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- Go to article: The Caring Behaviors Inventory for Elders: Development and Psychometric Characteristics
The purpose of this study was to develop the Caring Behaviors Inventory for Elders (CBI-E) and to establish its psychometric characteristics further. The 28-item CBI-E was framed by Watson’s theory of human caring. Aconvenience sample (N = 215) of elders and their caregivers (N = 138) completed the instrument. Psychometric analysis included item analysis, test-retest reliability, internal consistency reliability with Cronbach’s alpha coefficients, contrasted groups construct validity, and factorial validity, using principal components analysis with varimax rotation. Preliminary construct validity was established. Five dimensions of the CBI-E were identified: attending to individual needs, showing respect, practicing knowledgeably and skillfully, respecting autonomy, and supporting religious/spiritual beliefs. Additional testing is warranted.
- Go to article: Guiding Principles for Transforming Curriculum Through Integration of Technology as Expression of Caring
Guiding Principles for Transforming Curriculum Through Integration of Technology as Expression of Caring
Challenged by a Summer Academy on humanoid caring robots, members of the Anne Boykin Institute for the Advancement of Caring in Nursing created guiding principles for transforming curricula by integrating technology into nursing education. The guidelines were oriented in academy dialogue on nursing as caring and robotic caring. Articles written for a special topics issue for the International Journal for Human Caring addressed robots in healthcare systems and perspectives on robots as providers of caring interventions. Themes in the articles informed the guidelines. The guidelines might incentivize faculty to integrate humanoid caring robots, a technology exemplar, into nursing curricula.
Nursing staff have been tried and convicted of murdering patients. This qualitative study described attributes of nurses who killed patients in healthcare institutions and characteristics of murder events. Data sources included news reports, books, and court records. Results revealed personality and behavioral indicators manifested by nurses who murdered or were accused of murdering patients, and details of murder events. Registered nurses were accused and convicted of murder most frequently; male nursing staff were disproportionately represented. Old and acutely ill patients were frequent victims and poisoning with medications, the usual murder method. Power/dominance ranked as the most frequent motive.
This cross-sectional, comparative descriptive design study aimed to compare self-reports of perceived caring, measured by the Caring Behaviors Inventory-16 Student Version, in a convenience sample of undergraduate nursing students across three levels of the curriculum, second, third, and fourth years. The study evaluated their confidence in providing nursing care with a professional confidence Visual Analog Scale. Combined perceived caring and confidence scores increased on posttest and differed at a statistically significant level between pretest and posttest. Pretest and posttest perceived caring scores differed significantly among the three curriculum levels, for pretest confidence, but not for posttest senior level confidence. Convergent validity testing revealed a weak association between perceived caring and confidence in providing nursing care for patients. Cronbach’s alpha for the CBI-16 Student Version established beginning reliability. Perceived caring may be unintentionally part of a hidden curriculum through student experiences with patients, registered nurses, and faculty who model caring behaviors.
Experienced registered nurses completed a three-round Delphi study that induced definitions of direct and indirect care functions and ranked those functions. The highest ranked direct care functions involved actions in which physical contact was employed and when communication skills were used to teach patients and attend to their emotional concerns. Highest ranked indirect care functions included: facilitating the delivery of care, improving outcomes, collaborating with other caregivers, communicating about patient progress, and planning patient care.
- Go to article: International Association for Human Caring 2018, Author Tips, and Anne Boykin Institute Update
Researchers examined psychometric properties of the Caring Behaviors Inventory (CBI)-24 on perceptions of nurse caring. Hospitalized adult patients (N = 303) completed the instrument. Investigators reduced the number of items on the English version. Item means, frequencies, written comments by patients, Cronbach’s alpha coefficients, and initial principal components analysis (PCA) shaped revisions. A second PCA was calculated on 16 items; one component resulted, explaining 58.01% of the total variance. Contrasted groups and factorial validity and internal consistency reliability were established. Future research should test diverse samples on the 16 using contrasted groups, discriminant and criterion-related validity and test-retest reliability.
- Go to article: Year of the Nurse and the Midwife 2020, Loving Kindness, and Caring Science Interventions
In 2019, Anne Boykin Institute for the Advancement of Caring in Nursing offered a Summer Academy framed by the theme, Call to Social Justice as Caring Action. A group of board members developed a nursing education application on social justice and caring and revised the modules based on critique by Institute board members. Modules could be incorporated into learning management systems as a Toolkit addressing course material on caring action for social justice. Faculty are invited to use the content, references, and suggested assignments as a starting point for a single class, a course, or a whole program.