This chapter provides a review of key evidence-based practice (EBP) concepts and discusses how this approach can be effectively implemented to improve the professional practice of rehabilitation counseling. EBP is particularly relevant to the rehabilitation counseling profession in this era of accountability, best practices, and quality outcomes. Rehabilitation counselors have been incorporating empirically supported interventions used by counseling professionals and vocational rehabilitation (VR) professionals that are validated by disability and rehabilitation researchers. However, there are still not enough rehabilitation counseling interventions that are developed and validated specifically for people with disabilities. Dunn and Elliott argued for the supremacy of theory and its place in rehabilitation research. With greater efforts to conduct meaningful theory-driven and intervention research, it will enable rehabilitation counselors to truly engage in EBP to improve employment and quality of life outcomes for people with disabilities.
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The field of counseling is an exciting and challenging career choice. It is a profession that has a prolific history of enabling person-centered counseling approaches for individuals, couples, partners, and families, and facilitates therapeutic services for children, adolescents, adults, and older adults. This book offers an excellent resource for graduate-level coursework that relates to an orientation to the counseling profession, professional issues, and special topic seminars, as well as other counseling-related coursework. It provides both contemporary insight and practical strategies for working with the complexity of real-life issues related to assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of diverse clients and their families. The book provides professionals with chapters organized into the 10 CACREP and CORE content areas that address the awareness, knowledge, and skills required to work with children, adolescents, individuals, groups, couples, families, and persons from diverse cultural backgrounds. The content areas are: professional counseling identity, ethical and practice management issues, case management and consultation issues, multicultural counseling awareness, counseling theories and techniques, career counseling and human growth, assessment and diagnosis, counseling couples, families, and groups, counseling specific populations, and contemporary issues in counseling.
This chapter provides readers with an overview of the roles, functions, and knowledge base of counselors and addresses the professional issues that influence the identity and practice of counselors today. The primary role of a counselor is to assist clients in reaching their optimal level of psychosocial functioning through resolving negative patterns, prevention, rehabilitation, and improving quality of life. Rehabilitation counselors work with clients with disabilities and/or chronic illnesses, including those with psychiatric conditions, in settings such as state vocational rehabilitation agencies, hospitals, and so on. Addiction counseling, a recently acknowledged master’s-level counseling specialty, involves working in the substance abuse/addictions field and provides addiction prevention, treatment, recovery support, and education. The shared practice and knowledge domains of counselors and other helping professions coupled with the diversity within the counseling profession has, on the one hand, produced a rich, comprehensive, and inclusive field.