Rehabilitation counselors (RCs) work with “persons with physical, mental, developmental, cognitive, and emotional disabilities to achieve their personal, career, and independent living goals in the most integrated setting possible”. In rehabilitation counseling practice, there are three models that construct disability from three different points of view: the medical or disease model, the functional limitations or economic model, and the sociopolitical or minority model, also known as the social model as posited by the Disability Rights community. This chapter discusses some of the complexities of the Disability Rights community, including the emergence of the independent living movement, disability studies, and disability culture, in order to prepare practitioners to locate rehabilitation within the broader experience of disability. It also talks about the services provided by centers for independent living (CILs). Individual advocacy supports the self- determination of individuals to obtain necessary support services from other community agencies, such as state-federal vocational rehabilitation.