The contents of social work interventions in the future will likely be highly determined by technological and medical advances. Modern society has discovered remarkable ways to extend people’s lives, helping them live longer, live with illnesses that caused death in the past, and cope with traumatic threats to their lives. Modern life has enabled a shift from a human preoccupation with basic survival needs to questions about the quality of life. Recognition of the role of emotions in behavioral change and in human functioning has opened a whole new world to social workers, legitimizing a focus on internal events, affects, and awareness rather than a concern with mainly environmental causes for human disorders. Growing consensus in the profession about the need to address subjective well-being and emotional disorders will necessitate new modes of intervention.