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This article outlines current cognitive constructs of explicit and implicit memory and argues that the subjective experience of memory is a significant object of change in cognitive therapy. The integrative process view of memory constrains memory through the variables of context, attention, and the number of times an event is recalled. The article discusses implications for the practice of cognitive psychotherapy which are drawn from theory and research on memory. These ideas are then elaborated in the discussion of an actual therapy case.
These two studies investigated the relationship of psychological reactance to the eight developmental stages according to the theory of Erik Erikson. More reactant individuals were found to be less psychosocially healthy, less positive and more negative in developmental state attitudes, less trusting, more autonomous, possessing a greater sense of identity, and less intimate than less reactant individuals. Verbally reactant individuals were found to be more psychosocially healthy whereas behaviorally reactant individuals were found to be less psychosocially healthy. It appears that reactant individuals have elevated autonomy and identity over trust and intimacy. Reactance appears to derive from the earlier developmental stages more than the later stages.
This article describes the hypnotherapeutic treatment of pain. Pain is a multifaceted, complex phenomenon which can be treated successfully by hypnosis. In fact, hypnosis has been shown to be unusually well-suited to pain treatment because a successful outcome is correlated with individual differences in hypnotic susceptibility. Both general and specific considerations of hypnotherapeutic pain treatment are described. Examples of specific hypnotic routines for pain treatment are presented as well as a more extended case description.