This book reviews the body of knowledge and practice standards that define the specialty of correctional nursing. The text also describes the health care needs of the youth, men, and women who are incarcerated in jails, prisons, and detention centers. The book supports correctional nurses by providing guidance and resources about the best practices to deliver nursing care that reduces suffering and improves the quality of life for incarcerated individuals, their families, and the community at large. The book is divided into four parts. Part I presents an overview of correctional nursing with chapters covering the ethical principles and legal considerations involved, and safety aspects of the nurse and the patient. The nurse-patient relationship is imposed on both the inmate and the nurse by the governmental entity that is responsible for providing the medical service. The second part talks about the health concerns and diseases of the inmates. These include discussions on alcohol and drug withdrawal, chronic diseases such as obesity, hypertension, arthritis, dental conditions, end-of-life care, women’s and juveniles’ health care, infectious diseases, mental health and pain management. Part III deals with the nursing care process with presentations on health screening, sick call and emergency care. The last part of the book discusses the professional roles and responsibilities on the nurses in correction centers. One of the chapters in this section discusses research participation and evidence-based practice.
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This book offers leadership lessons for aspiring nurse leaders from luminaries in business, medicine, philanthropy, government, academia, research, and health care. It offers practical advice, lessons learned, and testimonials as to how nurses can prepare themselves for leadership, which in turn, will help them to provide exceptional patient care. As per the report of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF), the heightened roles of the professional nurse allow nurses of all practices to more fully develop their leadership skills. Nurse leaders are moving the interprofessional collaboration agenda forward by serving in key leadership positions. A nurse leader who led public research in the Kent State University and Bowling Green State University challenged the common perception that successful leaders are born, complete with the requisite temperament and talents. Nurses who play leadership roles can fill in research on health care policy formulation and implementation that will change the course of health care payment, delivery, and quality. The book discusses nurse research leadership from an economist’s perspective, hiring leaders to understand leadership, and nursing leadership lessons from an association executive’s perspective, from a physician’s chief executive officer’s perspective, from a nursing friend’s perspective and from a collaborative team’s perspective. The book also highlights nursing leadership’s contributions to safety and quality, how leadership can usher in health reforms and achieve better health for all people, and advancing the cause of transformational nurse leadership.
Change in health policy making will only come when nurses and nurse researchers themselves become policy leaders. This book is intended to help stimulate the reader to embrace the idea of shaping health policy through nursing research. It provides both a conceptual orientation to science/research shaping health policy as well as an operational approach to strategies for linking research to policy and influencing policy makers at the organizational, community, state, national, and international levels. The book is divided into three parts. In the first part, a set of chapters provide a context for science shaping policy, an introduction to models and strategies through which research can inform policy making, and an examination of the relationship of science policy to health policy. The three models that integrate evidence in the policy-making process, where research can be used to inform policy, are: data-driven policymaking, evidence-informed health policy, and the policy cycle ― moving from issue to policy. Understanding the association of public policy to science policy and science policy to programs of research and scholarship should be an expectation of active scientists and for scientist education. Part II outlines a series of nursing research programs that have had an impact on health policy at multiple levels. Separate chapters explore the translation of personal challenges to public policy, shaping HIV/AIDS prevention policy for the minorities, promotion of childhood health, improvement of end-of-life care, improvement of health outcomes and reduction of costs for chronically ill older adults, and saving lives and improving patient care outcomes. The third part summarizes the valuable lessons learned from senior nurse investigators recounting their experiences and addresses future directions for nursing research in shaping health policy.
This book presents a framework for nursing to build and, ultimately, sustain partnerships. Exemplar case studies written by nurses working in global health follow each chapter to illustrate specific elements of a strong partnership. The guiding principle for the book is that partnerships are paramount in creating sustainable outcomes. Varying degrees of partnership integration can include coordination, cooperation, and close collaboration. No matter their degree of partnership, nurses are ethically and morally obliged to be concerned with the world’s suffering. The book begins with a chapter which discusses types of existing partnerships and how nurses make the selection of an appropriate program to begin a partnership. Chapter 2 addresses how cultural perspectives, personal attributes, expectations, and knowledge of host country influence a volunteer nurse’s experience. In the third chapter, nursing roles in host country are addressed, community assessment as essential knowledge is highlighted. The importance of nursing licensure, mutual respect, and partnership is also dealt with. Chapter 4 presents examples of nurses’ experience with volunteers or partners, differences in the scope of practice between nursing partners, and the role of the nurse and nursing profession in host countries. This is followed by chapter which emphasizes the importance of resources, whether human, material, or financial, which are essential in developing a partnership. Two other chapters discuss important aspects of collaborative nursing research in international settings and explore the elements of sustainability to address the leadership required to maintain the partnership.
This book is a concise, step-by-step guide to conducting qualitative nursing research using various forms of data analysis. It encompasses different qualitative methodologies as content analysis, a means of organizing and interpreting data to elicit themes and concepts; discourse analysis, used to analyze language to understand social or historical context; narrative analysis, in which the researcher seeks to understand human experience through participant stories; and focus groups and case studies, used to understand the consensus of a group or the experience of an individual and his or her reaction to a difficult situation such as disease or trauma. Written by a noted qualitative research scholar and contributing experts, the book describes the philosophical basis for conducting research using data analysis and delivers an in-depth plan for applying its methodologies to a particular study, including appropriate methods, ethical considerations, and potential challenges. It presents practical strategies for solving problems related to the conduct of research using the various forms of data analysis and presents a rich array of case examples from published nursing research. These include author analyses to support readers in decision making regarding their own projects. The book embraces such varied topics as data security in qualitative research, the image of nursing in science fiction literature, the trajectory of research in several nursing studies throughout Africa, and many others. Focused on the needs of both novice researchers and specialists, it will be of value to health institution research divisions, in-service educators and students, and graduate nursing educators and students.
Phenomenology seeks to describe and articulate the fundamental structures of human experience just as this experience presents itself to and in and for experience. It can explore the logic of the whole gamut of human experience from the experience of looking at a work of art to the experience of falling in love with another person, from the experience of perceiving an object in space to the experience of fixing a broken piece of furniture. Phenomenology in nursing is concerned with the subjective, living person in her or his lived body in the experience of health and illness both nurse and patient. This book highlights some recent studies categorized according to focus, with special attention to those in which the study samples were patients or the general population, in which case they would be potential patients. It addresses a number of themes that emerged based on what the women shared about their experiences of being in the life in their narratives themes that emerged around why the women entered prostitution, what their first experience in it was like, why they stayed in it, and how they came to leave. Qualitative inquiry honors the subjective nature of reality, and the many meanings that may be inherent in a particular phenomenon or experience. The book includes stories from the methods of some studies conducted with 30 head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors. Personal reflections between a dissertation chair and a doctoral student who conducted a hermeneutic phenomenological study about the meaning of health among midlife Russian-speaking women, are reflected on. Finally, the book talks about the lessons learned from the field, and the challenges of intrafamily relations.
Practice-Based Clinical Inquiry in Nursing for DNP and PhD Research:Looking Beyond Traditional Methods
This book builds upon traditional nursing research methods textbooks to create a critically needed textbook for PhD and Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) nursing students. It serves those who wish to bring practice-based clinical inquiry into their doctoral studies. The book is divided into three parts. Part I focuses on the existing practice-based methods for clinical inquiry. Chapters provide practical information about (a) program planning and evaluation, (b) patient-engaged participatory research (PEPR) and community-based participatory research (CBPR), (c) systematic reviews, and (d) quality improvement. The Part II deals with evolving practice-based research methods. The chapters include innovative emerging science and methods that have evolved in response to the global need to translate science to practice and practice to science more effectively. They cover emerging science and research in regard to (a) big data, (b) dissemination, (c) implementation, and (d) comparative effectiveness research (CER). Part III provides a toolbox of practical tips for doctorally prepared nurses to consider for impact and success in research and program proposals. The chapters cover (a) a statistical toolkit; (b) the use of geographical information systems (GIS) in health research; and (c) the design of logic models.
This book is a concise, step-by-step guide to conducting qualitative nursing research using various forms of historical analysis. The chapters in the book on historical research reflect the array of methods including autobiography, biography, oral history, and document review. The authors are experts in collecting historical data and their first-person accounts convey the richness of the designs. There are many ways to approach historical research. The different frameworks social, feminist, policy, biographical, or economic can shape the way the historical study develops. Each of these types of frameworks helps the researcher develop questions and explore the phenomenon under study. Written by a noted qualitative research scholar and contributing experts, the book describes the philosophical basis for conducting research using historical analysis and delivers an in-depth plan for applying its methodologies to a particular study, including appropriate methods, ethical considerations, and potential challenges. It presents practical strategies for solving problems related to the conduct of research using the various forms of analysis and presents a rich array of case examples from published nursing research. These include author analyses to support readers in decision making regarding their own projects. The book provides a variety of examples of historical method studies, on topics such as mental health research, working with Navajo communities, World War II evacuation nursing, and many others. Focused on the needs of both novice researchers and specialists, it will be of value to health institution research divisions, in-service educators and students, and graduate nursing educators and students.
Nursing disciplinary focus is the relationship of caring within a mutual human-environment health experience for healing and well-being. Complexity sciences and nursing science have the power to promote a deeper understanding of human beings as they evolve with the environment. This book focuses on both caring science and complexity sciences within the realm of nursing science, practice, and health care organizations. Organizational cultures deal with values and beliefs about what they are there for, products they may produce, how they govern and manage, how they use technology, and how they deal with human relationships. There are chapters focused on complexity sciences, highlighting, for example, entropy, methods, organizational paradoxes, and conflict relationships from more theoretical, quantitative, and/or mathematical research approaches. A chapter focused on the disease process of diabetes that shows the complexity of diabetes from the cellular to policy levels. Other chapters are focused on theoretical and qualitative research methods or newer research methods capturing the science of complexity, such as the comparing and contrasting of complexity sciences and the science of unitary human beings (SUHB), complex caring dynamics, and story theory and method. There are chapters related to leadership, caring in complex health care organizations, and nursing education that address both complexity and caring sciences. Finally, the book contains chapters that challenge our ethical thinking with informatics applications in practice, and the future of nursing and caring within the realm of the human-humanoid relationship. Each chapter has response that highlights what the particular chapter means to nursing education, research, leadership, administration, and practice.
The intent of this book is to provide useful knowledge and practical applications to ease the work of leading or working in a hospital-based nursing research program. It contains principles that apply to all sizes of hospitals, as well as hospital systems that may be spread out over multiple states or be contained in one area. The book describes how nursing research provides new evidence for nursing practice that improves clinical outcomes, changes the culture of the organization, creates new leadership roles for nurses, offers opportunities for interdisciplinary collaboration, enhances patient safety, improves nurse and patient satisfaction, and leads to positive branding of the hospital and the nursing department. Nursing leadership can create (or support) a vision for nursing research based on the benefits that are central to the hospital’s strategic mission and goals. An essential element of setting the foundation and planning, growing, and nurturing a nursing research program is to demonstrate how the program aligns with the strategic plan (vision, mission, and goals) of nursing. The three foundational elements of strong nursing research programs personnel, intranet resources, and a nursing research department database are interconnected and should be available to the entire nursing department, including non-nurse providers and administrators, because important research questions can come from anyone on the team. The nursing research department database is an electronic system of input and storage of direct and indirect data important to the development, conduct, translation, and dissemination of nursing research.