was developed so that the FST model can be learned and applied even if the therapist does not have an extensive background in family systems theory, structural-strategic family therapy, or trauma-informed practice. The book was written to show integration between family systems work and more traditional individual trauma methods (e.g., Trauma-Focused Cognitive Therapy and Neurobiological Trauma Treatment). The goal is to demonstrate the benefits of a “both/and” approach, not “either/or”.
Nursing informatics (NI), a specialty recognized by the American Nurses Association in 1992, is extremely important in today’s complex healthcare system. Nursing informatics specialists (NISs) are key in bridging the gap between clinical nurses and the technology that is available to enhance patient care. This book draws together the core elements of the nursing information specialty. The authors are experts, many of whom have been at the forefront of integration of informatics into clinical practice and education. They offer their insights based on both their knowledge and experiences, so that future generations of practitioners and nursing information specialists will build on the successes of the past. There are two outstanding components of the book that merit special attention. First, the 16 core competencies of NI included in the American Nurses Association Scope and Standards of Practice for NI are delineated and discussed in detail. The authors provide a crosswalk between the NI competencies and project management competencies and components. The second major strength of the book is the detailed explication of project management components including project planning, initiation, execution, monitoring and controlling, and closing. The book provides detailed comprehensive knowledge and practical applications that will be useful to both the novice and expert NIS. It also will be helpful for clinical nurses who strive to understand the wide range of technology and information science enhancements to their daily clinical care. The book provides an important roadmap to assist nursing professionals, indeed all healthcare professionals, to achieving maximum benefits in patient care delivery through the application of technology and information science to clinical care. Healthcare professionals providing care throughout the systems would be advised to hone their skills based on the considerable work of the authors and editor of this book.