This book represents a compilation of years of theoretical and clinical insights distilled into a specific theory of disturbance and therapy and deductions for specific clinical strategies and techniques. It focuses on an explication of the theory, a chapter on basic practice, and a chapter on an in-depth case study. A detailed chapter follows on the practice of individual psychotherapy. Using rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) in couples, family, group, and marathons sessions is highlighted. The book commences with a note on the general theory underpinning the practice of REBT, outlines its major theoretical concepts and puts forward an expanded version of REBT’s well-known ABC framework. It then considers aspects of the therapeutic relationship between clients and therapists in REBT, deals with issues pertaining to inducting clients into REBT, and specifies the major treatment techniques that are employed during REBT. A number of obstacles that emerge in the process of REBT and how they might be overcome are noted. The book then distinguishes between preferential and general REBT (or cognitive-behavior therapy [CBT]) and specifies their differences. Individual, couples, family and group therapies are explained. The book talks about the Rational Emotive Behavioral Marathon, a highly structured procedure that is deliberately weighted more on the verbal than on the nonverbal side. The authors’ 8-week psychoeducational group for teaching the principles of unconditional self-acceptance in a structured group setting is described. The book concludes with a discussion on the concept of ego disturbance, REBT treatment of sex difficulties using the cognitive-emotive-behavioral approach, and REBT’s effectiveness with hypnosis.
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This book takes a look at the underlying causes of resisting cognitive-emotional-behavioral change and the methods used to overcome them. Written in present-action language, it gives an overview of the basic principles of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy and Cognitive Behavior Therapy. The book presents the changes in the field that have taken place in the 20 years leading up to 2002, and integrates recent therapies into REBT, including psychotherapy, solution-focused therapy, and recent findings of experimental psychology. Resistance can be “natural”, or those resulting from emotional disturbance, extreme low frustration tolerance, fear of disclosure and shame, and feelings of hopelessness, among others. The book presents methods of contradicting and actively working against irrational beliefs that can be used with some of the most difficult clients. The book describes using REBT to overcome resistance with clients who have severe personality disorders. REBT counselors following REBT theory, welcome cultural (and other) diversity. They encourage their clients to stick to whatever customs and mores with which they were raised and to enjoy the unique advantages of these traditions.
The rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) view of irrational beliefs (IBs) is explained, rationality and irrationality are defined in terms of this view, specific thinking processes that are often involved in emotional disturbance are discussed, and concrete ways of actively and forcefully disputing these irrational beliefs are presented.
- Go to article: Similarities and Differences Between Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy and Cognitive Therapy
The main theoretical and practical applications of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) and Cognitive Therapy (CT) are examined and found to be similar to each other in most respects, but REBT bases its concepts of improved treatment of neurotic disorders and of severe personality dysfunctioning largely on philosophical, existential, and humanistic bases, while CT tends to align them with empirical results of outcome studies. Both REBT and CT, however, use philosophic and empirical outcome studies to construct and validate their theories.
In the dialogue that follows, proponents representing rational-emotive therapy (RET) and cognitive therapy discuss ways in which they would conceptualize and treat various case examples. The similarities and differences in approaches are then examined. It was found that RET takes biological factors heavily into account, whereas cognitive therapy sees learning as primary in the development of emotional disorders; that RET focuses mainly on absolutistic thought, whereas cognitive therapy emphasizes faulty perceptions and inferences as much as absolutistic thought as targets for intervention; and that RET’s style is forceful and directive, whereas cognitive therapy’s style is gentle and more collaborative. In addition, the two approaches were found to differ in their goals for treatment: RET advocates an effort to minimize or eliminate the client’s “musts” and “shoulds”; cognitive therapy aims at moderating such absolutistic thought. Possible factors explaining the origin of these differences are explored.
Psychotherapy supposedly influences people’s values and actions and directly and indirectly affects their attitudes toward peace and war. This paper suggests that psychotherapy in general, and rational-emotive therapy (RET) in particular can directly help clients and their close associates, as well as indirectly help many members of the public, to acquire attitudes and behaviors to make them more peaceful toward themselves, toward their families and neighbors, and ultimately toward different ethnic, political, and foreign groups. RET has a specific theory and practice regarding how people inevitably have differences and disagreements and how, mainly by demanding that others absolutely must see how right they are and commanding that they have to agree with them, they frequently and needlessly construct self-defeating and society-sabotaging arguments and fights about their disagreements. A number of RET cognitive, emotive, and behavioral methods of achieving peaceful relationships are presented in this article.
- Go to article: A Rational-Emotive Theory of Addictions: Rational-Emotive Therapy with Alcoholics and Substance Abusers
- Go to article: Discussion of Christine A. Padesky and Aaron T. Beck, “Science and Philosophy: Comparison of Cognitive Therapy and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy”
Discussion of Christine A. Padesky and Aaron T. Beck, “Science and Philosophy: Comparison of Cognitive Therapy and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy”
The author largely agrees with Christine A. Padesky and Aaron T. Beck’s (2003) article, “Science and Philosophy: Comparison of Cognitive Therapy and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy,” disagrees with several of its statements about REBT, and particularly objects to Padesky and Beck’s view that the fundamental difference between CT and REBT is that the former therapy is empirically based and the latter is philosophically based.