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- Go to article: Caring:The Essence of Professional Nursing Practice and an Integral Component of the Magnet Journey
As the health care system in the United States is becoming increasingly more politically and economically oriented, the concept of political caring needs to be advanced in contemporary nursing practice (Ray, 1989, 2001; Turkel, 2001). The purpose of this article is to present a model outlining the process of policy analysis through a phenomenologica research study illuminating the life world descriptions of experiences of United States Air Force personnel with managed care in the military and the civilian health care system. This process shows how qualitative data are used to give voice to a moral crisis and contribute to health care policy.
This article illustrates the transtheoretical evolution of caring science within complex systems from the discovery of the theory of bureaucratic caring, in 1981, to the emergence of the metatheory relational caring complexity in 2011. The theory of bureaucratic caring, derived from research, is the sentinel grounded theory in the area of caring and economics, and complex healthcare systems in general. Its tenets remain applicable to contemporary nursing practice. Other grounded theories advanced from the original theory, including struggling to find a balance, the paradox between caring and economics, relational complexity, and relational self-organization in workforce redevelopment, as well as professional and patient relational caring questionnaires are presented and discussed.