This chapter provides a brief overview of models of clinical supervision. It also offers a brief discussion of best practices, common struggles, and a salutogenic- or wellness-based approach to supervision, emphasizing how the latter complements parallel treatment interventions with consumers. Self-care is an important part of a counselor's efforts to maintain general and mental health. The chapter urges counselor trainees to develop continuing education and continued professional development as a part of their career-pathway planning. The discussion emphasizes the importance of remaining current, concerning clinical counseling issues as an ethical issue that is inherent in being a professional. The chapter focuses on the practice and importance of clinical supervision and continuing education for professional counselors. It reviews some of the most common theoretical approaches to supervision and how they may be used. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the ethical mandate and benefits of continuing education for counselors.
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This chapter summarizes pertinent issues discussed throughout the text, especially reinforcing the multiple emphases on systems-of-care, ecological, salutogenic, social justice, and diversity approaches. In addition, the chapter identifies new frontiers for counseling practice, such as new opportunities for counselors within the Veterans Administration and
TRICAREsystem, in hospital settings, in hospice programs and assisted living environments, in other community settings, in school-based programs, in college counseling centers, and in sports counseling. The chapter also addresses the influence of technology upon the counseling profession, discussing the Internet-based services, such as virtual counseling, and telecounseling. It provides a discussion of the ethical, legal, and practice concerns related to this developing branch of counseling. With our professional organizations and the advocacy efforts of our practitioners and educators, the future holds great promise for the further development of professional counseling as an important part of the field of mental health and wellness.
This chapter provided an overview of the possible effects that the work of counseling may have upon counselors themselves. It has long been recognized that exposure to the distressing experiences and feelings of others can cause similar distress in those who listen and provide intervention. We also recognize that counselors can derive benefit and grow from the work that they do with their clients. Finding approaches to the work of counseling that enhance the potential for growth while minimizing distress is significant part of maintaining successful counseling practice. The chapter addresses issues related to counselor self-care and maintaining a healthy ability to continue with the work of counseling. The issues that are addressed include vicarious responses to trauma (both positive and negative), a biopsychosocial systemic approach to counselor wellness, strategies for engaging in wellness-focused self-evaluation, techniques and tools for stress management, and approaches for maintaining a healthy work/life balance.