Several cogent topics as they relate to older adults, such as alcoholism, falls, foot care, pain and abuse, and neglect, were presented. The impact of alcohol as it relates to the psychosocial and physical aspects of the individual along with assessment and treatment modalities was indicated. Risks for falls in the older age group and the intrinsic and extrinsic factors contributing to falls were described. Evaluative information and measures to prevent falls and the structure, function, and age-related changes in the feet were explained. Selected foot disorders including those on the skin, corns, calluses, toenail disorders, arthritic conditions, diabetic issues, and circulatory and inflammatory disorders plus recommendations for foot care were discussed. Pain, its classification as acute and persistent and along with treatment options; definition and types of abuse and neglect along with appropriate interventions were described.
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This chapter reviews the anatomy, physiology, and function of skin, hair, and nails and the role skin plays in an individual’s life. Age-related changes in each of these entities along with selected disorders including xerosis; rashes, senile purpura, pruritus, solar elastosis, keratosis, psoriasis, skin tags, herpes zoster, pressure ulcers, and skin cancer are discussed. Lastly, there are recommendations on how to maintain healthy skin and prevent skin cancer.