Treatment outcome studies in the discipline of social work, psychology, and psychiatry have demonstrated the efficacy and effectiveness of differential psychotherapy approaches in addressing the psychological needs of individuals across the life span. Throughout the last four decades, scholar-practitioners have engaged in a professional quest to find evidence to support the efficacy of psychotherapy in ameliorating an array of clinical symptoms and levels of distress in identified patient or client populations. This chapter presents an overview of evidence-based practice with ethnically diverse clients. Predicated on an integrative understanding of evidence-based practice and cultural competency in mental health and clinical care settings, and on the importance of intersectionality as the guiding theoretical perspective for effective delivery of patient-centered services, it presents selected conceptual frameworks for the cultural adaptation of evidence-based treatments. The chapter highlights culturally adapted cognitive-behavioral therapy as an exemplar of evidence-based treatment for ethnic and racially diverse patient populations.
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- Go to chapter: The Multicultural Triangle of the Child, the Family, and the School: Culturally Competent Approaches
The Multicultural Triangle of the Child, the Family, and the School: Culturally Competent Approaches
As cultural diversity increases in the United States, school social workers and psychologists are on the front lines of empowering children and families to deal effectively with a public school system that has the power to influence the lives of children and families in positive and negative ways. The development of bilingual, bicultural, and culturally competent social workers is critical for a positive interaction and healthy relationship among the child, the family, and the school systems, especially when a child demonstrates some form of learning difficulty. Culturally competent school clinicians play a central role in appreciating and dealing with the power, powerlessness, and unequal power relationships that are inherent in these systems. Empowering diverse families will result in vast numbers of children experiencing more satisfying and productive relationships with the educational system and will help them reconcile the various cultural challenges presented by the home, the community, and the school.