This book seeks to launch a new field of equity in health, as a new global approach to inequities in health. The goal is to shift the discourse toward a focus on moving from InEquity in Health to Equity In Health and spur a global movement in response to the major civil rights issue of the twenty-first century involving injustice in health. The book is intended for policy makers, funders, providers, researchers, interventionists, educators, and community members. It identifies the forces driving and embodied within a new field of equity in health while also identifying these as the thirteen guiding principles for the new field. The book is organized into eight parts. Part I introduces new theory, paradigms, and perspectives, starting with challenges in eliminating health disparities. Part II introduces new procedures and policies deemed vital for a new field of equity in health, specifying some of the implications for funders, researchers, and policy makers. Part III reviews the legacy and role of racism in contributing to disparities, while also discussing the implications and recommendations for research and practice. Part IV covers the key role of collaborations, partnerships, and community-based participatory research in the field of equity in health. Part V presents new Internet technology for use in achieving wide dissemination of health information, interventions, and training that attains a global reach. Part VI covers the training of community health workers and peer educators, suggesting how they play a vital role in the field of equity in health. Part VII, attention is turned to other special populations also considered the most vulnerable and what it will take to close gaps in health. The final part covers the task of closing the education and health gaps by addressing these dual inter-related disparities through effective engagement.
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This book is intended for public health practitioners, researchers, students, and other professionals who work in rural settings or who are interested in learning more about the unique aspects of public health in rural areas. It first presents some of the best-established challenges in rural public health, including medical care barriers, workforce issues, and ethics, followed by some of the specific rural-focused solutions that have been developed through faith-based initiatives and integrated care efforts. By recognizing the socioeconomic and cultural factors unique to rural areas as not only contributing to health disparities (e.g., higher smoking rates) but also as providing avenues for addressing them (e.g., faith-based initiatives), rural public health practitioners can begin to make long-needed progress in protecting the health of one fifth of the U.S. population. The book then discusses both the scope and state of prevention for specific health issues in rural settings, including mental health, substance abuse, heart disease, obesity, diabetes, HIV, environmental health, minority health, migrant farmworker health, and elderly health. The book then concludes with a summary of the future directions in rural public health to serve as a road map for moving forward.
This book provides a multidisciplinary compendium of research pertaining to aging among diverse racial and ethnic populations in the United States. It focuses on paramount public health, social, behavioral, and biological concerns as they relate to the needs of older minorities. The book is divided into four parts covering psychology, public health/biology, social work, and sociology of minority gang. The book focuses on the needs of four major race and ethnic groups: Asian/Pacific Islander, Hispanic/Latino, black/African American, and Native American. It also includes both inter- and intra-race and ethnic group research for insights regarding minority aging. The chapters focus on an array of subject areas that are recognized as being critical to understanding the well-being of minority elders. These include psychology (cognition, stress, mental health, personality, sexuality, religion, neuroscience, discrimination); medicine/nursing/public health (mortality and morbidity, disability, health disparities, long-term care, genetics, nutritional status, health interventions, physical functioning); social work (aging, caregiving, housing, social services, end-of-life care); and sociology (Medicare, socioeconomic status (SES), work and retirement, social networks, context/neighborhood, ethnography, gender, demographics).
The purpose of this book is to make R readily accessible, on a hands-on level, to all future epidemiologists for research, data processing, and presentation. The book is essentially about learning R with an emphasis on applications to epidemiology, public health, and preventive medicine. The book is systematically organized into seven chapters, each with a number of main sections covering the spectrum of applicable R codes for biostatistical applications in epidemiology and public health. It first introduces interactional relationships among medicine, preventive medicine, public health, epidemiology, and biostatistics in general, as well as special concepts that have been (and are being) developed to address quantitative problems in epidemiology and public health in particular. A review of the basic elements in the theory of probability is presented to introduce or reinforce readers’ ability to handle this important basic concept. Then, the book covers simple data handling using R programming and presents the graphics capabilities available in R. Following these initial forays into R, the book gives an overview of the theory of probability and mathematical statistics, which is necessary because both of these areas have become integral parts of biostatistical applications in epidemiology. Finally, the book shows how R may be effectively used to handle classical problems in case-control studies and cohort investigations in epidemiology. Similarly, survival analysis, the backbone of much epidemiologic research, finds excellent support in the R environment.
Forensic Social Work, 2nd Edition:Psychosocial and Legal Issues Across Diverse Populations and Settings
The growing public awareness of bias and discrimination and the disproportionate involvement of minority populations, especially based on race, class, and gender, have affected the social work profession with a call to fulfill its long-forgotten mission to respond and advocate for justice reform and health and public safety. Forensic social workers practice far and wide where issues of justice and fairness are found. This book emphasizes on the diversity of populations and settings, social workers would best serve their clients adding a forensic or legal lens to their practice. It targets the important and emerging practice specialization of forensic social work, a practice specialization that speaks to the heart, head, and hands (i.e., knowledge, values, and skills) of social work using a human rights and social justice approach integrated with a forensic lens. The book defines forensic social work to include not only a narrow group of people who are victims or convicted of crimes and subsequently involved in the juvenile justice and criminal justice settings, but broadly all the individuals and families involved with family and social services, education, child welfare, mental health, and behavioral health or other programs, in which they are affected by human rights and social justice issues, or federal and state laws and policies. Practitioners who read this book will learn and apply a human rights legal framework and social justice and empowerment theories to guide multilevel prevention, psychosocial assessments, and interventions with historically underserved individuals, families, and communities, especially using the life course systems power analysis strategy and family televisiting. The book fills a critical gap in the knowledge, values, and skills for human rights and social justice–focused social work education and training.
This book provides a state-of-the-art overview of the principles of cancer care and best practices for restoring function and quality of life to cancer survivors. Cancer rehabilitation interventions including physical, occupational, or speech therapy; exercise training; psychosocial and cognitive interventions; and physician-directed diagnostic imaging, injections, and pharmacologic symptom management have the potential to treat many impairments from cancer treatment, thereby improving functioning and quality of life. Multimodal rehabilitation interventions have also been shown to improve return to work compared to usual care. The chapters of the book review the latest evidence about which interventions should be used to treat specific impairments thereby constituting the most comprehensive and up-to-date reference on this topic. The book is organized into nine parts comprising 90 chapters. Part one presents history of cancer rehabilitation, cancer statistics, and principles of cancer care. Part two discusses various cancer types, which includes breast cancer, gastrointestinal malignancies, head and neck cancer, pediatric cancers, and primary bone tumors and their assessment and management. Parts three through six describe cancer pain, medical complications, neurological and neuromuscular complications, and musculoskeletal complications of cancer such as radiculopathy, plexopathy, autonomic dysfunction, and bone metastases and their management. Part seven discusses general topics related to cancer rehabilitation, which includes physical and occupational therapy, therapeutic modalities in cancer, therapeutic exercise in cancer, nutritional care of the cancer patient, sexuality issues, and distress and other psychiatric considerations in cancer rehabilitation. Part eight thoroughly explores the identification, evaluation, and treatment of specific impairments and disabilities that result from cancer and the treatment of cancer such as balance and gait dysfunction, cancer related fatigue, radiation fibrosis syndrome, and bowel dysfunction. Part nine discusses functional measurement in patients with cancer, health maintenance and screening in cancer survivors, research issues, barriers to accessing cancer rehabilitation, and building a cancer rehabilitation program.
This book is intended to introduce the exciting, challenging, stimulating, and inspiring world of behavioral intervention research. It is about the science and state-of-the-art practices in designing, evaluating, and then translating, implementing, and disseminating novel behavioral interventions for maximum impact on the health and well-being of individuals, families, and their communities. Each chapter tackles critical considerations in behavioral intervention research. The approach is to be as broad and inclusive as possible of the many nuances, intricacies, and issues in this form of inquiry. The book covers a wide range of topics including examining the heart of the matter or strategies for developing behavioral interventions including the pipeline for advancing interventions, the role of theory, intervention delivery characteristics, standardizing treatments, and use of technology. This is followed by evaluative considerations including selecting control groups; identifying recruitment, retention, and fidelity strategies; using mixed methodologies; and ethical challenges. Then the book examines outcome measures and analytic considerations including economic evaluations for maximizing the yield of trial data, and how implementation science can inform the development and advancement of behavioral interventions. Finally, the book explores a host of professional issues unique to this form of inquiry including challenges in staffing behavioral interventionist studies, how to obtain funding for developing and evaluating an intervention, and what, when, and where to publish. Case examples from successful behavioral intervention trials are used throughout each chapter to illustrate key concepts.
This book highlights the enormity of the problems of child maltreatment and their relationship to poverty and other social ills. The first chapter introduces the reader to the issues that impact children, such as poverty, lack of education, and myriad other problems of child maltreatment including physical, emotional, and sexual abuse; physical and emotional neglect; as well as parental substance abuse and mental health problems. This is followed by a chapter that presents the private efforts to provide services to abused and neglected children that have transitioned through the years into significantly greater governmental roles. Chapter 3 addresses the fact that the majority of families known to the child welfare system live in poverty, and examines the relationship between poverty and child abuse and neglect, and the increased risk of coming into contact with child protection agencies. While the fourth chapter discusses relationship between the educational system and the child welfare system, the fifth and sixth examine the health issues of families known to child protection agencies, and children in the child welfare system and the juvenile justice system referred to as “crossover” or “dual status” youth. The court system plays a critical role in foster care. Adoption from child welfare agencies typically occurs after foster care placement when it becomes apparent that birth parents will be unable to reunite with their children. It can be extremely traumatic for birth parents to lose their children to the foster care system, and then to adoption.
Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, 2nd Edition:Clinical Guide to Diagnosis, Medical Management, and Rehabilitation
This book focuses on key elements a healthcare practitioner needs to know to evaluate and manage multiple sclerosis (MS)and related neuroimmunological disorders. Information on disease history, pathophysiology, and biology are included to provide clinicians with a framework for understanding current diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment strategies for these disorders. In addition to reviewing disease-modifying treatments, the book focuses on frequent symptoms of MS and their treatment options. Assessment tools and treatment options for symptom management and rehabilitation have also evolved and become increasingly complex. Wellness promotion and patient-centered care are among the growing care strategies than can and should be applied to the management of MS. The goal of the book is to put together in one readily readable volume the core information that guides day-to-day care in an MS center. Each chapter is an amalgam of evidence-based data with experience-based guidance, combining the science and art of MS and related disease management. The authors present the approaches to care that they use in their centers. Where applicable, the authors provide lists of “Key Points” for clinicians as well as “Key Points” for patients and families. These highlights make the “gist” of each chapter clear and immediately available, and also provide a short summary that can be shared with patients. Critical-to-know information and management pearls are pulled out from the text and boxed for quick reference throughout the book. Illustrative cases are included in chapters where appropriate to amplify clinical recommendations. The authors made every effort to update the most recent medication changes, recognizing that this is a very fast changing field and we anticipate new medications in the near future. With this edition they have completed revised chapters on disease-modifying therapies, since there has been tremendous progress in this area.
This book discusses important topics that have come to the forefront of medical rehabilitation and disability, covering disabling conditions and disorders not only from clinical but also functional and psychological perspectives. It provides comprehensive guides on what to expect and how to manage each medical issue, discussing the causative agents, classification, pain management, psychological factors, and much more. The book is divided into three parts. Part I presents an introduction to key topics and issues. The second part offers discussions on several disabling conditions and disorders. The medical conditions/disorders discussed include AIDS and HIV infection, Alzheimer’s disease, traumatic brain injury, burn injuries, cancer, cardiovascular disorders, chronic pain syndromes, diabetes, epilepsy, hematological disorders, developmental disabilities, neuromuscular disorders, neuromuscular disorders, musculoskeletal disorders, pediatric disorders including cerebral palsy, and limb deficiency. Part III presents some special topics such as adult medical speech-language pathology, social work, telerehabilitation, and assistive technology.
This book concentrates on board-related concepts in the field of Rehabilitation Medicine. It will appeal to medical students, residents, and practicing physiatrists. Residents will find the book essential in preparing for Part I and Part II of the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) Board Certification because it is one of the only books of its kind with major focus on board-related material giving a synopsis of up-to-date PM&R orthopedic, neurologic, and general medical information all in one place. Over 500 diagrams simplify material that is board pertinent. The topics are divided into major subspecialty areas such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, musculoskeletal medicine, electrodiagnostic medicine, prosthetics and orthotics, spinal cord injuries, physical modalities, pulmonary, cardiac, and cancer rehabilitation, pediatric rehabilitation, and pain medicine. All chapters are authored by physicians with special interests and clinical expertise in the respective subjects. Board pearls are highlighted with an open-book icon throughout the text. These pearls are aimed at stressing the clinical and board-eligible aspects of the topics. The content is modeled after the topic selection of the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Self-Assessment Examination for Residents (SAE-R) Content Outline. This was done specifically to help all residents, post graduates in yearly preparation and carryover from the SAE preparation to board exam preparation. Practicing physiatrists should also find this book helpful in preparation for the recertifying exam.
This book is a clinically relevant reference guide for health care trainees, medical providers, and active allied health professionals who work with patients and clients suffering from all aspects of insults to the brain. Not limited to traumatic brain injuries, the book provides easy-to-follow formatting by providing information involving all aspects of acquired injuries to the brain and related clinical outcomes. Each chapter provides an overview of a subtype of brain injury, accompanied by history, pathophysiology, etiology, epidemiology, clinical presentation, other diagnostic considerations, treatment, prognosis, and clinical synopsis. Stroke is an enormous public health problem as it is one of the leading causes of both death and disability worldwide. Stroke symptoms, with very few exceptions, begin with the sudden onset of focal neurological deficits, which are confined to a vascular territory. Treatment of stroke can generally be divided into three categories: acute stroke management, rehabilitation, and secondary stroke prevention. Acquired brain injury (ABI), at any age, is a significant public health concern. It is particularly problematic in the elderly considering the increased rates of mortality and morbidity following ABI in this population. Optimal rehabilitation of ABI requires a multidisciplinary approach of trained rehabilitation specialists at appropriate timing and with appropriate intensity. Brain injury rehabilitation requires a comprehensive treatment program to reduce impairments and to restore function, participation, and quality of life. Useful case studies are also provided for most conditions described in the book.
This book provides leaders and managers of nonprofit organizations with theoretical and conceptual frameworks, approaches, and strategies that will enable them to manage organizations that are financially sustainable. The book aims to equip students and nonprofit leaders with the information and conceptual frameworks needed to do financial analyses, manage budgets, and conduct various operations for organizational and financial sustainability. People have a tendency to think of financial sustainability almost exclusively in financial terms. The book argues that financial sustainability involves both financial and nonfinancial facets. To that end it provides a systemic conceptual framework. The chapters are articulated around four sections. The first part introduces the concepts of nonprofit organizations and financial sustainability. The second part is about key aspects of organization and planning for sustainability in a nonprofit organization. The third part discusses issues that are vital to the financial sustainability of a nonprofit organization. The last part emphasizes the contributions of management and leadership practices to the financial sustainability of nonprofit organizations. The book may serve as an introductory textbook for future leaders of nonprofit organizations, as well as students in schools or programs of nonprofit leadership, human service leadership, social work, public and community health, organization management, public administration, education, and other similar fields.
This book shows the continuity and advancements in our understanding of human life-span development. It helps understand the many reasons people are aging more successfully. The book provides the vocabulary to understand the aging process and how it affects our physiological systems. It also describes effects on quality of life, memory, mental health, and personality. Successful aging depends not only on medical care, but is also influenced by successful coping with stress, social support, and adherence to a healthy lifestyle. The book helps to interpret contemporary research and offers a solid foundation for exploring the art and science of successful aging. The book also presents an instructor’s manual. This supplement includes basic constructs and definitions, problems for additional classroom discussion, PowerPoints for use by the instructor, and examination questions. The book’s purpose is to provide an interdisciplinary understanding of the factors that affect aging. It proposes that many theories and studies of aging can be understood under the rubric of aging accelerators and decelerators-factors that increase and those that decrease the rate at which we age. The book is organized into four sections. Section I provides a general overview of demographic, theoretical, and methodological issues such as demography and theories of aging, and understanding change in aging research. Section II examines the aging of the skin and musculoskeletal system, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, renal/urinary system, sensory system, nervous system, endocrine system, and immune system. Section III, centers on the psychosocial factors that affect physical health such as mental health, stress, coping, social support, morbidity, mortality, and caregiving. The final Section examines the sociostructural contexts that influence aging, and reviews theories of optimal aging. The book serves as a bridge between the biological and psychosocial gerontology communities and promotes a more holistic understanding of the aging process.
The field of senior care is changing in a variety of ways predicated by demographic shifts, consumer preferences, available resources, government policies and other factors. In the senior care space, the National Association of Long-Term Care Administrator Boards (
NAB) conducts a professional practice analysis about every five to seven years to determine the knowledge and skills a person should possess to lead a senior care organization, referred to as its “Domains of Practice”. NAB’s “Health Services Executive™” ( HSE) qualification is a credential that allows individuals to practice along the continuum of health services and supports and enhances the portability of their administrator license. This book provides a comprehensive and practical study tool for all students and professionals seeking HSE™ qualification. It helps an individual assess his or her knowledge and competency in a variety of established areas and across the post-acute continuum of care and services. Divided into two parts, this resource allows readers to test their knowledge in each area covered by the HSE™ exam established by the NAB. Part One features multiple choice, single-best answer questions grouped by domain of practice with rationales accompanying each “best” answer. Part Two simulates the Core Knowledge Exam, offering a separate exam for the core content and each of the three lines of service – Nursing Home Administration, Residential Care/Assisted Living, and Home- and Community-Based Service. These exams are structured to model the current content blueprint of the NABlicensure exams, and include best answer rationales to enhance self-assessment and further learning. This Q&Areview is one of the most authoritative and comprehensive available. It contains over 470 questions with best-answer rationales. It is a “must-have” supplemental resource for leaders in the field, whether taking their initial licensure exams or completing the remaining lines of service exams.
This book provides the reader, with the practical guidance required to design, deliver, and evaluate physical activity (PA) interventions across a range of settings and populations. The book is divided into four parts. The book reviews the state of the evidence around PA and chronic disease. It explores the different methods for measuring PA along with their strengths and weaknesses, and the important milestones in the field including the evolution of PA guidelines. The book looks at how to increase the value of PA for different stakeholders. It examines what needs to happen before one launches an intervention. The book explores the steps taken to develop policy and environmental interventions. It examines how to build and maintain a coalition. No one is the expert in everything. Coalitions support the bringing together of people with similar goals but different jobs and expertise to create a comprehensive campaign. The book details the process of developing a PA plan. It examines how policies actually move into action. The book examines implementing interventions in specific communities and populations. There are important considerations in developing interventions across diverse areas and varied populations. Settings explored in this part include worksites, faith based organizations, healthcare, schools, out-of-school areas, and parks and recreation. Populations examined include families, older adults, individuals with disabilities, and urban and rural populations. The book has chapters devoted to evaluating interventions. It explores implementation monitoring and describes outcome and impact evaluation as well as cost effectiveness. The book helps to answer questions such as: Did your intervention work? Did it actually change health? How much did it cost relative to how effective it was?
Many social service leaders with only a focus on promoting social justice had become increasingly aware that to grow, they needed to incorporate more financial and business management practices into their nonprofit organizations. Leaders in the for-profit world are becoming more concerned about the need for social responsibility and promoting programs that not only made a profit but also reflected a social justice perspective. This book explicitly integrates social justice principles into the management of a nonprofit organization. The book discusses the history of the development of nonprofit management up to the present day. It addresses legal and ethical considerations, organizational planning and staff management, finance, public relations, fundraising, public advocacy and volunteerism, program design and grant development, governance and board development, developing an international nonprofit, information technology, career development, and creating a nonprofit/social entrepreneurship organization. Additional chapters address quality improvement, mentoring, and proposal writing. The text is ideal for students and faculty in social service administration, human service leadership, social work management, public and community health, public administration, and health care administration and management.
Few would disagree that the past 25 years have been transformative in the lives of gender and sexual minority (GSM) people living in the United States. The lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community is diverse yet united, in need yet strong, and oppressed yet resilient. This book will serve simultaneously as a reference, a call to action, and a guide for change in addressing the multitude of health challenges described in here. The book is organized into four sections containing twenty-three chapters. The first section gives an overview of the history, current status, and terminology associated with the health of gender and sexual minority groups, as well as discussion of some overarching themes that are relevant to health topics such as sociocultural and systemic barriers to health and health risk behaviors. The second section explores a multitude of individual health outcomes such as obesity, cancer, chronic illness, reproductive health, intimate partner violence, mental health, suicide and self-injury, substance use, and HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in GSM groups. It also describes what is currently known, what remains to be discovered, and what avenues there are to improve the outcome. The third section examines the specific factors impacting the health of particular GSM groups, such as gender minority populations and GSM veterans. The final section concludes with a discussion of evidence-based interventions for improving GSM health, recommendations for health care providers for providing competent care to GSM Individuals, and future directions for GSM health research.
This book focuses on a unique body of knowledge known as population health management (
PHM). Population health, an approach closely aligned with many public health strategies, enjoys strong general awareness and popularity among health professionals. Although population health books are abundant, a smaller number of population health management texts exist, and these vary considerably depending on the writers’ background, field of expertise, and perspective. It is not easy to bridge concepts from community, public, and global health, and then align them with the essential applications of health management. Combining these interrelated perspectives is the primary goal for the textbook. By melding together fundamental strategies, approaches, and tools from these diverse health-related disciplines, students learn to provide quality care, efficient health services, and produce successful outcomes that are sensitive to the needs of diverse populations. The book is divided into four sections and each section integrates a scaffolding framework that begins with PHMfundamentals and introductions to innovative strategies/tools, moves to problem-based applications, and culminates with integrated skill outcomes. Written by experts in their respective disciplines, each chapter is relatable for students from diverse health related programs such as health management, public health, social work, clinical degrees, and other health professions. As major Population Health Management transformations continue to evolve in the workplace, health management educators recognize the immediate need to design curriculums, introduce new skill-building approaches and tools, and enhance student competencies to meet the challenges and find solutions for a future healthscape that achieves the quadruple aim of access, cost, quality, and patient experience. The book provides students with the knowledge, skills, intentional mind-set to jettison the past in order to transition successfully for today and transform the future of population health management.
This book supports the missions of various outstanding organizations devoted to the growing field of public health nutrition to promote optimal health and well-being of communities and populations through nutrition-related services, program planning, interventions, and policy, environmental, and systems change. These include the Association of State Public Health Nutritionists, the World Public Health Nutrition Association, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, the Food and Nutrition working group of the American Public Health Association, the Association of Graduate Programs in Public Health Nutrition, and the Southeastern University Consortium on Hunger, Poverty and Nutrition, among others. The book is organized into four main parts. Part one includes history and principles of public health nutrition, introduction to nutritional epidemiology, behavioral aspects of public health nutrition, and an overview of food policy. Part two includes cultural aspects of nutrition, health promotion within communities, and a focus on interprofessional practice in rural, urban, and global public health nutrition settings. Part three includes methods of community nutrition assessment, program planning, and public health nutrition intervention delivery and evaluation. Part four includes current nutrition-related health issues, professional development needs and strategies, sustainability concerns, food systems and environmental health trends, and opportunities. Each chapter provides learning objectives, key concepts, a glossary of terms, and a variety of learning resources including case studies, reflective questions, suggestions for learning activities, and resources for further study. It is the sincere hope of the editors and authors that this book will be an effective tool for training and inspiring future public health nutrition professionals to engage in transformative practice everywhere in the world to nourish the physical, emotional, and spiritual dimensions of all human beings.
At no time in recent memory has the practice of public health leadership been more challenging. This book, and its accompanying set of diverse and accessible learning experiences (interviews with notable leaders, case studies, self-assessments, reflection exercises, and the like), provides a solid foundation for the practice of leadership in organizations focusing on such leadership topics as strategic leadership, systems thinking, team leadership, change leadership, and the development of others. Further, the book exposes readers to the challenges, actions, and lessons learned from the
COVID-19 pandemic and other public health and healthcare crises—from after-action reviews to interviews and insights from those on the front lines—culminating in the development of a leadership framework to inform leadership practice. The intended audience for this textbook includes candidates for MHA, DrPH, and MPH degrees, as well as leaders in healthcare, health administration, and public health seeking to further develop their leadership practice. Although key leadership theories will be explored and integrated, the primary focus of this book is on the practice of leadership. The key differentiating feature of the book is that it gives voice to those who practice leadership and have the credibility to discuss the popular as well as the academic literature on a topic—building on a solid foundation of theory, skills, behaviors, and lessons about the challenges leaders face and the contexts in which they must succeed. The book also provides a wide and rich array of learning experiences that incorporate lessons and insights from public health and healthcare leaders. It is organized into four parts. Part I details leadership basics. Part II focuses on key leadership theories and their application. Part III discusses the context and challenges of leadership practice. The final part focuses more specifically on the practice of leadership.
In this comprehensive and clinically directed reference for the diagnosis and treatment of persons with spinal cord injury (
SCI) and related disorders, the editors of the two leading texts on SCImedicine have joined together to develop a singular premier resource for professionals in the field. Spinal Cord Medicine, Third Edition, draws on the expertise of seasoned editors and experienced chapter authors to produce one collaborative volume with the most up-to-date medical, clinical, and rehabilitation knowledge in SCImanagement across the spectrum of care. This jointly configured third edition builds on the foundation of both prior texts to reflect the breadth and depth of the specialty. The book covers assessment, acute injury management and surgical considerations, medical management, neurological and musculoskeletal care, rehabilitation, recent research advances, system-based practice, and special topics. New and expanded content focuses on the significant changes in the epidemiology of traumatic injury, the classification of SCI, and the latest medical treatments of multiple complications, as well as new surgical considerations in acute and chronic SCIand the many advances in technology that impact rehabilitation and patients’ overall quality of life.
Sports medicine practitioners' primary responsibility is to provide optimal medical care for athletes on and off the field. The care continuum for the athlete includes injury/illness prevention, diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and return to sport. Prompt evaluation of an injured athlete on the field can expedite the diagnostic process, management, rehabilitation, and return to sport, frequently the most important outcome measure. The understanding of basic concepts related to sports coverage will help the practitioner provide high level care. This handbook provides a unified resource that covers the knowledge gaps that may be present when providing sports coverage. It is divided into several sections. The Introductory section covers common topics that apply to all sports medicine practitioners providing sideline or event coverage independent of level of experience. For example: the role of the team medical provider; what to have in the medical bag; factors to consider when traveling with a team; medicolegal issues specific to the medical team member; how to assess and manage common medical emergencies; nutrition and hydration recommendations for pre-, during, and post-training or competition; preparticipation physicals; general concepts of adaptive sports; and lastly, general concepts of doping in sports. The further sections dive into sport-specific coverage divided by contact, limited-contact, or no-ncontact sport classification. The book also covers summer and winter Olympic sports and other popular sports that are practiced worldwide. It provides information on the history, participants, rules and regulations, equipment needed and/or required, medical coverage logistics, emergencies, medical bag essentials, epidemiology, and a brief discussion of common injuries for each individual sport. The book will serve as an excellent resource for physicians in training or seasoned veterans from all specialties, athletic trainers, physical therapists, and any other healthcare providers who want to provide on-field, sideline, or event sports coverage.
This book is the first comprehensive case-based text combining essential quality management knowledge with real-world scenarios. With in-depth healthcare quality management case studies, tools, activities, and discussion questions, the text will help build the competencies needed to succeed in quality management. Written in an easy-to-read style, Part One of the textbook introduces students to fundamentals of quality management, including history, culture, and different quality management philosophies, such as Lean and Six Sigma. It additionally explains the A3 problem-solving template, used to follow the Plan-Do-Study-Act (
PDSA) or Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve and Control ( DMAIC) cycles, that guide one’s completion of the problem-solving exercises found in Part Two. The bulk of the textbook includes realistic and engaging case studies featuring common quality management problems encountered in a variety of healthcare settings. The case studies feature engaging scenarios, descriptions, opinions, charts, and data, covering such contemporary topics as provider burnout, artificial intelligence, the opioid overdose epidemic, among many more. Serving as a powerful replacement to more theory-based quality management textbooks, the book provides context to challenging situations encountered by any healthcare manager, including the health administrator, nurse, physician, social worker, or allied health professional. It includes 25 realistic case studies that explore challenging process improvement, patient experience, patient safety, and performance improvement quality management scenarios set in various healthcare settings.
The goal of the electromyographer is to localize lesions and to characterize them. In order to accomplish these goals, a minimum core of knowledge in neuroscience is required. This book discusses that core of neuroscientific knowledge as a stepping stone to lesion localization and characterization. Following this, it demonstrates how this information is actually utilized in the electromyography (
EMG) laboratory using a case study approach. Although several excellent EMGcase study-based textbooks are available, the book is unique in that it offers a step-by-step analysis of the nerve conduction studies ( NCS) and needle EMGstudies as they are collected, including a discussion of the initial studies required based on the presenting clinical features, an interpretation of those initial studies, and the indications for subsequent studies based on that interpretation. This step-by-step analysis continues until the lesion has been fully localized and characterized. The book is extensive and explains the important principles and concepts underlying electrodiagnosis ( EDX) medicine. It reviews the anatomy and physiology of the peripheral neuromuscular system, basic principles of NCS, specific concepts pertinent to each type of NCS(motor, sensory, and mixed NCS, as well as repetitive nerve stimulation studies), and the basic principles of needle EMG. Following this, it discusses the NCSand needle EMGmeasurements made, their meaning, and the EDXmanifestations of the various neuromuscular disorders. It also includes a discussion of the various types of nerve injuries and a review of reinnervation. It focuses on lesion localization and the characterization of the lesion, including its pathology, pathophysiology, severity, and temporal features. The book demonstrates the application of the principles and concepts through 60 EDXcase studies collected from the authors' EMGlaboratories using a step-by-step analysis format.
Nursing Home Administration, Eighth Edition, includes over 50 years of the authors’ collective experience, research, and knowledge in the nursing facility industry. This newest edition is fully updated in all areas and is organized into six parts. Part 1, “Learning How to Manage the Healthcare Organization,” introduces the reader to the concept of the nursing facility administrator being the leader of the facility. Part 2, “Understanding the Departments and Managing Human Resources,” introduces the many departments of the nursing facility and their functions, as well as how each department is dependent on the others. Part 3, “Learning to Manage the Organization’s Finances,” examines the financial role of the administrator. The nursing facility administrator must be an expert in finance, billing, budgeting, financial documents, and accounting. Part 4, “Learning the Continuum of Long-Term Care,” discusses the framework of federal, state, and local laws. The administrator must be aware of Medicare, Medicaid, and other laws to be successful. Part 5, “Building Your Resident Care Skills,” provides fundamental clinical aspects within the facility. Part 6, “Putting the Systems Together,” provides a cursory set of developed policies and procedures upon which a facility can operate. The nursing facility administrator and the director of nursing are uniquely responsible for the quality of care and quality of life of the residents/patients and staff in their facility. Successfully administering a nursing facility is one of the most complex and challenging tasks one can undertake, and one of the most rewarding professional commitments available in the healthcare field.
This textbook provides a unique case study approach to public health emergencies through the combined perspective of both the 2020 10 Essential Public Health Services and the 2021 Master of Public Health Foundational Competencies. For the ease of the reader to approach learning about the roles that they may be called upon to play in addressing public health emergencies, this book is logically arranged into three parts. In the first part, “Fundamentals of Public Health Emergency Preparedness”, the reader gains an overall perspective of public health emergencies. The second part, “Lessons Learned from Actual Incidents”, is the “heart” of the book in the sense that it provides case studies that clearly demonstrate the application of the Essential Public Health Services using Foundational Competencies through activities undertaken by public health workers at different levels; namely, frontline staff, program managers and supervisors, and executive directors and leaders. By the articulation of specific activities to address disasters using the competencies needed to prepare and respond to actual public health emergencies in the case studies, the reader can gain knowledge and insights and then incorporate the lessons learned into their own learning. In the future, when they are working in public health settings and confronted with public health disasters, readers will be able to better respond knowing the vocabulary, incident command structure, and approaches best suited to the public health emergency. The third part of the book, “Special Considerations”, provides the reader with some of the cross-cutting issues confronting public health workers in disaster settings. Public health law, for example, serves as the basis for public health action and supports public health officers in issuing health officer orders for quarantine, isolation, travel restrictions, curtailment or limitation of business and restaurant operations, and vaccination prioritization all of which have been used in the COVID-19 pandemic.
Leading Systems Change in Public Health is the first resource written by public health professionals for public health professionals on how to improve public health by utilizing a systems change lens. Edited by leaders from the de Beaumont Foundation and the University of Illinois Chicago School of Public Health with chapters written by a diverse array of public health leaders, the book provides an evidence-based framework with practical strategies, processes, and tools for enacting meaningful change. It provides a common language for practitioners to discuss systems thinking and leading systems change and offers key principles for systems change leadership and delivers a framework for individuals and organizations who want to lead systems change. The book also includes public health examples and practical exercises, practices, and tools to engage in leading systems change. The book’s chapters are organized into four sections. Section I shows how to place racial justice and power-sharing at the heart of any systems change leadership work. Section II begins with an overview of the different levels of systems change work on which to focus to ensure the best possible community-based work and community and population outcomes. It also presents a process to develop meaningful interpersonal relationships. Section III addresses the important role of community partnership in leading systems changes and describes the process for identifying the root challenges associated with the complex public health challenges. It considers issues related to planning for systems change, managing the implementation of the change, and building in a process to learn and adapt. Section IV provides real-world examples and a strong sense of the range of systems change leadership actions at national, state, local, and community levels.
While there are several comprehensive textbooks on movement disorders, all are lengthy, thick, hardbound books and thus are less useful for the busy, practicing clinician who often needs a quick guide on the diagnostic approach and therapy for various movement disorders. There are a few practical, therapeutic handbooks on Parkinson disease but there are none for other types of movement disorders (chorea, dystonia, myoclonus, ataxia, etc). The ever busy clinician will also benefit from a “primer” on
DBS—its new device types, indications, identification of ideal and non-ideal candidates, and trouble-shooting. This third edition is a practical yet authoritative guide to the diagnosis and work up, and the pharmacological, non-pharmacological and surgical treatments of all types of movement disorders for the clinician-intraining and the practicing clinician. The authors used an “expanded outline bullet point” format, with liberal use of flow charts, algorithms and tables, with emphasis on clinical presentation, work-up and management, rather than pathophysiology and disease mechanism. In summary, this book should provide a comprehensive and practical approach to the neurological, behavioral, and surgical treatment of movement disorders. Because the authors anticipate that clinicians may be reading this book comprehensively, from start to finish; or, using it “on demand” by quickly surveying specific chapters related to the phenomenology of a challenging patient—content overlap has been intentional, to emphasize concepts and principles in diagnosis and management. Several movement disorders can present with different phenomenologies, thus several disorders will reappear in various chapters. From the first to this latest edition, the authors aim has always been to empower the modern clinician with the necessary skills in making the evaluation of movement disorders less intimidating and more rewarding.
Improving Financial and Operations Performance: A Healthcare Leader’s Guide lies at the intersection of leadership effectiveness, performance improvement, operations efficiency, and financial management. It is the product of extensive field work in countless healthcare provider organizations with shared insight from seasoned healthcare leaders. It is based upon five key premises: leaders are accountable for the financial performance of their organizations; financial management is a significant challenge to improving organizational performance; effective financial management skills enable effective leadership and decision-making; leaders have significant influence over their organizations’ financial performance, yet are not effectively trained or given adequate resources; and healthcare is a business–a business of caring for people with growing demands on increasingly scarce resources. The primary purpose of this work is to provide a practical and applicable approach to understanding and improving financial performance through sharing effective tips, tools, and techniques based on real world challenges. The first section of this book is relatively basic and intended for newer leaders to level-set their understanding of healthcare and financial management, while the later sections are more advanced and complex in scope. The book presents key terms and concepts in easy-to-understand language. Each major topic includes a detailed illustration of a relevant scenario with step-by-step instructions for leaders to apply within their own organizations. The book is laid out with a logical and sequential flow of information with major sections that follow the four continuous phases of the Effective Financial and Operations Management Cycle: Planning, Assessing, Managing, and Monitoring. This book was written for both new and experienced healthcare leaders who want a leg-up to better understand and successfully tackle the myriad of complex challenges within their organizations.
The practice of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine (
PM&R) is diverse from one country to another, one region to another, one medical center to another and one provider to another. This book covers these diverse areas of practice, whether the care is provided to patients in a large metropolitan tertiary care center, a smaller medical referral center in a less-populated city, or a truly rural practice where the pediatric physiatrist is often the first specialty physician to encounter the child with a disability. The textbook is intended for use by medical providers of all types and especially students, residents, fellows, and busy practicing clinicians within or in close quarters of our specialty of PM&R. The sixth edition of the book provides eight new chapters devoted to Brachial Plexus Palsy, Oncology, Robotics, Genetics, Spasticity Management, Rheumatology, Burns, and Advocacy and significantly expanded coverage of Acquired Brain Injury. These chapters reflect the growth and expansion of the field as medical science evolves, new diagnoses appear, and technology advances at an astounding pace. The thought of powered orthotics and exoskeletons with robotic arms and legs would have been almost impossible to conceive even a decade ago. The book brings in new ideas, many new authors and chapters, and updated material to reflect current evidence-based thinking and practice.
Healthcare financial management and the business processes that surround it have become a more common fixture in the academic space. Historically, the challenge has been communicating how healthcare finance impacts other functional areas within the typical healthcare organization. This textbook addresses this challenge. The discipline of healthcare finance is business-adjacent, and while all aspects of business operations are important, the patient and the financial functions that surround them in the healthcare arena affect every part of the organization. How do you teach healthcare professionals, specifically those without finance backgrounds, to recognize this? How do you keep students engaged and interested in learning more about the discipline? What do you teach them to ensure that the learned concepts are relevant, no matter the setting? Preparing the next generation of healthcare management and administration professionals is no easy feat, given the breadth of knowledge required to operate effectively and efficiently. The subject needs to be approachable, accessible, and user-friendly in order to educate students and healthcare professionals from all backgrounds. The book, which is composed of five modules, meets students where there are, and then brings them along to where we need them to be. The book discusses the basics of accounting and finance as the backdrop to the much broader scope of healthcare financial management. Finance is more than just the annual budget process; everything we do in healthcare has a financial impact. The textbook material is then applied to a course project by having students prepare various financial calculations as they would be prepared by a healthcare organization’s finance department. The textbook’s applied approach presents a learning curve for students unfamiliar with healthcare finance or spreadsheets, and the hands-on work performed will help them develop a valuable knowledge base in different kinds of data analyses and organizational decision-making.
Bone stress injury (
BSI) represent an overuse injury to bone seen in athletes and active individuals. Despite being a common injury seen in clinical practice, there exists confusion on multiple aspects of this injury, including appropriate terminology. For example, “stress fracture” is often used interchangeably with “stress reaction” or “stress response”. Recent scientific discoveries on the topic of bone stress injury have advanced our understanding of risk factors for injury. Rarely can the injury be attributed solely to training errors. While training volume, intensity, and frequency do influence bone remodeling, most BSIare multifactorial and involve a combination of biological, anatomical, and biomechanical risk factors for injury. Recognizing risk factors for BSImay help to develop a comprehensive treatment plan to address each injury. Further, the goal of treating the injury should focus on methods to optimize bone health and develop strategies for future injury prevention. This book is organized to address aspects of clinical diagnosis, rehabilitation, and prevention. The authors invited experts across a range of topics to provide a more complete understanding of the full spectrum in BSItreatment. Initial chapters focus on evaluating injury, including the role of the clinical examination and imaging to guide treatment. Recognition of risk factors for BSIare separated into biological and biomechanical risk factors, including gender, age, and anatomical location. The book reviews methods to optimize treatment in each section by anatomical location, and reviews strategies for refractory injuries in designated chapters on medications, emerging technologies, and interventions. Further, the authors identify what is known about future injury prevention and methods to optimize bone strength. The goal of this book is to provide a comprehensive understanding of BSIthat improves clinical outcomes and provides a patient-centered treatment program.
This book is about how to manage healthcare operations. It combines clinicians’ and administrators’ viewpoints to provide a common platform and framework for building competitive advantage through superior operations. A strategic perspective is taken by achieving excellence in the four competitive priorities of an operations strategy: quality, cost, on-time and fast delivery, and flexibility. The competitive priorities should not be pursued in isolation. They are indeed interrelated, with excellent quality laying the foundation for performance in the other competitive priorities, and with targeted improvement initiatives having synergistic effects. The book is organized in six parts, with a special emphasis on the competitive priorities. Part one covers a brief history of healthcare, the challenges it faces today, the role of operations in overcoming these challenges, and describes the process of strategy development, and addresses the concepts and techniques of project management. Part two covers methodologies, tools, and techniques central to quality improvement. Patients’ perceptions of quality (the “voice of the customer”) are translated into objective process metrics using a framework called the “house of quality”. Total quality management, Lean, and Six Sigma principles are described along with tools and statistical process control techniques to uncover problems and direct improvements. Part three deals with process analysis and design principles, and presents techniques to determine optimal capacity levels and formulate patient-centric schedules. Part four covers quantitative forecasting techniques and qualitative techniques such as the Delphi method, emphasizes the importance of selecting the right suppliers and managing relationships with them, and explores the concepts related to the costs of healthcare services. Part five explores the multiple facets of flexibility and its drivers and highlights the role of technology in facilitating the flow of consistent information, part six mentions the merits of accreditation and urges organizations to go beyond meeting the standards.
Botulinum toxin (
BoNT) therapy involves as much art as it does science. Prescription and injection of a BoNTproduct requires that clinicians be familiar with the unique properties of each product, including its dosage range for a seemingly ever-expanding list of approved or published medical indications. This quick reference guide provides detailed dosage information for the four BoNTproducts available in the USA(abobotulinumtoxinA, incobotulinumtoxinA, onabotulinumtoxinA, and rimabotulinumtoxinB) which are approved for both cosmetic and medical indications. Included in this abbreviated manual are updated regulatory agency approved medical indications for both adults and children and recommended dosage ranges in the USA(Food and Drug Administration), Canada (Health Canada), the United Kingdom (Medicines & Healthcare products Regulatory Agency), and the European Union (European Medicines Agency). Detailed BoNTdosage information for each of these BoNTproducts is presented in an easy-to-navigate table format. The tables are organized by clinical indication along with each agency-approved dosage where available and the published dosage ranges per treatment session and per structure injected. Providing this information in a single reference manual allows clinicians to quickly calculate the dosage of a given BoNTproduct for a given indication and/or structure. The anatomical illustrations provided in this manual serve as a reference guide for clinicians to enhance the localization of muscles and other target structures during the injection planning process. The authors hope this information will be useful for clinicians and for the patients to whom they provide care.
Social work has a long-standing commitment to healthcare and the recognition of the inextricable link to quality of life and well-being across the lifespan. This book emphasizes the critical importance of health for all members of society and the significant role of social work in the field. It presents essential information about health and social work critical to understanding today’s complex health care systems and policies. The book is intended as a core text for masters of social work (MSW) and advanced bachelor of social work (BSW) courses on health and social work, social work and health care, health and wellness, social work practice in health care, and integrative behavioral health taught in social work, public health, and gerontology. The book is organized into three parts containing 18 chapters. The first chapter describes the role of social work in healthcare. The second chapter discusses ethics and values in healthcare social work. The next three chapters present social determinants of health, intersectionality, and social work assessment. Chapter six discusses health promotion and public health. Chapter seven presents integrated behavioral healthcare. Chapter eight describes substance misuse, abuse, and substance-related disorders. Chapters nine and ten discuss palliative care, end-of-life care, correctional healthcare, and psychosocial care. Chapter 11 describes children and family health. Chapter 12 explores healthcare and work with older adults and their caregivers. Chapters 13 to 15 delve on immigrants and refugee health, health and HIV/AIDS, and LGBTQ health. Chapters 16 and 17 describe healthcare and disability, and healthcare and serving veterans. The final chapter discusses future direction of healthcare and social work.
Handbook of Spasticity is the essential reference for residents and practicing physicians in the fields of physical medicine and rehabilitation and neurology. It allows readers to learn the fundamentals of spasticity management while also adding important spasticity concepts to their day-to-day practice. This high-yield resource provides current evidence-based treatment paradigms and discusses advances in the field to address assessment, treatment options, and disease management in adult and pediatric patients. Written by experts from institutions around the world, this valuable handbook fuses the fundamentals of spasticity with a case-based approach to enhance learning for those early into their career as well as practicing physiatrists, neurologists, nurses, physician assistants, and therapists. Assessment and evaluation measures are detailed, focusing on measurements and scales, gait assessment, and techniques for setting appropriate goals. A wide variety of treatment options are explored, including physical therapy, pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments, emerging technologies, toxins, surgical options, and more. Complete with accompanying online videos, ultrasound and anatomical figures, and toxin dosing tables.
Clostridium Botulinum is a spore-forming gram-positive rod that is commonly found in soil and water. It produces a toxin called botulinum neurotoxin (
BoNT) which is one of the most potent toxins known to mankind. Christian Andreas Justinus Kerner published the first case of botulism in 1817 and called it “sausage poison”. He noted that it paralyzed the skeletal muscle function and the parasympathetic nervous system and proposed its use as a therapeutic agent in neurological diseases characterized by involuntary movements. This book is intended to be used as a quick and accessible reference for injectors during the course of their clinical practice. As practitioners of chemodenervation themselves, the authors have been looking for an up-to-date, uniform resource in a convenient format which is ultimately what lead them to writing this pocketbook. The inclusion of visual and textual information for executing injection localization and suggested dosing for the four commercially-available toxins makes this book a unique, one-stop resource. The author’s goal is that both novice and experienced injectors may use this pocketbook as a practical and evidence-based tool in the course of planning and executing injections As educators, this book will serve as a visual adjunct to bedside teaching. The authors of this book are all directly involved in educating medical trainees in the evaluation and management of spasticity. Despite a robust spasticity curriculum and hands-on experience, we still felt a need for a physical resource to help residents and fellows during the course of their training and as they started their careers. For novice injectors and medical trainees, performing botulinum toxin injections can seem daunting. The authors hope is, that with the use of this book, knowledge can be consolidated into an accessible format, allowing providers to reinforce and sharpen previously learned skills.
The Changing Face of Health Care Social Work, 4th Edition:Opportunities and Challenges for Professional Practice
This fourth edition of the book covers basic and advanced concepts related to the delivery of social work services in health care settings. When health care is responsive to those in need, the provision of services must be equitable, safe, timely, efficient, effective, evidence-based, and patient-centered while simultaneously exemplifying best practices for all. As pressure for quality services continues to increase, however, the equitable distribution and availability of affordable health care has changed. This has left many providers and patients alike filled with expectation and speculation as to what constitutes essential health care service delivery. The book advocates a proactive stance for health care social workers and is designed to serve as a practical guide for understanding and addressing the philosophy of practice in our current health care environment. Suggestions are made for achieving ethical time-limited, evidence-based social work practice in these settings. At the end of each chapter, a “Summary and Future Directions” section is provided that will help social workers to understand what can be expected and how to prepare for the practice changes needed in order to remain viable clinical practitioners. The book is designed as a practical guide to help social workers understand the roots of social work practice, stressing the importance of the person-in-environment and person-in-situation while utilizing strength’s perspective employing this information as a foundation for embracing the changes to come. As a skilled professional, the incorporation of evidence-based social work practice will need to serve as the cornerstone of all we do while always taking into account the uniqueness and situation-based strategy needed to help each individual patient/client/consumer.
Multicultural Perspectives in Working With Families, 4th Edition:A Handbook for the Helping Professions
This book differs greatly from earlier versions because of two main changes. The first is the adoption of an intersectional approach in working with families. It underlines the importance of an intersectional approach to working with families that, in addition to culture and ethnicity, also considers socioeconomic class, gender, age, religion, immigration status, and sexual orientation as important factors. Additionally, the text expands its direct-practice view with the addition of four new chapters written by psychologists, plus a new chapter on health issues in multicultural families and access to health services. The book is updated with the latest knowledge and research, along with new and revised case vignettes demonstrating culturally competent practice. It provides a new intersectional approach to assessment and treatment and adds the perspectives of psychologists in four completely new chapters. The book includes a new chapter on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition from a multicultural perspective, plus new chapters on health and access to health services and offer the most up-to-date knowledge and research. It provides new and updated case vignettes and reflects changes in the family unit over the last quarter century and how it impacts treatment. The book addresses distinct sociopolitical issues affecting immigrants and undocumented families and focuses on the most important emerging issues of multicultural families. It covers multicultural mental health across the lifespan and encompasses the distinct perspectives of different ethnic and racial groups, and those of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender families. The book also discusses domestic violence and substance abuse in regard to multicultural families and delineates the most effective treatment methods. It examines the culturagram as a useful assessment and treatment planning modality and addresses ethical issues including the National Association of Social Workers code of ethics.
The field of infectious disease epidemiology has been front-and-center for the past few years. It has its own unique culture and set of tools and rules. This book offers a whole new vocabulary, from how to consider transmission—with the idea of a disease reproductive rate—to how disease is dispersed or clustered, and how to design a study. It presents the key concepts and principles underlying infectious disease epidemiology in an organized manner, and describes important activities such as disease surveillance and outbreak investigation. The book is valuable to those beginning their study of infectious disease epidemiology, as well as those working to train the next generation of prevention and control experts. It provides a unique introduction and perspective to the field of infectious disease epidemiology, utilizing a combination of intuitive case studies, popular media examples, and didactic exercises. The chapters introduce learners to major conceptual approaches in the field, as well as key factors that enable us to mitigate disease spread. Each chapter is structured to include key terms, a helpful narrative, “Heads Up” sections that help to allay conceptual confusion, highlights on a key figure in history, and a section with lessons learned from the classroom and questions to foster further investigation. The book is structured into four parts that walk learners through the world of infectious disease epidemiology, first covering disease emergence and basics, moving on to modes of transmission and types of diseases, then proceeding to infectious diseases in context, and finally disease control, eradication, and emergence. The authors hope that both the integrated approach and content of the book provide an exciting entrée into a field that is rich in its complexity, dynamicism, and multidisciplinary leanings.
Physical medicine and rehabilitation (
PM&R) is the medical specialty that focuses on the diagnoses, evaluation, and management of persons of all ages with congenital or acquired physical and/or cognitive impairments, disabilities, and functional limitations. The specialty began in the late 1920s and was recognized by the American Medical Association in 1945. PM&Rphysicians, also known as physiatrists, have expertise and knowledge about the biomechanics of the human body and an extensive understanding and training on how mobility can impact quality of life. Physiatrists treat persons with a broad range of medical diagnoses related to illness, injury, or physical impairment using nonsurgical techniques. As experts in physical examination, physiatrist can design a unique treatment plan tailored to an individual’s physical impairments, goals, and needs. Treatment goals can include restoration of function, but may also be supportive, accommodative, or through adaptive means. The fourth edition of the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Pocketpedia outlines the common conditions that PM&Rphysicians come across in their current clinical practice. It is a collaboration of over 60 content expert chapter authors, and each submission was streamlined to create a concise yet thoughtful chapter for each topic. It includes several new chapters, including COVID-19rehabilitation, transplant rehabilitation, caring for patients with disability, orthotics/adaptive equipment, and pelvic health, which demonstrates the breadth of expertise within the field of PM&R. To make the book easier to navigate, the authors have significantly expanded the coverage of musculoskeletal rehabilitation and divided it into topic-specific sections. The book serves as a convenient and succinct resource for ongoing education and clinical practice in this field.
This book is a “how-to” guide that describes the problem-solving method in detail. It provides an overview of the method, and step-by-step instructions, tips, tools, activities, and cases to facilitate practicing and learning the problem-solving method. The problem-solving method comprises of three phases, each of which has several steps namely how to define the problem, how to study the problem, and how to decide upon and implement the best course of action to resolve the problem. It imposes a logical thought process that builds leadership competencies in accurately and effectively defining problems, especially around very complex organizational issues that may involve multiple root causes, and supports arriving at recommendations that get implemented and actually solve the problem at hand. The book is especially useful in supporting experiential learning and coaching for students and professionals early in their careers—specifically providing a problem-solving method and tools for students, student teams, and early careerists working with healthcare organizations on consulting projects, or on projects as an administrative intern, resident, or fellow. It assists in facilitating teaching a structured approach to problem-solving and decision-making in undergraduate or graduate level case study, experiential learning, problem-solving and management decision-making courses. The book also supports teaching leadership and problem-solving skills in early careerist leadership training programs within organizations. It will be instructive for organizations that wish to enhance the problem-solving and decision making skills of its workforce more broadly. Organizations who adopt the text as part of their administrative fellowship development programs will find benefit in using the Problem-Solving Method as a structured approach to support the success of fellows in developing their ability to excel on their assigned organizational projects.
The ambulatory practice is the backbone of the United States health care system. Ambulatory practices exist in many forms – from solo, private, family medicine practices to the multispecialty, outpatient clinic enterprise of a large health system. The ambulatory practice offers many opportunities to enhance the care delivery process. Two of the more fundamental opportunities, which in the current environment are of import for future healthcare leaders, include cost and convenience. An ambulatory practice can be structured to provide high quality healthcare services with much reduced overhead from the traditional inpatient setting. The ambulatory practice setting is cost-effective, aligning well with one of the Triple Aim’s goal of lowering per capita expenditures, thus, creating an opportunity for societal benefit. Ambulatory care provides patients with choice and convenience given the ability to locate services proximate to patient demand. These qualities of the ambulatory practice among the others described in the book require a fundamentally different approach to management compared to the inpatient setting. As value-based reimbursement propels services to the lowest cost settings and patients’ expectations for convenient, accessible, affordable healthcare rise, a well-managed ambulatory practice is a necessary and vital component of an effective and efficient healthcare delivery system. This book provides current and future leaders with a thorough understanding of the foundations of a well-managed ambulatory practice. Commencing with the storied history of ambulatory care in the United States, The Well-Managed Ambulatory Practice takes readers on an evidence-informed journey designed to expand their knowledge about the unique aspects of ambulatory practice personnel; finances; quality, safety, and experience; organization; strategy; and operations. With the accelerating pace of ambulatory practice development and complexity, the book serves as an excellent source of contemporary knowledge and skills specific to leading and managing in the ambulatory setting.
This book describes the function of planning and why it is important to decision making in healthcare organizations. It explains the origins of planning, application to healthcare, and types of plans, and reviews the practical advantages and disadvantages of planning. The book provides an overview of the strategic planning process, including fundamental steps in the process, the influence of leadership, and the impact of quality improvement. It describes each of the steps in the strategic planning process, organizational purpose and the importance of an organization's mission to its planning and operational activities. The book also introduces the importance of a situational analysis to inform future direction and plans and describes the importance of setting objectives and why there might be resistance to setting organizational objectives. It explains how to accomplish objectives through the development and implementation of strategies and operational plans. The book also presents the relationship of strategies to objectives, methods for evaluating an organization's products and services, and the role of budgeting. It describes the feedback loop in the strategic planning processs—evaluation and control. The book finally discusses the importance of viewing strategic planning as a continuous process and common tools that are used to evaluate and improve plans.
The goal of this book is to develop competencies in the use of quantitative and qualitative analysis as well as 3D Maps—all within Excel! This book works through real-world examples based on healthcare datasets. Developed from the standpoint of active learning and engagement in the real world, this textbook includes supplementary health datasets such as, Hospital Compare Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (
HCAHPS), historical and current National Health Expenditure, and Community Health Rankings. In addition, the book also includes a select list of categorized sources of healthcare data. This categorized list was developed as part of a Digital Humanities Seed Grant Through the Center for Faculty Development at Seton Hall University. Since tests of hypotheses are based on sample data, a brief overview of sampling and research design is included. In a first of its kind, this book provides a hands-on approach to analyzing hypothetical qualitative hospital review comments through the MeaningCloud Add-in. This qualitative analysis includes text categorization, sentiment analysis, and topic extraction. The book uses a competency-based, application-oriented approach through a conversational style. Each chapter starts with a short vignette to motivate the content and uses screen captures together with step-by-step commentary to explain the procedures undertaken in Excel. There is minimal use of statistical formulae and jargon and no appendices in this book—since the focus is on application and interpretation. To make the most of this book, make sure to use the supplementary datasets to work along with the examples in the text and complete the practice problems found at the end of specific chapters.
Death and Dying courses in social work; nursing; counseling psychology; and medicine traditionally focused on topics such as the experience of dying; the delivery of health care during the end of life; and the experience of mourning after a death. The book includes neurobiological aspects of development and grieving for the students to understand these aspects of biology if they are to claim a bio-psycho-social-spiritual perspective in the 21st century. It talks about the spiritual development in each life phase and also on the special considerations in risk and resilience to describe aspects of marginalization that may affect development. The book explains the factors that promote resilience; maintaining our strengths-based approach to all of this material. It continues with the identification of maturational losses; incorporating these non-death losses into a section renamed living losses found in each life phase chapter. The book defines the chapters by developmental tasks that are tackled at more or less predictable ages to which the chapters are loosely bound. It reviews research on specific responses to loss situations and discuss intervention strategies supported by practice wisdom and empirical research. The book has ancillary materials available to qualified instructors that include outlines; PowerPoint; and activities for each chapter as well as the readings from the earlier editions. This edition of the book will help each reader feel prepared to help grievers of all ages and types.
Assisted Living Administration and Management, 2nd Edition:Effective Practices and Model Programs in Elder Care
This book makes a timely and essential contribution to professional training and is a welcome resource for those dedicated to improving long-term care services for older adults. It reflects the way society views the growing elderly population and the implications of this demographic trend for the field of long-term care. Long-term care continues to be the fastest growing segment of the healthcare industry; there is a critical need to educate and train a core of professional personnel with the knowledge and skills to address the complex issues in aging, health, and human services. The book aims to provide a useful reference of content information, effective practices, and model programs in elder care related to assisted living/residential care (
AL/ RC) administration. Similar to the first edition, this book is based on the core competencies required to operate assisted living communities. It contains five parts; each part focuses on a core competency in assisted living administration such as organizational management, human resources management, business and financial management, environmental management, and resident care management. The book embraces chapter features such as useful learning objectives, case studies, effective practices, and model programs in elder care that are relevant to assisted living communities. New chapters in this edition address topics such as inter-professional practice; home- and community-based services; information and communication technology; LGBTQand other diverse groups; memory care; and palliative and hospice care. Importantly, the book is based on core competencies required to operate assisted living communities, and each of its five parts focuses on a core competency (i.e., domain of practice). The book serves as a useful reference for professionals who are associated with AL/ RCorganizations. It can also function as a primary textbook for undergraduate and graduate courses in gerontology, health administration, and long-term care administration that focus on assisted living/residential care administration.