National Accreditation of Academic Programs in Counseling and Human Services: Looking at APA, CACREP, and CSWE
This chapter presents the American Psychological Association, the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs, and the Council on Social Work Education. It discusses professional identity within the context of accreditation of disciplinary programs. The chapter identifies the purpose of accreditation, generic steps of the process, and the value of accreditation. In addition, it examines key questions pertaining to: (a) factors that distinguish counseling psychologists, counselors, and social workers, (b) how these professional identities are defined using Emerson’s Counselor Professional Identity Measure (2010) by history, philosophy, roles and functions, professional pride, professional engagement, and ethics, and (c) changes in and challenges to professional identity. The chapter provides relevant discussion not only on the stability of human services disciplines, but also on their ability to change and interpret the impact of change on professional identity and eligibility for credentialing and licensure of practitioners.