This chapter makes a distinction between grief counseling and grief therapy. Counseling involves helping people facilitate uncomplicated, or normal, grief toward a healthy adaptation to the tasks of mourning within a reasonable time frame. The chapter reserves the term grief therapy for those specialized techniques that are used to help people with abnormal or complicated grief reactions. The overall goal of grief counseling is to help the survivor adapt to the loss of a loved one and be able to adjust to a new reality without him or her. Whatever one’s philosophy of grief counseling and whatever the setting, there are certain principles and procedures that help make grief counseling effective. The chapter provides guidelines for the counselor so that he or she can help the client work through an acute grief situation and come to a good adaptation.